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Diwali


Diwali

How is Ganesh Puja done on Diwali?
Diwali, the festival of lights, is one of the most important festivals of a year, celebrated with great fanfare in India. Diwali is an auspicious festival that could bring wisdom, prosperity and wealth in home. So, the Indians pray to the Goddess of Wealth and the God of Wisdom. Therefore, the most important part of Diwali is Diwali Poojan. Ganesh Puja is performed together with Laxmi Puja on Diwali, because Lord Ganesha is the God of Wisdom and Goddess Lakshmi is the Goddess of Wealth. Though Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are worshipped together, they are not husband and wife actually. Lord Ganesha, the elephant headed god, is the God of Wisdom, and he is believed to be the remover of obstacles and the god of good beginning. He is the second son of Shiva and Parvati. He is one of most important deities in Indian. Goddess Lakshmi is the Goddess of Wealth. She is the daughter of the sage Bhrigu. Lakshmi took refuge in the ocean of milk when the gods were sent into exile. All the Gods loved her, and Shiva once claimed Lakshmi his wife. However, Lakshmi married with Vishnu. Since Diwali is a festival to bring wisdom, prosperity, and wealth in home, Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are worshipped together during the festival – the Lord and Goddess together could bring a smooth road to prosperity and wealth. The Lord and the Goddess would let them enjoy a year of fulfillment and free of wants. The following is how Ganesh Puja is performed on Diwali. Install the Idols of Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi In different families, the performance of Diwali Puja is different. However, the installation of the idols of Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi is done on the eve of Diwali by most of the families. The Indians have cleaned the room before the eve of Diwali, particularly the Pooja room. The Puja starts when all the families gather together. The idols should be cleaned three twice: by water, by panchamitra, and then by water. The purification of the idols is to ensure the invoking of the deities into them. Then, they put the idols of Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi on the mandir which is for the celebration of Diwali Puja. After the installation of the idols, five pieces of ghee diyas are lit in front of the deities to drive away the shadows of evil spirits. We don't know why, but they put the idol of Lord Ganesha on the right, facing southwest, and the idol of Lakshmi on the left. As mentioned in the above, Lord Ganesha is the God of wisdom, while Goddess Lakshmi is the god of wealth. The Indians believe that Lord Ganesha and Lakshmi can bring wisdom to them to attain prosperity and wealth without any troubles. Perform Chant and Mantras After all the family members gather together, the ritual begins. The most respectful senior and the priest hold the ritual. All the families are asked to chant and recite the mantras, as the priest does. If you don’t know the chants or cannot remember the mantras, you simply focus your attention on thinking of the invoking of the deities and pay respects to them. If you can truly have the deities in heart, they can bless you. Put Offerings Before the Idols When the mantras is over, the families will put the auspicious offerings to the idols, such as abir, perfume, kumkum, sweets, coconuts, fruits, haldi, gulal, tambul, garland of cotton beads, marigold flowers and leaves of Bel. Incense sticks are lit. This reflects their wishes of prosperity,

good harvest, and wealth. The Indians think that Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi would bestow them with prosperity and wealth. The offerings contain their wishes, and the lighting incenses show their worship to Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi. Sing Ganesh Aarti and Lakshmi Aarti At the end of Ganesh Puja, the families sing Ganesh Aarti, followed by Lakshmi Aarti, to welcome the God of Wisdom and the Goddess of Wealth, so that the God and Goddess would bring bless to the family. The following are the Ganesh Aarti and Lakshmi Aarti. Ganesh Aarti Jai ganesha jai ganesha jai ganesha devaa Maataa jaakii paarvatii, pitaa mahaadevaa Eka danta dayaavanta, caara bhujaa dhaarii Maathe sinduura sohai, muuse kii savaari Jai ganeshaa... Andhana ko aankha deta Korhina ko kaayaa Baanjhana ko putra deta Nirdhana ko maayaa Jai ganeshaa... Paana carhe, phuula carhe Aura carhe mevaa Ladduana ko bhoga lage Santa karen sevaa Jai ganesha... Lakshmi Aarti Jai lakshmi maataa, maiyaa jai lakshmi maataa Tumko nishadin dhyaavata, hara vishnu vidhaataa Brahmaani, rudraani, kamlaa, tu hi hai jaga maataa Surya chandramaa dhyaavata, naarada rishi gaataa Durgaa rupaa nirantara, sukha sampati daataa Jo koi tumko dhyaavata, riddhi siddhi dhana paataa Tu hi hai paatala basanti, tu hi shubha daataa Karma prabhaava prakaashaka, jaganidhi ke traataa Jis ghara mein tum rahati, saba sadaguna aataa Kara sake koii kara le, mana nahin ghabaraataa Tuma bina yagya na hove, vastra na koii paataa Khaana paana ka vaibhava, sab tumse hi aataa Shubha guna mandira sundara, kshirodadhi jaataa Ratana chaturdasha tuma hi, koii nahin paataa Aartii lakshmii ji ki, jo koii nar gaataa Ura aananda umanga ati, paap utar jaataa So, Ganesh Puja is not performed alone – the ritual is performed together with Laxmi Puja, which is filled with the wishes of removing the obstacles of prosperity, wisdom, and wealth.

How is Laxmi Puja done on Diwali?
Laxmi Puja, falling on the dark night of Amavasya, is one of the most important activities of Diwali, held on the third day of Diwali, a day wholly devoted to the propitiation of Goddess Lakshmi. In India, Laxmi Puja commemorates the splendor of goddess Lakshmi who signifies money and good luck for them. It is believed that the sun is entering its second course, passing Libra. The day is considered as a most auspicious day of Diwali. Laxmi Puja consists a combined puja of five deities: Ganesha(worshiped at the beginning of Diwali), Goddess Lakshmi(celebrated in her three forms as Mahalakshmi (the goddess of wealth and money), Mahasaraswati (the goddess of books and learning), and Mahakali respectively), and Kuber (the treasurer of the gods). Goddess Lakshmi, the lover in the eyes of Gods, married with Vishnu, though Shiva once claimed that she was his wife. Goddess Lakshmi is believed to be the goddess of beauty, light, fortune, and wealth. She was the daughter of the sage Bhrigu. The Goddess is worship with a wish to gain wealth by the hardworking persons. Did you know how Laxima Puja is performed on Diwali? The following tells you about how Laxi Puja is done on Diwali. Clean the House It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi like cleanness. She will visit the cleanest house first. So, before the family members get together with a jubilant mood to celebrate the five-day festival, the house has been thoroughly cleaned. Some families clean the house again on the third day of Diwali when the Laxmi Puja is to be performed. All the people are busy on the festival. Prepare the Mandir They will put a large piece of clean cloth first, and place some grains in the center. On the handful of grains, they place a kalash and fill 3/4 of it with water. The kalash can be made with gold, silver, copper, or terracotta. In most of the families, we see terracotta kalash. In the kalash, they will put in a coin, flowers, rice grains, mango leaves. On the top of the kalash, they place a dish to hold rice grains and decorate it with a turmeric-powder-painted lotus. Place the Idol of Lord Ganesha In front of the kalash, the Indians will put the idol of Lord Ganesha and offerings. The idol is put on the right side of the kalash facing southwest. They put a lighting lamp and the offerings, such as flowers, haldi, kumkum, to start the Puja. They also place something related to their business or family members, such as a calculator, books, ink, etc. Place the Idol of Goddess Lakshmi The idol of Goddess Lakshmi should be put on the dish which is on the top of the kalash. The Indians first think of the coming of Goddess Lakshmi, which is called the invoking of Goddess Lakshmi. They will chant her name and offer flowers. Then, they place the idol on the dish and bathe and wipe it. When they think that they have cleaned the idol, they will put it back on to the plate on the kalash. Perform Chant and Mantras After all the families gather together, the ritual begins. The most respectful senior family member and the priest hold the ritual. All the families are asked to chant and recite the mantras, as the priest does. If you don’t know the chants or cannot remember the mantras, you simply focus your attention on thinking of the invoking of the deities and pay respects to them. If you can truly have the deities in heart, they can bless you.

