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新目标英语七年级上语法总复习


初中七年级上语法总复习
一、Be 动词(am, is, are)的用法 口诀:I 用 am , you 用 are ,is 连着他(he)她(she)它(it) 。单数统统用 is, 复数一律都用 are. 变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢弃,变否定,更容易,be 后 not 莫忘记,疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟疑。 I ________ a student. You ________ Japanese. He _______ my brother. My name ________Harry. Lily _________ very tall. Mary, this _________ Tom. Miss Zhou ________ my teacher. The cat________ black. This book________ very interesting. Li Lei and I __________ good friends. These ________ apples. Those_________ bananas. They _________students. ________ she from China? ________ you good at English? The books ________ on the desk. What_____ this?

I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not. The girl______ Jack's sister. The dog _______ tall and fat. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher. ______ your brother in the classroom? Where _____ your mother? How _______ your father.
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Whose dress ______ this? Whose socks ______ they? That ______ my red skirt. Who ______ I? The jeans ______ on the desk. Here ______ some sweaters for you. The black pants ______ for Su Yang.

This pair of boots ______ for Yang Ling. There some milk for me.

There ______ a girl in the room. There ______ some apples on the tree. _______ classroom? _______ there any apple juice in the bottle? There _______ some bread on the plate. there any kites in the

Some tea ______ in the glass. Gao Shan's shirt _______ over there. My sister's name ______Nancy. ______ England? 二、人称代词与物主代词 人称 第一人 第二人 第三人称单数 称 单 数 主格 I 我 宾格 me 我 形 容 词 my 性 物 主 我的 代 词 名 词 性 mine 物 主 代 我的 词 yours 你的 称 单 数 you 你 you 你 your 你的 he 他 she 她 it 它 it 它 its 它 的 David and Helen from

第 一 人 第二人 第三人称 称 复 数 we 我们 us 我们 our 我们的 称 复 数 you 你们 you 你们 your they 他(她、它)们 them 他(她、它)们 their 复 数

him her 他 his 他 的 his 他 的 她 her 她 的

你们的 他(她、它)们的

hers its 她 的 它 的

ours 我们的

yours

theirs

你们的 他(她、它)们的

通常情况下,主格作主语,宾格作宾语,其中主格与动词 be (am, is, are) 的连用如下: I am 我是 We are 我们是 You are 你是 You are 你们是 He is 他是 She is 她是 They are
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他(她,它)们是 It is 它是。另外: are 是 is 的复数,主语是复数与 are 连用, 主语是单 数与 is 连用。人称代词主格会与跟在它后面的 be 动词缩写。如 I am=I’m ,you are=you’re, He is=he’s, she is=she’s, it is =it’s we are=we’re,they are=they’re 形容词性的物主代词(只作定语)+名词, 如 my book 我的书 her hat 她的帽子。形容 词可作定语,形容词(定语) + 名词, 如 good boy 好男孩 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目。 形容词可与 be (am, is, are) 连用作定语, be (am, is, are) + 形容词 (表语) 如 He is happy. Exercise:一 根据句子前后内容,写出正确的代词。 1. Li lei is from China.___________ is Chinese. 2. My name is Gina._________ am a student. 3. This is Tom.________ is in Grade Two. 4. His name is Tony.___________ telephone number is 856-0770. 5. She is a student. ________name is Julia. 二.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I ) 2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I ) 4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are

_________. ( he ) 5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you ) 6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she ) 7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you ) 8. 9. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they) I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it )
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10. Are these _________ tickets? No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they ) 11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we ) 12. Look at that desk. Those books are on _________. ( it ) 13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he ) 14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they ) 15. The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she ) 16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she ) 17. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we ) 18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they ) 19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3. I like _________ very much. ( he ) 20. May I sit beside _________? ( you ) 三、指示代词 this ,that, these, those. These 是 this 的复数形式,指时间、距离较近的或下面要提到的人或事。Those 是 that 的复数形式,指时间、距离较远或者前面已经提到的人或事。 如:This is my room. books. 四、冠词的用法 (一)冠词分为不定冠词(a ,an) 、定冠词(the)和零冠词(不用冠词的情况)三种。 (二)不定冠词 a(an)与数词 one 同源,是“一个”的意思。a 用于辅音音素前,如 a boy 一个男孩 a teacher 一个老师;而 an 则用于元音音素前。如 an orange 一个橙 子 an apple 一个苹果 an eraser 一块橡皮 an egg 一个鸡蛋 an English girl 一个英国女 孩 an answer 一个答案 an aunt 一个阿姨 an uncle 一个叔叔 an alarm clock 一个闹钟
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That is Lucy’s room.

