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四级最新段落翻译(1)


1、每年的 4 月 4 日、5 日或 6 日是清明节(the Qingming Festival) 。清明节后气温升高,雨水增多。清明节既是中国的传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀 (commemorative)节日。在这一天,汉族和少数民族都会供奉祖先,为逝去的人扫墓。清明节也是阳光明媚、草木吐绿的时节。自古以来,人们就 有清明踏青(Spring outings)的习俗。人们还会在清明节放风筝。这时植树树苗存活率高,之后长得也快,因此清明节也是植树的好时候。

The Qingming Festival falls on April 4,5,or 6 each year.after the festival,the temperature rises up and rainfall increases.the Qingming Festival is not only a traditional festival in china,but also the most important festival of commemorative.both the Han nationality and minority nationality offer sacrifices to their ancestors and sweep the tombs of the deceased at this time.the Qingming Festival is a time when the sun shines brightly,the trees and grass become green.since ancient times people have followed the custom of spring outings.people love to fly kites during the Qingming Festival.the Qingming Festival is also a good time to plant trees,for the survival rate of saplings is high and trees grow fast later.

2、 中国结 (Chinese knot) 是中华古老文明的一个缩影, 是中国特有的民间手工艺术。 中国结有着悠久的历史, 在明清时期 (the Ming and Qing Dynasties) 尤为盛行。在现代,它通常被用作室内装饰、亲友间的馈赠礼物及个人的随身饰物。其因外观对称(symmetrical)精致,符合中国传统装饰的习俗 和审美观念,故被命名为中国结。在北京申办 2008 年奥运会的过程中,中国结作为中国传统文化的象征,深受各国朋友的喜爱。

Chinese knot is a miniature of the ancient chinese civilization,and it is unique to chinese traditional manual art.chinese knot has a long history ,and is especially prevalent in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.in the modern times ,it usually functions as interior decoration,gift among relative and friends,and personal ornament.it is possessed of delicate and symmetrical appearance and accords with the conventions of chinese traditional decoration and aesthetic, therefore, it is named chinese knot.Chinese knot, which symbolizes chinese traditional culture, is well received by people all over the world in the course of the china's bid for hosting the 2008 olympics.

3、中国烹饪(Chinese cuisine)文化是中国文化中有关烹饪和休闲的重要组成部分。中国悠久的历史、广袤的疆土、好客的习俗孕育了这一独特艺 术。中餐以其“色、香、味、形”俱全而著称。它讲究原料的选配、食物的质地、佐料(seasonings)的调制、切菜的刀功、适时地烹调以及装盘艺术。 最负盛名的菜系有南方粤菜、北方鲁菜、东部淮扬菜和西部川菜,以“南淡北咸,东甜西辣”见称。

Chinese cuisine culture is an important part of chinese culture in the aspect of cooking and leisure.this unique art owes itself to the long history,vast territory and hospitable tradition of china.chinese food is famous for its perfect combination of“color,aroma,taste and appearance”.it gives emphasis to the selection of raw materials,the texture of food,the blending of seasonings,slicing techniques,the perfect timing of cooking and the art of laying out the food on the plate.among the best-known schools of cuisine are the cantonese cuisine of the south ,the shandong cuisine of the north,the huai-yang cuisine of the east and the sichuan cuisine of the west,noted as“the light flavor of the south,the salty flavor of the north,the sweet flavor of the east and the spicy-hot flavor of the

west”.

