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2014 学年第二学期高二年级英语学科 4 月份教学质量检测试卷
一、单项填空(本题有 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) 请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白的最佳答案。 1 . ______young(Young) man as he is , he has managed to have ______ knowledge of cultural differences of different countries. A. A; the B. A; a C. /; / D. /; a 2 ._________ the necessary equipment, the seriously wounded man had to be sent to another hospital for the operation. A. Lacking B. Lacking of C. For lack of D. Lacked in 3 . ---He’s made _________progress that his parents must be pleased with him. --- __________________. And he also takes great pride in himself. A. so great; So he has B. such great; So has he C. so much; So he has D. so much; So has he. 4 . It’s only when he reached the tea-house that _____it was the same place he’d been in last year. A. he realized B. he did realize C. did he realize D. realized he 5 . There are some health problems that, when ____ in time, can become bigger ones later on. A. not treated B. not being treated C. not to be treated D. not having been treated 6 .___________in the mountain for a week, the students were finally saved by the local police . A. Having lost B. Lost C. Being lost D. Losing 7 . ---Have the arrangements for the concert next Saturday been all _______? ---Not yet. We haven’t found a free hand. A. in store B. in trouble C. in turn D. in place 8 .---Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday? ---Yes. __________, I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city. A. If ever B. If busy C. If so D. If possible 9 . _______from the moon, our earth, with water _____about 70 percent of its surface, appears like a blue ball. A. Seen; covered B. Seeing; covering C. Seen; covering D. Seeing; covered 10. ----Why didn’t you come to meet me, Bill? ----Sorry, dear. But I really forgot where I was _____ to meet you. demanded B. supposed C. delighted D. Squeezed 11. Would it ______ for the city authorities to further restrict parking? A. make it B. make sense C. make out D. make up 12. Studying Wendy’s menu, I found that many of the items are similar to _____ of McDonald’s. A. those B. ones C. any D. all 13. — How often do you refer to a dictionary when you are reading an English novel? — Well, it depends. ____ it actually affects my understanding ____ look the word up. A. Only if; will I B. Only if; I will C. Unless; will I D. Unless; I will 14. ---It’s better for you to help others on the farm during the harvest time. ---_____. A. I don’t know B. I couldn’t agree more C. I’m sorry D. I don’t care 15. It is you as well as your wife that ______ your son's bad performance at school. A. is to be blamed for B. are to be blamed for C. are to blame for D. is to blame for 16. Here is a list of names of the guests to be invited to the party. Please don’t__ any of them when typing. A. let out B. make out C. leave out D. put out 17. Everyone will go through life's stages of ups and downs, ________ selfrespect plays a key role in the maturity(成 熟) of a person. A. when B. which C. as D. that

18. Though Tom knew nothing about business, he succeeded ________ other more well-informed managers failed. A. what B. how C. if D. where 19. ________ cleaning the yard and making up the beds for the old, we also read newspapers for them and had chats with them. A. Except for B. Rather than C. Apart from D. Instead of 20. ----Why is he feeling down today? ----Because the suggestion he _______ has been turned down. A. put away B. put up C. put down D. put forward 二. 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Some people are afraid of starting a casual conversation with a stranger because of a fear of not having anything interesting to say. Fear of rejection (拒绝) is also a 21 for keeping silent. Small talk in a conversation can 22 as a way of warming up and getting to 23 each other. Most people, no matter 24 successful they are at work, will find the process of 25 small talk uncomfortable, even pointless(无意义的). 26 , you will have a pretty small world 27 you refuse to let others in. Starting off with a casual comment or question will make others 28 , and even just greeting them with a simple ―hello‖ will often be enough. Once you have made the first 29 , there is no turning back. You need to keep things 30 before you can gracefully say goodbye. Think about what you would like to 31 with a new friend and that is what you can ask the other person about. Work, family, hobbies or interests are some 32 points of discussion. To keep the ball rolling, you can show that you are really 33 in what they are saying. Once you find common 34 of interest, things will definitely 35 off from there. Small talk can 36 out to be a pleasant experience. The conversation 37 be brief and casual without turning into a long and boring discussion. Do not let yourself 38 the conversation. Stop worrying about how big of a fool you may appear to be. You may 39 find out later on that you have the ― 40 ‖ of getting people to open up to you by engaging them in small talk. 21. A. right B. reason C. result D. sign 22. A. take B. use C. mean D. serve 23. A. know B. learn