These are his brothers.

Those are he

an example 一个例子 an art festival 一个艺术节 an action movie 一部动作片 an actor 一个演员,an email 一封电子邮件 an addres 一个地址 an opera 一部戏剧 an interesting book 一本有趣的书 an exciting movie 一部激动人心的电影 不定冠词 a、an 的用法 1. 用于可数名词的单数形式前,表示"一"There is a tiger in the zoo.动物园里有一只 老虎。 2. 表示一类人和东西 A tiger can be dangerous.老虎可能有危害性。 3. 表示"某一个"的意思 A gentleman wants to see you.有一位先生要见你。 4. 表示"同一"的意思 They are nearly of an age.他们几乎同岁。 two shirts are much The of a size.这两件衬衫大小差不多。 5. 表示"每一"的意思 We go swimming four times a week. 我们每周去游泳四次。 6. 用在单数可数名词前,表示身份、职业 My mother is a teacher.我妈妈是教师。 7. 第一次提到的人或事物,但不特别指明是哪一个 Long long ago there was an old king who had a very beautiful daughter.很久很久以前,有一个年老的国王,他有一个 非常美丽的女儿。 8. 在 such a, quite a 句式中。 is quite a good actor.他是一个相当好的演员。 He Don't be in such a hurry. 不要如此匆忙。 9. 在感叹句 what...的句式中 What a pretty girl she is!她是一个多么漂亮的女孩呀! 10.用在某些表示数量的词组中:a lot of 许多 a couple of 一对 a great many 很多 a dozen 一打 a great deal of 大量 (三)定冠词 the 的用法. 巧记定冠词 the 用法歌诀:特指双方熟悉,上文已经提起。世上独一无二,方位名 词乐器。 定冠词 the (表示特指)相当于 this (这个)that (那个) these (这些) those (那些)如 the
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sweater 这 (/那)件毛衣 the skirts 这些( /那些 )裙子某些专有名词,还有复数姓氏。 序数词最高级,习惯用语要牢记。 1. 用以特指某 (些) 人或事物 This is the house where Luxun once lived.这是鲁迅曾经 住过的房子。 2. 用于指谈话双方都明确所指的人或事物 Open the door, please.请把门打开。 3. 用以复述上文提过的人或事物(第一次提到用“a 或 an”,以后再次提到用“the”) I have a black pen. This is the pen. 4. 用在序数词和形容词最高级前 January is the first month of the year.一月份是一年 当中的第一个月。 Shanghai is the biggest city in China.上海是中国最大的城市。 5. 表示宇宙中世界上独一无二的事物。the sun 太阳 the moon 月亮 the earth 地球 the sky 天空 the world 世界 6. 指由普通名词构成的专有名词。the West Lake 西湖 the Great Wall 长城 the United States 美国 7. 表示方向、方位。in the east 在东方 in the west 在西方 in the front 在前面 at the back 在后面 in the bottom 在底部 at the top 在顶部 on the right 在右边 on the left 在左边 8. 在海洋、江河、湖泊、山脉、海峡、海湾等地理名词前 the Pacific Ocean 太平洋 the Huanghe River 黄河 the Tianshan Mountains 天山山脉 the Taiwan Straits 台湾海 峡 9. 在姓氏复数前,表示一家人 The Bakers came to see me yesterday.贝克一家人昨天 来看我。 10. 和某些形容词连用,使形容词名词化,代表一类人或物 the poor 穷人 the rich 富人 the sick 病人 the wounded 伤员 the good 好人 the
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beautiful 美丽的事物 11. 用在表示阶级、 政党的名词前 the working class 工人阶级 the Chinese Communist Party 中国共产党 12. 用在 the very 强调句中 This is the very book I want.这就是我想要的那本书。 13. 在 the more, the more 比较级的句式中 The more you drink, the more you like it.你 越喝就越爱喝。 14. 表示演奏乐器时,乐器的前面要加 theplay the piano 弹钢琴 play the violin 拉小 提琴 *中国乐器名词前不与冠词连用:play erhu(二胡)]the+n{发明物} 必须是单数 who invented the telephone? 15. 某些固定的表达法 in the morning 在早上 in the afternoon 在下午 in the evening 在晚上 go to the cinema 去看电影 go to the theatre 去看戏 all the year round 一年到 头 on the way to 前往...去的路上 16. the 加单数可数名词可以表示一类人或事物 The horse is a useful animal. 种有用的动物。 17.用在世纪或逢时{1990}的复数名词前 in the18th century 在 18 世纪 in the 1960s 在 20 世纪 60 年代 18 多与民族 国籍的形容词连用 The Chinese are brave hard-working people 中国人 是勤劳和勇敢的人 19. 用于报刊 杂志 会议 条义 历史 时期 朝代的名词前 the Xian incident 西安事 变 (四)零冠词的用法 1. 专有名词前一般不加冠词。China 中国 Europe 欧洲 Lei Feng 雷锋 William Shakespeare 威廉· 莎士比亚
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马是一

