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高考英语短文改错常见错误汇总


高考英语短文改错常见错误汇总
来源:52 求学网 发布时间:2014-09-19 我要评论 进入社区参与讨论

高考英语短文改错其实不难,很多错误都是一些我们常见的错误,同时也是我们经常 会犯的错误。只要我们掌握这些常见的错误,加上我们平时英语知识的积累,高考英语短文 改错拿到高分,绝对不在话下。 短文改错是有一定的规律可循的,纵观近几年的高考试题及我们平常的模拟考试,可 以发现短文改错主要有以下十大错误: 1. 形容词与副词的误用。 如 exciting 与 excited, hard 与 hardly, possible 与 possibly, here 与 there 等,以及形容词与副词的比较级与最高级。 2. 名词的单复数误用。如在 several,many,various,different,a few,one of 等之 后,常用名词的复数,在 every 与 each 之后常用单数。 3. 代词的误用。如 you 与 your,it’s 与 its,it 与 they 或 them,one 与 ones,宾格(如 me)与反身代词(如 myself)等的误用。 4. 介词的误用、缺少或多余。常见的如 in 与 on,to 与 for,instead 与 instead of, because 与 because of 等的误用。 5. 时态的错误。看一篇文章,要有一种大局观,要上前下挂,看看上下文的时态是否 一致。 6. 连词的误用。如 or 与 and 的误用,and 与 but 的误用,so 与 but 的误用,because 或 since 与 so 连用,though 与 but 连用等。 7. 第三人称单数后的动词形式。 8. 一些固定结构的误用。如 so.。。that 被误用作 very.。。that,too.。。to 被误用 very.。。to,as.。。as 被误作 so.。。as 等。 9. 定语从句中,which,that,when,where 等混淆不清。 10. 一些常用词,如 what 与 how,except 与 besides,any 与 some 以及它们的合成 词如 any-thing 与 something,anywhere 与 somewhere 等混淆不清。

最容易记混淆的英语单词 36 组
来源:52 求学网 发布时间:2014-09-19 我要评论 进入社区参与讨论

1)quite 相当;quiet 安静地 2)affectv.影响,假装;effectn.结果,影响 3)adapt 适应;adopt 采用;adept 内行 4)angel 天使;angle 角度 5)dairy 牛奶厂;diary 日记 6)contend 奋斗,斗争;content 内容,满足的;context 上下文;contest 竞争,比赛

7)principal 校长,主要的;principle 原则 8)implicit 含蓄的;explicit 明白的 9)dessert 甜食;desert 沙漠 v 放弃;dissert 写论文 10)pat 轻拍;tap 轻打;slap 掌击;rap 敲,打 11)decent 正经的;descentn 向下,血统;descendv 向下 12)sweet 甜的;sweat 汗水 13)later 后来;latter 后者;latest 最近的;latelyadv 最近 14)costume 服装;custom 习惯 15)extensive 广泛的;intensive 深刻的 16)aural 耳的;oral 口头的 17)abroad 国外;aboard 上(船,飞机) 18)altar 祭坛;alter 改变 19)assent 同意;ascent 上升;accent 口 20)champion 冠军;champagne 香槟酒;campaign 战役 21)baron 男爵;barren 不毛之地的;barn 古仓 22)beam 梁,光束;bean 豆;beenbe 的过去式 23)precede 领先;proceed 进行,继续 24)pray 祈祷;prey 猎物 25)chicken 鸡;kitchen 厨房 26)monkey 猴子;donkey 驴 27)chore 家务活;chord 和弦;cord 细绳 28)cite 引用;site 场所;sight 视觉 29)clash(金属)幢击声;crash 碰幢,坠落;crush 压 30)compliment 赞美;complement 附加物 31)confirm 确认;conform 使顺从 32)contact 接触;contract 合同;contrast 对照 33)council 议会;counsel 忠告;consul 领事 34)crow 乌鸦;crown 王冠;clown 小丑;cow 牛 35)dose 一剂药;doze 打盹 36)drawndraw 的过去分词;drown 溺水