4、狮舞(Lion Dance)是中国最广为流传的民间舞蹈之一。狮为百兽之首,在中国传统中,狮子被视为是能带来好运的吉祥物(mascot) 。古人将 狮子视作是勇敢和力量的化身,能驱赶邪恶、保护人类。据记载,狮舞已拥有了 2,000 多年的历史。在唐代(theTang Dynasty) ,狮舞就已经被引入 了皇室。因此,舞狮成为元宵节(the Lantern Festival)和其他节日的习俗,人们以此来祈祷好运、平安和幸福。 The Lion Dance is one of the most widespread folk dances in China.The lion is the king of animals. InChinese tradition, the lion is regarded as a mascot, which can bring good luck.Ancient people regarded the lion as a symbol of braveness and strength, whichcould drive away evil and protect humans. The dance has a recorded history ofmore than 2,000 years. During the Tang Dynasty, the Lion Dance was alreadyintroduced into the royal family of the dynasty. Therefore, performing the liondance at the Lantern Festival and other festive occasions became a custom wherepeople could pray for good luck, safety and happiness. 5、中国将进一步发展经济、扩大开放,这对海外企业(enterprises)意味着更多的商机。改革开放以来,中国企业与海外企业一直积极开展经济技 术合作,并取得了巨大成就。海外企业不仅帮助了中国企业的成长,而且也在合作中获得了收益。中国政府将继续提供有利的政策和条件,推动中 国企业与国外企业进一步开展合作。 Chinawill develop its economy further and open itself wider to the outside world,which offers more business opportunities to overseas enterprises. Since China’s reformand opening up, Chinese enterprises have been cooperating with overseasenterprises in terms of economy and technology, and have scored greatachievement. Overseas enterprises have not only helped Chinese enterprises withtheir growth, but also benefited from the cooperation. Chinese government willcontinue to offer favorable policies and conditions to promote the furthercooperation between Chinese and overseas enterprises. 6、假日经济的现象表明:中国消费者的消费观正在发生巨大变化。根据统计数据,中国消费者的消费需求正在从基本生活必需品转向对休闲、舒适 和个人发展的需求。同时,中国人的消费观在蓬勃发展的假日经济中正变得成熟。因此产品结构应做相应调整,来适应社会的发展。另一方面,服 务质量要改善,以满足人们提高生活质量的要求。 The phenomenon of holiday economy showsthat Chinese people’s consumption concept is undertaking great changes.According to statistics, the demands of Chinese consumers are shifting from thebasic necessities of life to leisure, comfort and personal development.Therefore, the structure of products should be adjusted accordingly to adapt tosocial development. On the other hand, services should be improved to satisfypeople’s demand for an improved quality of life. 7、端午节,又叫龙舟节,是为了纪念爱国诗人屈原。屈原是一位忠诚和受人敬仰的大臣(minister),他给国家带来了和平和繁荣。但最后因为受到 诽谤(vilify)而最终投河自尽。人们撑船到他自尽的地方,抛下粽子,希望鱼儿吃粽子,不要吃屈原的身躯。几千年来,端午节的特色在于吃粽子 (glutinous dumplings)和赛龙舟,尤其是在一些河湖密布的南方省份。 The Duanwu Festival, also called the DragonBoat Festival, is to commemorate the patriotic poet Qu Yuan. Qu Yuan was aloyal and highly esteemed minister, who brought peace and prosperity to thestate but ended up drowning himself in a river as a result of being vilified.People got to the spot by boat and cast glutinous dumplings into the water,hoping that the fishes ate the dumplings instead of Qu Yuan’s body. Forthousands of years, the festival has been marked by glutinous dumplings anddragon boat races, especially in the southern provinces where there are manyrivers and lakes. 8、2013 年 6 月 20 日在中国各地,剧估计 60 万儿童和他们的老师观看了有宇航员(astronaut)王亚平在距离地球 300 公里的上空所讲授的科学课。 王亚平与两个同事乘坐天宫一号实验舱(theTiangon-1 laboratory module) 执行为期两周的任务。她在课上进行了一系列太空的物理演示。在有些演示