2. 月份、星期、节日前一般不加冠词 January 一月份 Sunday 星期日 Christmas Day 圣诞节 Thanksgiving 感恩节 National Day 国庆节 May Day 劳动节 注:民族节日前 要加 the 如:the Spring Festival 3. 三餐、四季前一般不加冠词。 I have lunch at school.我在学校吃午餐。 比较:I had a big lunch yesterday.昨天我吃了一顿丰盛的午餐。 (表示某一个) Summer is the best season for swimming.夏天是游泳的好季节。 比较: I will never forget the summer we spent in Hawaii.我永远不会忘记我们一起在 夏威夷度过的那个夏天。 (表示特指) 4. 进行球类运动。 play basketball 打篮球 play volleyball 打排球 play football 踢足 球 5.by+交通工具。 by bus 乘公交车 by bike 骑自行车

6. 没有特指的物质名词 This cart is made of wood.这辆手推车是用木头作的。 比较: The wood outside was all wet. 外面的那些木头都湿了。 (表示特指) 7. 没有特指的不可数抽象名词。 Time is precious.时间是宝贵的。 8. 没有特指的可数名词复数形式后。 I like tomatoes.我喜欢西红柿。 9. 山峰。 Mount Qomolangma 珠穆朗玛峰

10. 泛指人类。Man is mortal.人必有一死。 11. 指职位、 头衔称呼的词, king, 如 captain, president, chairman 等。 is (the) captain He of the team.他是球队的队长。12. 固定词组 go to school 去上学 go to bed 上床睡觉 go by train 乘火车去 go by boat 乘船去 at table 在用餐 in hospital 住院 at school 求 学 in school 求学 at noon 在中午 at night 在晚上 at midnight 在半夜 in town 在城 里 Exercise:
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在下列句中空白处填入适当冠词,不需用冠词处划/。 1.What’s this? It’s ______ clock. 2.What’s that? It’s_____alarm clock. 3.What is it? It’s _____ “w”. 4. My favorite subject is______P.E. 5.Jim’s mother is______Mrs.Green. She is ____ teacher. 6.Those pens are in _______ pencil-case. 7.Here’s ________ interesting family photo. 8.When does Lily go to ______ bed in ______evening? 9._____ “h”,____ “o”and ____“w” in the word “how”. 10.This is _________my English book. 11.Where is ________bag? It’s under_______table. 12.I often go to _______school at _______7:00. 13.Take_______ cup to______your mother. 14.They like playing ______ football. 15. What color is your coat? It’s ___orange. It’s ___orange coat. 16.Do you have_______pingpong bat? Yes, I do. 17.Do you want to see _________ action movie? No, I want to play_______chess. 18.When is his sister’s birthday? It’s_________April _______ eleventh. 19.Does Bill like__________hamburgers? No ,he doesn’t. 20.A:Let’s play soccer. _____drums. B:I don’t have______soccer ball. A:Well,let’s play

B: That sounds good.

21.Do you have Art Festival at your school? Yes, we do. 22.How much are ________ two hats? They are 10 dollars.
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23.Rich often goes to see _______Beijing Opera on_______weekends. 24.Can Tom play_________piano? Yes, he can.Can he play _______it well? No, he can’t. 25.When do people usually eat _______breakfast? They usually have________it in ______morning. 五、名词及名词的所有格 名词:表示人、事物或抽象概念的名称的词 (一)名词的分类。 名词分为普通名词和专有名词,普通名词包括可数名词和不可数名词,不可数名词 没有复数,可数名词可用作单数和复数。 可数名词包括个体名词(表示一类人或物的个体。如:boy,desk,cat,window) 和集体名词(由若干个体组成的集合体。如:family,class,police) 。 不可数名词包括物质名词 (表示无法分为个体的实物。 water, 如: paper, silk, money) 和抽象名词(表示性质、行为、状态、感情或其它抽象概念。如:work,happiness, music,difficulty,housework) 专有名词表示个人、 地方、 机构、 组织等。 Tom, Great Wall, Spring Festival, 如: the the France,the United States) 。 (二)名词的数 1.可数名词有单数和复数两种形式,其复数形式的构成主要有以下几种: (1)可数名词的复数规则如下: a.以 o 结尾的词,只有 tomato 加 es. b. 以 s, sh, ch, x 等结尾的词加 es. tomato-tomatoes 西红柿 bus-buses 公共汽车 watch-watches 手表