高考英语短文改错规律分析:动词用法
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(1) He lied down by the side of the path to rest. (lied 改为 lay,lie 表示“躺”时,其过 去时是 lay) (全国卷)

(2) Charles and Linda were seeing near the top of the building. (seeing 改为 seen, 因为从含义上看,此处谓语应用被动语态) (全国卷) (3) Books may be keep for four weeks. (keep 改为 kept, 因此处要用被动语态) (全国 卷) (4) …and let you know when the book you want has returned. (returned 之前加 been,因从句意上看,此处要用被动语态) (全国卷) (5) Uncle Ben will also go back for Christmas. (go 改为 come,由句意可知) (全国卷) (6) They eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of questions. (eager 前加 were,因此处缺谓语动词) (全国卷) (7) I’d like to your pen-friend, and get to know more about your country. (to 后加 be / become,因 would like 后要接不定式,根据句意此处应加 be / become) (全国卷) (8) What your favourite sport? (what 后加 is 或将 What 改为 What’s,此句缺谓语) (全国卷) (9) I use to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time, but now I am interested in football. (use to 改为 used to,此为习语,意为“过去经常”) (全国卷) (10) I was used to watch it every night. (去掉 was,因 used to do sth 是固定表达, 意为“过去常常做……”) (全国卷) (11) There will an important game next month. (will 后加 be,此处缺谓语动词) (安徽 春季卷) (12) Because of so much viewing, children may not be develop the habit of reading and the ability to enjoy themselves. (去掉 be,因它与其后的动词 develop 相冲突) (北京 春季卷) (13) I followed her advice and should put down 100 words or so each day. (去掉 should,因 put 和 followed 是平行结构,作并列谓语) (全国卷) (14) As we were all left homeat an early age. (去掉 were,因句中已有谓语动词 left, “我们离开家”又是主动,不能再加 be) (天津卷) (15) I often dream of a teacher. (a teacher 前加上 being 或 becoming)根据后文的 内容看来,作者不是梦见老师,而是自己梦想“成为”一名教师)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:多词考点
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(1) David pointed to a path which it he thought would probably lead to a village. (去掉 it,因它与其前的关系代词 which 语义重复) (全国卷) (2) Some people read the books or watch television while others have sports. (去掉 the,因这里的 books 表泛指,不表特指) (全国卷)

(3) In the last five years that they’ve climbed churches, high buildings and television towers. (去掉 that,因此处的 in the last five years 为时间状语,其后无需用 that) (全国卷) (4) Modern people know more about the health, have better food, and live in clearer surroundings. (去掉 the,因 health 表泛指) (全国卷) (5) Most people can quickly get for help from a doctor or go to a hospital when they are ill. (去掉 for,因其前的 get 是及物动词) (全国卷) (6) Modern people know more about health, have better food, and to live in clearer surroundings. (去掉 live 前的 to,因为 live 与其前的 know, have 并列) (全国卷) (7) As a result, people in the modern world generally live much more longer than people in the past. (去掉 more,因为 longer 本身已是比较级,不能再受 more 修饰) (全 国卷) (8) …and let you to know when the book you want has returned (去掉 know 前的 to, 因为其前有动词 let) (全国卷) (9) …in other places where you are limited to a certain number, of that some may be novels. (去掉 where,in other places 在此为地点状语) (全国卷) (10) If the book you will want is out, you may ask for it to be called back for you. (去掉 will) (全国卷) (11) I never knew about a ride down a river could be so exciting. (去掉 about 或将 about 改为 that,因动词 knew 后可直接跟宾语从句,无需用介词) (全国卷) (12) I never knew a ride down a river could be so much exciting. (去掉 much,因 much 不能用来修饰形容词的原级,尽管它可用来修饰形容词的比较级和最高级) (全国卷) (13) I also enjoyed the evenings when we spent together. (去掉 when 或将 when 改为 that,因这里的定语从句中的谓语动词(spent)缺宾语,故只能用关系代词 that 或将其 省略) (全国卷) (14) I hope that both you two could come and visit us some time soon. (去掉 both。 因 both 与后面的 two 意义重复,况且词序安排也不对) (全国卷) (15) Today I visited the Smiths — my first time visit to an American family. (去掉 time, 因 first 已含有“次”的意思) (全国卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:非谓语动词
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(1) David and I wanted go off to find help but Bill insisted on staying near the car. (wanted 后加 to,因为 want 后要接不定式) (全国卷) (2) …rather than go into the forest and getting lost. (getting 改 get,因为 get 与其 前的 go 并列) (全国卷)

