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大学英语四级考试语法笔记38

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I wish it were autumn in Beijing all the year round. 要是你能同我们一起过寒假就好了。 We wish you would spend the winter vacation with us. 我要是没有买这辆车就好了。 I wish I had not bought this car. Now, it’ time for you to make three wishes about your present, future, and past.. s I wish I were twenty years younger. I wish I could work for an NGO. I wish I had studied law in college. 注意: wish 与 hope 接宾语从句的区别在于: hope 表示一般可以实现的希望, 宾语从句用陈述语气。Wish 表示很难或不大可能实现的愿望,宾语从句用虚拟 语气。请比较: We hope we will succeed. (We don’t know if we will succeed.) We wish we would succeed. (We know we can hardly succeed.) 2、 用在 as if/as though,或 even if/even though 引导的从句中: 这时, 如果从句 中表示的动作发生在过去,则谓语动词用 had+过去分词形式;如果指的时现在的 状况,则用过去式(be 用 were);指将来则用 would(should, could)+动词原形。这里 只看从句动作发生的时间,与主句的时态没有关系。 For example: Some metals look at first sight as though they were gold. He looked as if he were an artist. He speaks English so fluently as if he had studied English in the U.S. He always sounds as if he would help you. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken. Even if he were here, he could not solve the problem. 看她的样子,好像生病了。来源:优习网 She looks as if/though she were ill. 他走起路来就好像他是国王。 He walks as if he were a king. 他表现得若无其事。 He acted as if nothing had happened. 即使天塌下来,他也不会辞职。 He would not resign even if the heaven should collapse. 3、在 It is (high) time (that)?句型中,后面的从句的谓语动词常用过去式(be 的过去式用 were), 或用 should+动词原形(should 不能省略)来表示。这句话的意 思是“(现在)该?” 。For example: It is time we left/should leave. It is high time that you got married. It is time that I bought a car. Now it is time that you made some sentences by using this pattern. Think about

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what you should do now. 该你用这个句型造几个句子了。 It is high time that I should lose some weight. It is time that I bought an apartment. It is time that we took a rest. 4、在 I would rather (that)?句型中,后面的从句的谓语动词用过去式(be 的 过去式用 were)。这句话的意思是“我宁可?” ,表示说话人的意愿。 For example: I’d rather I were in the rain now. I’d rather you did not tell him. 5、用在 suppose 开头的祈使句中,从句的谓语动词变化与 as if 后面的动词 变化规律相同,用过去式、过去完成式、或过去将来式。意思是“假如?” ,但 suppose 是动词,不是连词。如:来源:优习网 Suppose the boss walked in. What should I do? Suppose Saddam had not been captured. What would the U.S. do? Suppose Chen Shui-bian should declare Taiwan independent. What would China do? 6、用在 for fear that 或 lest 引导的从句中,表示“怕?” “万一?”等意思。 从句的谓语动词用 should+动词原形,should 可以省略。如: She closed the windows for fear that she (should) catch cold. The officer forbade the use of artillery lest the city’s industry be damaged. Lest the wall should collapse, they evacuated from the building.

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