class-classe 班级/课, address-addresses 地址, wish-wishes 愿望, speech-speeches 演讲 c.以辅音字母加 y 结尾的,把改为 I 再加 es. strawberry-strawberries 草莓 city-cities 城市 comedy-comedies 喜剧 documentary-documentaries 记录片 party-parties 聚会
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dictionary-dictionaries 字典 family-families 家庭 hobby-hobbies 爱好 d.另外: tooth-teeth 牙齿 life-lives 生活. e.其他的可数名词只加 s f.以元音字母结尾的名词,变复数时情况如下: ①加 eg.tomato—tomatoes,potato—potatoes ②结尾是两个元音字母的加 s,eg.zoo—zoos,radio——radios ③某些外来词变复数时词尾加 s,eg. piano—pianos ④一些名词的缩写形式变复数时,词尾加 s,eg.photo(photograph)——photos, kilo(kilogram)kilos ⑤zero 变复数时,既可加 s,也可加 eg.zeros/zeroes g.有些名词由单数变复数时,不是在词尾加 s 或 es,而是变换其中的字母。 eg. man——men , woman——women , policeman——policemen ,

Englishman——Englishmen, foot——feet, tooth——teeth, child——children, mouse—mice,ox—oxen h.还有一些名词的单数和复数形式相同。eg.Chinese,Japanese,sheep,deer,fish i.另一些名词本身即是复数形式, 不可用作单数。 people, eg, police, trousers, pants, clothes,scissors 另外,①当一个名词作定语说明另一个名词时,这个名词一般用单数。eg.an apple tree, apple trees, girl friend, girl friends, twin sister 但是, man 和 woman five a two a 当 作定语修饰复数名词时,就要用其复数形式。eg.two men teachers,three women doctors②可用“量词+of+名词复数”这一结构表示可数名词的数量。eg.a room of students,two boxes of pencils 2.不可数名词一般没有复数形式,如 broccoli 花椰菜 French fries 炸薯条 ice 冰 ice cream 冰淇淋 salad 沙拉它的“量”的表示方式如下。1) ( 表不定数量时, 一般用 much,
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(a)little,a lot of/lots of,some,any 等修饰。eg.much money,a little bread (2)表确定数量时,一般用“数词+量词+of+不可数名词。如:two/three/…+量 词复数十 of+不可数名词。eg. a bag of rice,two glasses of milk,four bottles of water 3.有些名词既可作可数名词也可作不可数名词,但词义有所不同。 eg: fruit 水果——fruits 表示不同种类的水果;food 食物——foods 各种食品;fish 鱼——fishes 鱼的种类;drink 饮料、酒——a drink 一杯/一份饮料、一杯酒; cloth 布——, cloth 桌布、 a 抹布; sand 沙——sands 沙滩; tea 茶——a tea 一杯茶; chicken 鸡肉——a chicken 小鸡;orange 橘汁——an orange 橘子; glass 玻璃——a glass 玻 璃杯,glasses 眼镜; paper 纸——a paper 试卷、论文;wood 木头——a wood 小森 林;room 空间、余地——a room 房间 本册已经学过的不可数名词有:broccoli, food, dessert, orange, fruit, soccer, tennis, breakfast, lunch, dinner, help, opera, work, homework, time ice-cream, salad, chicken(既 可作可数名词,又可作不可数名词) (三)名词的所有格:名词的所有格(表示人或物的所属关系,意为“……的”,相 当于 of) (1)有生命的名词所有格以及表示时间、距离、城镇、国家等的名词所有格。 ①不是以 s 结尾的名词变成所有格时,在词尾加’s.eg.Mike’s watch;Women’s Day ②以 s 结尾的名词变成所有格时,只加’。eg.teachers’office,students’rooms ③两个或两个以上名词并列,表示共同所有,只需在最后一个名词后加’s. eg.Tom and Mike’s room 汤姆和迈克的房间(表示汤姆和迈克共有一间房) ④两个或两个以上名词并列,表示分别所有,需在几个名词后都加’s. eg.Mary’s and Jenny’s bikes 玛丽和詹妮的自行车(表示玛丽和詹妮各自的自行车) (2) 无生命的事物的名词所有格常用 of 结构 eg.a map of China, beginning of this the game,the door of the room
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(3)特殊形式 ①可用’s 和 of 短语表示的名词所有格。eg.the boy’s name=the name of the boy(男孩 的名字)the dog’s legs=the legs of the dog(狗的腿)China’s population=the population of China(中国的人口)China’s capital=the capital of China(中国的首都) ②双重所有格 eg.a fiend of my mother’s 我妈妈的一个朋友 a picture of Tom’s 汤姆的 一张图片 Exercise:一、写出下列词的复数形式。 baby_________case_________knife_________photo_________Chinese_________hamb urger_________ potato_________key_________watch_________ name_________ strawberry_________ tomato_________dollar_________orange_________people_________ documentary_________ boy_________piano_________child_________man_________this_________ that_________ she_________you_________bus_________ wish_________