Put Offerings The Indians will place more offerings - this time, to the Goddess. The offerings include flowers, saffron paste, sandal paste, perfume, haldi, kumkum, abeer, gulal, and cotton beads to Goddess Lakshmi. Sing Aarti In a sublime atmosphere, they will ring a small bell and sing Maa Lakshmi Aarti, to mark the end of the ceremony. In this way, the family welcome the deities, who can bring blesses to their family. They will sing Ganesh Aarti and Lakshmi Aarti. The Lakshmi Aarti goes like this: “Jai lakshmi maataa, maiyaa jai lakshmi maataa Tumko nishadin dhyaavata, hara vishnu vidhaataa Brahmaani, rudraani, kamlaa, tu hi hai jaga maataa Surya chandramaa dhyaavata, naarada rishi gaataa Durgaa rupaa nirantara, sukha sampati daataa Jo koi tumko dhyaavata, riddhi siddhi dhana paataa Tu hi hai paatala basanti, tu hi shubha daataa Karma prabhaava prakaashaka, jaganidhi ke traataa Jis ghara mein tum rahati, saba sadaguna aataa Kara sake koii kara le, mana nahin ghabaraataa Tuma bina yagya na hove, vastra na koii paataa Khaana paana ka vaibhava, sab tumse hi aataa Shubha guna mandira sundara, kshirodadhi jaataa Ratana chaturdasha tuma hi, koii nahin paataa Aartii lakshmii ji ki, jo koii nar gaataa Ura aananda umanga ati, paap utar jaataa” They do not clap hands, nor will they light crackers at this time.

Legends associated with Diwali
Diwali, also called Deepwali, is the festival of lights in India. It is one of the most important Hindu festivals, celebrated with great fanfare across the country. As an auspicious festival that could bring wisdom, prosperity and wealth in home, it is a festival dedicated to deities. Therefore, there are many legends associated with Diwali, including why it is called the festival of lights and why it is celebrated for five days. Shri Ram Back to Ayodhyaa – Why Diwali is Called the Festival of Lights Do you know why Diwali is the festival of lights? There is a story about it – the most famous legend behind the celebrations of Diwali, which is related with the Prince of Ayodhyaa. He is Lord Shri Ram. His wife is called Sita. They lived in a jungle by following his father’s instructions, who was King Dashratha. One day, Ravana, the king of Lanka kidnapped Ram’s wife when she was alone in the jungle. Lord Ram tried to rescue his wife by attacking Ravana. He led his people fought a war against the King of Lanka. During that time, the people in Ayodhyaa didn’t know the prince lived in the jungle and not to mention the war. The war was ended with the victory of Lord Ram, who got his wife released from prison. Together, they went back to Ayodhyaa. It happened at night, and it was dark. When the people of Ayodhyaa got the news, they lit lights with thrills to welcome the Prince at the gate of the city. Fourteen years passed before Lord Ram returned to Ayodhyaa. There were so many lights that night. Ever since then, there is a festival of lights – Diwali. Legend Associated with Dhanteras - The First Day of Diwali Diwali begins with 'Dhan Trayodashi' or 'Dhanteras', during which people go shopping. Legend has it that Lord Dhanvantari and an incarnation of Lord Vishnu came out of the ocean that was churned by the Gods and the demons on this day. Lord Dhanvantari is the physician of the Gods, and he appeared with Ayurvedic, which is for the welfare of the mankind. Thus, it is called Dhanteras. Legend Associated with Choti Diwali - The Second Day of Diwali The second day of Diwali is called Choti Diwali or Narak Chaturdasi, which celebrates the death of demon Naraksura who was killed by Lord Krishna. The demon king Narakasur was the ruler of Pragjyotishpurl. He defeated Lord Indra and snatched away the earrings of Mother Goddess Aditi, the ruler of Suraloka and a relative of Lord Krishna's wife. The demon king also imprisoned sixteen thousand daughters of Gods and saints. Lord Krishna helped Satyabhama to fight against Narakasur and defeated the demon king. So, all the women imprisoned in the harem of the demon king were released, and the earrings of Mother Goddess Aditi were regained as well. Thus, the second day of Diwali is also called Narak Chaturdasi. Legend Associated with Lakshmi Puja- The Third Day of Diwali Lakshmi Puja, taking place on the third day of Diwali, is celebrated for the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi. All the Indians worship Goddess Lakshmi on this day. It is called Dadi Diwali, which is dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi and it is the most important day of the five days of Diwali. Laxmi Puja will be performed on that day, a ritual that bears the wishes of the families to bring wealth and prosperity home. It is related to the incarnation of Lakshmi.Legends goes like this: Goddess Lakshmi, known as the Goddess of Wealth, is the daughter of the sage Bhrigu. Lakshmi was incarnated on the new moon day of the Kartik month during the churning of the ocean – when

the Gods were weak and sent to take exile. On that day, Lord Vishnu, who was in his fifth incarnation and known as Vaman-avtaara, rescued Lakshmi from the prison of King Bali. Goddess Lakshmi was very pretty, and all the Gods loved her and wanted to take her as wife. Actually, Shiva once claimed Lakshmi to be his wife. However, Lakshmi married with Vishnu who she loved deeply. Goddess Lakshmi is believed to be the goddess of beauty, light, fortune, and wealth. That’s why the ritual is very important for the Indians around the world. Legend Associated with Govardhan Puja and Padwa - The Fourth Day of Diwali The fourth day of Diwali is called Goverdhan Puja, a day dedicated to the worship of Lord Govardhan Parvat. The festival commemorates Lord Krishna’s lifting of Mount Gowardhan, a small hillock situated at Braj. The people of Gokul used to worship Lord Indra for the rains. Lord Krishna told them that it was the hillock that caused the rain, not Lord Indra. This made Lord Indra very angry, so he sent heavy rains. However, Lord Krishna protected the people of Gokul. With the little finger of his right hand, he lifted Mount Gowardhan after worshiping it and made it a shelter for the people of Gokul. Ever since then, Lord Krishna is called called Govardhandhari. This is the legend related to the fourth day of Diwali. Legend Associated with Bhai Dooj - The Fifth Day of Diwali The fifth day of Diwali is called “Bhai Dooj”. On this day, the sisters apply sacred red tilak on brother’s forehead and pray for their longevity, and, in turn, the brothers bless their sister and promise to protect them. Lord Yamraj, the God of Death, paid a visit to his sister Yamuna on the “Shukla Paksha Dwitiya” day. His sister welcomed him by sing his Aarti and applied red tilak on his forehead, and then put a garland around his neck. She also prepared a feast for her brother, offering candies at the same time. In return, Lord Yamraj blessed his sister and gave her a boon as a gift, blessing her with wealth and health. This is why the sister applies tilak on brother’s forehead, and the brother in return promises to protect his sister on this day. It is believed that the brother can bring wealth and health to his sister is he pays visits to her on this day. This is the legend related to the fifth day of Diwali.

The venerable Hindu festival of lights, Diwali, is celebrated with such pomp and pageantry that one would thing Lord Rama is really returning after 14 years of exile. Legend has it that Lord Rama, the heir to the throne of Ayodhya, had been exiled for 14 years, courtesy an elaborate conspiracy hatched by his step mother. Being the dutiful son that he was, he obeyed his father's wishes and set out on the exile where time and time again he defeated the evil forces. His return to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile was much anticipated and upon his arrival on a dark Amavasya night, the entire town erupted into jubilant cries of joy. Oil lamps were lit and very soon the entire town was shining like a precious jewel symbolizing the victory of light over darkness. Ever Since, the dark Amavasya night in the Hindu month of Kartika has come to be celebrated as Diwali aka Deepawali. People light their homes with ornate diyas, oil lamps and rows of electric lights. The dark night sky glitters with a dazzling display of the finest fireworks. At home, families gather together to perform the Lakshmi Pooja to thank god for his blessing and to invoke the blessings of the elusive Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity. And then the Diwali Gifts are exchanged. Exchange of gifts during Diwali is not by any measure a new tradition or a recent development. Only the rice, grains and livestock of the past have now been replaced by gold and silver, a reflection on the growing economy of the Indian middle class. Speculative and brilliant advertisers promote the Diwali festival as a festival to shop till you drop. People go on an annual shopping spree, running helter-skelter to buy gifts for everyone they know at never before prices. Diwali is an annual stimulus for the Indian economy. Indians purchase gold, gifts, decorations, crackers and household appliances during this festival. Companies offer huge discounts during the Diwali season to attract customers, which helps the economy and also helps the poor. It also helps the community in hunger since this festival shares it food. It also brings tourists to the country. Its not only the large malls and the fancy MBA marketers who gave rise to this popular trend, the smaller shops in the local bazaar and the touts are just as responsible. The Bazaars are decorated beautifully for the festival, with colored paper streamer and rows of electric lights stranded along the electric wires. The shimmering market place with its vendors, hagglers and bargainers makes it a paradise for those hunting for that perfect Diwali gift at the perfect cost. And once the gift has been bought (after bargaining for 20 minutes), head over to one of the food stalls and indulge in the delectable Diwali treats. Ah, the joys of greed and gluttony!

