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研究生研一英语口语2


Unit7,1 Are Chinese different from people of other cultures in the way of greeting 打招呼 and eating? Yes. Because of the different culture, I think we have some of different from other people. In China, when two people greet each other, we shake hands while in the westerncountries, people like hugging and kissing each other. Besides, due to the differences of cultural backgrounds, customs and historical environment in the eastern and western countries, eating food also has different. We Chinese people would like to take the style of “sharing” when they have a dinner together, whether at home with family members or outside with friends. But in western food culture is characterized by the “separated? style. For example, westerners do not take the dishes from the public plate, but have separate individual plates.And their taste is very different from our. Besides, we like use chopsticks when we are eating food, while they like use knife and fork. Unit7,2(王翔洲) What are some taboos 禁忌 or superstitions 迷信 you know in Chinese culture and other cultures? Some Chinese taboos and superstitions: A baby with wide and thick ears will live prosperously in his or her future. The luckiest number is eight or six because its meaning is like "prosper". The unluckiest number is four as it sounds like the Chinese word to death.So many people do not like this number. A boy whowas born indragon yearmay roll over the newlywed's matrimonial bed, which will bring good luck and a baby boy to the couple. When your upper teethfalls down, you should throw it down. And if your lower teeth falls down, you must throw it overhead, maybe on the roof. When your left eye shocks, it means that something good will happen. Conversely, if your right eye shocks, perhaps you will be unlucky. Some western taboos and superstitions: Jesus Christ died on Friday, while the number 13 is unlucky for the foregin. And people believe that the unfortunate things will happen in that day. Obviously, Friday and the number 13 represent the bad luck the last two unfortunate individuals together to form super-sad day. Therefore, no matter what the date of the 13th month on Friday called "Black." In England, black cats are regarded as lucky.If a black cat crosses your path, you will have good luck all day. But in other western countries, black cats are connected with witches or the devil. Unit7,3 Act out the western and traditional Chinese wedding and tell the differences to the class. Western wedding is full of romance,which embody their everlasting love. With the wedding march, father holding his daughter's hand goes to the groom.Pastor will ask

the bride and groom to make a lifetime commitment 承诺, which is an important link in the wedding. Then they will exchange marriage rings and kiss each other. However, Chinese?s wedding is different from western?s .The entire wedding's main color is red,which means happy. In the traditional wedding, the bride wears red clothing and the groom also wears some red things. And most of the weddings are joined in the restaurants instead of church. Then all the guests eat together. The whole wedding is filled with laughter. By studying the differences between Chinese and Western wedding, I understand their characteristics: Western wedding is romantic, Chinese?s wedding is happy. Because of the West different customs, they have formed their own characteristic wedding customs. No matter where the weddings are joined, where are all full of blessings and laughter. Unit7,4 have you heard about tiger mom and wolf dad? Do you believe in spare the rod, spoil the child? A Chinese-American mother who was called as “tiger mom” says American parents lack authority and produce entitled children who aren't forced to live up to their abilities. A Chinese man who is a father of four control every aspect of his children's lives. If they failed to meet his standards, the children would be beaten with a feather duster. That?s why he named as “wolf dad”. Yes, I have heard these words. But I think everything has its benefits but also has some serious problems, just like the sentence “spare the rod, spoil the child”. In my opinion, some children are very naughty so that they cannot heard anything when they are playing, especially boys. So I think some proper lessons are necessary for them. However, at the same time, we also need to tell them something so that they can realize that parents are good for them. In fact, parents do not want to spare the rod. Besides, parents should always encourage their children so that they can know that mom and dad still love them. Unit7,5 第一问 As we know, there are many traditional virtues of Chinese nation. Such as hard graft, thanksgiving, filial piety, faithfulness and so on. Chinese traditional virtues refer to the excellent moral theories, rules and behaviors that once existed in history and that are still alive today. Chinese traditional virtues are our Chinese valuable and heritable wealth. 众所周知,中华民族有许多传统美德,比如艰苦奋斗、知恩图报、孝道、诚实守 信等中华民族传统美德是在中华民族的历史上存在过的、 在今天仍有着生命力的 优秀道德理论、规范、行为等等的总和。中华民族的传统美德是炎黄子孙的宝贵 财富。

