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Unit 10练习选讲


Unit 10 Translation
of Attributive Clauses

定语从句的翻译 练习及作业选讲
By PYSH

Ex. III. 6.我们不但要有一个农林牧副渔布局合 理、全面发展、能够满足人民生活和工业 发展需要的发达的农业,还要有一个门类 齐全、结构合理、能够满足社会消费和整 个国民经济发展需要的先进的工业。 We require not only a developed agricultural system with a rational distribution and allround development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, sideline production and fishery, meeting the needs of people’s life and industrial expansion, but also an advanced industrial system which is complete in range and rational in structure, and satisfies the needs of consumers and the expansion of the whole national 2 economy (as well).

7. 改良人类现有生存条件与创造新的生存 环境相结合的原则,现实性与未来的 或然性相结合的原则,以及科学高度 专门化和科学相互依赖相结合的原则, 是受过科学学和未来学理论思想熏陶 的科学家在研究工作中所必须遵守的。 (总结+后置译法)
Scientists imbued with the theories of scientism and futurology should follow three principles in their research work, namely, the combination of improving present existing conditions of human beings with creating their new living environment, the integration of reality with future probability, and the incorporation of a high level of scientific 3 specialization with scientific interdependence.

Explanations of 3 “Huoranxings” & Some Other Terminologies in Chinese 豁然性——开阔、通达的特性: openmindedness and generousness 霍然性——突然性: suddenness;恢复性: recovering 或然性——一种有可能而不一定的性质≈ 几率:probability 科学学——专门研究科学发展规律和科学 史的学科: scienology; scientiology; scientism (科学至上主义; 科学态度) 未来学——专门预测和研究未来的学科: futurology

4

Special Language Points for No. 8 on P.127 清华大学 —— Tsinghua University 中国人民大学—— Renmin University of China 辛亥革命 —— the 1911 Revolution 戊戌变法 —— (Bourgeois) Reform Movement of 1898 北伐战争—— Northern Expedition (1926-1927) 西南联合大学 —— Southwest Associated University 留美预备学校 —— a school preparing students for studies in the U.S. (1952年的)院系调整 —— the nationwide reorganization of the institutions of higher 5 learning (in 1952)

So Mr. Osborne, having a firm conviction in his own mind that he was a woman-killer and destined to conquer, did not run counter to his fate, but yielded himself up to it quite complacently. And as Emmy did not say much or plague him with her jealousy, but merely became unhappy and pined over it miserably in secret, he chose to fancy that she was not suspicious of what all his acquaintance were perfectly aware—namely, that he was carrying on a desperate flirtation with Mrs. Crawley. He rode with her whenever she was free. He pretended regimental business to Amelia (by which falsehood she was not in the least deceived), and consigning his wife to solitude or her brother’s society, passed his evenings in the Crawleys’ company; losing money to the husband and flattering himself that the wife was dying of love for him. It is very likely that this worthy couple never absolutely conspired and agreed together in so many words: the one to cajole the young gentleman, whilst the other won his money at cards: but they understood each other perfectly well, and Rawdon let Osborne come and go with entire 6 good humor.

奥斯本先生自信是风月场上的能手,注定是太太小姐的心 上人,因此不愿意跟命运闹别扭,而是心满意足地顺着定 数做人。爱米不爱多说话,也不用心里的妒忌去麻烦他, 只不过私底下自悲自叹的伤心罢了。虽然奥斯本先生的朋 友都知道他和克劳莱太太眉来眼去,下死劲的勾搭,他自 己只算爱米丽亚是不知就里的。利蓓加一有空闲,他就骑 着马陪她出去兜风。对爱米丽亚,他只说联队里有事,爱 米丽亚也明明知道他在撒谎。他把妻子扔在一边,有时让 她独自一个人,有时把她交给她哥哥,自己却整日价跟克 劳莱夫妇俩混在一起。他把钱输给那当丈夫的,还自以为 那妻子在为他神魂颠倒。那对好夫妻好像倒还没有同谋协 议,明白规定了由女的哄着小伙子,再由男的跟他斗牌赢 他的钱。但是他们俩都是心知肚明,所以罗登听凭奥斯本 出出进进,一点也不生气。
7

Practice makes perfect.


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