The tradition of Diwali gifts
The venerable Diwali is never complete without exchanging of gifts. Besides the rituals of worshiping Gods and Goddess with the wish to bring good blessings, prosperity, and wealth home, people exchange gifts, between family members, friends and relatives. The exchanging of gifts adds color to the jubilant festival of lights. On the first day of Diwali, Dhanteras, people spree to bazaars and shopping malls to buy gifts, decorations, sweets, firecrackers, flowers, offerings to deities, household items etc. All are for the celebration of the festival of lights. The tradition of exchanging gifts on Diwali, as well as the celebration of it stimulates the economy as well – the businessmen, shop owners, the runners of supermarkets welcome Diwali with a special happy feeling that is not for the ordinary citizens. The traditional gifts include rice, grain, sweets, livestock, and household items, etc. Nowadays, the gifts made of silver or gold are on the shopping list, which shows the modernization of the Diwali, along with the electric lights and some other modernized items. They will buy anything that can be regarded as gifts, such as watches, perfumes, T-shirts, shoes, etc. People are so excited on Diwali: they go shopping; they choose gifts; they have a sense of fulfillment after they get whatever they want; they go to food stalls to fill their stomach and have a rest… They are saying that they are ready for the celebration of the auspicious Diwali, and they are waiting for the excitement of exchanging of gifts. On Diwali, they fire firecrackers, light the lights of all kinds, and worship Gods and Goddess. After the ritual, they will exchange gifts – one of the most exciting moments for them, particularly for the young. People will give the clothing, the large assortments of firecrackers, sweets, the gift hampers to their friends, family members, and relatives. Some people will hand out diyas to every one they know. Diyas are small clay dishes or pots that contain oil, which is used as small lamps to be placed in courtyard and streets. Colorful and festival clothing are one of the perfect Diwali gifts, because people will wear new clothes on Diwali. Sweets are gifts for those you love, which is still a custom on Diwali today. This is why you will find so many sweets on Diwali. The sweets are used not only as the offerings to deities but also as the traditional gifts for this fanfare festival. The last day of Diwali, Bhai Dooj , should be specially mentioned – it is a day for the brothers and sisters. The brothers will pay visits to there sisters on that day, bringing the gifts they prepared for them. The sisters will put the red tilak on the forehead of their brothers, offer feasts, and give them gifts, too. The reason why the sisters apply the sacred red tilak on brother’s forehead is to pray for their longevity. In turn, the brothers will bless their sister and promise to protect them. This is associated with a legend, which goes like this: Lord Yamraj, the God of Death, paid a visit to his sister Yamuna on the “Shukla Paksha Dwitiya” day. His sister welcomed him by sing his Aarti and applied red tilak on his forehead, and then put a garland around his neck. She also prepared a feast for her brother, offering candies at the same time. In return, Lord Yamraj blessed his sister and gave her a boon as a gift, blessing her with wealth and health. This is why the sister applies tilak on brother’s forehead, and the brother in return promises to protect his sister on this day. It is believed that the brother can bring wealth and health to his sister is he pays visits to her on this

day. This is the legend related to the fifth day of Diwali. As you can see, the exchanging of gifts spurs the jubilant spirit of Diwali. The tradition of exchanging gifts shows how the people in India pay much attention to their family members, friends, and relatives as well. Of course, it is all for the joys of the festival of lights.

The tradition of Diwali shopping
Diwali, celebrated with pomp and pageantry, means a lot to the Indians around the world. It seems that they celebrate it with all the enthusiasm and excitement stored inside for a year. For this great jubilant thrilling festival of lights, people will prepare a lot of things: gifts, offerings to deities, items for decoration, household items, etc. Thus, shopping takes one important part of Diwali. Though people prepare for the festival and clean their house thoroughly before the eve of Diwali, they go on a spree to markets on the first day of Diwali, which is called “Dhan Trayodashi” or “Dhanteras”. This is a day for people going shopping. Legend has it that Lord Dhanvantari and an incarnation of Lord Vishnu came out of the ocean on this day, which was churned by the Gods and the demons for nectar. Lord Dhanvantari, the physician of the Gods, brought Ayurvedic with him, which is for the welfare of the mankind. Thus, the first day is called Dhanteras. It is a day filled with the exciting shopping experience of the people. The bazaars, also specially decorated for this wishful and joyful festival, welcome the customers with abundant commodities. On the stands and shelves, you can see plenty of food, fruits, gifts, household items, idols, and so on, which are specially made for the festival. For gifts, people will choose clothing which is colorful and festival, sweets, firecrackers, bottles of perfume, watches, T-shirts, and whatever they like. People will buy foods and fruits for the festival, too. Sweets are on the top list of their shopping items. In the past, there were bazaars for livestock, rice and grain, which were the main gifts for the festival. Today, you will find thousands of items available. In the noisy crowds, you can hear people talking with a tone of expectation as well as excitement. The scene of shopping on the first day of Diwali can beat the spree of shopping before Christmas in the United States of America. People will buy offerings to the deities that they will worship on the festival, household items for diwali, and decorations, such as lights, including diyas, from the crowded bazaars, too. The theme of Diwali focuses on lights and firecrackers. People will light the towns and cities like diamonds with jubilant spirit, as if they are to welcome the Prince’s coming back for exile after 14 years. The Indians buy whatever they think that can spark the festival on this day particularly for shopping. Along the crowded streets stand the markets and special stores, which have been decorated with lights and flags of all colors. People, on foot, riding bicycles or motorcycles, crowd the busy street with the atmosphere of Diwali. They are busy shopping. In the big cities, the supermarkets show off their decorations by the light falls, giant colorful lights illuminating the building, and flags. The giant LED screens hung on the front of the building are showing the programs and advertisements related to Diwali, to tell people that the supermarkets are ready for their crazy purchasing intention. The scene of shopping in big cities is quite different from that in small towns and villages. In recent years, people are suggested that they should not buy so many firecrackers, particularly

in the big cities. It is because that the firing of firecrackers will cause air pollution and it is not environment-friendly. This is why you see a decline of the selling of firecrackers across the country. The shopping activities on Diwali bring great momentum to the retail business in India. Since India, as well as other developed or developing countries, are being more and more commercialized, the festival of lights has been taken into consideration to stimulate the business by many economists in and out of India. However, the tradition of shopping for Diwali will go on without ordinary people’s consideration of so many economic topics, they will continue buying whatever they want for Diwali - Diwali sweets (Mithais), gifts, Diwali wall hangings, hampers, lamps, candles, firecrackers, home appliances and gadgets, apparels and so on, so long as the festival of lights is celebrated across the country.

The tradition of lights in Diwali
Diwali, also called Deepavali, is the festival of lights. Lights arranged in all kinds of auspicious designs illuminate the villages, towns, and cities across India during the festival days of Diwali. People put the lights on plates in front of the deity idols, in courtyard, and in the streets, and decorate their houses with colorful lights. From diyas(small earthen lamps) to electric lights of all sizes and colors, the lights make all the places celebrating Diwali into diamonds. It is said that the lights can illuminate the way for the Gods and Goddesses, who will bring blessings, prosperity and wealth into the families. Diwali is a festival for people to celebrate with the wishes of wealth and prosperity. The lights will illuminate the ways for the Gods and Goddess to bring blessing, prosperity and wealth into their families. Therefore, lights are important for the festival. Traditionally, people use the diyas for Diwali. Actually, a diya is also called “deep”, which is a small earthen lamp with a cotton wick in it and filled with oil. When a diya is lit, you can handle it in your palm. As you know, Diwali is also called Deepavali which means the festival of lights. So, you can image that people used a lot of diyas in the past. Till today, the diyas are still widely used for Diwali. People will arrange the diyas in the shape of a lotus or a circle on a plate, and put some real or artificial lotus flower leaves in the middle. The leaves are arranged nicely. In their courtyards or on the streets, you will find people put the diyas in lines or in some auspicious designed shape. It is really a wonderful view. In the past, people use the earthen lamps or candles on Diwali. Today, you can find all kind of lights, particularly the electric lights. The bazaars and markets are decorated with lights before the eve of Diwali, to welcome the customers. The lights used by them are mainly electric lights with different colors. Supermarkets are decorated with lights in a very showy way, waiting for the first day of Diwali when people go on a spree to markets – the owners of the businesses are willing to spend money on lights, for it is the main clue of Diwali. They are illuminating the ways for their Gods - the customers – as well as the Gods and Goddesses that could bring prosperity and wealth to them.