第二问 The Chinese traditional virtue is an important component of the Chinese traditional culture and it is a rich nutrition for the construction of the harmonious socialist society, to which, developing and expanding Chinese traditional virtues possesses great importance. Ideological and moral construction should inherit Chinese traditional virtues and provide important ideological resources for socialist ideological and moral system. The Education of Undergraduates' Moral Character Development is also bound up with the Chinese traditional virtue and one valid way to strengthen the teachers ?moral character is to carry forward excellent Chinese traditional virtues. 中华传统美德是中国传统文化的重要组成部分, 是构建社会主义和谐社会的重要 思想养分,弘扬中华民族优秀传统美德,对于社会主义和谐社会建设,具有十分 重要的作用。 思想道德建设要与中华民族传统美德相承接,为社会主义思想道德 体系提供重要的思想来源。中华传统美德与当代大学生道德人格教育息息相关。 同时传承中华民族优秀传统美德 ,是加强高校师德修养的有效途径。 Unit8,2 Love comes indifferent forms or varieties.what are they? When it comes to love, it must be sweet. Love consists of many forms. First, love can be on behalf of the feelings of the couples when someone is falling in love another.The Love may be the longest one companied with you in your life, which can construct the trust and support with each other. And then, love means the feelings of the family, which is selfless. Without our parents love, Wecannot image our self-development. Parents have spared all their time on us. Now weshouldtry our best to take care of our parents. Last but not least, love can take place in the friends, which is called friendship. You can talk with them when you have a bad mood. So ,every kind of the love is important for us. It is a treasure in the world. Unit8 3(曲俊腾) What are the factors people may take into account when choosing the one to marry?.... There are very important factors that need to be looked at before deciding to get marry.Marriage is based on emotion of the two persons.If this one does not have,marriage is a failure.He/she must has a sense of responsibility and love,not selfish.So that he can take care for her family and friends. The other factor to consider is character and habit.This is the key to the quality of life.Character determines whether theycan easily get along with each other. There are also other factors,such as age,features and so on.Taking into account all these factors when choosing the one to marry,your marriage will be filled with happiness. 8.4One in every five marriages now ends in divorce,double the rate a decade ago.Beijing has the the highest divorce rate nationwide , with 39 percent of all marriages ending in a split.What do you think account for this?离婚率高 In my opinion,there are many reasons result to the high divorce rate.For one thing, a lightning wedding has become popular among the young generation

today.One of the couple having a flash marriage don’t know the other one’s personality before their marriage,which may result in more quarrels in their future .For another thing, due to the family planning policy,many young couples are both the single child,who may be inclined to be selfish and less consider for the others . All in all, a lightning wedding or the single child may accounts for the high divorce rate. Unit8,5(吴晓翠) Leftover ladies 剩 女 has become a buzzword 流 行 词 in the Chinese language.what kind of women do you think belong to this group? The word of Leftover ladies now is a buzzword. I think more and more women have become leftover ladies. With the rights of women changed,more and more people put women at a equate statue with men. People who become leftover ladies often have high incomes,high degree and strong inner heart. They think that they need marry a man who is better than themselves.But with the high demands which cannot achieve, thosewomen have to become more confident and independent. They always put themselves at a high position. I think this is not good for them to deal with the relationship with men. Unit 9,1 Dale Carnegie once said, discouragement 挫折 and failure are two of the surest stepping stones to success. Do you agree with that by your personal experience ? Yes I do. As the saying goes, failure is the mother of success. Failure can give us experience and discouragement can motive us to success. For example I tried to learn swimming but I failed at first. I was very discouraged and I wanted to give up. My friend encouraged me to try again. So I did not give up, I summarized myself and analyzed why I failed. I communicated with the train and asked his some questions which I cannot absorb. In the end I achieve my lesson and I can swim freely. So the discouragement and failure are the two of the surest stepping stones to success.

Unit9,2(王翔洲) What are some traits or qualities of successful persons? Describe a famous figure. To change the world alive!-----Steve Jobs American former Apple CEO, founder. Jobs created the iPad, iPod, iTunes Store, iPhone and many other well-known digital product. His pursuit of the details (追求细节) and his pursuit of perfection (追求完美). Hehas innovation (勇于创新).He is Apple's "The Godfather" Jobs. "a perfect combination of art and technology of IT leaders, a person who changed the world." Unit9,3

