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2013年高考英语试题分类汇编 故事类完形填空 Word版含解析


2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 【完形 记叙文】 2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试【福建卷】 第二节 完形填空 We have been driving in fog all morning, but the fog is lifting now. The little seaside villages are 36 , one by one. "There is my grandmother's house," I say, 37 across the bay to a shabby old house. I am in Nova Scotia on a pilgrimage (朝圣) with Lisa, my granddaughter, seeking roots for her, retracing (追溯) 38 memory for me. Lisa was one of the mobile children, 39 from house to house in childhood. She longs for a sense of 40 , and so we have come to Nova Scotia where my husband and I were born and where our ancestors 41 for 200 years. We soon 42 by the house and I tell her what it was like here, the memories 43 back, swift as the tide (潮水). Suddenly, I long to walk again in the 44 where I was once so gloriously a child. It still 45 a member of the family, but has not been lived in for a while. We cannot go into the house, but I can still walk 46 the rooms in memory. Here, my mother 47 in her bedroom window and wrote in her diary. I can still see the enthusiastic family 48 into and out of the house. I could never have enough of being 49 them. However, that was long after those childhood days. Lisa 50 attentively as I talk and then says, " So this is where I 51 ; where I belong. " She has 52 her roots. To know where I come from is one of the great longings of the human 53. To be rooted is "to have an origin". We need 54 origin. Looking backward, we discover what is unique in us; learn the 55 of "I". We must all go home again—in reality or memory.
31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

A. appearing B. moving A. referring B. travelling

C. exposing C. pointing C. fresh C. moved C. reality C. remained C. step down C. rushing C. room C. belongs to

D. expanding D. coming D. treasured

A. shared B. short A. passed B. raised A. home A. built A. catch up A. falling A. yard A. adapts to B. duty B. lived B. pull up B. turning B. village B. appeals to

D. sent D. relief D. explored D. come down D. bringing D. house D. occurs to
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41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

A. across B. through A. lay A. marching A. between A. wonders B. played B. looking B. with B. listens

C. along C. stood C. breaking C. near C. reacts C. studied

D. past D. sat D. pouring D. behind D. agrees D. stayed D. found D. behaviors D. every

A. began B. grew

A. deepened B. recognized C. accepted A. heart A. one A. meaning B. rights B. its C. interest C. that

B. expression C. connection D. background

[定文体抓主旨]: 本文是一篇记叙文, 取材于 Ardis Whitman 的 You must go home again。 祖母俩回 Nova Scotia 为 Lisa 寻根问祖,对于作者本人来说,追溯童年那些珍贵的回忆。通过奶奶的追忆,Lisa 这个居无定所的 孩子有了根的感觉,俩人都得到了收获:家是我们生活的根;在自己身上有着独一无二的东西;学会了理 解“我”的含义。本篇难度:中等。 [篇章结构]: 段落 第一部分 (para.1---2) 关键词 driving, the fog is lifting. in Nova Scotia on a pilgrimage, seeking roots, retracing memory. 第二部分 (para.3--4) the memories rush back, my mother,the enthusiastic family,I could never have enough of being 49 them. " So this is where I began ; where I belong. ” 第三部分 (para.5) To know where I come from is one of the great longings of the human heart. 来到作者奶奶的屋子旁, 记忆如潮水般涌 上心头,。房子已经属于一个族人。奶奶 开始讲述童年,回忆当年的自己和母亲, 回忆起热情的家人, 以及和他们呆在一起 的种种快乐。Lisa 听着奶奶的讲述,认为 这儿就是她的根。 就知道自己的根在哪里,是 human heart(人类内心)的巨大的渴望之一。通过 这次朝圣寻祖,祖孙俩心灵都有触动:发
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大意推测 大雾天, 祖孙俩开车前往 Nova Scotia, Lisa 去寻根,作者追忆过去。

Discover… .We must all go home again—in reality or memory.

现了自己身上独一无二的东西,领悟了 “我”的含义。 点题:每个人都要回家,在现实中也好, 在记忆里也好。

[解析]: 36. A。根据上文的语境及词义辨析推断。根据文章第一句中 the fog is lifting now,(雾正在消散),可知 景色正在逐渐呈现在眼前。故选 A。B. moving 移动;C. exposing 暴露;D. expanding 扩大。 37. C。根据句内及下文的语境。across the bay(越过海湾),说明作者边指着海湾另一边的一破旧的老房 子边介绍:那是我的祖母的房子。point to 指着,指向。A. referring 参考、涉及;B. travelling 旅行; C. coming 来。 38. D。根据句内及上下文的语境。第一段中提及到,“There is my grandmother's house”。如今,作者本人 已经当奶奶了,此时正带着孙女在 Nova Scotia(新斯科舍) 进行一次朝圣,为孙女寻根问祖,为自己追溯当 年珍贵的记忆。用 D. treasured 更加贴切文章。A. shared 共享;B. short 短的;C. fresh 新鲜的。 39. C。根据句内语境及生活常识推断。mobile children(流动儿童),(moved) from house to house, 居 无定所,从一个房子搬到另一个房子,是对该短语的具体描述。A. passed 传递;B. raised 举起;抚育,抚 养;D. sent 送,寄出。 40. A。根据生活常识和文化背景推理。对于一个居无定所的流动儿童来说,他们更渴望 a sense of home“家 的感觉”,而非: B. a sense of duty 责任感,C. a sense of reality 真实感,D. a sense of relief 如释重负 41. B。根据词义辨析。我带着孙女来的这个地方是我和我丈夫出生的地方,同时也是我的先祖们祖祖辈辈 居住了 200 年的地方。Live 有长期居住、生存之意。A. built 建造,及物动词,句中缺少宾语;C. remained 继续存在; 仍然存在; D. explored 探索,研究,考察。 42. B。根据上文及词义辨析。第一段首句:We have been driving in fog all morning 。说明祖孙俩在车上。 雾散时,远远看见了作者奶奶的屋子,此时车已经到屋子旁。pull up 指(车或驾车者)减速停下。A. catch up 赶上; 崩塌。 43. C。根据句内语境及词义辨析推断。我们在屋子边停车,我对孙女讲述这房子原来是什么样的,各种相 关的记忆如潮水般 rush back(冲回来)涌上心头。A. fall back 后退,退却;B. turn back 往回走、阻挡、翻 回到;D bring back sth 拿回来、使…恢复、使…回忆起来 sth。
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C. step down 辞职、下台、 让位;D. come down 下来, (价格、温度、比率等)下降;着陆;