(3) David pointed to a path which he thought would probably leading to a village. (leading 改为 lead,因为其前有助动词 would) (全国卷) (4) I went back to get David and helped him to stood up. (stood 改为 stand,因为 to stand up 在此为不定式结构) (全国卷) (5) Charles and Linda Mason do all of these things as well as climbed building. (climbed 改为 climb / climbing,若将 as well as 视为连词,则将 climbed 改为 climb, 因为它与其前的 do 并列;若将 as well as 视为介词,则 climbing,因为介词后动词用动名 词) (全国卷) (6) Modern people know more about health, have better food, and to live in clearer surroundings. (去掉 live 前的 to,因为 live 与其前的 know, have 并列) (全国卷) (7) The World Health Organization and other organizations are working improve health all over the world. (improve 前加 to,to improve…为表目的的不定式短语) (全国卷) (8) …you pay the cost of send a postcard, the librarian will write to you. (send 改为 sending,因为介词后接动名词作宾语) (全国卷) (9) …and let you to know when the book you want has returned (去掉 know 前的 to, 因为其前有动词 let) (全国卷) (10) I want to thank you again for have me in your home for the summer holidays. (have 改为 having,因为介词后接动名词作宾语) (全国卷) (11) I had always wanted return to the village after moving away. (return 前加 to,因 为 want 后要接不定式) (全国卷) (12) It was very kind of them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home. (drove 改为 drive, 因为 drive 与其前的 to meet 并列, 此处的 drive 为省略 to 的 不定式) (全国卷) (13) I look forward to hear from you soon. (hear 改为 hearing,因为其前的 to 是介 词) (全国卷) (14) Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also gives us a sense of fair play and team spirit. (第一个 play 改为 playing,因为动词原形不能用作主语) (全国卷) (15) I was often a little tired after a day’s work and watch TV demands very little effort. (watch 改为 watching,因为动词原形不能用作主语) (全国卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:冠词
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(1) After a hour or so we began to feel very frightened. (a 改为 an,因 hour 读音以 元音开头) (全国卷)

(2) I decided to climb the tree to see where we were. (the 改为 a,因此处并非特指, 而是泛指) (全国卷) (2) Some people read the books or watch television while others have sports. (去掉 the,因这里的 books 表泛指,不表特指) (全国卷) (3) Good health is person’s most valuable possession. (person’s 前加 a,这里的 a 表泛指) (全国卷) (4) Modern people know more about the health, have better food, and live in clearer surroundings. (去掉 the,因 health 表泛指) (全国卷) (5) There is public library in every town in Britain. (public library 前加 a,因这里的 public library 是单数可数名词表泛指,故在其前用 a) (全国卷) (6) Maybe you could come during a winter holidays. (a 改为 the,因从含义上看,此 处的 winter holidays 属特指或者是谈话双方都知道的) (全国卷) (7) Today I visited the Smiths — my first visit to a American family. (a 改为 an,因 American 的读音以元音开头) (全国卷) (8) Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team. (captain 前加冠词 the,captain 为特指) (全国卷) (9) Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another. (the 改为 one,one 与下一行的 another 构成“一个……另一个”) (全国卷) (10) I’ll take this chance to wish you wonderful time on your birthday. (wonderful 前 加 a,该表达与 have a good time 类似,其中的 a 不可省) (北京春季卷) (11) Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. (去掉 a,catch sight of 是习语,意为“看见、瞥见”) (全国卷) (12) For example, when I was a child, the rain was a mystery(奥秘). (去掉 the,rain 在此泛指) (北京春季卷) (13) We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a 改为 the,因 same 前应 用定冠词) (全国卷) (14) As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals.(在 famous 前加 a,注意 mountain 是单数可数名词) (全国卷) (15) My teacher advised me to keep my diary. (my diary 改为 a diary,keep a diary 意为“写日记”) (全国卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:介词
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(1) Bill insisted in staying near the car. (in 改为 on,insist on 为固定搭配) (全国卷)