中还对比了在地球上重力(one-gravity)环境下同样的实验。这堂物理课不仅让孩子们享受了一堂知识与乐趣兼具的物理课,也显示了我国通信科技 的前进。 On June 20, 2013, an estimated 600 thousandschool children and their teachers across China watched a science lessontaught from 300km above the Earth by astronaut Wang Yaping. Wang is aboard theTiangong-1 laboratory module with two crewmates, for a two-week mission. Her lessonswere a series of physics demonstrations in the space. In some demonstrations,she compared with the same experiment under the one-gravity environment onEarth. The lesson has not only offered children a physics lesson with knowledgeand interest, but also shows the advance in communication technology of China. 9、朝气蓬勃,充满活力,丰富多彩的上海是现代中国的缩影。虽然上海的文化遗迹不能与北京媲美,但是上海迷人的城市风貌,风格各异的万国建 筑为这座城市注入了无限的魅力。今日之上海,已经成为享誉中外的国际大都市。漫步在这座日新月异的现代大都市里,你会发现许多精彩的历史 亮点,隐现在众多摩天大楼背后的是上海发展变化的轨迹。它们记述了上海自十九世纪末开埠以来,尤其是新中国成立以后,是如何迅猛发展的。 Shanghai is a dynamic, diverse and stimulating city - the very epitome ofmodern China.Though Shanghai cannot rival Beijing in cultural heritage, its varied architecturalstyles and cosmopolitan feel give it a charm of its own. Today's Shanghai has become aworld-famous international metropolis. A walk through this booming city revealsmany glimpses of its colorful past. Hidden amongst the skyscrapers are remains of theoriginal Shanghai.They keep on showing how Shanghai has beendeveloping fast and enormously since its opening as a commercial port in thelate 19th century, especially after the founding of new China. 10、近代以来,亚洲经历了曲折和艰难的发展历程。亚洲人们为改变自己的命运,始终以不屈的意志和艰辛的奋斗开辟前进道路。今天,人们所看 到的亚洲发展成就,是勤劳智慧的亚洲人民不屈不挠、锲而不舍奋斗的结果。亚洲人民深知,世界上没有放之四海而皆准的发展模式,也没有一成 不变的发展道路,亚洲人民勇于变革创新,不断开拓进取,探索和开辟适应时代潮流,符合自身实际的发展道路,为经济社会发展打开了广阔前景。 In modern times, Asiaexperienced twists and turns in its development. To change their destiny, thepeople of Asia have been forging ahead in anindomitable spirit and with hard struggle. Asia'sdevelopment achievements today are the result of the persistent efforts of theindustrious and talented Asian people. The people of Asiaare fully aware that there is no ready model or unchanging path of developmentthat is universally applicable. They never shy away from reform and innovation.Instead, they are committed to exploring and finding development paths that arein line with the trend of the times and their own situations, and have openedup bright prospects for economic and social development. 11、吸烟之危害,可谓大矣,其严重性是不能低估的。吸烟污染空气,损害健康,使肺癌发病率大大增加。为了使各国人民关注烟草的盛行及预防 吸烟导致的疾病和死亡,世界卫生组织已将每年的 5 月 31 日定为“世界无烟日”。瘾君子们说,一天饭不吃可以,一个时辰不抽烟就难捱了,不能戒。 只要真正意识到吸烟有百害而无一利,于人于己都是一种祸害,就有可能下决心摆脱烟草的诱惑。戒烟贵在坚持,坚持下去就是收获。 Smoking does great harm to human and itsgravity should not be underestimated. Smoking pollutes air, damages health, andincreases the incidence of lung cancer. To arouse the awareness about theprevalence of tobacco in all the countries and to prevent smoking-induceddiseases and deaths, the WHO (World Health Organization) has defined May 31stin every year as World No-Tobacco Day. The tobacco addicts say that smoking isimpossible to quit because they could do without meals in a day but would feeltortured without tobacco in two hours. However, when one realizes that smokingis harmful in many ways but beneficial in no way and that it is a curse toothers as well as to he himself, he will be determined to resist the temptationof tobacco. To quit smoking requires persistence and so long as one persists,he’ll be rewarded.