44. D。利用下文原词复现解题。 “…, but has not been lived in for a while. We cannot go into the house,”能住 的应该是房子或者房间,故排除 A. yard 庭院。这个地方目前没人入住,我们无法入内,但是记忆中我还能 在各个房间走来走去。 说明作者突发奇想, 想去走走当年孩童时代呆过的房子。 room, C, 和后文 rooms 有 出入,故排除。B. village,村庄,既然已经到房屋处了,那必定已经处于村庄之中,故排除。 45. C。根据词义辨析。房屋现在 belong to(属于)一族人,但是目前空着没人住。所以作者进不去。A. adapts to 适应;B. appeals to 吸引;D. occurs to 发生。 46. B。根据词汇的意义和用法辨析。作者想象着自己 walk through the rooms(穿过记忆中的每个房间里)。 A. across 横穿; C. along 沿着、顺着; D. past 经过。 47. D。根据词汇的意义辨析。当年母亲(sat)坐在窗台上写日记。A. lay 躺;B. played 玩;C. stood 站。 48. D。根据词汇的意义和用法辨析及生活常识推断. 根据后面的 into and out of the house,选用排除法: A. marching 行军;B. looking into 调查,look out of 从…朝外看;C. break into…破门而入, break out of …. 摆 脱(束缚等)、突破…。pour into and out of the house (家人们)川流不息地涌进涌出。 49. B。根据词汇的意义和用法辨析及生活常识推断。当年的我和他们呆在一起从不觉得厌烦。have enough of(对某人或某事)感到厌烦。be with sb 与某人一起。句意为:I had always enjoyed with them。 50. B。根据句内语境及词汇的意义辨析判断。as I talk(当奶奶讲当年的事情时,Lisa 聚精会神地听。A. wonders 怀疑、想知道、惊讶;C. reacts 反应;D. agrees 同意。 51. A。根据上下文判断。第二段首句:I am in Nova Scotia on a pilgrimage (朝圣) with Lisa, my granddaughter, seeking roots for her, retracing (追溯) 38 (treasured)memory for me.作者带着 Lisa 来寻根问祖。听了奶奶 一番陈述,Lisa 作出结论:这儿就是我的根开始的地方。我属于这个地方。Lisa 不是在这长大的,更不用 说在此学习了,stayed(停留;逗留;留下),选项用了过去时态,Lisa 以前没来过此地,故排除 BCD。 52. D。 根据词汇的意义及上下文推断。 理由同 51。 deepened 使加深; recognized 认出、 A. B. 识别; accepted C. 接受 。

53.A。根据词汇的意义及文化背景的推理。通过寻根问祖这事,知道自己原籍在哪里,就知道自己的根在 哪里, human heart(人类内心)的巨大的渴望之一。 human rights 人权; human interest 人情味; human 是 B. C. D. behaviors 人类行为。 54. C。根据语法现象推断。need that origin,此处特指,人们需要知道自己这个家族的起源。A. one 一个 起源;B. its,主语是 we,its 无从指代。D. every 每一个。

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55. A。根据词汇的意义。通观全文,通过这次朝圣,祖孙俩都有收获:在自己身上有着独一无二的东西; 学会了理解“I”的 meaning (含义) 我们都要再次回家, 。 或者在真实的生活中, 或者在记忆中。 expression B. 表达;表情,措辞;C. connection 连接;关系;D. background 背景。

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试【湖北卷】 第二节 完形填空 Zigfried, a little mouse, blew his breath on the frosty window of the farmhouse and rubbed it to see the outside. Still nobody came. Maybe today, he thought 31 .It was only a few days before Christmas and he was watching for a miracle (奇迹). This farmhouse had been 32 too long. It needed a family. Zigfried’s 33 made a noise. He realized

that he hadn’t eaten anything since yesterday. He jumped from the windowsill (窗沿), grabbed a 34 from his home, and went next door to Farmer Mike’s. Farmer Mike’s house had been a great place for the little mouse 35 the farmer married a wife who had a cat. Zigfried 36 when he thought of it. He looked around cautiously as he 37 into the room where grain was stored and was quite 38 as he filled his bag with wheat. He was turning to leave when suddenly he 39 a hot breath about his ear. His heart beat 40 , and without thinking he started to run and luckily 41 the cat’s paws (爪子). The next afternoon Zigfried heard some good news: a 42 family would be moving into the farmhouse soon. Zigfried’s granny would arrive on Christmas Eve to 43 with him. He hoped that the family would

come before his granny came. Before long, a car came 44 the road leading to the house, with butter sandwiches, cheese and chocolate. Zigfried’s Christmas miracle did arrive! The house came 45 the next few days. Zigfried 46 every single hour of them. 47, the day before Christmas when he was drinking hot chocolate with a 48 smile at the door of his home, he heard the 49 of the children of the family about what they might get for Christmas. What? A cat ? The 50 froze on his face; his mouth fell wide open. After a long while, he at last found his voice: “Hey! Whose Christmas miracle is this?” 31. A. carefully B. excitedly C. hopefully D. proudly
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32. A. shabby 33. A. mouth 34. A. bag 35. A. although 36. A. leapt 37. A. broke 38. A. curious 39. A. took 40. A. strongly 41. A. escaped 42. A. close 43. A. celebrate 44. A. across 45. A. alive 46. A. counted 47. A. However 48. A. bitter

B. noisy B. nose B. stick B. until B. sniffed B. marched B. nervous B. released B. irregularly B. seized B. happy B. communicate B. from B. loose B. enjoyed B. Instead B. forced

C. messy C. stomach C. bowl C. whereas C. trembled C. paced C. pitiful C. felt C. slowly C. rubbed C. new C. compete C. off C. open C. missed C. Moreover C. polite C. comment C. tear

D. empty D. throat D. coat D. unless D. withdrew D. stole D. sensible D. drew D. wildly D. scratched D. young D. compromise D. up D. still D. wasted D. Therefore D. satisfied D. debate D. sweat