C. recognize D. help 24. A. what B. whether C. why D. how 25. A. giving B. leaving C. making D. forcing 26. A. So B. Instead C. However D. Besides 27. A. unless B. until C. if D. Though 28. A. comfortable B. upset C. nervous D. satisfied 29. A. try B. plan C. wish D. move 30. A. changing B. rising C. improving D. going 31. A. know B. share C. do D. show 32. A. private B. present C. important D. general 33. A. careful B. surprised C. interested D. encouraged 34. A. ideas B. experiences C. points D. senses 35. A. take B. put C. get D. set 36. A. come B. turn C. find D. figure 37. A. should B. can C. will D. may 38. A. start B. complete C. consider D. control 39. A. still B. even C. ever D. almost 40. A. right B. advantage C. talent D. Habit 三、阅读理解(本题有 25 小题 ,每小题 2 分,共 50 分) 阅读下面短文,从每 个小题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A Fifty people died, over 11,000 were injured, and 100,000 houses were heavily damaged or destroyed in an earthquake that struck North China's Hebei Province. The quake, measuring 6. 2 on the Richter scale (里氏 6 .2 级) , hit the area 220km northwest of Beijing at 11: 50 a. m. on January 10, 1998. Scientists made a report of the recent quake. They said that the area of northwestern Beijing, the joint of Shanxi and Hebei Provinces and the Inner Mongolia (内蒙古) were most easily attacked by earthquakes measuring 6 to a bit over 7 on the Richter scale. However, scientists did not see the recent earthquake earlier. Clouds covered a large area in the northern part of North China before the earthquake and experts say that this prevented satellites from correctly watching the temperature at the correct altitude (纬度). Experts say that in the last ten years, about 305 earthquakes have taken place in China with 9 measuring over 7 on the Richter scale, 60 measuring over 6, and 236 measuring over 5. Tens of thousands of people died or were injured. Loss valued over 10 bi llion yuan. 41. When the earthquake attacked the area, most people there were unlikely to ____. A. sleep in bed B. work in the fields C. walk in the streets D. stay at home 42. The report shows that about nine earthquakes in the past ten years are measured over ____ on the Richter scale. A. 7 B.5 C.9 D.6 43. It can be inferred from the report that the damage caused by the earthquakes could be much less heavy if ____. A. all the people stayed outside B. the earthquake happened at midnight C. the people had been warned earlier D. the earthquake scale was lower than 6. 2 only 44. Which of the following can be reasonable except ____. A. We can not stop earthquakes B. Scientists are working hard at the researches on earthquakes C. We can do our best to have fewer damages than ever D. Nothing can be done on earthquakes B Are we getting more stupid? According to Gerald Crabtree, a scientist at Stanford University in the US, we are. You may not want to hear this, but Crabtree believes that human intelligence reached its peak more than 2,000 years ago and ever since then has been going downhill. ―If an average Greek from 1,000 BC were transported to modern times, he or she would be one of the brightest among us,‖ Crabtree told The Guardian. At the heart of Crabtree’s thinking is a simple idea. In the past, intelligence was critical for survival when our ancestors had to avoid dangerous animals and hunt for food. The difference of being smart or stupid is often life or death. However, after the spread of agriculture, when our ancestors began to live in dense farming communities, the need to keep their intelligence in peak condition gradually reduced. This is not hard to understand. Most of the time, pressure is what keeps us going – you need the pressure from your teachers to finish your homework; the pressure of looking pretty prompts(促使) you to lose weight when summer comes. And the same is also true of our intelligence – if we think less, we become less smart. These mutations(变异) are harmful to our intelligence and they were all developed in the past 3,000 years. The other evidence that Crabtree holds is in our genes. He found that among the 2,000 to 5,000 genes that we have that determine human intelligence , there are two or more mutations in each of us. However, Crabtree’s theory has been criticized by some who say that early humans may have better hunting and surviving abilities, but people today have developed a more diverse intelligence. For example, spearing a tiger doesn’t necessarily require more brainpower than playing chess or writing a poem. Moreover, the power of modern education means a lot more people have the opportunity to learn nowadays. ―You wouldn’t get Stephen Hawking 2,000 years ago. He just wouldn’t exist,‖ Thomas Hills of the University of Warwick, UK, told Live Science. ―But now we have people of his intellectual capacity doing things and making insights(洞察力) that we would never have achieved in our environment of evolutionary adaptation.‖