Do you know you are likely to succeed someday in the future? You’re yourexplanation. I think I can.“Opportunities will always be there for those who are prepared”it is my motto. Because my personality is somewhat introverted, I am not good at attending a lecture. At first, maybe I cannot do something, but when I decide to try it andstruggle to overcome difficulties, I find that I have the energy to achieve it, so I will befull of confidence to persist and achieve my lecture. What?s more, my friends and parents will help me and encourage me, which is my spirit support. The most important is that I will try my best to make it. Therefore, I think my dream in the future will also come true one day. Unit9,4 Are you popular among your peers? If yes,why? If not, why? Yes, in my college, I?m outstanding and kind hearted. I like to help others students, especially studying in the terminal. My classmates always ask me for help. If they don?t know how to the solve questions of studying, I will very glad to explain for them. In the end, we are both happy. Because of my good nature, my classmates always play joke with me. They know that I?m not easy to be angry. The most important I think it is that I always smile. Because I think smile can close the distance of people?s relationship. Smile means friendly so my classmates like to make friends with me. Unit9 ,5(彭晗) Do you agree that opportunities are only for those who are prepared? Yes, I do. I like this sentence very much and it is my motto all the time. If a man wants to be successful,he must catch every opportunity to try it. However,the chance always arises suddenly and disappears very soon.As the chance never waits for you,if you miss it, you will lose it forever.If you are not prepared when the opportunity arises,how can you catch it? Just like fishing. You should prepare the fish basket first. If you start to find the basket until the fish has bite the bait,the fish must escapes. So someone can catch fishes and others get nothing.That is the secret of success.In my view, the opportunities are only for those who are prepared. Unit 10,1(朱影) Talk and write about a technological innovation that has most significant impacts on humans. Internet Unit10,2 (秦晓飞)

You are a science student 理科学生 .Why did you choose this direction as your lifelong career in the first place? Do you believe that a science student can contribute to the society more than an art student 工科? First of all, I am interested in Math and chemistry. And I like the process of planning experiment and doing it. Although there are various difficulties, I am still keenon overcoming them and making sure that I will get the ideal outcome. I enjoy my study and work in my major. In fact, I am capable of doing my research well and I conclude that my choice was right. As to the second question, I can?t go along with you on that point. I think that we should take the same attentioninto how much a science student or an art student will contribute to the society. The progress of technique brings up new ways of thinking. And it has significant influence on our life, such as most things are made by chemicals. If the government wants to issue policies, they should take many things into consideration, like people?s reaction, the resistance and so on. Now it is time for art student to solve the problem. And without them, I think, the society will stagnation. So we should treat them fairly. Unit10,3(谭杰成) Do you believe in knowledge without borders? In this 21st century, how can we cooperate as well as compete with others in the exploration of the unknown? Yes, I deeply believe that knowledge should not be confined限制 in a specific field, and one should try to understand information away from his acquainted zone. As the world is developing faster and faster, it is inevitable to cooperate with others for elimination of the risk and also compete with others for valuable resource. However, coexisting of the cooperation and competition are not contradictory. On the contrary, they are mutually dependent. In the competition, appropriate cooperation strategy could form a win-win situation. In the cooperation, team members should also compete with each other to improve the overall competence.

Unit10,4(莫申忠) Once China maintained a lead in world,s science and technology. And Chinese take credit for the four inventions and many other scientific findings of ancient times. But we have lost the this technological superiority优越性 now. What might be the reasons behind? It,s a thought-provoking question. First and foremost, the past several years have witnessed that China is a traditional agriculture country, the famers and the countryside always play a basic role in the country?s revolution and construction. Meanwhile, China has a self-sufficient small economy, which not need equip with high technology. That?s why China has failed to other countries in the age of

scientific and technical revolution. Moreover, from Ming Dynasty, China had stopped communicating with other countries. The authority failed to encourage citizen?s inventions and ignored a majority of scientific findings. Last but not least, in light of China?s large population, industry companies didn?t worry about the lack of labor, so it was not necessary for factories to promote scientific and technical revolution. Unit 10,5(王芳)the negative of modern technology As we all know, modern technology plays an important role in our life. However, it also has some negative sides. Firstly, family members are no longer talking with each other over meals because they are watching TV. Many people now greet each other with short messages instead of visiting their friends and relatives in person. Secondly, some of scientific inventions have even caused great harms or disasters to mankind. For example, advanced technology can be easily manipulated by irresponsible persons. Thirdly, it maybe affects our health and life style. What's worse, science and technology may even destroy our simple and healthy life, for example surfing Internet with a long time. To sum up, humans must be alert against the possible harm while enjoying the benefits from them


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