49. A. introduction B. discussion 50. A. blood B. smile

[主旨大意]:本文是一篇记叙文。小老鼠 zigfried 因所居住的是一所空房子,期盼可以有新的房主。在圣诞 节之际,期待圣诞奇迹。却发现新房主家还有一个新来的圣诞礼物—— 小猫。最后一段点出文章出其不意 的结局。本篇难度:中等。 [篇章结构]: 段落 第一部分 (para.1) 第二部分 (para.2-3) 关键词 Zigfried, mouse, nobody came, Christmas, miracle. Farmhouse, empty, to Farmer Mike’s, cautiously, filled, wheat, run and luckily , escaped, the 大意推测 Zigfried,一只小老鼠,空房子,期望圣诞 节有奇迹发生。 小老鼠因为饥饿,跑到邻居家找食物。幸 运的是找到了麦子,但碰到了邻居家的 猫,差点被抓到。
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cat’s paws. 第三部分 (para.4-6) family, granny, a car came, butter sandwiches, cheese and chocolate, miracle ,children, cat ? Whose miracle? [解析]: 31.C。把握句子间的逻辑关系。根据下文小老鼠期望有奇迹发生,选择 C 项 hopefully 。 32.D。把握句子间的逻辑关系。根据下文 It needed a family.可推知本空 D 项 empty 正确。 33.C。把握句子间的逻辑关系。上文 31 项,房子空了很长时间。及下文 He realized that he hadn’t eaten anything since yesterday.本空是 C.项 stomach 是正确的。 34.A。利用原词复现解题。根据第三段中的 as he filled his bag with wheat,可知小老鼠抓了个袋子,故 A 项 bag 是正确的。 35.B。把握句子间的逻辑关系并利用语法分析解题。根据第三段第一句中出现的 Farmer Mike’s house had been a great place for the little mouse “ 农夫迈克的房子曾是这只小老鼠的好地方”和下一句中的 the farmer married a wife who had a cat.可推知本空 B 项 until 正确。 36.C。词义辨析。根据上文中提到了猫,本句是描述小老鼠偷粮食时的状况。可推知本空 C 项 trembled 正确。 37.D。把握句子间的逻辑关系。根据第二段中出现的 went next door to Farmer Mike’s.可推知小老鼠是去 邻居家里偷麦子,故 D 项 stole 正确。 38.B。 把握句子间的逻辑关系。根据上文中的 He looked around cautiously。 下文中的 a hot breath about his ear. 可推知本空 B 项 nervous 正确。 39.C。把握句子间的逻辑关系。根据本句 a hot breath about his ear. 可推知本空 C 项 felt 正确。 40. D。根据上下文语境。差点被猫抓到,可推知 His heart beat wildly,心跳加快。本空 D 项正确。 41.A。根据上下文语境。第四段中 The next afternoon Zigfried heard some good news,小老鼠还活着,推 断出本句是小老鼠逃掉了。可推知本空 A 项 escaped 正确。 42.C。把握句子间的逻辑关系。根据第二段 This farmhouse had been empty too long.及本句 family would be moving into the farmhouse soon. 可推知本空是来了新的房主,故 C 项 new 正确。 43.A。根据上下文语境。本文时间背景是圣诞节前后,因此老鼠的奶奶是来和他一起过圣诞。可推知本 空 A 项 celebrate 正确。
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好消息: 新搬来的家庭, Zigfried 的奶奶, 奶油三明治、 乳酪和巧克力,奇迹到达。 儿童礼物,一只猫吗?谁的圣诞奇迹?

44.D。利用短语分析解题。本段描述新搬来的住户,因此是路上出现了一辆汽车。A 项 come across 偶遇 B 项 come from 来自… … C 项 come off (计划等) 实现 D 项 come up 走近 , 根据短语含义及上下文语境, 可推知本空 D 项 up 正确。 45. A。把握句子间的逻辑关系。根据第二段 32 空的空房子,42 空的搬来的新家庭,可推知本空是房子热 闹起来,故 A 项 alive 正确。 46.B。把握句子间的逻辑关系。第二段中提到去邻居家偷东西吃,下文中的喝热巧克力,本空应是享受 每时每刻。故推断出 B 项 enjoyed 正确。 47.A。 利用语法分析解题。本段前半部分讲述老鼠怎样享受,he was drinking hot chocolate。而后半部分 讲述新搬来的小孩子的圣诞礼物是一只猫。对于老鼠来说无疑是坏事。故句子意思转折,故 A 项 however 正确。 48.D。根据上下文语境。根据本句子中老鼠在家门口喝咖啡,可知此处应该选择一个褒义词,故 A 和 B 项不正确。C 项文中没有提及礼貌问题,故 D 项 satisfied 是正确的。 49.B。根据上下文语境。本句提到的 what they might get for Christmas. 他们所可能得到的圣诞礼物。是 他们在谈论圣诞礼物。可推知本空 B 项 discussion 正确。 50. B。利用原词复现解题。根据第六段中 when he was drinking hot chocolate with a satisfied smile,可 推知本空 B 项 smile 正确。

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试【湖南卷】

Section B (18 marks) Directions:For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C, and D.Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. When I was 8 years old, I once decided to run from home. With my suitcase __36__ and some sandwiches in a bag, I started for the front door and said to Mom, “ I’m leaving.” “if you want to ___37___, that’s all right.” she said. “But you came into this home without anything and you can leave the same way.” I __38___ my suitcase and sandwiches on the floor heavily and started for the door again.
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“ Wait a minute,” Mom said. “ I want your ___39 ___ back. You didn’t wear anything when you arrived.” This really angered me. I tore my clothes off ----shoes, socks, underwear and all---and___40___. “Can I go now?” “Yes,” Mom answered. “but once you close that door, don’t expect to come back.” I was so ___41___ that I slammed(砰的关上) the door and stepped out on the front porch. ___42___ I realized that I was outside, with nothing on. Then I noticed that down the street, two neighbor girls were walking toward our house. I ran to __43__ behind a big tree in our yard at once. After a while, I was __44__ the girls had passed by. I dashed to the front door and banged on it loudly. “Who’s there?” I heard. “It’s Billy! Let me in!” The voice behind the ___45___ answered, “ Billy doesn’t live here anymore, he ran away from home.” Glancing behind me to see if anyone else was coming. I begged “Aw, o’mon, Mom! I’m ___46___ your son. Let me in!” The door inched open and Mom’s smiling face appeared. “ Did you change your __ 47__ about running away?” she asked. “ What’s for supper?” I answered. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. packed drop out pressed bag explained angry Certainly play sure house also conclusion returned go by shook clothes suggested sorry Naturally hide proud tree still promise cleaned move around threw sandwiches continued frightened Suddenly ret eager door even concern repaired run away pulled suitcase shouted ashamed Possibly wave curious yard already decision

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[定文体抓主旨]:本文是一篇记叙文。作者主要讲述了自己 8 岁时候一次离家出走并很快就以失败而告终 的故事。文章的首句就交代了本篇记叙文的时间、地点、人物以及主要事件,概括了文章的主旨大意。本 篇难度:易。 [篇章结构]:

段落 第一部分 (para.1) 第二部分 (para.2--3)

关键词 8 years old; decided to ; leaving that’s all right; same way; the don’t expect to ;come back; really angered

大意推测 Introduction 交代故事的时间、地 点、任务、事件等要素 妈妈有条件的同意我离家,我也接 受妈妈的条件。

第三部分 (para.4尾)

realized ;dashed to; Glancing behind;begged; smiling face

作者以出门便意识到自己的愚蠢和 错误,并最终取得妈妈的原谅和允 许回到了家里。

[解析]: 36.packed。根据词汇的意义解题。packed“包装,打包”; repaired“修理”. pack suitcase 意为“收拾好行李箱”。 37.run away。利用原词复现解题。根据 45 空后面的 he ran away from home 可推知正确答案。 38.threw。 利用上下文解题。根据本句后面的 heavily 一词,可以找到作者已经生气了,所以就把行李箱 重重的扔到地上。 39.clothes。利用原词复现解题。根据 39 空后面的 I tore my clothes off ----shoes, socks, underwear and all 可 推知本空的正确选项。 40.shouted。根据句子间的逻辑关系解题。根据前一句的“This really angered me.”可以知道作者已经很生气 了,说话当然也就大喊大叫了 41.angry。利用原词复现解题。根据第三段的 really angered 以及 shouted,可以很容易得出答案。 42. suddenly。利用逻辑手段解题。根据文章的 41 空的句子可以知道“作者因为过于生气,所以头脑根本没 作他想,就把衣服脱了并重重的关上门,所以直到关上门那一刻他才突然意识到自己是光着身子的”。 43. hide。 根据生活常识解题。根据文章的前一句话可以知道作者看到两个邻家女孩朝自己这边走来,作 为一个光着屁股的男孩,作者当然是立刻找藏身之地。
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returned“返回;报答”; cleaned“使干净”;

44. sure。 利用上下文的逻辑关系解题。作者藏了起来后,当然要等到确信女孩们离开后才肯出来。 45. door。利用原词复现解题。文章里多次提到“door”。作者等女孩离开后便去敲门,答应声当然是从门后 传来的。 46. still。 根据词汇的意义辨析解题。also “也”; still “仍然” ;even“甚至”; already “已经”。根据句意可知“我 仍然是你的儿子”。 47. decision。利用原词复现解题。根据文章第一段中的 I once decided to 可以知道答案。

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(江西卷) 第二节完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其段落大意,然后从 36 至 55 各题所给的四个选项 A.B.C 和 D,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Diane Ray was completely self-centered and very spoilt. Her parents gave her 36 she wanted, knowing

that she would throw a temper tantrum(耍小孩脾气)if they did not. She would scream and kick and 37 on the floor drumming her heels. Her parents always 38 .