Japanese_________am_________ 二、翻译短语 五 门 学 科 ___________________________ ___________________________ 一 些 动 作 片 ___________________________ ____________________________ 一 点 食 品 ___________________________ ___________________________ 四 辆 公 共 汽 车 _______________________ ___________________________
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三部电影

许多手表

一 点蔬 菜

三块鸡肉

一 些 工 作 ___________________________ ___________________________ 三、选择填空 ( ) 1.There C. is a photo ( )2. This kind of car made in Shanghai. A. is on the wall .They are beautiful. A. are photoes

许 多作 业

B. are photos

B .are

C .were ( )3. 11. In Britain _____ are all painted red. boxes ( C.letter box art book. A. an B. a A.letter boxes B.letters

)4. That’s

C. the ( )5. The boys have got already. A. two bread B. two

breads C. two pieces of bread ( ) The old man wants 6. apple C. six box of apples ( )7. There C. are ,fish two in the box. A. is watch B. are some in the river. A. is ,fish B. are, . A. six boxes of apples B. six boxes of

fishes (

)8. There

watches C. are watch ( )9. We should clean tooths C. our teeth A.teacher B.teacher’s twice a day. A .our tooth B. our

( ) 10.The _____ meeting room is near the reading room. C.teachers’ 四、把下列句子变成复数句。
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1. This is my friend. 2. This is a bike. 3. That is her brother. 4. This is a book. 5. That is an eraser. 6. It is a red orange. 7. He is a teacher. 8. What’s this? 9. This is my brother. 10. He is a Chinese boy. 11. I am a student. 12. A photo is on the wall. 13. You are a Chinese. 14. It is an action movie. 15. She has a nice dress. 五、改错。 1. I want to see a Beijing Opera.____________________________________________ 2. The student does a few homework every

day._____________________________________ 3. I want to go to

movie._______________________________________________________ 4. We can see much clothes in the

store.____________________________________________ 5. Does she
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have

three

cousin?__________________________________________________ 6. They are

Japaneses.___________________________________________________________ 7. I have some

apple._____________________________________________________________ 六、数词 (一)基数词 在英语中表示数目的词称为基数词。 1.基数词的构成 (1)1-20 one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,

twelve,thirteen,fourteen,fifteen,sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty (2) 21-99 先说“几十”, 再说“几”, 中间加连字符。23→twenty-three, 34→thirty-four, 45→forty—five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,78→seventy-eight,89→eighty-nine, 91→ninety-one (3) 101—999 先说“几百”, 再加 and, 再加末两位数或末位数; 586→five hundred and eighty-six,803→eight hundred and three (4)l,000 以上,先从右往左数,每三位数加一个“,”,第一个“,”前为 thousand. 第二个“,”前为 million,第三个“,”前为 billion(美式)或 thousand ,million(英式) , 然后一节一节地表示。 1,001→one thousand and one eighty-five 18,423→eighteen thousand,four hundred and twenty-three 6,260,309→six million two hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and nine 750,000,000,000→seven hundred and fifty,billion(美式) seven hundred and fifty thousand million(英式)
16

9,785→nine thousand,seven hundred and

(二)序数词 在英语中表示顺序、次序的词称为序数词。 1.序数词的构成 (1)一般在基数词后加 th eg.four→fourth,thirteen→thirteenth

(2)不规则变化 one→first, two→second,three→third,five→fifth,eight→eighth, nine→ninth,twelve——twelfih (3)以 y 结尾的十位整数,变 y 为 ie 再加 th ninety→ninetieth (4)从二十一后的“几十几”直至“几百几十几”或“几千几百几十几”只将个位的基数 词变为序数词。twenty-first,two hundred and forty-fifth 2.序数词的用法 (1) 序数词作定语时, 一般要与定冠词或物主代词连用。 Tom is their second son. He is the first one to come here. (2) 序数词有时可与不定冠词连用, 表示数量上“又—”, “再一” eg: He tried a second time.他又试了—次。 Shall l ask him a third time?还要我再问他—次吗?(我已问了 他两次) (3)序数词的缩写形式为:阿拉伯数字加上词的末尾两个字母。1st 2nd,3rd,4th, 20th,21st,22nd,23rd (4)表示年、月、日时,年用基数词,日用序数词。2005 年 8 月 15 日: (英)15, 8,2005=15th,August,2005; (美)8,15,2005=August 15th,2005 (三)基数词和序数词都可以用来给数字编号。No.1(1 号) ,No.3bus(3 路公共 汽车) ,Room 103, (103 号房间)The first lesson=Lesson Two(第二课) (四) 分数词的表达: 分子用基数词, 分母用序数词, 分子大于 1 时, 分母加 s /3-one third;2/5-two fifths (五)数学运算的表达: eg.3+5=8 Three plus/and five is eight.
17

twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth,

1

9-2=7 Nine

minus two is seven. four.