12、越来越多受英文教育的海外华人父母,已经认识到孩子在掌握不可或缺的英文的同时,也通晓中文的重要性。中国的崛起,让他们充分认识到 孩子掌握双语的好处——既能增加他们的就业机会,也能让他们接触和熟悉东西方两种不同的文化。这些人对中文的态度几乎没有完全改变。曾几 何时,他们还非常骄傲地宣称自己只懂英文。现在,他们已开始积极支持孩子学习中文和中国文化,而且还不时走访中国,欣赏壮观的自然风光, 认识丰富的文化遗产。 An increasing number of English-educatedChinese parents overseas have come to the realization that while Englishlearning is indispensable to their children, it is essential that their kidshave a good command of Chinese. China’srise has fully awakened their awareness of the fact that their kids can benefitfrom their bilingual ability which can not only enhance their competitivenessin the job market, but also facilitate their exposure to and familiarity withthe two different cultures between the East and the West. They have hardlychanged their attitudes towards Chinese. At one time they proudly declared thatthey knew English only. Now, they have begun to give full support to their kidslearning Chinese and its culture, and they also make occasional visits to China,where they can enjoy its magnificent natural landscape and get to know its richcultural heritage. 13、我赞同许多东亚学者的观点,东方文明可以医治盛行于西方世界的一些顽疾。西方世界个人自由主义泛滥导致了极端个人主义、性关系混乱以 及过度暴力行为,对此我们不能视而不见。// 相反,东方社会的自我约束力,集体责任感以及温厚儒雅的传统倒可以消除西方社会的许多恶疾。// 在 这个信息时代,世界已缩小成一个地球村。这个地球村里,不再有什么泾渭分明的东方世界和西方世界,我们是生活在同一个社区里的邻里。// 因 此,我们彼此之间无须冲突。我们之间的关系应该是一种友好合作,平等互补的关系。我们应该相互理解,相互学习,和睦共处。 I share the same view with many East Asianscholars that the Oriental civilization can heal some of the prevailing ,stubborn Western ills. We should not turn a blind eye to the fact thatindividual freedom has gone overboard in the West, resulting in extremeindividualism, sexual promiscuity and excessive use of violence.// By contrast,self-discipline, corporate responsibility and the pacific tradition of East Asiacan offset many Western vices.// At this age of information, the world has shrunkas a global village in which there will be no clear-cut worlds of the East and theWest any more, but a world of one community with neighboring families.// Therefore,we do not necessarily have to come into clash with each other. Our relationshipis one of friendly cooperation, equality and mutual complementarity and therefore,we should understand and learn from each other, and live in harmony.// 14、国际贸易的基本原则是平等互利,各国追求各自的利益是正常的,出现一些摩擦和纠纷也是不可避免的。关键要以冷静而明智的态度正确对待 和处理摩擦和纠纷。// 就中美贸易而言,互利共赢的经贸关系给两国人民带来了实实在在的经济利益。今天,美国在华投资设立的企业已超过 4 万 家,投资额达 450 亿美元。// 美国 500 强企业有 400 多家进入中国,大多数企业获利丰厚。与此同时,在美国市场上,许多中国商品受到美国消 费者的青睐。中国在美国投资设立的企业已超过 1000 家。// 我们可以预见,中美贸易摩擦将随着经贸关系的深化而凸显,但是中美经贸合作的总 体发展是不可逆转的。主要有两个原因,其一:中美贸易具有很大互补性。其二:中国产品具有明显的劳动力成本优势。// Equality and mutual benefit is thefundamental principle of international trade. Therefore, it is normal thatcountries will seek to protect their own interests, which may lead to trade frictionsand disputes. The key lies in how to cope with these issues correctly in a cooland wise manner.// As for China-US trade, mutually beneficial and win-win tradeand economic ties have delivered tangible economic benefits to the two peoples.Now, with over 40,000 U.S.- invested enterprises, the total investment in Chinastands at $45 billion.// Of the top 500 U.S companies, more than 400 have theirbusiness in China, and most of them are making handsome profit. At the sametime, many Chinese commodities have become favored choices of American consumers.Meanwhile, the number of Chinese-invested enterprises in the United Sates hassurpassed 1,000.// We predict that trade disputes between China and the United Stateswill become more acute along with the further development in bilateral trade andeconomic cooperation. The overall development in bilateral trade and economic cooperationis,