Some people will distribute diyas for the people to put them in their courtyard and in the streets on Diwali. Particularly, the charity groups will seize the chance to raise money for their organizations, and they will also give the poor diyas and food for free to help them to celebrate the festival of lights. From the name Deepavali, we know the it is the festival of lights. However, why do people celebrate the festival with lights? There is a legend about it – a story about Lord Shri Ram Chandra, the Prince of Ayodhyaa and the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The prince respected his father’s order to live in the jungle with his wife, called Sita ji. His father was King Dashratha, the king of Ayodhyaa. One day, Ravana, the king of Lanka kidnapped Ram’s wife when she was alone in the jungle, and Lord Ram tried to rescue his wife by attacking Ravana. He fought a war against the King of Lanka. During that time, the people in Ayodhyaa didn’t know the prince lived in the jungle and not to mention the war. The war was ended with the victory of Lord Ram, who got his wife released from prison. Together, they went back to Ayodhyaa. It happened at night, and it was dark. When the people of Ayodhyaa got the news, they lit lights with thrills to welcome the Prince at the gate of the city. Fourteen years passed before Lord Rama returned to Ayodhyaa. There were so many lights that night. However, in southern India, people celebrate the festival with lights to commemorate the victory of Krishna over the demon Narakasura. Both Lord Rama and Krishna are the incarnations of Lord Vishnu, who is the protector and preserver of the universe. Some other legends associated with Diwali suggest the use of lights on Diwali, too. Goddess Lakshmi illuminates the world with prosperity and wealth; Lord Vishnu returned on the dark night after he killed the demon king Narakasura. So, on the third of Diwali, Indians will perform Laxmi Puja, and they use lights for the ritual. On the fourth day of Diwali, people perform Narakasura – they use lights to light the way for Lord Vishnu. Thus, the lights bear great importance for Diwali: for the worship of deities, and for the wishes of people to gain prosperity and wealth. Lights, particularly the diyas, are integrated with the venerable Diwali – Deepavali, the festival of lights.

The tradition of making Rangolis in Diwali Diwali, as the venerable Hindu festival of lights, stores so many legends and stories. At the same time, the festival bestows people with the feast of arts – the Rangolis on the step to the entrances of the houses, the arrangement and decoration of lights, the deity idols, the paintings, and the people’s dresses. You will be impressed by the Rangolis when you see the Rangolis — they are typical examples of the Hindu arts. Most people will marvel at the unique design and rich colors of the Rangolis. Do you know why the Indians make Rangolis in Diwali? Actually, the making Rangolis is not only for Diwali, but also for other festivals as well. Rangoli, a very popular art form in Inida, is used on the ground to the entrance of a house. Usually, it is a sandpainting form decoration with fine color powders. A

rangoli is a picture drawn on the ground in front of the house gate. The typical design of the Rangolis is associated with lotus. There are 8, 16, or 24 of the lotus flower leaves, with a geometry pattern, symbolizing the lotus cushions of the deities. There are other designs, too, such as snakes, flowers, and something symbolizing Gods or Goddesses. From the ancient times in India, people started to make Rangolis at the entrance to the gate on festival occasions, to show their hospitality to their guests. The legend has it that Lord of Universe, Brahma asked the king to paint the likeness of his dead boy, so that he could breathe life into the boy. It was the first Rangoli, according to this legend. There are different legends about the making of rangolis in different areas in India. Nevertheless, the general idea of making rangolis on festivals is to show hospitalities to the guests. The Rangolis seemed to say to the guests, “Come in. You are welcome”. The tradition of making Rangolis on festivals remains up to now. Today, Rangolis are still for all the festivals, Diwali included. Is there any special meaning of the Rangolis in Diwali? Yes, of course. Diwali, as the most important festivals in Inia, gives Rangolis more meanings. Legend has it that Goddess Lakshmi likes the cleanest and well decorated houses. When people are performing Laxmi Puja on the third day of Diwali, she will visit the cleanest and best decorated houses first. Therefore, in addition to show the hospitality to the guests, the colorful Rangolis welcome the Goddess with the wishes to invite her to visit the houses they lead to first, so that Goddess Lakshmi will bring prosperity and wealth to the families. Because of this wish of the people, the Rangolis are well painted – they are really arts entertaining your eyes. Most of the Indians know how to draw Rangolis since they were kids. So, it is not surprising to find so impressive Rangolis on the festival of lights. If you search on the internet with the keyword “rangoli” or “Rangolis”, you will discover that the Indian kids are taught to draw the Rangolis – the Indians treat the painting of Rangolis as an art actually. No wonder the Rangolis are so impressive. The art of drawing the Rangolis reflects the piety of the Indians to their Gods and Goddesses, as well as their hospitality to their guests. Do you know how the Indians make Rangolis? Before the festival of lights, they have bought colors from bazaars when going shopping for Diwali. The motifs of the traditional Rangoli are all natural colors which are grounded into powders – green peacock stone, red rock, mango, flowers, creepers, barks of trees, leaves, indigo, etc. In the bazaars, there are still traditional color powders available. When they are ready to draw the Rangolis, they will clean the ground to the entrance of their gates first. When the ground is clean and dry, they will draw the pattern of the Rangolis with chalk. After that, they will use their thumb and index finger to put the colors into the different sections of the Rangolis. When they finish “painting” them, you will see very beautiful Rangolis. The complicated patterns of the Rangolis will bear the symbols of the deities and offerings to them. Some people may use painting inks or paintings, too, which will make the making of Rangolis an easier job than they use the powers of colors.

Rangolis add color to the festival of lights. They bear the hospitality of the Indians, to the guests and the deities.

The tradition of playing cards in Diwali Flaring with happiness, people have a modernized tradition of playing cards in Diwali - one of the amusing things about Diwali in India during the festival days. People believe those who win the gambles on Diwali could have a good luck in the whole ensuing year. What’s more, those who run gamble business could make a fortune during these days – the game rooms are jammed with people who try their luck there. During the festival days of Diwali, people invite friends and relatives to play cards at home. Playing cards in Diwali reflects both the tradition and modernity, which is extremely popular during the festival days. Diwali is really a festival rich in legends. We know that each day of Diwali is associated with legends, and the activity of playing card in Diwali is also related to a legend. Some of the Indians say that Goddess Parvati liked to play dice with Lord Shiva, her husband. She blesses those who can win a gamble on Diwali by bestowing them with a year of good luck. This is the most popular legend related to the activity of playing card during the festival days of Diwali. Though in different areas there are different stories about why people playing cards in Diwali, the common thing is that people share the joy and happiness of the festival. Playing cards is an activity that can deepen the relationship with the families and friends, while all the players expect the good luck by trying to win the game. The families play cards together, and exchange gifts in Diwali. It means more than the luck that the Goddess brings to the winners. What is a better way to make the festival more thrilling and exciting? Playing cards is the best way. Don’t you think so? People laugh, and get excited when playing cards. They get anxious when they are about to win or lose the game. The winners have the sense of fulfillment and satisfaction, while the losers expect the next Diwali to come so that they could play together again. Maybe, the losers could win the next time. The tradition of playing games in Diwali simply brings people expectations with good luck on this special occasion. Nowadays, there are Casio games, too. There are many ways to gamble in Diwali, and each gambling game attracts thousands of people to play. The gambling with machines, however, is far less meaningful than the playing cards with families or friends. Since the gambling with machines is also away to try luck, there is nothing to blame. Most of the families still play cards during the festival days of Diwali – who will deny the best way to kill time and to share happiness with the family members and friends while there are chances to be the winners who can get a good luck for a year? As far as it is known, there are no history records about when the tradition of playing cards in Diwali started. The experts and historians believe that some important person in the past who like to gamble with his or her friends on the special occasions, such as

Diwali, started a way of killing time and share happiness with his or her family members and friends. By and by, there were legends related to the playing of cards when the activity in Diwali became popular. No one cares what the facts were about the playing card in Diwali. The key point is that it is a way to get blessings of good luck, and it is a good way for entertainment on the festivals. Besides in Diwali, in some other festival days, if there is a chance the people could get together, they would like to play cards, too. When there is free time, friends would like to play cards for fun. However, the playing cards in Diwali is the most significant in a year, because of the possible luck brought by the Goddess to the winners on this special occasion. Therefore, it is the festival of lights that makes the playing of cards with legendary color, and it is the very Diwali that gives the playing of cards more meanings than it should be. The memories of Diwali will be wonderful, as well as colorful, with the playing cards involved. People cherish the time with the family members and friends on Diwali. All in all, some may be addicted to this tradition of Diwali, and try to rationalize it with the legends, which is a good excuse of course. Nevertheless, who will be against this kind of tradition while it could be flush and rummy with stakes in Diwali?

