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英语二轮复习冲刺练:第2练 阅读+七选五+短文改错+书面表达 Word版含解析


第2练
Ⅰ.阅读理解

阅读+七选五+短文改错+书面表达

A 体裁:应用文 话题:儿童读物 词数:335 时间:5′

There are a number of children's books that are designed to help children learn the difference among many wonderful colors that are in the world,and all of these books are designed to make it easy for children. Pinkalicious It is a story about a girl who eats many pink cupcakes one evening.The next morning,she wakes up and finds that she has not only pink hair, but pink skin!This fun story not only helps children to learn about many different shades(色度) and colors that are in the world and in their foods, but it also helps them to understand that,while sweets are a great pleasure, they have to eat healthy food regularly in order to stay healthy. One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish The book is a series of vignettes(小片段) told through Dr.Seuss rhymes, making them fun for parents to read and fun for children to hear.As it is related to colors,the book shows some of the classic colors,including, of course,red and blue!Once children learn about red and blue,they can then learn how to make purple. Mouse Paint In this tale,three mice learn a lot about colors and how much fun you can have with them.They don't settle for just painting with the colors, however, but insist on dipping their toes (脚趾) into the colors and creating new combinations from them,showing children what happens when they mix red and blue or yellow and red together. How Do Dinosaurs Learn Their Colors? This seemingly simplistic tale shows us how dinosaurs learn all about the different colors in the world through the items around them.Simple

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things teach the dinosaurs in the book what each color is.For instance, a purple towel that has been left on the floor shows both children and the dinosaurs what the color purple is. 【语篇解读】 本文主要介绍了 4 本适合儿童阅读的书籍。 1.The children's books mentioned in the passage are designed to ________. A.make children interested in reading B.improve children's reading ability C.deepen the understanding of colors D.attract children' s attention to books 答案 C [细节理解题。根据第一段的叙述可知,这些书是为了帮助孩子学习

颜色的差别,深入了解颜色而设计的。] 2.What's the inspiration of the book Pinkalicious? A.How to make your skin pink? B.Only proper eating can make you healthy. C.Eating too many cupcakes is bad for your health. D.Pink cupcakes are girls' favorite food. 答案 B [细节理解题。根据第二段“but it also helps them to understand

that,while sweets are a great pleasure,they have to eat healthy food regularly in order to stay healthy.”可知,这本书还告诫我们,合理的 健康饮食才会保持健康。] 3.Which book is very fun for its rhymes when heard? A.Pinkalicious. B.One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish. C.How Do Dinosaurs Learn Their Colors? D.Mouse Paint. 答案 B [细节理解题。 根据第三段“The book is a series of vignettes told

through Dr.Seuss rhymes,making them fun for parents to read and fun for children to hear.”可知,One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish 这 本书是一系列的以押韵形式讲述的小片段。]

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4.We can learn from the passage that ________. A.most little girls like pink very much in Pinkalicious B.children who want to learn painting should read Mouse Paint C.children can learn how to make purple from How Do Dinosaurs Learn

Their Colors?
D.dinosaurs learn colors through simple things around them in How Do

Dinosaurs Learn Their Colors?
答案 D [细节理解题。根据最后一段“dinosaurs learn all about the

different colors in the world through the items around them.Simple things teach the dinosaurs in the book what each color is”可知,在 How Do Dinosaurs Learn Their Colors?这本书里,恐龙通过自己周围简单 的事物来认识颜色。] B 体裁:研究报告 话题:网络生活 词数:297 时间:7′

Facebook(脸谱网) friends cannot replace the real thing,say psychologists(心理学家). People are happier and laugh 50% more when they talk face to face with friends or via webcam(web camera) than when they use social networking sites,a study has found. Dr.Roberts,a famous lecturer at the University of Chester,said such websites don't appear to help people make true friendships.Based on two questionnaires(调查表),he found there was no link between Facebook use and people with larger groups of friends. Dr.Roberts,whose work will be presented at the British Psychological Society conference in Harrogate,said,“The bottom line conclusion is that our relationships are not dependent on the quantity of our communication.They depend on quality,and even Skype(一种网络即时语音沟 通工具) is better at increasing the quality of our communication than time spent on Facebook.”Even talking on the phone or texting does not make

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people feel as good as sharing a smile, the research says.The studies suggest quality,not quantity,of communication is the most important for keeping friends for life. People find the most satisfying relationships come from a small number of close friends,with an outer “ring” of 10 significant others.With these people,it doesn't matter what type of social media you use for communication.But people who want to “contact the world at large” using Facebook can be disappointed because they__spread__themselves__too__thinly,claim researchers. In a third study,Dr.Roberts asked people to communicate with friends face to face or via Skype and keep a 14-day diary.This was compared with communicating via phone,text messages or social networking sites.People communicating face to face or on Skype were 50% more likely to laugh, and they rated themselves as significantly happier. 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇研究报告。随着科技的发展,脸谱网也走进了人们的

生活,人们更多地使用网络媒体进行交友,但专家认为我们的友谊取决于交流的 质量而非数量。另一份调查研究也发现:面对面地或用网络即时语音沟通工具与 朋友交谈的人会比用社交网站的人更加快乐,且笑容也会比他们多出 50%。 5.Dr.Roberts's finding that there was no connection between Facebook use and people with many friends was ________. A.based on questionnaires B.based on conversations C.through instant messages D.through social media 答案 A [细节理解题。 根据第三段第二句“Based on two questionnaires(调

查表),he found there was no link between Facebook use and people with larger groups of friends.”可知,这一调查发现是建立在两份调查表的基 础之上的。故选 A。] 6.What is the main idea of the fourth paragraph?