(2) Suddenly we caught sight at a car and some men. (at 改为 of,catch sight of 是 习语,意为“看见”) (全国卷) (3) When I have free time I go a long walk. (go 后加 for,go for a walk 是习语) (全 国卷) (4) When they came down the police were angry to them. (to 改为 with,要表示对某 人生气,英语习惯上用 be angry with sb) (全国卷) (5) Most people can quickly get for help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill. (去掉 for,因其前的 get 是及物动词) (全国卷) (6) …and some books, for example, books for history, science, cooking and gardening are also popular. (books for 改为 books on,此处的 on 意为“关于”) (全国卷) (7) I never knew about a ride down a river could be so exciting. (去掉 about 或将 about 改为 that,因动词 knew 后可直接跟宾语从句,无需用介词) (全国卷) (8) It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station. (for 改为 of,注意句 型 It’s kind of sb to do sth) (全国卷) (9) In fact, they are planning to visit China in next year. (去掉 in,在由 next, this, last 等构成的时间短语中,一般可直接用作时间状语,无需加 in, on, at 这样的介词) (全国卷) (10) We practise for three times every week. (去掉 for,在表示频率的名词前通常不 加介词) (全国卷) (11) We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves. (instead 后 加 of,instead of 为复合介词,在此表示“而不是”) (全国卷) (12) Unfortunately, there are too many people among my family. (among 改为 in,in my family 意为“在我家里”) (全国卷) (13) I was happy with any programme but the others spent a lot time arguing…(a lot 后加 of,因 a lot 不能直接修饰名词) (全国卷) (14) Thanks very much on inviting me to your birthday party on Sunday. (on 改为 for, thanks for doing sth 意为“因某事而感谢某人”) (北京春季卷) (15) So I’m really sorry that I won’t be able to come in this time. (去掉 in, 因 this time 可直接用作状语) (北京春季卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:名词
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(1) We stopped to rest for a while and to drink some waters from a stream. (waters 改为 water,因“水”为物质名词,不可数) (全国卷) (2) We climb everywhere, not only in America. We have been to Europe many time. (time 改为 times,many times 意为“许多次”) (全国卷)