Reflecting tradition wrapped in modernity, playing cards is extremely popular on Diwali day. It is said that on playing cards, the goddess of wealth smile upon the player and ensures her goodwill. The memories of Diwali night can be joyful to the winners and the losers can't wait for the next Diwali to come around.

The tradition of gambling on Diwali also has a legend behind it. It is believed that on this day, Goddess Parvati played dice with her husband Lord Shiva and she decreed that whosoever gambled on Diwali night would prosper throughout the ensuing year. This tradition of playing cards- flush and rummy with stakes on this particular day continues even to-day.

This day, with its emphasis on money, is also considered lucky for gambling by playing cards. Giving social sanction to a vice, a popular saying states that one who does not gamble on this day will reborn as a donkey in his next birth. Casinos and local gambling houses do brisk business during the Diwali week.

In most homes, people invite their friends and relatives over to play cards. Friends get together to indulge in games of cards. The 'addicts' seek legitimacy for their unusual pastime by referring to the celestial game of dice played by the great lord Shiva with his companion Parvati - a scene superbly sculpted at Kailash temple, Ellora. Others rationalise that this is just to remind oneself of the fickleness of lady luck and to

inculcate a sense of balance in the pursuit of material success. The tradition of sending cards on Diwali In India, there is a tradition of sending Diwali greeting cards when Diwali comes. People send Diwali cards to all their loved ones and friends to celebrate Diwali, a venerable and jubilant festival of lights. By sending cards to each other, people exchange the best wishes of prosperity and wealth in the ensuing year. Since Diwali is a festival of lights, the main theme of the Diwali cards is related to lights. Diyas, and illumination claim to be the significant feature of Diwali cards.The Hindu festival Diwali is a festival for the family members to get together, and people celebrate it with great fanfare, shopping, decorating the house, worshiping the Gods and Goddesses. The family members and their relatives wear new clothes, share the joys, and exchange the gifts which have been prepared for this special occasion. Together, the families perform poojas, wishing Gods and Goddesses could bring blessings of prosperity and wealth to the family. However, when it is the time to share the happiness, some of the family members may be away from home, for they have to work on holidays. Some of the friends are also unable to celebrate the festival together. So, people send Diwali cards to each other to celebrate the venerable festival of lights. Some of the friends may work or study in the USA, Australia, UK, or other countries but India. Of course, the relatives and friends in different places in India send cards to each other, too. The tradition of sending cards on Diwali are most popular among those who love each other deeply but they cannot stay together to share the joy of this jubilant festival. The Diwali cards act as the messengers of care and love, and the cards give people in different places to share the joy and best wishes of Diwali at the same time. There are different kinds of Diwali cards. Traditionally, the Diwali cards are made of paper. However, with the fast development of the internet, there are E-cards for Diwali, too. Some people like to buy the Diwali cards from shops or bazaars, some people make Diwali cards by themselves, and some others may buy Diwali cards from charity groups. The design of the Diwali cards varies, too. The traditional designs include Rangolis, diyas, Lord Ganesh, Goddess Lakshmi, candles, firecrackers, etc. The prices of the cards have a wide range, too. The E-cards bear the traditional elements of a Diwali card, and there are millions of free E-cards online for Diwali. Most of the people who use the internet a lot will send E-cards to their business partners, friends, and relatives, which is easy and convenient. The instantaneous receipt of the E-cards makes it very popular among the youth who are the wormer of the internet. Talking about the modern E-cards, some persons may use Photoshop CS4 to design one by themselves. There are abundant of background materials available online. They also take photos of Rangolis, lotus, deity idols, etc., which are used for the making of E-cards. Some people prefer motion pictures, so they use automated Gif images as E-cards; some prefer Flash Diwali E-cards; some others may use 3D Diwali

E-cards. Different persons have different tastes. There are some Diwali cards embedded with JavaScripts or VBScripts, which gives the cards multimedia featuere. These kinds of E-cards are popular among the young. Some persons prefer traditional Diwali cards. So, they make E-cards by themselves sometimes. The majority of the Indians still prefer traditional Diwali cards. They think that it is grandeur to make some exclusive Diwali greeting cards by themselves. It would be special for them if they send their friends or relativels the Diwali cards made by their own. They prepare handmade paper, lace, glitter tubes, glitter pen to scribble the Diwali message, glue, and scissors. Then, they make nice Diwali cards. Yes. It would be wonderful to receive this kind of Diwali greeting cards! You will cherish it more if you can receive such one before Diwali!

Top 5 Diwali Aartis
Diwali, a traditional festival full of legends, has rituals for people to worship the Gods and Goddesses. On the rituals, such as Laxmi Puja, people sing Aartis in a sublime atmosphere. They ring a small bell and sing to welcome the deities who can bring blesses to their family. The top Diwali Aartis are those which are sung most during the festival days. The following is the list of the top 5 Diwali Aartis. # 1. Maa Lakshmi Aarti Laxmi Puja, falling on the third day of Diwali, is the most important ritual in Diwali. It is a day wholly devoted to the propitiation of Goddess Lakshmi. In India, Laxmi Puja commemorates the splendor of goddess Lakshmi who signifies wealth and good luck for them. After the cleaning of the idols, people will chant and recite mantras to get the deities invoked to the idols. Then, after providing the offerings to the deities, they sing Aartis: Ganesh Aarti first, then Maa Lakshmi Aarti. Since the importance of Goddess Lakshmi, Maa Lakshmi Aarti is list on the top of the list. The Aarti goes like this:
“Jai lakshmi maataa, maiyaa jai lakshmi maataa Tumko nishadin dhyaavata, hara vishnu vidhaataa Brahmaani, rudraani, kamlaa, tu hi hai jaga maataa Surya chandramaa dhyaavata, naarada rishi gaataa Durgaa rupaa nirantara, sukha sampati daataa Jo koi tumko dhyaavata, riddhi siddhi dhana paataa Tu hi hai paatala basanti, tu hi shubha daataa Karma prabhaava prakaashaka, jaganidhi ke traataa Jis ghara mein tum rahati, saba sadaguna aataa Kara sake koii kara le, mana nahin ghabaraataa Tuma bina yagya na hove, vastra na koii paataa Khaana paana ka vaibhava, sab tumse hi aataa

Shubha guna mandira sundara, kshirodadhi jaataa Ratana chaturdasha tuma hi, koii nahin paataa Aartii lakshmii ji ki, jo koii nar gaataa Ura aananda umanga ati, paap utar jaataa” [1]

# 2. Ganesh Aarti
Lord Ganesh, the elephant-head God, is worshipped first in all the festivals. Diwali, one of the most important festivals of a year in India, is celebrated with great fanfare by the Indians. Being an auspicious festival that could bring wisdom, prosperity and wealth in home, the Indians pray to Lord Ganesha(the God of Wisdom) and Goddess Laksmi(the Goddess of Wealth). Thus, the most important part of Diwali is Diwali Poojan. Ganesh Puja is performed together with Laxmi Puja on Diwali, because Lord Ganesha is the God of Wisdom and Goddess Lakshmi is the Goddess of Wealth. When performing the Pujas, people sing Aartis. Thus, Ganesh Aarti is ranked the second in the list. The following is the Ganesh Aarti. “Jai ganesha jai ganesha jai ganesha devaa Maataa jaakii paarvatii, pitaa mahaadevaa Eka danta dayaavanta, caara bhujaa dhaarii Maathe sinduura sohai, muuse kii savaari Jai ganeshaa... Andhana ko aankha deta Korhina ko kaayaa Baanjhana ko putra deta Nirdhana ko maayaa Jai ganeshaa... Paana carhe, phuula carhe Aura carhe mevaa Ladduana ko bhoga lage Santa karen sevaa Jai ganesha...” [2]

# 3.

Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare

Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare is composed around 1870s by Pandit Shardha Ram Phillauri who lived in Punjab at that time. It is a very popular Aarti sung by Indians. Since it has the popularity among the people of all backgrounds, it is ranked as the third on the top five list. The lyrics goes in the followings:
“Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Swami Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Bhakta janon ke sankat Bhakta janon ke sankat Kshan me door kare Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Jo dhyave phal paave Dhukh vinashe man ka

