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新视野大学英语第二版第一册ppt课件unit 2 section A


Unit 2

Section A

? Warming

up ? Text Study
? Notes

to the Text ? Words and Expression ? Idea Sharing- Group Work ? Key to Exercise ? Writing

Warming up

Tattoo
?

Tattoos: permenant ink markings placed just under the skin, having been common among societies for a long time. Though often used to identify people as criminals, tattoos have also been used as an expression of beauty, independence, identity and religion. Nowadays, some young people like to show they are special through tattoos.

Tattoo Teardrop (on face) cross or crucifix Heart (often with a person’s name in it) dove eagle

Meaning years in prison (one drop for one year) belief in Christianity Love (of a person) peace Love of the country (in the US)

What are they?

They are piercings.
?

Piercings, holes driven through part of one’s body for the purpose of wearing jewelry, are an ancient form of expression that has special meaning in Western societies. It can be in the eyebrows, nose, tongue, navel, and other parts of the body.

? How

do you think of tattoos and piercings? ? And how about your parents’ idea?

Watch this video clip and find out the conflict (冲突) between Dad and Kid.
Listening Tips
Dad: Turn that noise off! … It’s too late and it’s too loud!
Kid: But Dad, this is the best part! Dad: You are wasting your time with this garbage! …

Lead-in video clip

?

Are there any differences between the music you like and that your parents like?

Differences between you and your parents Taste in music Taste in dressing Standards in making friends Opinions in make-up, education, etc ……

?

?
? ? ?

Generation gap

When generation gap emerges, parents would show

Deep Concern

Text study
? Understanding
? Structure Analysis

Text Study—Understanding

Understanding

The text shows us the generation gap between a daughter and her parents through their daily dialogues. Please find out their different attitudes towards the same items.

Text Study—Understanding

Parents:
It was weird and horrible stuff with offensive language. How did the parents react?

(Rock music blasted forth)

Sandy:
“I like that music, Dad; it’s my favorite. Listen for a minute; I’m sure you’ll like it.”

Text Study—Understanding

Sandy:
Wearing her old, green T-shirt and some jeans.

Parents: It was disgusting.

Text Study—Understanding

Sandy:
Having breakfast while standing by the sink.

Parents: It wasn’t healthy to eat standing up.

Text Study—Understanding

Sandy:
“I’ll brush my teeth when I’m done.”

Parents:
She should brush her teeth as soon as she got up.

Text Study—Understanding

Sandy: Wearing her makeup (such as eyeliner).
All the girls at school did so. Some have tattoos ...

Parents:
“Too young to wear that much makeup.”

Text Study—Understanding

The Parents’ Thoughts Towards Sandy Music:
Father’s thoughts _____________ awful, tuneless, _____________ offensive; makes _____________ my blood boil; __________ negative
Mother’s thoughts Different music _______________ appeals to different _______________ generations; I don’t _______________ think her music is so _______________ terrible. _______________

Text Study—Understanding

Makeup & Tattoos
Father’s thoughts She is changing …; _______________ Who knows what will _______________ be next? _______________ Mother’s thoughts biggest problem ____________

Conclusion: We need to have a talk with Sandy.

Text Study—Structure Analysis

II. Structure Analysis The Writing Method of the Passage:
Sequenced Order—describing a series of actions according to the time when they happened.

In a passage developed in this way, readers will find time markers to connect sequenced actions.

Text Study—Structure Analysis

Time marker:

It was 6:15 A.M.

The radio clicked on. Rock music blasted forth. Like a shot, the music woke Sandy. She looked at the clock; it was 6:15 A.M. Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station. (Para. 1)

Text Study—Structure Analysis

More time markers in the text:
After her shower… Then… Just then… After Sandy had left for school… Soon… As Jane Finch drove to work…

Notes to the Text
? Active Expressions
? Focus Study

Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

I. Active Expressions
1. Why do you have to listen to such horrible stuff? (L9)

Translation
爱不一定要说出来。

One doesn’t have to speak out loud to show his or her love.

Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

2. …it does have rhythm. (L13)

Use It
— Did you see his performance (表演) last night?

did — Yes, he _____ do a good job! — Do you think she is like her father?
— Yes, she _____ look like her father. does

Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

3. I can’t stand it.(L19)
= I can’t bear it.

Translation
? 看她化的妆,真受不了! ? Look at her makeup! I can’t stand it!

Use It
? Under what kind of situation will you use such an expression? ___________________. I can’t stand/bear it!

Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

4. I’ve got to go. (L 65)= I have to go.
In informal American English, people sometimes just use “got” (in spoken English).

Translation
我想到办法啦! I’ve got an idea! / I got an idea!

Notes to the Text—Active Expressions

5. You know… (L82) ① To emphasize or to draw attention; ② When people are not sure what they are saying or what they are going to say next; ③ To explain more clearly. e.g. The condition in that country is terrible, you know. I thought I’d, you know, have a chat with you. Wear the white dress, you know, the one I like most.

II. Focus Study

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

fail in (doing) sth. cannot do sth. attempt(s) to do... 试图,力图

1. ... young people and their parents very often seem to fail in their attempts to communicate with each other. (Preview)

Practice

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

Translation
? 他的英语考试没有及格。 ? 他第一次尝试就击中目标。

Keys
? He failed in the English test.
?He managed to hit the target at the first attempt.