however, irreversible. There are two factors contribute to this trend.Firstly, the Sino-U.S. economic and trade relations enjoy complementarities in vastfields. Secondly, Chinahas an outstanding labor cost advantage.// 15、中国国际出版集团是中国最大的、最权威的外语出版发行单位,其前身是中央人民政府新闻出版署国际新闻局。// 我集团坚持“让中国走向世界, 让世界了解中国”的出版原则,全心致力于中国外语教育与研究事业的发展,全心致力于中外文化交流事业的拓展。// 为了加强对出版人才队伍的建 设,为了满足日益增长的特殊出版业务的需要,我集团每年都要选派一些青年员工到国内外知名高等学府和研究机构进修,//根据我们的发展战略, 我们会将前进的步伐迈出国界走向世界,瞄准海外读者群,这一战略已取得了良好的开局。// The China International Publishing Group isthe largest and the most authoritative foreign language publishing anddistribution establishment, its predecessor being the International PressBureau of the Central People's Government Press and Publication Administration.//Adhering to the publishing philosophy of “assisting China's march to the worldand facilitating world's understanding of China”, the Group commits itselfentirely to promoting foreign language education and research in China and advancingcultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.// In order to build upa strong team of publishing staff, as well as to meet the growing need of more technicallydemanding business, the Group makes it a rule that young staff be selected andsent to noted universities and research institutions, both domestic and overseas,for further studies.// As is clearly spelled out in our new development strategy,we will go beyond our national boundaries and wedge ourselves into the worldcirculation market, aiming at the international readership. Our initial effortshave been very rewarding.// 16、改革开放 30 年来,随着中国逐渐崛起成为政治经济强国,海外人士学习汉语的现象与日俱增,海外孔子学院也成了人们学习中国语言和中国文 化的首选之地。// 通过学习汉语,他们对这个和自己文化大相径庭的古老文明产生了浓厚的兴趣,而且有机会了解中国的哲学、艺术、医学、饮食 文化,亲身体验这个文明古国的风采。// 作为第二文化,中国文化也丰富了他们的生活和世界观。可以说,这个潮流方兴未艾。越来越多的学习汉 语的美国人除了对中国菜肴赞不绝口之外,也在尝试针灸,草药和武术。//他们也看功夫电影,学习东方时装潮流和手工艺,不知不觉的在日常生活 中谈及中国的点心,人参、银杏,乌龙茶等。目前在美国最热门的中国文化是道家学说和有着神秘色彩的风水学。 As China is rising as a political andeconomic world power, thanks to its three-decade reform and opening up, moreand more people in overseas countries start to learn Chinese and turn to aConfucius Institute in their own countries as their first choice learningChinese language and Chinese culture.// During the learning process, thelearners concurrently develop their interest in this ancient land, whose civilizationis so vastly different from theirs. And the learners have opportunities tolearn about Chinese philosophy, art, architecture, medicine and cateringculture and experience first-hand the splendors of this venerablecivilization.// As the second culture, Chinese culture has enriched the lifeand world outlook of the learners. This trend, so to speak, is gathering momentumand is there to stay. Apart from their love for Chinese cuisine, more and moreAmerican learners of Chinese language are turning to Chinese acupuncture ,herbal medicines, martial arts.// They are also interested in kongfu films,fashions and crafts. Seemingly outlandish words such as dim sum, ginseng,gingko, oolong cha have crept into their everyday language. The latest Chinesecultural icons to make its impact there are Taoism, and ancient school ofthought, and fengshui, an ancient art of placement.// 17、上海菜系是中国最年轻的地方菜系,通常被成为“本帮菜”,有着 400 多年的历史。同中国其他菜系一样,“本帮菜”具有“色,香,味”三大要素。 //上海菜的特点是注重调料的使用,食物的质地和菜的原汁原味。其中最著名的有特色点心“南翔小笼”和特色菜“松鼠鲑鱼”。//“南翔小笼”是猪肉馅, 个小味美,皮薄汁醇。“松鼠鲑鱼”色泽黄亮,形如松鼠,外皮脆而内肉嫩,汤汁酸甜适口。//在品尝过“松鼠鲑鱼”之后,我们常常惊讶于“松鼠”的形 状,觉得在三大评价标准上在添加“形”这个标准才更合适。//

