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人教版-高中英语必修一-课件-定语从句(grammar )


It was in April 15th , 1912 when

“Titanic” sank after hitting an iceberg.

Beijing is the city where it will host the 2008 Olympic Games.

The girl whose leg was broken in the earthquake was taken to hospital. The girl,who was lying ,was taken to hospital.

The reason why the old man is shouting is the house is on fire. The man ,whose house is on fire is shouting .

定语从句:是在复合句中充当定语
作用的主谓结构,又称形容词从句, 通常修饰它前面的名词或代词,即它 的先行词(Antecedent)。 定语从句有限制性和非限制性两种, 引导词有关系代词和关系副词两种。

当定语从句与被修饰词关系密切时,则用限制性定语从句。 1. 引导定语从句的关系代词
1) who 指人,作从句的主语或宾语。 This is the professor who teaches us chemistry. The boys who are playing football on the playground are my classmates. 2) whom 指人,只作从句的宾语。 The man (whom) you met in the street yesterday is our English teacher. This is the girl (whom) you have been looking for. 3) whose 指人或物,在从句中作定语。 The girl whose father is our history teacher is a good singer.

The house whose windows face south is very beautiful. 4) which 指物,作从句的主语或宾语。 This is the dictionary (which) I bought yesterday. 5) that 指人或物,作从句的主语或宾语,相当于which或 who,whom。 The man that/who is talking to her is a friend of hers. I don’t like the play (that/which) we watched on TV last night. 2. 引导定语从句的关系副词 1) when 作从句的时间状语。 Do you remember the week when we were in Shanghai? I won’t forget the day when I joined the League. 2) where 作从句的地点状语。 This is the factory where we worked 3 years ago. This is the place where Marx was born. 3) why 作从句的原因状语。 This is the reason why (=for which) she decided to go back to China.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6.

The man who / that lives next door is a writer. The woman who / whom / that I visited last week is a famous writer. Beijing is the city which / that has got the chance to host the 2008 Olympic Games. A dictionary is a book which / that you can use to learn more words. The little boy whose eyes are blue is holding a dog.
He is such a man who never tells a lie.

7.
8.

He is the model worker whom/who we should learn from.
A dictionary is a book which often helps us to know the meanings of the words.

9.
10. 11.

This is the film which I like best.
The boy whose father is a professor is one of my best friends. The house whose roof was blown away by the storm will be rebuilt soon.

非限制性定语从句和主句的关系并不什么密切,只是对先 行词作些附加说明,如果去掉,主句的意思还是比较明确的。
1.一般不用that引导 2.非限制性定语从句中,关系词不可省略。如: a) Bejing,which is the capital of China,has a very long history. b) Yesterday I met Li Ping ,who seemed to be very busy.

3.非限制性定语从句还可以拿句子或句子的一部分作先行词, 常由which引入,用逗号分开。如: a) Some of the roads were flooded, which made our journey more difficult. b) He has smoothly entered a key middle school, which makes his parents very happy. c) He said he had no bike, which was not true. 4. 非限制定语从句有时形式上是从句,实质上其功用相当 于一个分句。这种从句常被唤作连续性从句 (continuative clause),如: a) Then he met Mary, who invited him to a party. b) Now, workers can report their problems and suggestions to their representative, who will then convey them to the plant management.

1. Some of the roads were flooded, which made our journey more difficult.
2. He has smoothly entered a key middle school, which makes his parents very happy. 3. Mr King, whose legs were badly hurt, was quickly taken to hospital.

4. He said he had no bike, which was not true. 5. We shall make a decision about Ms King, whose story I have just told you. which 6. He made the same mistakes again ,_____ made his parents very angry. 7. Yesterday I bought a dictionary,_______ cost me more than 100 yuan . which

who 8. Mr Smith,_______ gave a talk several months ago,will come again.
9. My uncle has come back from abroad,________ I haven’t met for along whom time.

Group One The travelers who/that knew about the floods took another road. (知道涨大水的旅客走另一条路) The travelers, who knew about the floods, took another road. (旅客都知道涨大水了,他们走另一条路) Group Two The wine which/that was in the cellar (地窖) was all ruined. (藏在地窖里的酒坏了) The wine, which was in the cellar, was all ruined. (酒藏在地窖里,全都坏了)

Group three The man who came here yesterday has come again.
(昨天来过这里的那个男人又来了.) The man ,who came here yesterday ,has come again. (这个男人昨天来过这里,他又来了.) Group four My sister who is twenty works in a bank.

(我20岁大的姐姐在银行工作。)
My sister, who is twenty, works in a bank. (我的姐姐20岁了,她在银行工作。)

Group five
The man who greeted me is my teacher. 向我打招呼的那个人是我的老师. John, who greeted me, is my teacher.

John 是我的老师,他向我打过招呼.

Translation 1. This is the man who came to see me yesterday. 2. Bill, who was here yesterday, asked me a lot of questions. 3. She has found the necklace that she had lost two weeks ago. 4. His speech, which tired everyone, went on and on.

5. I told the story to Tom, who later told it to John. 6. Mr. White, whose home is not far from here, is a doctor. 7. In the old days, when I was a little boy, the city has no industry to speak of.

1.I want to buy the house which has a garden.
2.I want to buy the house,which has a garden. 3.The earth is round,which is known to all. 4. She’s very like Miss Catler, that I used to meet at Dumdum. 5.Yesterday,I met Li Ping,who seemed to be very busy.

Goodbye!


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