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中国画英文简介


Chinese Brush Painting

I am going to show you the world of Chinese brush painting!
You will know: ? The Four Treasures of the Study ? What the ―four gentlemen,‖ symbolize. ? Describe 2 characteristics of Chinese brush painting ? Name 2 famous painters ? Chinese painting with the proverb

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Tool

Four Gentlemen

Characteristics Great Artists

Quiz

The Four Treasures of the Study
The phrase "Four Treasures of the Study," also known as the "Four Jewels of the Study" or the "Four Friends of the Study," is an expression that originated during the age of the Southern and Northern Dynasties (420589 AD), referring to the tools used in Chinese calligraphy:

The The The The

Brush Ink Paper Ink Stone

What do Chinese people use to write and paint?

? A brush made of animal’s hair

The Brush is the oldest of the Jewels, dating back to the Zhou Dynasty (1045 BC–256 BC).

Traditionally made brushes consisted of a stick with the hair of animals or babies attached to one end.

The Ink, usually found in stick form, was developed in the Han dynasty (202 BC– 220 AD).

When powder from the inkstick is combined with water, actual ink if formed.

Paper was invented in China around 100 AD, although the Egyptians had been making papyrus for over 3000 years.

Paper is important because it is what you write on.

The Inkstone grinds the inkstick into powder so it can be mixed with water to form ink.

The inkstone also holds the liquid ink so it can be easily accessed by the calligrapher. If there was no container, the ink would just spill all over the table.

How do you hold it?

How do you paint with it?

There are 4 popular themes of Chinese
brush painting. These are known as the --Four Gentlemen

1. Orchid

2. Bamboo 3. Chrysanthemum 4. Plum

Orchid Symbol of Spring Means: Bright promise , unity and modesty

By Hu Leping (1955- )

Bamboo
Symbol of Summer
Means endurance, flexibility and perseverance

By Xu Beihong (1895-1953)

Chrysanthemum
Symbol of the Autumn Means triumphant in Life: Persistence, Patience and Fortitude.

By Wu ChengShuo

Plum
Symbol of Winter Meaning: 1.Secret promise of renewal 2.Continuity & Hardiness of Life
By Yu Qinghai

In each of the paintings below, tell which of the 4 gentlemen is represented by stating the season and naming symbol.

Characteristics of Brush Painting I
It is an ancient art form with more than 6,000 years of history. ? Subjects: Any objects can be drawn such as figures, landscapes, buildings, flowers, birds, animals, insects and fish.
?

Characteristics of Brush Painting II
? Seldom follows the convention of central focus perspective or realistic portrayal, gives the painter freedom to better express his subjective feelings. ? Great artists were also great poets. The poems on the painting express the painter’s idea and emotions, and also provide decorative beauty to the painting.

Landscape painting
? Developed rapidly in the Tang dy. and reached its apex by early Song dy. (first appears in tomb tile, inlaid bronze, and mural at Dun Huang ? N-Song: a true landscape used precise line manner, depicts a sense of an estate, a group of building, a few peasants working, a fishing boat in a shore, no narrative, landscape represents in fragments, no perspective

Fan Kuan (c. 960-1030), Travelers among Mountains and Streams, N. Song

Figure painting
? Depth is created by placement of elements in different grounds: foreground, mid ground and back group ? Literati artists were well educated elites who painted for pleasure

Portrait of the Ming Hongzhi Emperor, Ming 15th c.

True or False?
? Chinese brush painting began around 3600. ? Insects is a subject of Chinese brush paining ? Most of the Chinese brush paintings are realistic portrayal. ? Poem is not a part of the Chinese brush painting.

This drawing was painted thousands of years ago! Chinese Painters believe, with only ink and brush, you can paint anything!

Two artistic giants of the 20th century
? Qi Baishi injected his painting with typical Chinese farmer’s tastes—simple, pure and humorous. ? His favorite subjects-flowers, insects, birds, landscapes and human figures.

Qi Baishi(1863-1957)

Qi Baishi’s Painting--Calabash

Qi Baishi’s Painting 2—

Old man and Peach

2nd Artistic giant of the 20th century
? Xu Beihong borrowed techniques from Western painting. ? He was most accurate in the depiction of both spirit and form.
Xu Beihong(1895~1953)

His was most famous for his painting of horses.

Flower in bloom symbolizes richness on the way .

Bamboo report peaceful.

Under the peony dies makes trouble also loosely .

Quiz Time
1 Describe 2 characteristics of Chinese brush painting? 2、Can you name 5 painters? 3、Compare Chinese brush painting with western oil paintings, are there any differences?

(

Thank you)

The End


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