Shanghai cuisine , usually called Benbang cuisine, is the youngest among themajor regional cuisines in China,with a history of more than 400 years. Like all other Chinese regional cuisines,Benbang cuisines takes “color, aroma and taste” as its essential qualityelements.//Shanghai cuisine emphasizes in particular the expert use ofseasonings, the selection of raw materials with quality texture, and originalflavors. Shanghaicuisine is famous for a special snack known as Nanxiang Steamed Meat Dumplingsand a special dish called “Squirrel-Shaped Mandarin Fish”.//Nanxiang SteamedMeat Dumplings are small in size, with thin and translucent wrappers, filledinside with ground pork and rich tasty soup. Squirrel-Shaped Mandarin Fish isyellow-colored and squirrel-shaped, with a crispy skin and tender meat, allcovered with a sweet and sour source.//After tasting Squirrel-Shaped MandarinFish, we are always amazed by the squirrel shape and think that it is moreappropriate to plus “appearance” as the fourth element. 18、美国人强调效率、竞争和独创性,而中国人则将严谨规划放在首位,鼓励团队成员之间的密切合作和无私奉献。//在美国学校,讨论享有至高无 上的地位,讨论是课堂教学的主旋律;而中国教师喜欢讲课,喜欢考试,编写千篇一律的标准教案,培养整齐划一的高材生。//美国人的政治观,经 济观以及社会观的核心是个人道德自治观。中国传统的思想体系是以儒家学说为基础的,这种思想强调整体和谐。//现在, 中美联系比以往更加紧密, 中国人学英语,玩保龄球,吃肯德基,美国人学汉语,练功夫,吃北京烤鸭, 《泰坦尼克》驶进中国, 《牡丹亭》也在百老汇上演。// American people emphasize efficiency,competition and originality while Chinese people give priority to carefulplanning and encourage close cooperation and altruistic dedication among teammembers.//In American schools, discussion is given top priority while Chineseteachers like to lecture in class,and a lot of them are obsessed withexaminations. They write consistent and standardized teaching plans, and arehappy with bringing up identical and standardized talents.//Central to Americanpolitical, economic and social thought is the concept of individual moralautonomy. Traditional Chinese philosophical systems are based on Confucianism,which sings high praises for communal harmony.//Nowadays, the relation of China and America become closer than ever. Chineselearn English, play bowling, enjoy KFC, while Americans learn Chinese, exerciseKung Fu, like Peking Duck. And Titanic sailed into China, while The Peony Pavilion hasbeen performed on Broadway.// 19、武术在我国源远流长,是中华民族传统文化的瑰宝。我们知道,一个民族的优秀文化遗产,不仅仅属于一个民族,它会逐渐传播到世界而成为 人类的共同财富。// 为了更好的推广武术运动,使其与奥运项目接轨,中国武协和国际武联做了大量的艰苦卓绝的工作。现在武术运动已被列为一 种具有与保龄球运动和国际标准舞同等地位的奥运表演项目。//武术的蓬勃发展,除得益于其项目本身的吸引力之外,早期移居海外的一代武术大师 功不可没。//老一代武术家在海外播种下了武术的种子,使武术这门既可以自卫又可以健身的运动很快就在新的土地上扎下了根。今天高超的武术大 师已遍布世界各地,武术爱好者也与日俱增。// Wushu, or Chinese martial art, can betraced back to ancient times. It is a gem of Chinese traditional culture. As weall know, the fine culture of a nation doesn’ t belong to the nation alone andit will be spread to the rest of the world and shared by all humanity.// TheChinese Wushu Association and International Wushu Federation (IWUF) have beenworking very hard to popularize wushu and make the Chinese martial art closerto the Olympic Movement. Wushu was accepted to join bowling and internationalstandard dance as an Olympic demonstration event.// The booming of wushu isattributed not only to the attractiveness of the sport but also to emigrantChinese wushu masters over the years.// Martial artists of the older generationshave sown wushu seeds in foreign countries. Weshu, which can be used as selfdefense and can keep practitioners fit and strong, soom became popular on newlands. Today sperb wushu masters are active all over the world, and amateursare on the increase with each passing day. 20、香港中文大学,简称“中大”,成立于 1963 年。中大是一所研究型综合大学,以“结合传统与现代,融汇中国与西方”为创校使命。//40 多年来,