That was why she was alone on the 39 , wearing an expensive swimsuit. It has taken a massive tantrum to 40 her parents to buy it. They were back at the beach-house, 41 from the tantrum she had thrown when they told her that it was too dangerous to go diving 42 want me to have 43 . “Dangerous ?” she had said. “You just don’t

. I’m going and if you try to stop me, I’ll scream.” 44 he

“What are you doing ?” a voice asked. Diane jumped. She did not know that the man was there spoke . “I’m going diving, ” she answered. “You shouldn’t swim that day, ” the man 45 . “There is a storm coming up.”

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“You should mind your own

46 !” Diane replied and walked into the gentle waves. ,” the man called after her. She did not bother to reply. 48 until white caps began rolling in and it became harder to to breathe. Oh, why had she not

“If you go out there you’ll be 47

Diane slipped into the water and dived

49 against the current (水流). Saltwater hit against her face, making it 50 listened to advice.

Panicking, she began to 51 . Then, just as it seemed as if she would slip beneath the surface, she heard a 52 voice. “Hold on ! I’m coming.” With 53 , she say the old man rowing an ancient-looking boat towards , ” he shouted angrily, as he dragged her over the

her. “I hope you’ve learned a lesson. You put us both in 54 side of the 55 36. A. either 37. A. jump 38. A. set out 39. A. beach 40. A. allow 41. A. changing 42. A. alone 43. A. time 44. A. when 45. A. decided 46. A. business 47. A. angry 48. A. nervously 49. A. rise 50. A. difficult 51. A. speak 52. A. calm 53. A. regret 54. A. power 55. A. house

. Gratefully, Diane thanked him and ran towards the beach-house. B. neither B. lie B. set in B. bed B. warn B. recovering B. away B. money B. until B. intended B. swimsuit B. sorry B. sadly B. swim B. easy B. sing B. frightening B. relief B. safety B. wave C. nothing C. spin C. gave in C. floor C. get C. appearing C. again C. food C. after C. advised C. friends C. confused C. shyly C. stop C. comfortable C. sniff C. beautiful C. interest C.. danger C. beach D. everything D. sleep D. gave out D. ship D. prefer D. traveling D. aside D. fun D. once D. repeated D. parents D. excited D. happily D. row D. suitable D. scream D. disgusting D. ease D. thought D. boat
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[定文体抓主旨]:本文是一篇讲述一个小女孩的冒险经历的记叙文。一个完全以自我为中心、被父母宠坏 的小女孩不听父母劝告,也不听一位老人劝告,在暴风雨快要来临时独自去潜水,遭遇了危险,最终被老 人所救。本篇难度:中等。 [篇章结构]: 段落 第一部分 (para.1) 第二部分 (para.2-8) 关键词 Diane Ray;self-centred and 大意推测 Diane Ray 完全以自我为中心并被宠坏

spoilt; throw a temper tantrum; 了;常常耍小孩子脾气; alone;swimsuit; her parents ; 她穿着泳装独自一人在海边;父母告诉他 too dangerous to go diving; the man; shouldn’t swim; a storm coming up; mind your own; called; not bother to reply; dived; white caps; hit against her face; breathe ;why listened to the advice; not 一个人趣潜水很危险,她不听;一个人告 诉她不要游泳,因为暴风雨就要来了;她 让他不要多管闲事;他在身后叫她,而她 懒得再回答;她开始潜水;后来白色的大 浪来了,拍打着她的脸,让她呼吸困难; 她开始后悔为什么不听劝告;

第三部分 (para.9)

Panicking; heard a voice; Hold on; the old man; learned a lesson; thanked; ran.

她惊慌失措;这时听到一个声音,让她坚 持住;老人救了她,让她记住这个教训; 她感谢了他,跑回家去。

[解析]: 36. 根据上下文语境解题。 D。 根据下上文说到她“完全以自我为中心并且被宠坏了 (completely self-centred and very spoilt),下文说如果父母不那样做,她就会发小孩子脾气, 因此可推知:父母给她想要的一切 东西(everything)。 37.B。 根据生活常识解题。小孩子耍脾气的时候,通常是又尖叫又踢脚又躺(lie)在地上用脚后跟敲打 地面。其余三选项分别意为:跳跃;旋转;睡觉,均不符合题意。 38.C。 考查动词词组辨析。她一耍小孩脾气,她的父母总是屈服、让步(gave in)。set out 开始,出发; set in 以…为背景;gave out 分发,用完。 39.A。 利用下文暗示解题。根据下文提到的 go diving 可知,是在沙滩(beach)上,准备下水。

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40.C。 根据上下文语境解题。句意:她耍了好大的小孩子脾气才让她父母给她买的。让某人做某事:get somebody to do something. 其余三选项分别意为:允许;警告;更喜欢,偏爱,不符合语境。 41.B。 根据上下文语境解题。父母告诉她去潜水很危险的时候,她又耍小孩子脾气,父母按理应该很不 高兴,回到了海边房子里,慢慢地消气,因此选择 recovering (from):从…当中恢复过来。其余三选项分别 为:改变;出现;旅行,均不符合题意。 42.A。 根据上文词汇复现解题。本段开头“That was why she was alone”提示了答案。 43.D。 根据生活常识和语境解题。此处她是要“go diving”,是一种娱乐活动,可知是想“have fun”,玩得 开心。 44.B。 此处考查固定句型: not…until…(直到…才…)。直到那个人说话,她才知道他在那里。 45.C。 根据同义词复现解题。由 50 空后面一句话“Oh, why had she not listened to the advice?”中的 advice 可知,那个人是建议(advised)她的。其余三项分别意为:决定;打算;重复,均不符合语境。 46.B。 此处考查固定结构。mind your own business 意为管好你自己的事,或不要多管闲事。 47.B。 利用下文暗示解题。根据 50 空后面“Oh, why had she not listened to the advice?”可知她后悔了, 因此老人事先就警告她:你会后悔(sorry)的。 48.D。根据词语的感情色彩和语境解题。首先,D 项的感情色彩明显不同于其他三项;其次,她达成所 愿,因此会潜得很开心(happily)。 49. B。根据上下文语境解题。因为暴风雨即将来临,故而浪很大,逆流游泳(swim)很困难。注意 row 是指用桨划。 50. A。根据词语的感情色彩和语境解题。首先,A 项的感情色彩明显不同于其他三项;其次,根据语境 可知,浪很大,冲击着她的脸,因此造成呼吸困难(difficult)。 51. D。 根据生活常识解题。此时她处于恐慌(panicking)状态,按照常识,会尖叫(scream),而不 会是说话、唱歌或嗅味道。 52. A。根据下文语境解题。从下面的老人说的“Hold on! I’m coming.”,可见他很平静,处变不惊,也是 为了让女孩有安全感。其余三项分别意为:令人害怕的;美妙的;令人厌恶的,均不符合语境。 53. B。根据上下文语境解题。女孩本来处在危险之中,当看到有人划船过来救她的时候,应该感到轻松 (relief)一些,不那么紧张了。其余三项分别意为:后悔;兴趣;舒适,均不符合语境。 54.C。 根据上文语境解题。根据前文所描述的情形,女孩处在很危险的情形中,老人去救她,也是冒着 危险的,因此女孩的举动让他们都处于危险(danger)之中。