6x5=30 Five times six is thirty

8÷ 2=4 Eight divided by two is

Exercise:按要求补全句子。 There are _________________________________(58 个学生)in our class. There are ________________________________(65 个班级)in our school. I have ____________________________(13 本书) in my schoolbag. Are there _______________________________(73 套桌椅) in this classroom. There’re ____________________________(27 个 男 生 )and

________________________(31 个女生) in my class. There are __________________________________(15 台电脑) in that room. My grandma is _______________________________(82 岁). There are ________________________________(44 位女老师) in her school. There are __________________________(94 位男医生) in that big hospital, I can see __________________________________(几只鸟) in the tree. ______________________________(多少幅画) are there in you bedroom ? I have ________________________________(3 本字典). Can you see ________________________________(一些风筝) in the sky ? Our school has _________________________________(2 个图书馆) . There are ___________________________________(12 个月) in a year. Paul’s father is _____________________________________(57 岁). There are ______________________________(13 辆公共汽车) on the street. We can see __________________________________(18 个妇女) over there. There are ___________________________________(22 个孩子) in the room. I can see ____________________________________(六杯茶) on the table.
18

七、时态复习-----一般现在时 1. 用法:a.表示现在的状态, 如: He is twelve 校. b.表示经常的或习惯性的动作,如 :She goes to school at 6:30 every day. 他每天 6:30 去学校. c.表示主语具备的性格和能力, 如: He likes strawberries, 他喜欢草莓.They speak English. 他们说英语. 2.动词 be (am, is, are),句型如下: a.肯定句: 主语 + be ( am, is ,are) +……… b.否定句: 主语 + be ( am, is ,are) + not……… 学生. c.一般疑问句:A: Be ( Am, Is ,Are)+ 主语 +…….? 生吗? B:Yes,主语+be (am,is are). /No, 主语+be (am,is are)+not. B:Yes,he is . 是的,/No,he isn’t.不是. 3.实义动词 (1)当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词用第三人称单数,其变化规则如下: a.以 o 结尾的词加 es . do-does 做 go-goes 去 b.以 s, sh , ch, x 等结尾的词加 es. watch-watches 观看 teacher-teaches 教 brush-brushes 刷 c.以辅音字母加 y 结尾的,把 y 改为 i 再加 es . study-studies 学习 d.另外: have -has 有/吃 e.其他动词的第三人称单数加 s. meet-meets 见面 ask-asks 问 look-looks 看 spell-spells 拼 call-calls 打电话 know-knows 知道 take-takes 拿走 bring-brings 带来 need-needs 需
19

他十二岁. She is at school. 她在学

He is a student.他是个学生. He is not a student. 他不是

A: Is he a student?他是学

要 play-plays 玩 buy-buys 买 sound-sounds 听起来 like-likes 喜欢 love-love 喜欢 see-sees 看见 afford-affords 买得起 eat-eats 吃 run-runs 跑 help-helps 帮助 want-wants 想 come-comes 来 sell-selll 卖 find-finds 找到 dance-dance 跳舞 swim-swims 游泳 sing-sings 唱歌 paint-paints 画 speak-speaks 说 draw-draws 画 get up-gets up 起床 start-starts 开始 write-writes 写,tell-tells 告诉 work-works 工作 (2)主语是第三人称单数的句型 a.肯定句: 主语 (第三人称单数) 动词的第三人称单数+……He likes apples.他喜欢 + 苹果。 b.否定句: 主语(第三人称单数)+ does not (=doesn’t) + 动词原形+……He doesn’t like apples.他不喜欢苹果。 c.一般疑问句:A: Does + 主语(第三人称单数)+动词原形+……? does. / No, 主语 doesn’t. A: Does he like apples? 欢。/不,他不喜欢。 注: 第三人称单数为第三人称的单个的人或物(如 he /Li Ming, she / Xie Li, it / the sweater) (3)主语是非第三人称单数的句型: a.肯定句: 主语 (非第三人称单数) +动词原形+……They like apples. 他们喜欢苹果。 b.否定句: 主语(非第三人称单数)+ do not(=don’t)+动词原形+… They don’t like apples.他们不喜欢苹果。 c.一般疑问句: A: Do + 主语(非第三人称单数)+动词原形+……? do./ No, 主语 don’t. . A: Do they like apples? 他们喜欢苹果吗? B: Yes, they do. /No, they don’t 是的,他 们喜欢。 /不,他们不喜欢。
20

B:Yes, 主语

他喜欢苹果吗? B: Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t 是的,他喜

B: Yes, 主语

(4) 情态动词 can。情态动词(can, may, must)后动词用原形。如: I can play the guitar. He can play the violin.