(3) There are branch library in many villages. (library 改为 libraries,因其前的谓语 are 为复数) (全国卷) (4) I hope that you two could come and visit us some times soon. (times 改为 time, some time 意为“某时”) (全国卷) (5) Today I visited the Smiths — my first time visit to an American family. (去掉 time, 因 first 已含有“次”的意思) (全国卷) (6) They were eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of question. (question 改为 questions,因其前有表示复数意义的修饰语 lots of) (全国卷) (7) We study quite a few subject, such as maths, Chinese, English and physics. (subject 改为 subjects,因 a few 后应接复数可数名词) (全国卷) (8) …and often watch football match on TV together. (match 改为 matches) (全国 卷) (9) Happy birthday, Peter, and many happy return of the day! (return 改为 returns, many happy returns of the day! 为祝贺生日的惯用表达) (北京春季卷) (10) She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success. (schoolmate 改为 schoolmates,因校友不只一个,另外根据其后的 all 也可推知) (全国卷) (11) I used to love science class — all of them— biology, chemistry, geography, physics. (class 改为 classes,指其后提到的所有课程) (北京春季卷) (12) They did not want me to do any work at family. (family 改为 home,因 at home 为固定短语) (全国卷) (13) …so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. (subject 改为 subjects,请注意前 面的 all) (全国卷) (14) On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful. (picture 改为 pictures,picture 作为可数名词,其前应有限定词,或为复数形式) (全国卷) (15) No one worries much about the radio program young people listen to. (program 改为 programs,从句意上看,此处应用复数) (北京春季卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:缺词考点
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(1) When we walked to the car, Bill smiled and shook head. (head 前加 his,汉语可 “摇头”,而按英语的习惯要说 shake one’s head) (全国卷) (2) When I have free time I go a long walk. (go 后加 for,go for a walk 是习语) (全 国卷) (3) Charles said, “As soon I see a realy tall building, I want to climb it.(第一个 I 前加 as,因为 as soon as 为引导时间状语从句的引导词)(全国卷)

(4) Good health is person’s most valuable possession. (person’s 前加 a,这里的 a 表泛指) (全国卷) (5) The World Health Organization and other organizations are working improve health all over the world. (improve 前加 to,to improve…为表目的的不定式短语) (全国卷) (6) There is public library in every town in Britain. (public library 前加 a,因这里的 public library 是单数可数名词表泛指,故在其前用 a) (全国卷) (7) In some places you may borrow many books as you want. (many 之前加 as,因 此处为 as ... as 结构) (全国卷) (8) …and let you know when the book you want has returned. (returned 之前加 been,因从句意上看,此处用被动语态) (全国卷) (9) I had always wanted return to the village after moving away. (return 前加 to,因 为 want 后要接不定式) (全国卷) (10) I told Mother, Father, Sister, all my friends here what a great time I had. (all 前 加 and,表示并列关系) (全国卷) (11) They eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of questions. (eager 前加 were,因此处缺谓语动词) (全国卷) (12) I’d like to your pen-friend, and get to know more about your country. (to 后加 be / become,因 would like 后接不定式,根据句意此处应补 be / become) (全国卷) (13) What your favourite sport? (what 后加 is 或将 What 改为 What’s, 此句缺谓语) (全国卷) (14) We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves. (instead 后 加 of,instead of 为复合介词,在此表示“而不是”) (全国卷) (15) Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team. (captain 前加冠 词 the,captain 为特指) (全国卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:时态
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(1) We were driving along a narrow road when the car stop…(stop 改为 stopped) (全 国卷) (2) …and had returned to the car! Bill is standing at the side of the car (is 改为 was) (全国卷) (3) Two months ago they were back in America. Last Sunday, police cars hurry to the…(hurry 改为 hurried) (全国卷) (4) Today, it is much easier to be healthy than it is in the past. (第二个 is 改为 was) (全国卷)

(5) Also, scientists and doctors had learned how to deal with many diseases. (had 改为 have) (全国卷) (6) Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing to borrow them. (cost 改为 costs) (全国卷) (7) If the book you will want is out, you may ask for it to be called back for you. (去掉 will) (全国卷) (8) I had always wanted to return to the village after moving away and it is really great to see most of my old friends again. (is 改为 was) (全国卷) (9) They offered me coffee and other drinks. We have a good time talking and laughing together. (have 改为 had) (全国卷) (10) I learn about you from my English teacher, Miss Fang. (learn 改为 learned) (全 国卷) (11) My favourite sport is football. I was a member of our school football team. (was 改为 is) (全国卷) (12) I am happy with any programme but the others spent a lot of time arguing and there was no way of settling the matter except by selling the set. (am 改为 was) (全国卷) (13) I’d like very much to come but I had an examination on Monday morning. It is a very… (had 改为 have) (北京春) (14) I remembered her words and calm down. (calm 改为 calmed)(全国卷) (15) They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to… (did 改为 do) (全国卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:形容词与副词
来源:52 求学网 发布时间:2014-09-26 我要评论 进入社区参与讨论