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A.Most people contact each other online. B.Keeping a friend for life is not easy. C.The quality of communication is important. D.Skype is better at understanding us than Facebook. 答案 C [段落大意题。根据第四段中的“...our relationships are not

dependent on the quantity of our communication.They depend on quality...”以及“The studies suggest quality,not quantity,of communication is the most important for keeping friends for life.” 可知,该段主要强调交流质量的重要性。故选 C。] 7.What does the underlined sentence in the fifth paragraph probably suggest? A.They are too excited to express themselves. B.They limit their social circle to a small range. C.They spread their information at a low speed. D.They lack information to introduce themselves. 答案 B [句意理解题。根据第五段画线部分之前的“But people who want to

‘contact the world at large’ using Facebook can be disappointed” 可知,想通过脸谱网广交天下朋友的人,会感到失望。因为使用脸谱网的人不 是扩大了交友范围而是受限于较小的社交圈内,所以他们才会感到失望。故选 B。] 8.What is Dr.Roberts's attitude towards the use of Facebook? A.Positive. C.Responsible. 答案 D B.Casual. D.Unsupportive.

[观点态度题。根据第四段中的“...our relationships are not

dependent on the quantity of our communication.They depend on quality...”和第五段中的“But people who want to...can be disappointed”可知,Dr.Roberts 对 Facebook 的态度是不支持的。故选 D。] Ⅱ.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两 项为多余选项。

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Most cars have seat belts as part of their equipment.Seat belts protect drivers and passengers in case of accidents.They also reduce the effect of a crash on the body.__9__Worldwide,the devices have protected up to a million people. America first recognized the invention of an automobile seat belt in 1849.The government gave a patent to an engineer named Edward Claghorn of New York City so that others would not copy his invention of a safety device.__10__ This early version of safety belt was said to include hooks and other attachments for securing the person to a fixed object. Other inventors followed with different versions of the seat belt.__11__ It resulted from the work of a Swedish engineer,Nils Bohlin.His three-point,lap and shoulder seat belt first appeared on cars in Europe 50 years ago. Nils Bohlin recognized that both the upper and lower body needed to be held securely in place.His invention contained a cloth strap(带子) that was placed across the chest and another strap across the hips.__12__ Volvo was the first company to offer the modern seat belt to its cars.This company also provided use of Nils Bohlin's design for other car -makers. __13__ He received a gold medal from the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences in 1995.He died in Sweden in 2002. A.The Swedish engineer won many honors for his seat belt. B.Claghorn was a promising young engineer with many honors all his life. C.The design joined the straps next to the hip. D.There are many companies adopting Nils Bohlin's invention of the seat belt. E.Safety experts say that seat belts save thousands of lives a year in America alone. F.But more than 100 years passed before the current seat belt was developed.

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G.Claghorn called his invention a safety belt. 答案 9.E Ⅲ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删 除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线(—),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2015·陕西三检)English is my favourite subject and I'd love the opportunity to get my English improve by studying abroad.My speaking is excellent,but I am afraid that my writing is not so good as.My parents have promised that if I accepted into the programme,they will get I taught in after-school writing lessons.Studying abroad will not only help improve my English but also gives me a better understanding of customs and cultures in west.In addition for that,I belong to a debating club at school.So I am used to talk in front of other people.I am also fond of making friend and I think people will find it easily to get on with me. 答案 English is my favourite subject and I'd love the opportunity to get my English 10.G 11.F 12.C 13.A

improve by studying abroad.My speaking is excellent,but I am improved
.My parents have promised that

afraid that my writing is not so good if I

? I accepted into the programme,they will get taught in after am me

-school writing lessons.Studying abroad will not only help improve my English but also

gives me a better understanding of customs and cultures give

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in

? for west.In addition that,I belong to a debating club at school.So the to

I am used to

talk in front of other people.I am also fond of making talking

easily friend and I think people will find it to get on with me. friends easy
Ⅳ.书面表达 假设你是李华,将参加主题为“To Be a Good Partner”的演讲比赛,请用 英语撰写一份演讲稿,内容包括: 1.合作的好处; 2.怎样与你喜欢和不喜欢的人合作; 3.在合作中你应该怎样做,如:倾听别人的意见,礼貌地指出别人的错误, 不强加自己的观点等。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.演讲稿的开头和结尾已经为你写好。 参考词汇:合作:cooperation Good afternoon,everyone! The topic of my speech today is “To Be a Good Partner”.________________________ __________________________________________________________________ ______ __________________________________________________________________ ______ __________________________________________________________________ ______ Thank you for your listening! 【参考范文】 Good__afternoon,everyone!

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The__topic__of__my__speech__today__is__“To__Be__a__Good__Partner ”.Cooperation is a good way for us to learn from each other and it can save us a lot of time and energy. We will be lucky enough to find someone we like to cooperate with, which will make us feel very happy.However,we often have to cooperate with someone we dislike.In this case,we should learn to put up with some of his shortcomings and try to discover his advantages. How can we become a good partner?In my opinion,firstly,we should try to listen to others' opinions.If he makes mistakes,try to point them out in a polite way.Besides,never force your ideas on others. Thank__you__for__your__listening!

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