45. What is Crabtree’s recent finding according to the article? A. The Greeks from 1,000 BC could have been the smartest in human history. B. Our ancient ancestors had no better surviving abilities than we do nowadays. C. Humans have been getting steadily more intelligent since the invention of farming. D. Mutations in genes that decide human intelligence have affected the development of intelligence. 46. According to Crabtree, ancient humans _______. A. had much more genes that determine hum an intelligence B. were forced to be smart due to natural selection pressures C. relied more on group intelligence than individual intelligence D. developed a diverse intelligence to adapt to the hard realities 47. Some argue that Crabtree’s theory is false because they think _______. A. people today are under much more pressure than early humans B. it’s ridiculous to compare a hunter’s and a poet’s intelligence C. modern education is far more advanced than ancient education D. human intelligence nowadays is different from that of the distant past 48. What is Thomas Hills’ attitude toward Crabtree’s theory? A. Supportive B. Unfavorable C. Worried D. Confused C When Frida Kahlo's paintings were on show in London, a poet described her paintings as “ a ribbon (丝带) around a bomb”. Such comments seem to suggest Kahlo had a big influence on the art world of her time. Sadly, she is actually a much bigger name today than she was during her time. Born in 1907 in a village near Mexico City , Kahlo suffered from polio(小儿麻痹症)at the age of seven. Her spine (脊柱) became bent as she grew older. Then, in 1925, her back was broken in several places in a school-bus accident. Throughout the rest of her life, the artist had many operations, but noting was able to cure the terrible pain in her back. However, the accident had an unexpected side effect. While lying in her bed recovering, Kahlo taught herself to paint. In 1929, she got married to Diego Rivera, another famous Mexican artist. Rivera’ s strong influences on Kahlo’ s style can be seen in her early works, but her later works from the 1940s, known today as her best works, show less influence from her husband. Unfortunately, her works did not attract much attention in the 1930s and1940s, even in her home country. Her first one-woman show in Mexico was not held until 1953. For more than a decade after her death in 1954, Kahlo’s works remained largely unnoticed by the world, but in the 1970s her works began to gain international fame at last. 49. What does the phrase “a much bigger name” in paragraph 1 most nearly mean? A. a far better artist B. a much more famous personC. a much stronger person D. a far more gifted artist 50. The terrible pain Kahlo suffered was caused by . A. back injuries B. her bent spine C. polio D. the operations she had 51. Kahlo’s style had become increasingly independent since the . A.1930s B. 1970s C. 1950s D. 1940s 52. What is author’s attitude toward Kahlo? A. Devotion B. Encouragement C. Worry D. Sympathy D Even at school there had been an unhealthy competition between George and Richard. ―I’ll be the first millionaire in Coleford!‖ Richard used to boast. ―And you’ll be sorry that you knew me,‖ George would reply ―because I’ll surely be the best lawyer in our town!‖ After graduation, George never became a lawyer and Richard was anybody but a millionaire …. Instead, it happened that both men opened bookshops on opposite sides of Coleford High Street, while it was hard to make much money from books then, which made the competition between them worse. Eventually, Richard closed down his, dreaming of making a fortune elsewhere. Now, with only one bookshop in the town, business was better for George. But sometimes he sat in his narrow old

kitchen and gazed out of the dirty window, thinking about his former rival (竞争对手)。Perhaps he missed him? George was very interested in old dictionaries, and he had recently found a collector in Australia who was selling a rare first edition. When the parcel arrived, the book was in perfect condition and George was quite delighted. But while he was having lunch, George glanced at the photo in the newspaper that the book had been wrapped in. He was astonished — the smiling face was older than he remembered but unmistakable! Trembling, George started reading: ―Bookends Company has bought ten bookstores from its competitors. The company, owned by multi-millionaire Richard Pike, is now the largest bookseller in this country.‖ 53. George and Richard were at school. A. roommates B. good friends C. competitors D. booksellers 54. How did George feel about Richard after his disappearance? A. He envied Richard’s good fortune very much. B. He thought about Richard from time to time. C. He felt unlucky with no more rival in the town. D. He was unhappy of Richard’s disappearance. 