(1) After an hour or so we began to feel very frightening. (frightening 改为 frightened, 因它表示某人感到害怕,而不是令人害怕) (全国卷) (2) Charles said, “As soon as I see a realy tall building, I want to climb it. (realy 改为 really 或 real,若改为 really,则修饰 tall;若改为 real,则修饰 building) (全国卷) (3) Last Sunday, police cars hurry to the taller building in New York. (taller 改为 tallest,因从含义上看此处应是最高级) (全国卷) (4) As a result, people in the modern world generally live much more longer than people in the past. (去掉 more,因为 longer 本身已是比较级,不能再受 more 修饰) (全 国卷) (5) Therefore, there are still some countries where people have shorter lives. (Therefore 改为 However,因此处语意转折) (全国卷)

(6) People in industrial countries can expect to live for twice so long as people who lived a few hundred years ago. (so long as 改为 as long as,其意为“与……一样长”) (全国 卷) (7) In some places you may borrow many books as you want. (many 之前加 as,因 as ... as 结构不完整) (全国卷) (8) I told Mother, Father, Sister and all my friends here that a great time I had. (that 改为 what) (全国卷) (9) I never knew a ride down a river could be so much exciting. (去掉 much,因 much 不能用来修饰形容词的原级,尽管它可用来修饰比较级和最高级) (全国卷) (10) I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. (wonderfully 改为 wonderful, 因它是放在名词前作定语) (全国卷) (11) First, let me tell you something more about myself. (去掉 more, 因从上下文看, 这是第一次给对方写信,不存在谈谈“更多情况”的问题) (全国卷) (12) I used to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football. (interesting 改为 interested,be interested in 意为“对……感兴趣”) (全国卷) (13) Also, the sport teaches us the important of obedience. (important 改为 importance,teach 后可接名词或代词作宾语,但不接形容词作宾语) (全国卷) (14) Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family. (Unfortunate 改为 Unfortunately,因此处要求用副词作状语) (全国卷) (15) I think I liked those classes because I felt that they helped me understand what the world works. (what 改为 how,how 在此表示方式) (北京春季卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:主谓一致
来源:52 求学网 发布时间:2014-09-26 我要评论 进入社区参与讨论

(1) Bill was standing at the side of the car, talking to two men who was helping him to repair it. (was 改为 were,因先行词 two men 是复数,所以修饰该先行词的定语从句的谓 语动词也应用复数) (全国卷) (2) Playing football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit. (give 改为 gives,它与 makes 为平行结构,构成并列 谓语动词) (全国卷) (3) Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library. (is 改为 are, 因主语是 my picture and the prize,故谓语动词要用复数) (全国卷) (4) But then there is always more mysteries to look into. (is 改为 are,因其后的 mysteries 为复数,故谓语动词要用复数) (北京春季卷)

(5) But not all

information are good to society. (are 改为 is,因为主语是不可数名

词 information,表单数) (广西卷) (6) So then, a concert cost so much. I may just listen to music. (cost 改为 costs,因 主语是单数 a concert,根据全文用的都是现在的时态,故用一般现在时) (年四川卷) (7) If I listen to my own records, there are no need to spend money. (are 改为 is,因 为在 there be 结构中的 be 用 is 还是用 are,由紧跟在 be 后的那个名词的单复数来决定, 此处 no need 是单数,所以用 is) (四川卷) (8) …you will probably want to join the Stamp Collectors’ Club which exist to

add more stamps to your collection. (exist 改为 exists,因主语 which 是指 the Stamp Collectors’ Club,这是单数,所以用 exists) (浙江卷) (10) One evening she told me that something happened when their parents was out. (was 改为 were,因为主语 their parents 是复数,所以不用 was 要用 were) (年福建卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:缺词考点
来源:52 求学网 发布时间:2014-09-26 我要评论 进入社区参与讨论