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55.D。 根据句内逻辑关系解题。句中说到“dragged her over the side of”,over 此处意为“越过”,老人能 把女孩拖着越过某物的一侧或一边,在房子,波浪,沙滩和船之中,只有船符合逻辑了。

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试【陕西卷】

第四节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 To celebrate the end of our exams, my friends and I went to a fast food restaurant. We hamburgers and Coca Colar at the counter. When our By bad luck, my purse strap(带子) got 28 27 26

came, I started walking towards an empty table. 29 31

on a chair and the tray(托盘) that I was holding slipped 30 on a man who was just about to

my hands and went flying in the air. The tray, and its contents, a bite of his sandwich. I stared, greatly Then I 33 32

, as the drinks soaked(浸湿) his white shirt. 34 . Instead, he said “It’s OK” to 35

my eyes and prepared myself for his burst of

me before he disappeared into washroom. Still shaky and unsure look 37 36 to do next, my friends and I went to a table and sat there, trying our best to 38 our table. My heart almost

. A moment later, the man came out of the washroom and 39 . I thought he was going to ask for my father’s 40

stopped

and call him. 41 yourself new

To my surprise, he merely smiled at us, handed us some cash and said, “ hamburgers.” He then walked 42 without even finishing his food.

He could have made what was already an uncomfortable situation worse, and gave us a reason to believe that there is still 26. A. ordered 27. A. food 28. A. fixed 29. A. by B. made B. turn B. caught B. in C. arranged C. bill C. cut C. from 44 in this world. I’ll never D. demanded D. menu D. tied D. out

43 45

he chose a different way his actions.

15

30. A. knocked 31. A. take 32. A. discouraged 33. A. rolled 34. A. bitterness 35. A. satisfy 36. A. how 37. A. mild 38. A. pushed 39. A. beating 40. A. help 41. A. Prepare 42. A. on 43. A. so 44. A. kindness 45. A. forget

B. fell B. taste

C. stood C. swallow

D. hung D. chew D. annoyed D. closed D. sorrow D. praise D. which D. modest D. laid D. trembling D. job D. Cook D. away D. but D. brightness D. ignore

B. disappointed C. shocked B. rubbed B. anxiety B. comfort B. who B. honest B. approached B. breaking B. position B. Buy B. around B. since B. happiness B. refuse C. narrowed C. anger C. encourage C. what C. calm C. drew C. sinking C. number C. Find C. up C. although C. politeness C. oppose

【定文体抓主旨】本文是一篇记叙文。记叙了作者和朋友们在快餐店订餐时不小心钱包挂到椅子上,托盘 连同盘中的食物都掉到一个就餐的男子身上后,作者内心的忐忑以及男子友善的处理方式,让作者感到这 个社会还有善良。 【篇章结构】 段落 第一部分 (para.1) 关键词 went to a fast restaurant;ordered; came; got caught on; slipped off; went flying in the air;fell;soaked his white shirt 第二部分 (para.2--4) closed my eyes; it’s ok; shaky and 事情发生后:我的忐忑及男子友善的处理方式 大意推测 事情发生:托盘以及食物滑落 去快餐店;订餐;食物到了;钩住;滑落;在空 中飞;掉落;浸湿他的白衬衫

unsure;approached;stopped beating; 闭住眼睛; 没关系, 颤抖不安, 靠近, 停止跳动, smiled at us;handed us some cash; walked away
16

朝我们微笑,递给我们一些现金,走了

第三部分 (para.5)

could have made;chose a different way; give us a reason to believe; never forget his actions

作者的感受:这个社会还是有友善的 本可以做, 选择了一种不同的方式, 给我们理由 相信,永远不会忘记他的行为

【解析】: 26.A。词义的固定搭配。根据第一句,作者和朋友来快餐店庆祝考试结束,在柜台旁订快餐。order 有“点 餐,订餐”之意。 27.A。把握句子间的逻辑关系。根据上文,作者和朋友定了汉堡和可乐,以及下文中 the tray and its contents 托盘与食物的滑落,可知此处是想表达作者他们定的 food 食物来了。 28.B。细节理解及动词词组的辨析。本句提到的是细节 my purse strap 我的钱包带子与椅子的关系。因此 B 选项 get caught on“钩到,挂住”符合题意。 29.C。把握关键词及句子内的逻辑关系。本题的关键词是 slip“滑脱,滑掉”。句子的前半部分 The tray that I was holding (我端着的托盘),因此,本句想表达的是:托盘从我的手中滑落飞了出去。 30.B。把握句子间的逻辑关系。上文说到托盘 went flying in the air(托盘连同食物脱手飞了出去),因此, 此题描写的是托盘与食物的坠落 fall。 31.A。固定搭配。take a bite of =bite. 32.C。把握句子间的逻辑关系。当饮料浸湿他的白衬衫时,我______,眼睛(吓得)一眨都不眨。因此, 此处描写作者的惊恐。shocked 震惊的。 33. 把握细节理解。 D。 当人们受到惊吓时的反应, 闭住眼睛, 等着后果的爆发。 因此, 此处用 close my eyes 闭上眼睛。 34.C。根据生活常识的推测。一个人无辜被浇了一身食物与饮料时,一般情况下必然会怒发冲冠雷霆大 发呵斥对方。a burst of anger 发怒。 35.B。把握路标词。本句中的路标词为 instead,引起句意的转折。“我”做好了最坏的心理准备,然而, 我预想的“狂风暴雨”没有降临,反而用“没关系”来安慰“我”。 36.C。固定搭配。what to do next 下一步做什么。由 shaky and unsure 写出作者和朋友们的忐忑不安,因 此不知道接下来该做什么。 37.C。把握语句间的逻辑关系。前面浓墨重彩地描写“我”的惶恐不安,男子的友善处理方式,让“我” 尽力从刚才的惊恐中平静下来。