(5)几个动词的用法 let 后用动词原形 Let’s play soccer. Like 后加动词不定式,即 like to do 表示具体的, 一次性的爱好, 偶尔喜欢做。 like to I swim. like doing sth 表示一贯的爱好,是习惯性的动作。I like swimming. want 加 to 再加动词原形(即动词不定式)=would like to do sth doctor. Help +人+动词原形 Exercise: 一、用 be 动词的适当形式填空。 1. I ______ a student. 2.________your father a worker? Yes, he_______. 3. They _________in the classroom. 4. This________ an apple. 5. Where _______ my books? 6. We_______ friends. 7. You_______ a good student. 8. These_______ her peas. 9. How much ______the T-shirt? 10. How much______ the socks?
21

I want to be a

help+人+with sth/doing sth

11. Our mother ______forty. 12. You can _______ in our school music club. 13. I want to ______a teacher. 14. Let’s _______friends. 15. He and I ______friends. 16. Tina_____a student. 17. Mary and Tom_______students. 18. Someone______ in the room. 19. Who______your brother? 20. When_______ your uncle’s birthday?

二、用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. He usually _____ (get) up at six in the morning. 2. Mike usually_________ (ride) a bike with his friends in the park. 3. He usually_______ (come) to school early. 4. I often_______ (have) rice, meat and vegetables. 5. My grandfather _______ (play) sports in the park. 6. Miss Li _________ (teach) English in our school. 7. The students of Class Four________(sing) a song on Monday. 8. Who_____ (want) to go swimming? 9. We________ (take) a shower in the evening. 10. How many lessons_______your classmate______(have) on Monday? 11. _____ (do) she _____ (like) playing the violin? Yes, she_____ (do). 12. Alice and Jerry ________ _(not do) homework after school.

13._______your mother_________(watch)TV every day? 14. _____your sister_____(know)English? 15. Mary________ ______ (not come) from America. She ____(come) from Britain. 16. Many people often _______ (listen) to the radio in the morning. 17. ________you _________ (brush) your teeth every morning. 18. What________ (do) he usually ________(do) after school? 19.______Mike sometimes ______(go) to the park with his sister. 20. _______Mike ________ (read) English every day? 21. The boy _________ (like) playing football. 22. She________ (write) to her mother once a week. 23. It _____ (rain) quite often during the month of July every year.
22

三、翻译。 1. 我 的 朋 友 的 名 字 是 林 涛 。

__________________________________________________________________ 2. 她 的 数 学 书 在 哪

儿?_____________________________________________________________________ _ 3. 谁 在 房 间 里 ?

________________________________________________________________________ ___ 4. 他 们 的 书 包 在 书 桌 里 。

____________________________________________________________________ 5. 我 是 七 年 级 的 学 生 ?

______________________________________________________________________ 6. 你 的 爸 爸 几 点 去 上 班 ?

___________________________________________________________________ 7.Lily 和 Lucy 有 一 个 大 房 间 。

_______________________________________________________________ 8. 你 想 买 一 条 蓝 色 的 短 裤 吗 ? 不 , 我 不 想 。 _____________________________________________________ 9. 他 的 叔 叔 认 为 纪 录 片 很 有 趣 。

_______________________________________________________________ 10. 我 最 喜 欢 语 文 和 数 学 。

____________________________________________________________________ 11. 你 的 弟 弟 有 网 球 拍
23

















_______________________________________________________ 12. 我 们 晚 餐 吃 汉 堡 、 花 椰 菜 和 冰 激 凌 。

________________________________________________________ 八、句型复习 1.肯定句:主语+be(am, is, are)+… ;主语+can+动词原形+…;主语+ 行为动词原形 / 行为动词单三形式+其他… 2.否定句: 主语+be(am, is,are)+not+…;主语+can’t(can not) +动词原形+…;主语 +don’t(do not)+动词原形+… 3.一般疑问句 a.Be(Am/Is/Are)+主语+…? Yes,主语+be b. Can+主语+动词原形+…? Yes,主语+can. c.Do/Does+ 主 语 + 动 词 原 形 +… ? +don’t/doesn’t. 4.特殊疑问句 a.疑问词+be+主语+…? 主语+be+… No,主语+be not. No,主语+can’t. No, 主 语