① 有些动词后有时有介词, 有时没有介词, 可能混淆而缺一介词。 如: attend a meeting, 但 attend ∧(to) the patient; prepare breakfast, 但 prepare∧ (for) the exam; join us, 但 join∧(in) a game. ② 表语形容词通常具有动词意义, 很可能误以为是动词而漏掉介词。 如:be afraid ∧ (of) nothing, be present ∧(at) the meeting, be sure ∧(about) it。 ③ except, instead of, from, since, till, until 后面可跟另一介词词组充当介词宾语,可 能会漏掉第 2 个介词。如: He came on foot instead of ∧ (by) bike. A big bear ran out from ∧ (behind) a tree. ④ hundreds, thousands 等后面可能漏掉 of。类似的还有 millions ∧ (of), dozens ∧ (of), scores ∧ (of) 缺一连词 ① 汉语常用意合法,分句与分句之间往往不用连词,但英语里不行。如: It began to rain, ∧ (and) they had to stop the match. (如果中间用分号可不用连词) It was late, ∧ (so) we went home. You like sports, ∧ (while) I’d rather read. He looked for the key, ∧ (but) didn’t find it.

高考英语短文改错规律分析:错词考点

来源:52 求学网

发布时间:2014-09-27

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一、虚词选择错误 ① 介词或副词选择错误:这种情况极为复杂,各种情况都有可能。这里只提供几组作 为参考:before / ago, among / between, after / in, below / under, on / above / over, across / through, except / besides, with / in(用), to / for (对于), like / as 等。 ② 连词选择错误或连词与介词混淆。如:because / for(since, as), if / whether, if / unless, so as / so that, hardly … when / no sooner… than, while / when, till / until 等。 ③ 感叹句用词选择错误:how / what。 ④ 冠词选择错误:a / an, a (an) / the。 二、实词词形错误 ① 名词词形错误:名词的单复数形式,特别注意不规则名词的复数形式;名词的所有 格,特别注意不规则复数名词的所有格,如:the children’s;名词所有格的绝对形式。如: My son is older than my elder brother’s. ② 动词词形错误:不规则动词的过去式、过去分词形式错误,特别注意几组易于混淆 的词,如:lie(躺) / lie(说谎) / lay;hang(挂) / hang(绞死);find / found(建立);fall / fell(砍 倒);bear(忍受) / bear(生育)等的过去式与过去分词。非谓语动词用法的选择,特别是充当状 语、表语、定语或宾语补足语时是用过去分词还是现在分词(取决于主语、名词中心词与宾 语的关系);在 to 后是用不定式还是动名词(取决于 to 是介词还是小品词);以及在并列结构中 后面动词的形式,必须与第 1 个动词保持一致。谓语动词时态形式的选择,是现在时还是 过去时还是其他时态;情态动词和 will(would), shall (should) 等助动词后面的动词形式的选 择(只能用原形)。 ③ 形容词与副词词形错误:是用原级、比较级还是最高级,是加 more, most 还是加 -er, -est 构成比较级和最高级。 ④ 词性选择错误:不同的词性充当不同的句子成分,要注意实词的词性是否适合其功 能,不符合则应换用适当的派生词。其中特别要注意:连系动词后常用形容词充当表语,而 不用副词。如:He feels cold. 作状语用副词,而不用形容词。如:He works well.(from www.nmet168.com) 三、同义词、近义词、形似词选择错误。这里举一些常见的例子: accept / receive, alive, living / lively, allow / let, alone / lonely, aloud / loudly, already / yet / still, also / too / either, number / amount / quantity, answer / reply, asleep / sleepy / sleeping, bring / take / fetch / carry, clothes / clothing, deep / deeply, cost / spend / take / pay, hard / hardly, high / highly, job / work, late / lately, lend / borrow, raise / rise, say / speak / tell / talk, sit / seat, sound / noise / voice