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38.B。把握语句间的逻辑关系。片刻之后,这位男子从洗手间走出来,朝我的桌子走来。approach 靠近, 走近。 39.A。固定搭配。描述“心脏跳动”的词只有 beat。 40.C。把握句子内的逻辑关系。本句中后半句是 and call him(给他/我父亲打电话),因此,前面写“向 我要父亲的电话号码”。number 号码。 41.B。把握句子内的逻辑关系。前面提到 handed us some cash(递给我们一些现金),告诉我们“给自 己买些新的面包吧”。 42.D。把握句子内的逻辑关系。He then walked____without even finishing his food(甚至没有吃完食物, 然后他就走了)walk away 走开。 43.D。抓住关键词。本句中的关键词为 different,表达意义上的转折。 44.A。把握文章的主旨。通览全文,作者通过描写男子一系列言行:对我们微笑;说:没关系;给我们 钱;告诉我们再买些新的汉堡等等,体现男子的友善与厚道。 45.A。把握上下文的逻辑关系。男子的和善言行给“我”留下了深刻的印象,改变了“我”的看法,因 此终生难忘。

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试【新课标 II】

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后面各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Michael Greenberg is a very popular New Yorker. He is not famous in sports or the arts. But people in the streets 16 him, especially those who are 17 . 18 ? He looks like any other 19 . His briefcase always has

For those people, he is "Gloves" Greenberg. How did he get that

businessman, wearing a suit and carrying a briefcase (公文箱). But he's some gloves。

18

In winter, Mr.Greenberg does not the street. He looks around at pair and then he 24 22

20

like other New Yorkers, who look at the sidewalk and 23 25

21

. He stops when he

someone with no gloves. He gives them a . 27 gloves. People who

, looking for more people with cold 26

On winter days, Mr. Greenberg have heard about him Mr. Greenberg 28 29

gloves. During the rest of the year, he

him gloves, and he has many in his apartment. doing this 21 years ago. Now, many poor New Yorkers know him and 31 30 his

behavior. But people who don't know him are sometimes make them 32 . 33

him. They don't realize that he just wants to

It runs in the

. Michael's father always helped the poor as he believed it made everyone happier. 34 . A pair of gloves may be a 35 thing, but it can make a big difference

Michael Greenberg feels the in winter.

16. A. know about 17. A. old 18. A. job 19. A. calm 20. A. act 21. A. cross over 22. A. cars 23. A. helps 24. A. holds up 25. A. hands 26. A. searches for 27. A. borrows 28. A. call 29. A. delayed 30. A. understand 31. A. sorry for 32. A. smart

B. learn from B. busy B. name B. different B. sound B. drive along B. people B. chooses B. hangs out B. ears B. stores up B. sells B. send B. remembered B. dislike B. satisfied with B. rich

C. cheer for C. kind C. chance C. crazy C. feel C. hurry down

D. look after D. poor D. message D. curious D. dress D. keep off

C. street numbers D. traffic lights C. greets C. moves on C. faces C. gives away C. returns C. lend C. began C. study C. proud of C. special D. sees D. turns around D. eyes D. puts on D. buys D. show D. enjoyed D. excuse D. surprised by D. happy
19

33. A. city 34. A. honor 35. A. small

B. family B. pain B. useful

C. neighborhood C. same C. delightful

D. company D. cold D. comforting

[定文体抓主旨]:本文是一篇介绍人物的记叙文。在冬天,Michael Greenberg 的公文箱里总带着许多手套, 赠送给那些没戴手套的穷人。很多人都认识他,也理解他的行为;而不认识的人则可能会感到惊奇。他的 家庭就有这种传统,他和他父亲都认为:帮助别人可以让所有人更快乐。 本篇难度:中等。 [篇章结构]: 段落 第一部分 (para.1-2) 关键词 Michael Greenberg; popular New Yorker;"Gloves" Greenberg; briefcase;gloves; 第二部分 (para.3-5) 大意推测 Michael Greenberg 是一个很受欢迎的纽 约人;他被称为“手套” Greenberg;他 的公文箱里总是带着一些手套;

In winter;looks around;stops; 在冬天,他总是四处看,遇到没戴手套的 gives them a pair;looking for; know him;his behavior;don't know him;don't realize; 人就停下来,送给他们一副,然后继续寻 找别的人; 很多人认识他, 理解他的行为; 一些人不认识他,没意识他做法的用意。 他父亲也一直帮助穷人;他认为这样可以 使所有人更快乐;他也觉得是这样;在冬 天,一副小手套会有很大的不同。

第三部分 (para.6)

Michael's father;helped the poor;made everyone happier; feels; pair of gloves; A make a big difference

[解析]: 16.A。前面说他在艺术或运动方面不出名(not famous),然后用 but 转折,但是人们都知道、了解(know about)他。 17.D。根据下文所描述的赠送手套的情况,以及 30 空前出现的“many poor New Yorkers”和 33 空后面 出现的“the poor”,可知选 D。 18.B。对于那些人来说,他是“"Gloves" Greenberg”,而这当然是一个名字。 19.B。前面说他看起来和其他商人差不多,穿着西装,带着公文箱,但是他的公文箱里有一些手套,这 就与众不同(different)了。 20.A。下文提到“who look at the sidewalk”,和“He looks around”等,这些都是人的行为表现(act)。
20

21.C。前面说他和别的纽约人不同,他会四处看,见到没有手套的人会停下来,而其他人则是看着人行 道,匆忙走过(hurry down)街道。 22.B。下文出现了“someone;them;more people”,可知他在看人(people)。 23.D。前句说到他“look around”,此处应是看到(sees)某些人。 24.C。他四处看人,看到没有手套的,就停下来给他们手套,然后继续前进(moves on),寻找更多需 要手套的人。 25.A。他送给人们的是手套,当然是寻找更多手(hands)冷的人了。 26.C。上一段说到他送手套给别人,此处再次说他赠送(gives away)手套。 27.D。冬天,他赠送手套;手套哪里来的呢?当然要制作或者购买(buys)才会有。 28.B。人们听说他的善举,就寄送(send)手套给他,支持他。 29. C。他 21 年前开始(began)做这件事,做了这么长时间,因此现在很多穷人认识他。 30. A。他做了这么长时间,很多人都熟悉了,因此能够理解(understand)他的行为。 31. D。 前面说许多纽约穷人知道他, 理解他的行为; 但是不认识他的人有时就会对他感到惊奇 (surprised by)。 32.D。那些对他感到惊奇的人,只是没有意识到他只是想让他们高兴(happy)。 33.B。下文提到他的父亲,可知是家庭(family),而不是:城市;街区;公司。 34.C。前句说他父亲的做法和想法,而他的做法和他父亲是一样的,当然他的感觉也一样了(same)。 35.A。后半句有 but 转折,且有“make a big difference”,根据对比关系可推知选 small。

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试【浙江卷】

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21-40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 Last spring, I was fortunate to be chosen to participate in an exchange study program. In my application letter, I was careful to in my words. Once I 21 22 how much I wanted to see France; evidently, my excitement really came through that I was going, all I could think about was the fun of foreign tgravel and making

21

all sorts of new and

23

friends. While traveling was inspring and meeting people was 25 . 26 27

24

, nothing

about my tern in France was what I

The moment I arrived in Paris, I was My entire experience was joyous and exciting

by a nice frence couple who would become my host parents. I received some shocking news from my program

coordinator(协调人): there had been a death in my host parents’ extended family. They had to travel outside France for several weeks. That afternoon, I had to exchange coordinator told me I’d have a 29 28 out of one family’s house and into another. The

this time and asked whether I could share a bedroom with an 30 my native language, I asked not to be 32 31 with

English speaker. To avoid the temptation (诱惑) to

an English-speaking roommate. When I got to my new room, I

myself to my new roommate Paolo, a

Brazilian(巴西人) the same age as I, who I was surprised to find playing one of my favourite CD! In just a few hours, we knew we’d be good friends for the rest of the I left France with many always 35 34 33 .