中大一直致力于弘扬中华传统文化,坚持双语教育,并推行独特的书院制度,在香港教育界卓然而立。中大校园占地 134 公顷,是世界上最美丽的 校园之一。//中大的师生来自世界各地。有教职员工 5200 多人,近万名本科生、约 2000 多名研究生,其中约 2500 多人来自 45 个不同的国家和地 区。//中大实行灵活的学分制,不仅有助于培养有专有博的人才,而且还赋予学生更大的学习自主权。中大的多元教育有助于充分发挥每一个学生的 潜能。// The ChineseUniversity of Hong Kong, CUHK for short, was founded in 1963. It is aresearch-oriented comprehensive university with a mission to combine traditionwith modernity and bring together China and the West.//For more than40 years, we have been distinguished from other local universities by virtue ofour rich Chinese cultural heritage, bilingual education, and our unique collegesystem. 134-hectare campus is one of the most beautiful campuses in the world.//CUHK’ s faculty and students come fromall corners of the world. It has more than 5200 staff members,approximately10,000 undergraduates, and 2000 postgraduate students. Of these students, some2,500 are from 45 countries and regions outside Hong Kong.//The flexible creditunit system allows a balance between depth with breadth, and a high degree offree choice of students in designing their own learning. The multi-facetededucation at CUHK helps to bring out the best in every student.// 21、过去 10 年,海平面升高和森林看法的速度都是前所未有的;生态恶化、物种灭绝、臭氧层被破坏、温室效应、酸雨等一系列环境问题已经严重 影响到人类的生存环境。// 环境恶化造成的问题之一就是缺水。目前全世界 40%以上的人口,即 20 多亿人,面临缺水问题。据预测,未来 25 年 全球人口将有 60 亿增长到 80 亿,环境保护面临更大的压力。// 中国作为一个发展中国家,面临着发展经济和保护环境的双重任务。从国情出发, 中国在全面推进现代化的过程中,将环境保护视为一项基本国策。// 众所周知,对生态环境和生物多样性的保护是环保工作的重点。我国野生动植 物物种丰富,仅脊椎动物就有 6000 多种左右,高等植物 3 万多种。// Sea level rose and forest were destroyed atan unprecedented rate during the last decade. A series of environmentalproblems such s the deterioration of ecosystem, the extinction of bio-species,damage to the ozone layer, the green-house effect, acid rain, have posed aserious threat to human living conditions.// Environmental crisis leads to oneof the serious problems, namely, water shortage. Presently, more than 40% ofthe world’s population, more than 2 billion people, now face water shortage. Itis predicted hat with the global population expected to increase from sixbillion to eight billion over the next 25 years, more pressure on environmentalprotection stress is expected.// As a developing country, china is confrontedwith the dual task of developing the economy and protecting the environment.Proceeding from its national conditions, china has, in the process of promotingits overall modernization program, made environmental protection one of itsbasic state policies.// It is known to all that protection of the ecologicalenvironment and biodiversity is the focal point of environmental protectionwork. Chinais rich in wildlife species. There are about 6,000 vertebrates alone and 30,000species of higher plants.// 22、为了切实保护儿童权益,中国的立法、司法、政府各有关部门以及社会团体都建立了相应的机制,以监督、实施和促进保护儿童事业的健康发 展。// 中国政府动员社会采取多种方式关心和帮助残疾儿童的成长,大力弘扬残疾儿童自强不息的精神,倡导团结、友爱、互助的道德风尚。// 中 国民族素有“携幼”,“爱幼”的传统美德,中国古语“有无有以及人之幼”了流传至今。// 我们要在全社会倡导树立“爱护儿童、教育儿童、为儿童做表 率、为儿童办实事”的公民意识,并努力为儿童事业的发展创造良好的社会条件。// To effectively protect children’s rightsand interests, china’s legislation, judicial and government departmentsconcerned as well as non-governmental organizations have set up correspondingmechanisms to supervise, facilitate and promote the healthy development of thework on protecting children.// The Chinese government has done a great deal tomobilize various circles in society to care for, in various manners , thedevelopment of disabled children, to greatly encourage the spirit of unceasingself-improvement among physically disadvantaged children and to advocate thevalued social virtues of unity, friendship and