Yes , 主 语 +do/does.

b.疑问词+can+主语+动词原形+…?主语+can+动词原形+… c.疑问词+do/does+主语+动词原形+…?主语+ 动词原形/动词三单形 式+其他… d.疑问词:who/how/how old/how much/where/ when/why/what/which/ what kind of/ what time/what color/what subject 5.There be 句型:There be 表示的概念是“有” ,是一种存在的关系,即“某地有某 物” 。There 是引导词,be 是谓语动词(am, is , are) ,后面就是名词,也就是句子的 主语。 There is +可数名词的单数或不可数名词+地点。There are +名词复数+地点。 肯定式:There is +可数名词的单数或不可数名词+地点。There are +名词复数+地点。 否定式: There is+not +可数名词的单数或不可数名词+地点。 There are+not +名词
24

复数+地点。 一般疑问句形式:Is there +可数名词的单数或不可数名词+地点+? 词复数+地点+? Exercise:一 、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式。 take wish think start 二、将下列句子改为一般疑问句,并作肯定和否定回答。 1. My name’s Bob. 2. I’m his uncle. 3. Our shirts are too long. 4. My friend gets up at five o’clock. 5. Lucy and Lily like sports. 6. Jerry’s teacher can play chess. 7. Alica is my aunt. 8. She wants to see Beijing Opera. 三、划出下列每句中正确的词。 1. (Is/Are) his eraser on the sofa? baseballs? 3. (Do/Does) Mary have a clock? movie? 5. (Is/Can) she play the violin? hamburgers.
25

Are there +名

be

like

play

swim

run

do

go

watch

eat

have

want

study

help

learn

teach

2. (Where/What) are your

4. (Are/Do) they want to see a

6. I (don’t/doesn’t) like

7. Why does Alice (likes/like) music? 9. (What/What’s) her favorite subject? 四、对划线部分提问 1. Peter is 12 years old. 2. This is an English book. 3. The backpacks are black. 4. Scott likes history. 5. They have vegetables for lunch. 6. She can play chess and sing. 7. It’s nine o’clock. 8. We go to bed at ten o’clock. 9. His shoes are under the table. 10. Her basketball is 5 dollars. 11. Dave’s favorite food is ice cream. 12. He likes documentaries. 13. My birthday is October 1st. 14. They are fine. 15. Nick wants to join the swimming club. 16. Rick Smith is my favorite actor. 17. Her favorite subject is science. 18. Mike and Jack like math because it’s interesting. 19. My mother’s favorite color is blue. 20. We go to school in the morning. 21. It’s December 30th today.
26

8. Who (am/is) your father? 10. How much (are/is) her socks?

五、there be 句型练习。 ( )1.There _____ a clock on the table. ( )2.______ there a radio on your desk? A. is A. Are B. are B. Is C. has C. Have

( )3. -- Are there _____ shops near here? - No, there are _____ shops near here. A. some, not B. some, any C. any, not D. any, no A. are B. is A. is A. no B. are B.

( )4. There _____ some students in the classroom.

( )5. There _____ a pencil, a book and two pens on the table.

( ) There isn't a book in his hand. There is _____ book in his hand. 6. not

( )7. Are there _____ pictures on the wall? No, there aren't _____ A. any , any B. some, any C. some ,some

一般现在时用法专练 一、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。 1. He often in Class One. 3. We (not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick (not go) to the zoo (have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy (be)

on Sunday. 5. they (like) the World Cup? 6. What they often (do)

on Saturdays? 7. your parents (read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl (teach) us

English on Sundays. 9. She and I in the bottle. 11. The child often (watch) TV in the evening.
27

(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There

(be) some water

12. They

(have) the same

hobby. 13. My aunt homework well. 15. I (be) ill. I’m staying in bed. 16. She (go) to school (look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always (do) your

from Monday to Friday. 二、按照要求改写句子 1. 句) 2. I do my homework every day. (改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) Daniel watches TV every evening. ( 改 为 否 定

3. She likes milk. (改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

4. Amy likes playing computer games. (改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

5. 句) 6. 句) 7. 问) 8. 问) I

We

go

to

school

every

morning.

(









He

speaks

English

very

well.

(









like

taking

photos

in

the

park.

( 对 划 线 部 分 提

John

comes

from

Canada.

(





线







9. She is always a good student. (改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)
28

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating. (改为否定句)

29


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