高考英语短文改错规律分析:并列连词

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发布时间:2014-09-27

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(1) We tried to fix it and there was nothing we could do. (and 改为 but,因此处语意 转折) (全国卷) (2) I told Mother, Father, Sister, all my friends here what a great time I had. (all 前加 and,表示并列关系) (全国卷) (3) It is a very important exam but I can’t afford to fail it. (but 改为 and / so,此处表 因果关系,并非转折关系) (北京春季卷) (4) She was smiling but nodding at me. (but 改为 and,因此处并无转折之意) (全国 卷) (5) It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest. (and 改为 or,a visitor 和 a guest 应是选择关系,意思是“好像我的父母亲把我当作一个来访者或一个客人”) (6) The food was expensive and the service was good. (and 改为 but,此处意义发 生转折) (全国卷) (7) I’m the captain of our school team so with my fellow players we’ve won several games. (so 改为 and,表并列关系) (安徽春季卷) (8) My grandma was the best cook in the world but could make the most delicious dishes.(but 改为 and,此处表示并列,而不是转折) (江苏卷) (9) So once you’ve started collecting seriously, you… (So 改为 But,因为前后是转 折关系) (年浙江卷) (10) Clever as she is, but she works very hard. (去掉 but,因前面已有引导让步状语 从句的连词 as(=though 虽然), 千万不要受汉语句式“虽然……但是……”的影响, 而重复用 连词) (福建卷) (11) I teach them, play with them, but watch them growing up.(but 改为 and,因为 teach / play 与 watch 是并列关系,而不是转折关系) (湖北卷)

高考英语短文改错规律分析:从句
来源:52 求学网 发布时间:2014-09-27 我要评论 进入社区参与讨论

(1) In the last five years that they’ve climbed churches, high buildings and television towers. (去掉 that,因此处的 in the last five years 为时间状语,其后无需用 that) (全国卷) (2) Charles said, “As soon I see a really tall building, I want to climb it.(I 前加 as,因 为 as soon as 为引导时间状语从句的引导词)(全国卷) (3) Most people can quickly get help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill. (since 改为 when / if / whenever。从句意上看此处用 since 讲不通,改为 if / when / whenever 均可) (全国卷)

(4) However, there are still some countries there people have shorter lives. (there 改 为 where,where 在此引导定语从句) (全国卷) (5) …in other places where you are limited to a certain number, of which some may be novels. (去掉 where,in other places 在此为地点状语) (全国卷) (6) …in other places you are limited to a certain number, of that some may be novels. (that 改为 which,因介词后要用 which 来引导定语从句) (全国卷) (7) …and whether you pay the cost of sending a postcard, the librarian will write to you. (whether 改为 if,表示“如果”时,不能用 whether) (全国卷) (8) I also enjoyed the evenings when we spent together. (去掉 when 或将 when 改 为 that, 因这里的定语从句中谓语动词(spent)缺宾语, 故只能用关系代词 that 或将其省略) (全国卷) (9) I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. (where 改为 which,因此处要填关 系代词作主语) (全国卷) (10) …but it didn’t matter that I would win or not. (that 改为 whether,whether 与 or not 搭配,表示“是否”) (全国卷) (11) I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf. (as 改为 that,so…that…为固定句式, 其中的 that 引导结果状语从句) (全国卷) (12) In one class, I learned it rained. (it 前加 why,why 在此表原因) (北京春季卷) (13) For example, when he bought a chocolate cake, he put it in a secret place where I couldn’t find. (where 改为 that / which, 或去掉 where, I couldn’t find 为修饰 place 的定语从句,其前用关系代词,也可省略) (北京春季卷) (14) It was about noon we arrived at the foot of the mountain. (we 前加 when,时间 状语从句缺少连词引导) (全国卷) (15) Besides, I have few friends, I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me. (that 改为 why,why 引导宾语从句,表示原因) (年全国卷)


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