Swami dhukh vinashe man ka Sukha sampati Ghar aave Sukha sampati Ghar aave Kashht mite tan ka Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Mata pita tum mere Sharan padun mai kis ki Swami sharan padum mai kis ki Tum bina aur na doojaa Tum bina aur na doojaa Asha karun mai kis ki Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tum pooran Paramatma Tum Antaryaami Swami Tum Antaryaami Para brahma Parameshwara Para brahma Parameshwara Tum sab ke Swami Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tum karuna ke saagar Tum palan karta Swami Tum palan karta Mai murakh khalakami Mai sevak tum swaami Kripa karo bhartaa Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tum ho ek agochar Sab ke prana pati Swami sab ke prana pati Kis vid miloon theya mein Kis vid miloon theya mein Tum ko mai kumati Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Deena bandhu dukh hartaa Tum rakshak mere Swami tum rakshak mere Apne hath uthao Apne hath uthao Dwar padi/pada tere

Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Vishaya vikar mitao Paap haro deva Swami paap haro deva Shraddha bhakti badhao Shraddha bhakti badhao Santan ki seva Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tan man dhan sab kuch hai tera Swami sab kuch hai tera Tera tujh ko arpan Tera tujh ko arpan Kya laage mera Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Om Jai Jagadeesha Hare Swami Jai Jagadeesha Hare Bhakta janon ke sankat Bhakta janon ke sankat Kshan me door kare Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare” [3]

# 4. Shri Ram Aarti Shri Ram Aarti is dedicated to the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, Shri Ram – Lord Rama and the Prince of Ayodhyaa. The most popular legend of Diwali is associated with Lord Rama. The story goes like this: Lord Shri Ram jand his wife, Sita Ji, lived
in a jungle by following his father’s instructions. Ravana, the king of Lanka kidnapped Ram’s wife. Lord Ram tried to rescue his wife by attacking Ravana. The war was ended with the victory of Lord Ram, who got his wife released from prison. Together, they went back to Ayodhyaa. It happened at night. The citizens of Ayodhyaa got the news, and they lit lights with thrills to welcome the Prince back at the gate of the city. Fourteen years passed before Lord Ram returned to Ayodhyaa. There were so many lights that night. Ever since then, there is a festival of lights – Diwali. Therefore, Shri Ram Aarti is sung on Diwali to commemorate the return of Lord Rama. The Aarti is ranked as the fouth of the top five list.

“Shri Ram Aarti Shri Ramachandra kripalu bhaju man,
haran bhav bhai darunam. Nav kanj lochan, kanj mukh, kar kanj pad kanjarunam Kandarp aganit amit chhavi, Navvnil jiraj sundaram, pat pit manahun tadit ruchi, Suchi naumi Janakasutavaram. Bhuj din bandu dinesh danav, dusht dalan nikandanam,

Raghunand anand kand Kaushal, chandra Dashrath nandanam. Sir krit kundaltilak charu, udar ang vibhushanam, Ajanubhuj san-chap dhar, sangramajit kharadushanam. iti badit Tulasidas Shankar, shesh muni man ranjanam, Mam hridai kanj nivas kar, kamadi khal dal bhanjanam. Manujahi racheu milahi so bar sahaj sundarsanvaro, Karuna nidhan sujan silu sanehu janat ravaro. Ehi bhanti Gauri asis suni, Siya sahit hiya harshin ali, TuIsi bhavanihin puji-puni mudit man mandir chali. Jani Gauri anukal, Siya hiya harshu na jai kahi, Manjul mangal mul, bam ang pharkan lage.” [4]

# 5. Maa Aadya Shakti Aarti This prayer is sung in the performance of Diwali Puja, a very popular one, too. On the third day of Diwali, during the ritual of Laxmi Puja, people will sing the Maa Aadya Shakti Aarti, as well as Ganesh Aarti. The lyris goes like this:
“Jaya Aadya Shakti Ma Jaya Aadya Shakti Akhand Brhamand dipavya panave pragatya ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Dwitiya Mehsarup Shivshakti janu ma shivshakti janu brahma ganapti gaye brahma ganapti gaye hardayi har ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Trutiya tran sarup tribhuvan ma betha ma tribhuvan ma betha daya thaki karveli daya thaki karveli utarvenima Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Chouthe chatura malaxmi ma

sachrachal vyapya ma sachrachal vyapya char bhuja cho disha char bhuja cho disha pragtya dakshin ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Panchame panchrushi panchami gunpadma ma panchami gunpadma panchtatv tya soshiye panchtatv tya soshiye panchetatvo ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Shashthi tu narayani mahishasur maryo ma mahishasur maryo narnari na rupe narnari na rupe vyapaya saghale ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Saptami sapt patal sandhya savitri ma sandhya savitri gau ganga gayatri gau ganga gayatri gauri geeta ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Ashthmi ashtha bhujao ayi ananda ma ayi ananda sunivar munivar janamya sunivar munivar janamya dev daityoma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Navmi navkul nag seve navadurga ma seve navadurga navratri na pujan shivratri na archan kidha har brahma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Dashmi dash avtaar jay vijyalaxmi ma jay vijyalaxmi

rame ravan marya rame ravan marya ravan maryo ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Ekadashi agiyar tatyanikama ma tatyanikama kaldurga kalika kaldurga kalika shama ne vama Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Barase kala rup bahuchar amba ma ma bahuchar amba ma asur bhairav souie kal bhairav soiye tara chhe tuj ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Terase tulja rup tu tarunimata ma tu tarunimata brahma vishnu sadashiv brahma vishnu sadashiv gun tara gata Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Shivbhakti ni aarati je koi gaye ma je koi gaye bhane shivannad swami bhane shivannad swami sukh sampati pashe har kaileshe jashe ma amba dukh harashe Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe” [5]

References: 1. “Diwali Aarti”. [www.diwalifestival.org/diwali-aarti.html]. (Octobor 12, 2009). 2. IBID. 3. “Diwali Aarti”. [http://www.theholidayspot.com/diwali/aarti.htm]. (Octobor 12,
2009).

4. IBID. 5. IBID.

Top 5 Diwali recipes

Top 5 Diwali songs

The melodious Aartis create a divine ambience. Diwali aartis are an integral part the festival 1) Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare

Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Swami Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Bhakta janon ke sankat Bhakta janon ke sankat Kshan me door kare Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Jo dhyave phal paave Dhukh vinashe man ka Swami dhukh vinashe man ka Sukha sampati Ghar aave Sukha sampati Ghar aave Kashht mite tan ka Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Mata pita tum mere Sharan padun mai kis ki Swami sharan padum mai kis ki Tum bina aur na doojaa Tum bina aur na doojaa Asha karun mai kis ki Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tum pooran Paramatma Tum Antaryaami Swami Tum Antaryaami Para brahma Parameshwara Para brahma Parameshwara Tum sab ke Swami Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare

Tum karuna ke saagar Tum palan karta Swami Tum palan karta Mai murakh khalakami Mai sevak tum swaami Kripa karo bhartaa Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tum ho ek agochar Sab ke prana pati Swami sab ke prana pati Kis vid miloon theya mein Kis vid miloon theya mein Tum ko mai kumati Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Deena bandhu dukh hartaa Tum rakshak mere Swami tum rakshak mere Apne hath uthao Apne hath uthao Dwar padi/pada tere Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Vishaya vikar mitao Paap haro deva Swami paap haro deva Shraddha bhakti badhao Shraddha bhakti badhao Santan ki seva Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tan man dhan sab kuch hai tera Swami sab kuch hai tera Tera tujh ko arpan Tera tujh ko arpan Kya laage mera Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Om Jai Jagadeesha Hare Swami Jai Jagadeesha Hare Bhakta janon ke sankat Bhakta janon ke sankat

Kshan me door kare Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare 2) Maa Aadya Shakti Aarti

Jaya Aadya Shakti Ma Jaya Aadya Shakti Akhand Brhamand dipavya panave pragatya ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Dwitiya Mehsarup Shivshakti janu ma shivshakti janu brahma ganapti gaye brahma ganapti gaye hardayi har ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Trutiya tran sarup tribhuvan ma betha ma tribhuvan ma betha daya thaki karveli daya thaki karveli utarvenima Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Chouthe chatura malaxmi ma sachrachal vyapya ma sachrachal vyapya char bhuja cho disha char bhuja cho disha pragtya dakshin ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Panchame panchrushi panchami gunpadma ma panchami gunpadma panchtatv tya soshiye panchtatv tya soshiye panchetatvo ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Shashthi tu narayani mahishasur maryo ma mahishasur maryo narnari na rupe

narnari na rupe vyapaya saghale ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Saptami sapt patal sandhya savitri ma sandhya savitri gau ganga gayatri gau ganga gayatri gauri geeta ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Ashthmi ashtha bhujao ayi ananda ma ayi ananda sunivar munivar janamya sunivar munivar janamya dev daityoma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Navmi navkul nag seve navadurga ma seve navadurga navratri na pujan shivratri na archan kidha har brahma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Dashmi dash avtaar jay vijyalaxmi ma jay vijyalaxmi rame ravan marya rame ravan marya ravan maryo ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Ekadashi agiyar tatyanikama ma tatyanikama kaldurga kalika kaldurga kalika shama ne vama Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Barase kala rup bahuchar amba ma ma bahuchar amba ma asur bhairav souie kal bhairav soiye tara chhe tuj ma

Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Terase tulja rup tu tarunimata ma tu tarunimata brahma vishnu sadashiv brahma vishnu sadashiv gun tara gata Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Shivbhakti ni aarati je koi gaye ma je koi gaye bhane shivannad swami bhane shivannad swami sukh sampati pashe har kaileshe jashe ma amba dukh harashe Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe 3) Maa Lakshmi Aarti

Jai lakshmi maataa, Maiyaa jaya lakshmi maataa Tumako nishadina dhyaavata, Hara vishnu vidhaataa Brahmaanii, rudraanii, kamalaa, Tuuhii hai jaga maataa Suurya chandramaa dhyaavata, Naarada rishi gaataa Durgaa ruupa nirantara, sukha sampati daataa Jo koi tumako dhyaavata, riddhi siddhi dhana paataa Tuuhii hai paataala basantii, Tuuhii shubha daataa Karma prabhaava prakaashaka, Jaganidhi ke traataa Jisa ghara mein tuma rahatii, saba sadaguna aataa Kara sake koii kara le, mana nahin ghabaraataa Tuma bina yagya na hove, Vastra na koii paataa Khaana paana kaa vaibhava, Saba tumase hii aataa Shubha guna mandira sundara, Kshirodadhi jaataa Ratana chaturdasha tuma hii, Koii nahiin paataa Aartii lakshmii jii kii, Jo koii nara gaataa Ura aananda umanga ati, Paapa utara jaataa

4) Shri Ram Aarti Shri Ram Aarti Shri Ramachandra kripalu bhaju man, haran bhav bhai darunam. Nav kanj lochan, kanj mukh, kar kanj pad kanjarunam Kandarp aganit amit chhavi, Navvnil jiraj sundaram, pat pit manahun tadit ruchi, Suchi naumi Janakasutavaram. Bhuj din bandu dinesh danav, dusht dalan nikandanam, Raghunand anand kand Kaushal, chandra Dashrath nandanam. Sir krit kundaltilak charu, udar ang vibhushanam, Ajanubhuj san-chap dhar, sangramajit kharadushanam. iti badit Tulasidas Shankar, shesh muni man ranjanam, Mam hridai kanj nivas kar, kamadi khal dal bhanjanam. Manujahi racheu milahi so bar sahaj sundarsanvaro, Karuna nidhan sujan silu sanehu janat ravaro. Ehi bhanti Gauri asis suni, Siya sahit hiya harshin ali, TuIsi bhavanihin puji-puni mudit man mandir chali. Jani Gauri anukal, Siya hiya harshu na jai kahi, Manjul mangal mul, bam ang pharkan lage.

5) Jai Ganesha Aarti Jai Ganesha Jai Ganesha Jai Ganesha Deva Maata Jaaki Parvati Pitaa Mahadeva Ladoowan Ka Bhog Lage Sant Karen Sevaa Jai Ganesh Deva Eka Dant Dayavant Chaar Bhujadhari Maathe Par Tilak Sohe Muse Ki Sawaari Paan Chadhe Phool Chadhe Aur Chadhe Mevaa Jai Ganesh Deva Andhe Ko Aankh Det Kodhin Ko Kaaya Banjhan Ko Putra Det Nirdhan Ko Maaya

Surya Shama Sharan Aaye Safal Kijye Sevaa Jai Ganesh Deva

Aartis are devotional songs sung in praise of and devoted to the Gods and Goddesses. Usually sung in groups during worship, these are special prayers through which we admire and appraise the Almighty Lord, Gods, Goddesses and other divine beings and entreat them to shower us with blessings. The melodious Aartis serve to create a divine ambience and are an integral part of almost all Hindu religious festivals; the auspicious occasion of Diwali is no exception. Aartis infuse a special spirit into the glorious festival of lights. Here is   a collection of Diwali Aarti. Go over the lines of these devotional songs for Diwali. To share these timeless aarti songs with your friends, relatives and near ones,  Happy Diwali to you and all your loved ones [ IMAGE NOT SHOWN - GUESTS CANNOT VIEW ATTACHED IMAGES ]

2) Maa Aadya Shakti Aarti Jaya Aadya Shakti Ma Jaya Aadya Shakti Akhand Brhamand dipavya panave pragatya ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Dwitiya Mehsarup Shivshakti janu ma shivshakti janu brahma ganapti gaye brahma ganapti gaye hardayi har ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Trutiya tran sarup tribhuvan ma betha ma tribhuvan ma betha daya thaki karveli daya thaki karveli utarvenima Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Chouthe chatura malaxmi ma sachrachal vyapya ma sachrachal vyapya char bhuja cho disha char bhuja cho disha pragtya dakshin ma

Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Panchame panchrushi panchami gunpadma ma panchami gunpadma panchtatv tya soshiye panchtatv tya soshiye panchetatvo ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Shashthi tu narayani mahishasur maryo ma mahishasur maryo narnari na rupe narnari na rupe vyapaya saghale ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Saptami sapt patal sandhya savitri ma sandhya savitri gau ganga gayatri gau ganga gayatri gauri geeta ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Ashthmi ashtha bhujao ayi ananda ma ayi ananda sunivar munivar janamya sunivar munivar janamya dev daityoma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Navmi navkul nag seve navadurga ma seve navadurga navratri na pujan shivratri na archan kidha har brahma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Dashmi dash avtaar jay vijyalaxmi ma jay vijyalaxmi rame ravan marya rame ravan marya ravan maryo ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe

Ekadashi agiyar tatyanikama ma tatyanikama kaldurga kalika kaldurga kalika shama ne vama Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Barase kala rup bahuchar amba ma ma bahuchar amba ma asur bhairav souie kal bhairav soiye tara chhe tuj ma Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Terase tulja rup tu tarunimata ma tu tarunimata brahma vishnu sadashiv brahma vishnu sadashiv gun tara gata Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe Shivbhakti ni aarati je koi gaye ma je koi gaye bhane shivannad swami bhane shivannad swami sukh sampati pashe har kaileshe jashe ma amba dukh harashe Om Jayo Jayo Ma Jagdambe

Jai lakshmi maataa, Maiyaa jaya lakshmi maataa Tumako nishadina dhyaavata, Hara vishnu vidhaataa Brahmaanii, rudraanii, kamalaa, Tuuhii hai jaga maataa Suurya chandramaa dhyaavata, Naarada rishi gaataa Durgaa ruupa nirantara, sukha sampati daataa Jo koi tumako dhyaavata, riddhi siddhi dhana paataa Tuuhii hai paataala basantii, Tuuhii shubha daataa Karma prabhaava prakaashaka, Jaganidhi ke traataa

Jisa ghara mein tuma rahatii, saba sadaguna aataa Kara sake koii kara le, mana nahin ghabaraataa Tuma bina yagya na hove, Vastra na koii paataa Khaana paana kaa vaibhava, Saba tumase hii aataa Shubha guna mandira sundara, Kshirodadhi jaataa Ratana chaturdasha tuma hii, Koii nahiin paataa Aartii lakshmii jii kii, Jo koii nara gaataa Ura aananda umanga ati, Paapa utara jaataa

4) Shri Ram Aarti Shri Ram Aarti Shri Ramachandra kripalu bhaju man, haran bhav bhai darunam. Nav kanj lochan, kanj mukh, kar kanj pad kanjarunam Kandarp aganit amit chhavi, Navvnil jiraj sundaram, pat pit manahun tadit ruchi, Suchi naumi Janakasutavaram. Bhuj din bandu dinesh danav, dusht dalan nikandanam, Raghunand anand kand Kaushal, chandra Dashrath nandanam. Sir krit kundaltilak charu, udar ang vibhushanam, Ajanubhuj san-chap dhar, sangramajit kharadushanam. iti badit Tulasidas Shankar, shesh muni man ranjanam, Mam hridai kanj nivas kar, kamadi khal dal bhanjanam. Manujahi racheu milahi so bar sahaj sundarsanvaro, Karuna nidhan sujan silu sanehu janat ravaro. Ehi bhanti Gauri asis suni, Siya sahit hiya harshin ali, TuIsi bhavanihin puji-puni mudit man mandir chali. Jani Gauri anukal, Siya hiya harshu na jai kahi, Manjul mangal mul,

bam ang pharkan lage.