55. George got information about Richard from . A. a dictionary collector in Australia B. one of Richard’s competitors C. some rare edition of a dictionary D. the wrapping paper of a book 56. What happened to George and Richard in the end? A. Both George and Richard became millionaires by selling books. B. Both of them realized their original ambitions, which were the same. C. George established a successful business while Richard was missing. D. Richard became a millionaire while George had no great success. E Do dogs understand us? Be careful what you say around your dog. It might understand more than you think. A border collie named Rico recognizes the names of about 200 objects, say researchers in Germany. The dog also appears to be able to learn new words as easily as a 3-year-old child. Its word-learning skills are as g ood as those of a parrot or chimpanzee(黑猩猩). In one experiment, the researchers took all 200 items that Rico is supposed to know and divided them into 20 groups of 10 objects. Then the owner told the dog to go and fetch one of the items and bring it back. In four tests, Rico got 37 out of 40 commands right. As the dog couldn't see anyone to get clues, the scientists believe Rico must understand the meanings of certain words. In another experiment, the scientists took one toy that Rico had never seen before and put it in a room with seven toys whose names the dog already knew. The owner then told Rico to fetch the object, using a word the dog had never heard before. The correct object was chosen in seven out of l0 tests, suggesting that the dog had worked out the answer by process of elimination(排除法). A month later, Rico remembered half of the new names, which is even more impressive. Rico is thought to be smarter than the average dog. For one thing, Rico is a border collie, a breed (品种)known for its mental abilities. In addition, the 9-year-old dog has been trained to fetch toys by their names since the age of nine months. It's hard to know if all dogs understand at least some of the words we say. Even if they do, they can't talk back. Still, it wouldn't hurt to sweet-talk your dog every now and then. You might just get a big, wet kiss in return! 57. From paragraph 2 we know that __ . A. animals are as clever as human beings B. dogs are smarter than parrots and chimpanzees C. chimpanzees have very good word-learning skills D. dogs have similar 'learning abilities as 3-year-old children 58. Both experiments show that . A. Rico is smart enough to get all commands right B. Rico can recognize different things including toys C. Rico has developed the ability of l earning mathematics D. Rico won't forget the names of objects once recognizing them

59. Which of the following statements is true? A. The purpose of the experiments is to show the border collie's mental abilities. B. Rico has a better memory partly because of its proper early training. C. The border collie is world-famous for recognizing objects. D. Rico is born to understand its owner's commands. 60. What does the writer want to tell us? A. To train your dog. B. To talk to your dog. C. To be friendly to your dog. D. To be careful with your dog. 第二节:下面文章中有 5 处 (第 61~65) 需要添加小标题。请从(A、B、C、D、E 和 F)中选出符合各段意 思的小标题, 并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选项。 Do voluntary work List your positives Create a job search plan Keep a regular daily routine Break big goals into small ones Concentrate on the things you can control Keeping Positive During a Long Job Search A long job search can affect your attitude, especially if you're out of a job. If it's taking you longer than expected to find a job, the following tips can help you concentrate and stay positive, as well as reducing your depression. 61.___________ When you no longer have a job to report for every day, you can easily lose motivation. Treat your job search like a regular job, with a daily "start" and "end" time. Following a set schedule will help you be more efficient and productive while you're out of a job. 62.___________ Avoid getting overwhelmed by breaking big goals into small manageable steps. Instead of trying to do everything at once, first put something ahead. If you're out of luck in your job search, take some time to rethink your goals and work out another job search plan. 63.___________ Make a list of all the things you like about yourself, including s kills, characters, achievements and successes. Write down projects that you're proud of, situations where you excel and things you're good at. Review this list often to remind yourself of your strengths. 64.___________ Being out of a job can decrease your self-esteem and make you feel useless. However, volunteering can help you maintain a sense of value and purpose. Helping others can put you in a good mood. Volunteering can also provide career experience, social support and networking opportunities. 65.___________ You can't control how quickly a possible boss calls you back or whether or not he decides to hire you. Rather than wasting your energy and time on things that are out of your hands, turn your attention to things you can control during the time when you are out of a job, such as writing a great cover letter and resume to the company you want to work for, setting up meetings with your networking contacts and so on. 四、单词拼写(共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据所给句子的意思,填上合适的单词,并注意其正确形式, 首字母或中文已给出。 1. Please keep us i_______ of any changes of the address as soon as possible. 2. Mom cut her fin ger on a piece of glass and it is b___________ now. 3. They paid famous artists to paint pictures of themselves, their houses and p___________ as well as Their activities and achievements. There are no p________________ displays in this museum and exhibitions change all the time.