mutual aid.// The Chinese nationhas long cultivated the traditional virtues of “bring up the young” and caringfor the young”. An old Chinese saying that “love our children and love others’children in the same manner” is still very popular.// We should urge thesociety at large to raise the awareness of importance of “protecting andeducating children, and setting a good example and doing practical thing forchildren”. We will spare no efforts to create favorable social conditions forthe progress of child development programs.// 23、泰山的每个季节都有独特的魅力。春天,绿茵茵的山坡上,争奇斗妍的花朵到处可见。夏天泰山的雷暴雨堪称奇观。秋天,枫树叶漫山遍野, 蔚蓝色的河水川流不息。冬天,雪盖群峰松披霜,景观素雅悲壮,别有一番情趣。喜逢艳阳日,极目远眺,重峦叠嶂,尽收眼帘。//但遇天阴时,环 顾四周,苍茫大地,尽入云海。泰山的日出与日落,闻名遐尔。壮观的自然风景以及不可计数的历史名胜,激发了古代文人墨客,为之舞文弄墨, 创作了无数经典 佳作。泰山历来是画家骚客所钟情的聚集地。// Each season here hasits beauty: bright flowers in full bloom covering the green slopes in spring,spectacular summer thunderstorms which are rarely seen elsewhere, blue riversrunning across the mountains overlaid with red maple leaves in fall, andsnow-capped mountains and frosted pine trees in winter that stage a quietsolemn spectacle of particular interest. On a clear day one can see the peaks risingone after another. // When the sky is overcast, the horizon disappears into asea of clouds. Mount Tai is most famous forits spectacular sunrise and sunset. Its landscape and numerous historical siteshave inspired many great classics of ancient writers, scholars andcalligraphers. Mount Tai has long been thepreferred gathering place of artists and poets.// 24、中国是舞龙舞狮的起源地。自问世以来,舞龙、舞狮运动一直受到各个民族人民的喜爱,代代相传,长久不衰,并因此形成了灿烂的舞龙舞狮 文化。长期以来,很多青年朋友都以为龙舞、狮舞就是春节、庙会、庆典时的喜庆表演,殊不知它历经了几千年的传承流变,积淀了深厚的历史文 化,是祖先留给我们的极其宝贵的文化遗产。 核心词提示: 舞龙:the DragonDance 舞狮:Lion Dance 春节:SpringFestival 庙会:SpringFestival fairs 25、旗袍,是中国女性的传统服装,源于中国满族女性的传统服装。因为满族人被称为“旗人”,所以满族人的长袍被称为“旗袍”。到了 20 世纪 20 年代,受西方服饰的影响,经过改进之后的旗袍逐渐在广大妇女中流行起来。在中国,很多女性都喜欢穿旗袍。结婚的时候,新娘不仅要订做一件 中式旗袍作为结婚礼服,还要穿着漂亮的旗袍照一套婚纱照,作为永久的纪念。对于中国的女明星们而言,旗袍也成为她们参加各种重要活动的首 选礼服。 核心词提示: 旗袍:Cheongsam 满族:Manchu 旗人:bannerman


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