, so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are

to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the scores of weekdays in class, weeknights 36 France we enjoyed together. I love how peole 37 seem so different,

on the town, and weekends but end up being so French people 39 38

. The most valuabe lesson I gain from studying in France wasn’t just to respect the

to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. I would

recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign culture and gain meaningful 40 . B. express B. knew B. anxious B. upsetting B. liked B. witnessed B. when B. travel B. leader B. appreciate B. fitted C. announce C. warmed C. universal C. exciting C. doubted C. greeted C. since C. walk C. roommate C. speak C. involved D. argue D. denied D. interesting D. promising D. feared D. supported D. while D. rush D. colleague D. master D. placed
22

21. A. discuss 22. A. approved 23. A. stubborn 24. A. boring 25. A. expected 26. A. sponsored 27. A. until 28. A, move 29. A. housekeeper 30. A. learn 31. A. conbined

32. A. added 33. A. term 34. A. presents 35. A. surprised 36. A. analyzing 37. A. need 38. A. generous 39. A. and 40. A. instruction [定文体抓主旨]:

B. introduced B. week B. suitcases B. disturbed B. exploring B. shall B. independent B. but B. friendships

C. devoted C. month C. stories C. embarrassed C. describing C. must C. similar C. or C. facts

D. adapted D. vacation D. dream D. concerned D. investigating D. can D. distant D. so D. date

本文是一篇记述文。作者很幸运地被选中参加了一个英法交换生项目,但到达法国的当天,他原定的接待 家庭中因有人去世要出国,所以他不得不搬到另一个家庭与人合住。在那里他遇到了来自巴西的同龄人, 两人很快成为了好朋友,一起度过了一个学期的美好时光。这段经历也给作者留下了难忘的回忆。 本篇难度:较易。 [篇章结构]: 段落 第一部分 (Para. 1) 关键词 fortunate to be chosen; excitement came through words; traveling was inspiring shocking news; death in my host parents’ 第二部分 (Para. 2) extended family; out of one family’s house 作者到达法国后因接待家庭发生意外而 and into another; share a bedroom; my 调换住所的经历 new roommate Palol, a Brazilian; good friends 第三部分 (Para. 3) The most valuable lesson I gained; respect all people; recommend an exchange program; to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful (friendship)
23

大意推测 表达作者因有幸被选中去法国而表现除 了的兴奋与期盼

be

作者对一个学期法国交换生经历的感受

[解析]: 21. B。利用句间的逻辑关系。A. discuss 讨论;B. express 表达;C. announce 通知;D. argue 争论 根据 In my application letter(在我的申请信中),可知作者应该是‘表达’自己的愿望,故选项 B 正确。 22. B。利用句间的逻辑关系。A. approved 同意;B. knew 知道;C. warned 警告;D. denied 否认 根据前句可知作者在申请参加这个项目,所以,I … that I was going 应该是我‘知道’了我要去,故选项 B 正确。 23. D。 把握句内逻辑关系。 stubborn 固执的; anxious 急切的; universal 宇宙的; interesting A. B. C. D. 有趣的 根据 making all sorts of new and … friends 可知作者是在谈论交什么样的朋友,故选项 D 正确。 24. C。利用句间的逻辑关系。A. boring 无聊的;B. upsetting 令人苦恼的;C. exciting 令人兴奋的;D. promising 有希望的。根据前句我们可知作者是盼着能交到新朋友,所以这里 meeting people (见 到许多人),一定是‘令人兴奋的’,故选项 C 正确。 25. A。利用上下文的线索。A. expected 预期的;B. liked 喜欢的;C. doubted 怀疑的;D. feared 害

怕的。根据下文我们知道接待他的家庭发生变故,他不得不临时更换寄宿家庭,因此应该是与‘预期’ 不符,故选项 A 正确。 26. C。把握句内逻辑关系。A. sponsored 赞助;B. witnessed 目睹;C. greeted 迎接;D. 支持。 根据 句意可知他到达法国后,将成为他寄宿家庭的‘父母’自然应该是去‘迎接’他,故选项 C 正确。 27. A。利用句间的逻辑关系。A. until 直到…;B. when 当??时候;C. since 自从??;D. while

在??期间。根据句意可知他一直感觉很开心‘直到’令人震惊的消息传来,故选项 A 正确。 28. A。利用句间的逻辑关系。A. move 搬家; B. travel 旅行;C.walk 散步;D. rush 冲进(出)。

根据前句可知原来的寄宿家庭要出国,那他一定是要‘搬出去’到另一家去,选项 A 正确。 29. C。利用句间的逻辑关系。A. housekeeper 管家; leader 领导; roommate 室友; colleague B. C. D.

同事。根据后面的 share a bedroom(共用一间卧室)可知应该是会有一个‘室友’,故选项 A 正确。 30. C。利用上下文线索。A. learn 学习;B. appreciate 欣赏;C. speak 说,讲;D. 精通。根据上文我 们知道作者是到法国做交换生的, 学习法语应该是此行的目的之一, 所以他不想有一个讲英语的室友, 怕自己禁不住诱惑而‘讲’自己的母语--英语,故选项 C 正确。 31. D。把握句间内的逻辑关系。A. combined 组合;B. fitted 配合; C. involved 涉及; D.

placed 安置。 根据前面说了想要避免讲母语的诱惑, 所以这里应该是要求不要与讲英语的室友 ‘安排’ 在一起,故选项 D 正确。
24

32. B。短语语义。A. added

添加;B. introduced 介绍;C. devoted 致力于??;D.

adapted 适

应。根据句意可知,作者是把自己‘介绍’给新的室友,故选项 A 正确。 33. A。利用上下文线索。A. term 学期;B. week 星期;C. month 月份;D. vacation 假期。根

据第一段末句的 my term in France 可知作者在法国要待一个学期,故选项 A 正确。 34. C。利用上下文线索。A. presents 礼物;B. suitcases 旅行箱;C. stories 故事;D.

dreams 梦想。根据下文可知人们是在‘听’作者讲他的经历,所以他一定是带着很多‘有趣的 故事’离开的法国,故选项 C 正确。 35. A。利用句间的逻辑关系。A. 尴尬的; surprised 感到惊奇的;B. disturbed 不安的; C. embarrassed