  5) Jai Ganesha Aarti Jai Ganesha Jai Ganesha Jai Ganesha Deva Maata Jaaki Parvati Pitaa Mahadeva Ladoowan Ka Bhog Lage Sant Karen Sevaa Jai Ganesh Deva Eka Dant Dayavant Chaar Bhujadhari Maathe Par Tilak Sohe Muse Ki Sawaari Paan Chadhe Phool Chadhe Aur Chadhe Mevaa Jai Ganesh Deva Andhe Ko Aankh Det Kodhin Ko Kaaya Banjhan Ko Putra Det Nirdhan Ko Maaya Surya Shama Sharan Aaye Safal Kijye Sevaa Jai Ganesh Deva

Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare

Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Swami Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Bhakta janon ke sankat Bhakta janon ke sankat Kshan me door kare Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Jo dhyave phal paave Dhukh vinashe man ka Swami dhukh vinashe man ka Sukha sampati Ghar aave Sukha sampati Ghar aave Kashht mite tan ka Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare

Mata pita tum mere Sharan padun mai kis ki Swami sharan padum mai kis ki Tum bina aur na doojaa Tum bina aur na doojaa Asha karun mai kis ki Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tum pooran Paramatma Tum Antaryaami Swami Tum Antaryaami Para brahma Parameshwara Para brahma Parameshwara Tum sab ke Swami Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tum karuna ke saagar Tum palan karta Swami Tum palan karta Mai murakh khalakami Mai sevak tum swaami Kripa karo bhartaa Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tum ho ek agochar Sab ke prana pati Swami sab ke prana pati Kis vid miloon theya mein Kis vid miloon theya mein Tum ko mai kumati Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Deena bandhu dukh hartaa Tum rakshak mere Swami tum rakshak mere Apne hath uthao Apne hath uthao Dwar padi/pada tere Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Vishaya vikar mitao Paap haro deva Swami paap haro deva Shraddha bhakti badhao

Shraddha bhakti badhao Santan ki seva Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Tan man dhan sab kuch hai tera Swami sab kuch hai tera Tera tujh ko arpan Tera tujh ko arpan Kya laage mera Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare Om Jai Jagadeesha Hare Swami Jai Jagadeesha Hare Bhakta janon ke sankat Bhakta janon ke sankat Kshan me door kare Om Jaya Jagadeesha Hare

Why is Laxmi Pujan done on Diwali?

Know Diwali-The Festival of lights - Tradition of Diwali Pooja - The Tradition of Rangoli - Diwali Gift Tradition - The Tradition of Lights - The Tradition of Fireworks - DIWALI CALENDAR

Diwali > Diwali Gift Tradition > Diwali Cards Diwali Greeting Cards

Exchanging Diwali Greeting Card is one of the most popular way of exchanging Diwali greetings with loved ones. As Diwali is one the most important Hindu festivals people in India make efforts to send Diwali Greetings to all their near and dear ones and express their warm wishes for them. Sending Diwali Cards become especially desirable when ones wishes to send greetings to loved ones staying in different cities and countries. At that time Diwali Cards helps to strengthen and rejuvenate the bonds of love shared between people. Diwali Cards Patterns and Styles Diwali is celebrated as the Festival of Lights in India and 'Deepavali' means rows of lamps. Hence oil lamps, illumination and brightness is the significant feature of Diwali Cards. Other popular symbols used in Diwali Cards include pictures of burning oil lamps, candles and bursting crackers. Rangoli patterns and pictures of traditional Diwali mithais can also be found in Diwali Cards. Besides, as Lakshmi – Ganesh Puja is essential aspect of Diwali, image of Lakshmi Ma and Lord Ganesha are an all-time favorite image used in Diwali Cards. Diwali E-Cards In the age of Internet, Diwali E-Cards are fast replacing paper Diwali Cards. This is because sending E-Cards is fast, instantaneous and cost effective way of sending greetings to dear ones. To keep pace with the ever increasing demand of sending Diwali E-Greetings e-card sites provide plethora of options. Most cards sites offer free cards thus making it even more cost-effective for the people. Use of Java and Flash technology has helped to make E-cards more vibrant and interactive. Some cards even give people a virtual Lakshmi Puja experience. Cards that feature virtual bursting of crackers are also quite popular amongst the consumers. Handmade Diwali Cards In schools, children are encouraged to make handmade Diwali Cards. Besides, utilizing their inherent creativity, Handmade Diwali Cards help kids bond with the tradition of celebrating Diwali and understand its importance. Please click here for ideas on making Handmade Diwali Cards. Diwali Charity Cards Several charitable organization utilize the demand of Diwali Cards to raise funds for their organization. Sometimes Charitable Diwali Cards are made by children of orphanages or children with physical themselves to make an emotional appeal. It is seen that people love to go for charitable cards as it also gives them the satisfaction that the money spent by them will be utilized for a good cause.

Other Festival Resources

123greetings.com - Send Free Online Greeting Cards to your friends & loved ones.

http://www.diwali-cards.com/ - Diwali eCards, Diwali Greetings

Deepavali-Cards.com - Diwali Greetings and Ecards from Deepavali-Cards.com

Diwali Greetings - Religion Greeting Cards from ecard4all.com

http://www.diwali-ecards.com/

Diwali - Diwali sites, ecards and calendar.

http://www.durgapuja-ecards.com/ - Durga Puja e-Cards, Durga Puja Greetings

Durga Puja Greetings - Durga Puja Greetings, Bijoya eCards, Durga Pooja Greetings, Durga Puja
Cards.

People happily play cards during the festival days of Diwali, a tradition with modernized color. People believe those who win in the gambling games on Diwali could have good luck in the whole ensuing year. What’s more, those who run a gambling business could make a fortune during these days – the game rooms are jammed with people who try their luck there. During the festival days of Diwali, people invite friends and relatives to play cards at home. Playing cards in Diwali reflects both the tradition and modernity, which is extremely popular during the festival days. Diwali is really a festival rich in legends. We know that each day of Diwali is associated with legends, and the activity of playing cards in Diwali is also related to a legend. Some of the Indians say that Goddess Parvati liked to play dice with Lord Shiva, her husband. She blesses those who can win a gamble on Diwali by bestowing them with a year of good luck. This is

the most popular legend related to the activity of playing card during the festival days of Diwali. Though in different areas there are different stories about the reason why people play cards in Diwali, the common thing is that people share the joy and happiness of the festival. Playing cards is an activity that can deepen the love between the families and friends, while all the players expect the good luck by trying to win the game. The families play cards together, and exchange gifts in Diwali. It means more than the luck that the Goddess brings to the winners. What is a better way to make the festival more thrilling and exciting? Playing cards is the best way. Don’t you think so? People laugh, and get excited when playing cards. They get anxious when they are about to win or lose the game. The winners have the sense of fulfillment and satisfaction, while the losers expect the next Diwali to come so that they could play together again. Maybe, the losers could win the next time. The tradition of playing games in Diwali simply brings the winners good luck on this special occasion. Nowadays, there are Casio games, too. There are many ways to gamble in Diwali, and each gambling game attracts thousands of people to play. The gambling with machines, however, is far less meaningful than the playing cards with families or friends. Since the gambling with machines is also away to try luck, it should be blamed on Diwali, anyway. Most of the families still play cards during the festival days of Diwali – who will deny the best way to kill time and to share happiness with the family members and friends while there are chances to be the winners who can get a good luck for a year? As far as it is known, there are no history records about when the tradition of playing cards in Diwali started. The experts and historians believe that some important person in the past who like to gamble with his or her friends on the special occasions, such as Diwali, started a way of killing time and share happiness with his or her family members and friends. By and by, there were legends related to the playing of cards when the activity in Diwali became popular. No one cares what the facts were about the playing card in Diwali. The key point is that it is a way to get blessings of good luck, and it is a good way for entertainment on the festivals. Besides in Diwali, in some other festival days, if there is a chance the people could get together, they would like to play cards, too. When there is free time, friends would like to play cards for fun. However, the playing cards in Diwali is the most significant in a year, because of the possible luck brought by the Goddess to the winners on this special occasion.

Therefore, it is the festival of lights that makes the playing of cards have a touch of legends, and it is the very Diwali that gives the playing of cards more meanings than it should be. The memories of Diwali will be wonderful, as well as colorful, with the playing cards involved. People cherish the time with the family members and friends on Diwali. All in all, some may be addicted to this tradition of Diwali, and try to rationalize it with the legends, which is a good excuse of course. Nevertheless, who will be against this kind of tradition while it could be flush and rummy with stakes in Diwali?


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