The poems may not make sense and even seem c____________, but they are easy to learn and recite. List poems have a f______________ (灵活的)line length and repeated phrases which give both a pattern and a rhythm to the poem. You see, during adolescence I also smoked and became a_____________ to cigarettes. If you develop AIDS, your chances of s_______________ are very small/ The problem begins when we add huge q____________ of extra carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. They predict that any warming will be mild with few bad environmental c_________________(结 果,影响) 五、短文改错 (满分 10 分) 假如英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误,要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在其下面写上该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不记分。 One night, I went to a store to buy the shirt. The shop assistant showed me several shirts to choose. I had no idea what one would suit me. At last, I made up my mind to buy an expensive shirt, thinking that it might go well with my new trouser. On my way to home, I was very excited. However, before I got up the next day, trying on the shirt and looked at it this way and that, my excitement was gone. I found that was not so nice at home as it is in the store. Knowing that I couldn’t possible change it, I thought I had better put it away and use it in the future. 六、书面表达 (满分 30 分) 高中生面临沉重的学习压力,因此,很多同学课间休息时间也坐在教室里学习,但效果并不理想。就此,班主 任准备开一次班会课, 以劝诫这些同学: 适当的休息很有必要。 现请你以―The Ten-minute Break Between Classes‖ 为题,按以下要求写一篇英语短文,让这些同学从中受到启发。要点如下: 请简要描述现象:很多同学在课间休息时间也坐在教室里学习,但效果并不理想; 十分钟的课间休息很有必要; 你是如何利用这十分钟休息时间的。 注意:词数 100 词左右,开头已给出,不计入总词数。 The Ten-minute Break Between Classes Time seems to be so limited for us senior high school students.


2014 学年第二学期高二年级英语学科 4 月 教学质量检测参考答案及评分细则 单项:DCCAA BDDCB BAABC CADCD 完形:BDADC CCADD BDCCA BADBC 阅读:AACD DBDB BADD CBDD CBCC DCBAF 单词: informed bleeding possessions permanent contradictory flexible addicted survival quantities consequences 改错: One night, I went to a store to buy the shirt. The shop assistant showed me several shirts to choose∧. a from I had no idea what one would suit me. At last, I made up my mind to buy an expensive shirt, which thinking that it might go well with my new trouser. On my way to home, I was very excited. trousers However, before I got up the next day, trying on the shirt and looked at it this way and that, my when/after tried excitement was gone. I found that was not so nice at home as it is in the store. Knowing that I it (或 that 后添加 it) was couldn’t possible change it, I thought I had better put it away and use it in the future. Possibly 作文: The Ten-minute Break Between Classes Time seems to be so limited for us senior high school students. Thus, with so much work to do, a great many students are always eager to seize every minute to study in and after class, including the ten-minute break. However, the outcome isn’t as satisfying as expected. As far as I know, we need the short break, of which the significance can’t be overlooked. As a matter of fact, the ten-minute break helps us keep a balance between study and relaxation. Short as the break is, we can refresh ourselves and get well prepared for the next class. Thus, there is no need to push ourselves to study even during the short ten-minute break. Now I’d like to share with you my ten-minute break activities. During the ten minutes, I will walk out of the classroom, breathe the fresh air, and then make the preparations for the next class. Only in this way can I do my work remarkably well.


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