D. concerned 关心的。根据句意我们知道当别人问起他的这次旅行经历的时候,

作者讲的却是他和巴西朋友之间的事情,所以人们一定会感到‘很奇怪’,故选项 A 正确。 36. B。利用句内的逻辑关系。A. analyzing 分析; B. exploring 探险;C.describing 描述;D.

investigating 调查。 整句话都是在谈论作者和室友在法国期间所做的事情, 当然也会包括 ‘探险猎奇’ , 故选项 B 正确。 37. D。利用句间的逻辑关系。A. need 需要 B. shall 将,会; C. must 必须; D. can 可能。根

据句意,可知作者是说‘看似不同的人,结果却有可能变得非常相似’,这里表示的一种‘可能性’, 故选项 D 正确。 38. C。把握句内的逻辑关系。A. generous 慷慨的;B. independent 独立的;C. similar 相

似的;D. 遥远的。 句子的前半句用了 different,后半句以 but 开头,明显与前面是转折关系,故选 项 C 正确。 39. B。固定句型表达。A. and 并且; B. but 但是;C.or 或者;D. so。 所以。 ‘not … but… ’

(不是??而是??)是一个常用的句型,意思是,不能单单要尊重法国人,而是要尊重所有的人, 转折意思明显,故选项 A 正确。 40. B。利用上下文线索。A. instructions 指令;B. friendships 友谊;C. facts 事实;D. data 数据。文中 作者用了大量的笔墨来叙述他和巴西室友的友谊,这对他来说应该是最有意义的东西了,故选项 B 正确。

25

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试【重庆卷】

三 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 请阅读下面两篇短文,掌握大意,然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。 A When Joe was about to start school, all signs pointed to success. Yet things turned out to be quite The fourth grade even found him at the ---until one stormy afternoon. On that afternoon, 39 the math teacher started to introduce difficult concepts, dark clouds covered 40 , the thunder won the battle for 37 of the class. Joe struggled day and night but it did not 36 38 .

the sky and the storm set in. Hard though she tried to make the kid, their attention. No one 41

the concepts except for Joe. He understood them and answered all the

questions correctly. The teacher patted him on the back, and told him to go around to the other, and explain how he had managed it. 42 by his new found success. Joe moved quickly throughout the room. Soon math 43 . All children naturally drew 44 pictures, on such a day,

time was followed by the time for except for Joe. Since then, Joe started 45

. Though he never made it to the top, his math teacher was always

46

and curious about the change: Why had that stormy day changed Joe? On the day Joe graduated, he presented the teacher with his, most bright yellow sun. On the picture Joe had written: This is the day I 36. A. unfair 37. A. center 38. A. happen 39. A. until 40. A. concentrate 41. A. challenged 42. A. Relieved 43. A. class 44. A. great B. boring B. top B. work B. since B. change B. grasped B. Surprised B. sports B. dark C. disappointing C. beginning C. finish C. because C. hide C. doubted C. Encouraged C. art C. different 48 47 possession---the picture of a

my brightness.

D. dangerous D. bottom D. last D. as D. sit D. admitted D. Puzzled D. tea D. strange
26

45. A. improving 46. A. worried 47. A. familiar 48. A. woke up to

B. painting B. amazed B. expensive B. put up with

C. recovering C. friendly C. admirable C. got on with

D. studying D. cautious D. precious D. looked down upon

[定文体抓主旨]:本文是一篇记叙文。讲述了 Joe 虽然曾是个好学生,但是突然情况急转直下,虽然他努 力过,但是没有成效。一场雷雨却改变了 Joe 的学习轨迹。在别的同学不能集中注意力的情况下,Joe 却 掌握了老师讲的所有的概念,于是老师鼓励他给同学们讲解他是如何做到这一点的。在一个阴雨天,Joe 却看到了希望的阳光,而充满阳光的画也成了他最珍贵的记忆。最后一段点出文章主旨大意。本篇难度: 中等。

段落 第一部分 (para.1)

关键词 all signs pointed to success; turned out;the fourth grade; struggled day and night

大意推测 一个曾经很好的学生的成绩突然变得令 人失望,四年级时成绩跌倒了谷底,纵使 他自己也很努力。 一次雨天的经历。数学课上雷声使得同学 们不能集中注意力,但是 Joe 却掌握了老 师讲的所有概念。老师鼓励他给同学们解

第二部分 (para.2--3)

Math teacher;difficult concepts; dark clouds covered the sky;the thunder won the battle;except

for Joe;patted him on the back; 释他怎样做到的。这次成功的经历使得 explain how he had managed it; drew pictures 第三部分 (para.4) graduated;presented his possession;picture of a bright yellow sun;brightness 36.C。根据上文 all signs pointed to success, 和 yet 可知情况发生了变化,不是朝向成功的方向,而是令人 失望的(disappointing),所以选 C。 37.D。由上题可知,情况是令人失望的,四年级时 Joe 的成绩甚至(even)在班里排在了最后,所以选 择 bottom, at the bottom of 意为“在…底部”。 38. 本句中 Joe struggled day and night 说明他很努力, B。 后面的 but 提示虽然努力了, 但是没有见效(work), 所以选 B.
27

Joe 有一种成就感,他画的画能够体现出 他内心的变化。 毕业那天,老师同学们看到了 Joe 珍藏的 画:那幅明亮的太阳,给他带来了希望。

39.D。本句中表达的是在数学老师解释概念的时候发生的事情,所以用 as 引导时间状语从句。 40.A。根据 the thunder won the battle for their attention 可知雷声吸引了学生的注意力,也就是学生们不 能集中注意 (concentrate),所以选 A。 41.B。上句中说到学生不能把注意力集中在老师讲的内容上,所以没有人能够掌握那些概念。根据上下 文推断,答案为 B。 42. 上句中提到只有 Joe 能正确回答这些问题, C。 所以老师拍拍他的背, 让他向同学解释他是怎样做到的。 本句中说的是 Joe 受到鼓励,在教室里来回穿梭。由此确定选 C。 43.C。下句中 all children drew pictures 可知数学课之后是美术课。所以选 C。 44.B。在下一个段落中的 the picture of a bright yellow sun,以及 except for Joe 可知别的孩子画的都是暗 淡颜色的画,只有 Joe 的画是明亮的。bright 是解题的关键,所以选 B。 45.A。本文在讲述 Joe 的转变过程。前面提到的是 Joe 的成绩是 disappointing,而这里在讲 Joe 开始转变, 开始提高,所以选 A。 46.B。本题的解题关键是空后的连词 and 和 curious, 根据 and 可知要填空的词和后面的 curious 同义概念 的词,所以选择 amazed,意为又吃惊又好奇,所以选 B。 47.D。做好本题的关键是通读全文,才能悟出答案的意义。这幅充满金色阳光的画,对于 Joe 来讲是十 分珍贵的,因为它改变了 Joe 的学习轨迹。所以选 D。 48.A。上文中已经谈到这幅画是 Joe 的珍藏,那么可知在图画上他所写的字是:这是我见到光明的日子。 wake up to 意识到。

28


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