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大学英语四级考试语法笔记88

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此外,表语从句还可由 as if (好像)引导。如: It looked as if it was/were going to rain. (虚拟语气) Now let’s do some translation: 这就是她昨天请一天假的原因。 That is why she had a day off yesterday. 我的想法是,个人的权利应该得到充分尊重。 My idea is that individual rights should be fully respected. 问题在于上帝是否真的存在。 The question is whether the God really exists. 我想知道的是,他是如何在这么短的时间内完成这个项目的。 What I want to know is how he managed to complete the project in such a short time. 形容词后的 that 从句 that 引导的名词性从句还可以用在一些形容词后面。 这种句型一般都用人作 主语,所用的形容词都是表示思想状况或感情色彩的形容词,如 certain, sure, positive, afraid, convinced, anxious, disappointed, worried, glad, happy, sorry, amazed, surprised, aware, doubtful, confident 等等。如: I am sure/certain that he’s at home now. 我肯定他现在在家。 He became angry that you made the same mistake. 你犯了同样的错误,他生气 了。 He remains confident that he will win. 他仍然自信他会赢 She is aware that I can’t help her. 她知道我帮不了她的忙。 I am glad that you’ve come. 你来了我很高兴。 He appeared/seemed surprised that I said “no”. 我说不,他似乎很吃惊。 I am afraid that I can’t promise you anything. 恐怕我不能向你保证什么。 We were rather disappointed that you were not able to come yesterday. 昨天你 没能来我们有点失望。 I am a bit worried that she will not be able to make it. 我有点担心她做不成这 件事情。 what 从句的小结 1.意思是“所?.的事/物”, 相当于 the thing(s) that?, that which?, 或 those which? 可以用于以下情况: (1) 引导主语从句。如: What she saw frightened her. 她看到的事情吓了她一跳。 What was once regarded as impossible has now become a reality. 曾经被认为 不可能的事情,现在已经变成了事实。 What I’m afraid of is their taking him to that place. 我怕的是他们带他到那地 方去。 What we are worrying about is just her innocence. 我们担心的是她的幼稚。 But what hurt our feelings most was the personal comment of the judge. 最伤我

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们感情的是法官的私下评论。 What will be, will be. 要发生的事总是要发生的。(谚语) What is gone is gone. 过去的事就过去了。 (2) 引导表语从句。如: That’s what I hope. 那就是我希望的。 I should like to be a teacher. That’s what I want to be. 我想当老师,那是我想 干的事。

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