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

v.+ v-ing 表示同时伴随发生的动作

2. Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station. (L4) It isn’t healthy to eat standing up. (L38)

Practice

Notes to the Text—Focus Study

Translation

? 躺着看电视真舒服。

? 开车打手机很危险。
? It feels so comfortable to lie watching TV. ? It is dangerous to drive making calls by cell phones.

? Word Using
? Phrasal Verbs

Words and Expressions—Word Using

I. Word Using
1. stuff n.(L11) thing or group of things e.g. What’s that green stuff at the bottom of the bottle?

Translation
那个商店被盗窃了,许多东西都不见了。

Key
The shop was burgled and a lot of stuff was stolen.

Words and Expressions—Word Using

2. as usual (L31) in the way that has often happened before

Translation
像往常一样,周二下午要开会。

Key
As usual, there will be a meeting on Tuesday afternoon.

Words and Expressions—Word Using

3. disgusting adj. (L49) unpleasant; completely unacceptable e.g. ? It tastes disgusting! 尝起来真恶心! ? It is disgusting that we girls have to do all the heavy work!

Words and Expressions—Word Using

4. bug v. (L52) annoy or worry sb. e.g. It bugs him that he’s not as successful as his brother.

Use it
What bugs you the most after you come to the university?

Tips
food; climate; studying methods; …

Words and Expressions—Word Using

5. wear v .(L55)

clothes √

√ jewelry (necklace, etc.) √ glasses/contact lenses (隐形眼镜)
shoes √

Words and Expressions—Word Using

5. wear v. She wears her hair long. hair √

她留着长头发。
She wears her hair in a long braid. 她把头发编成辫子。

beard √

He wore a full moustache.

Words and Expressions—Word Using

5. wear v. wear makeup √ Then how about perfume? √

You can even wear a smile on your face!

Words and Expressions—Word Using

6. offensive adj. (L80) causing offence; unpleasant

Collocation
remark manner offensive 冒犯性的话 无礼的态度

weapons 攻击性的武器
sight

令人生厌的景色

Words and Expressions—Word Using

7. appeal v.(L83) ① attract; interest ② make a strong request for help, support, etc. e.g.

The idea of living in that city doesn’t appeal to me at all. Relief workers in the disaster area are appealing for more help and supplies.

Use it
What appeals to you most when you chose your major?

Words and Expressions—Word Using

8. negative adj.(101) ① bad or harmful ② saying or meaning ‘no’ e.g. The girl gave him a negative response.

Translation
我对我的工作感到很没劲—事实上我正考 虑换工作。

Key
I’m feeling very negative about my job— in fact I’m thinking about moving.

Words and Expressions—Phrasal Verbs

II. Phrasal Verbs
1. Complete the ripple diagram.
radio off turn on shower up

TV

down
volume

Words and Expressions—Phrasal Verbs

2. Matching Game
reach off

stretch one’s hand to get sth. burst out start suddenly dry into cause to become dry bolt leave in a hurry for

Words and Expressions—Mini Test

A mini-test
1. Think before you ___ the tap ___. Do you really need the water? A. turn... down C. turn... out B. turn... off D. turn... on

Words and Expressions—Mini Test

2. They ___ laughter at the sight of us. B. burst into A. ran into C. burst out D. went into

3. Then Johnny reached quickly ___ the other pot, vigorously boiling on the stove. A. down C. for B. out D. to

Words and Expressions—Mini Test

4. While ___ to the movies, I happened to see a terrible accident. A. I go C. went B. going D. to go

5. She will be angry if you ______ her while she is sleeping.

A. disgust C. disappoint

B. disturb D. dismiss

? Group Work

Idea Sharing

Group Work
Watch the video clips and discuss with your group members what the scenes tell you and what kind of implication you get from them. Make good use of the words and expressions from the texts.

Idea Sharing

Story of the Twin Sisters of About 13 Years Old
Now in Paris. They just arrived, staying in the American Embassy in France (美国驻法 国使馆) because their grandpa is the ambassador (大使).

Idea Sharing

Grandpa’s Complaints

1. What did the sisters do in their room? 2. What was their grandpa’s reaction?

Tips for Listening:
What the devil are all these noises? (你们在搞什么 鬼?); behavior (行为); unacceptable (不可接受的, 不允许的); dress for the occasion (衣着得体)

Idea Sharing

Music Noise

Idea Sharing

The bu sy grandpa asked o ne o f h is assistants to show the sisters around Paris to learn more about this city, but most time in various museums according to the fixed routine (固定路线/安排).

However, the girls got their new local friends. This day...

Idea Sharing

Having Fun with the Pals (伙伴)

1. Why did the girls run away from the man? 2. How did they feel when the girls were with the pals?

Idea Sharing

Fun with Pals

Idea Sharing

The next day seemed to be a turning point.

Idea Sharing

Communication Between Grandpa and the Twins
What do you think about Grandpa’s attitude?

Tips for Listening:
Well, I guess, we haven’t done much talk in the past, have we? Let’s enjoy it and make up the lost time, what will you say?

Idea Sharing

Communicating

Idea Sharing

Why not predict the end by yourselves?

1. How would Grandpa treat the friendship between the girls and their pals? 2. What would the girls do with Grandpa?

Idea Sharing

Well, that is the story. Now it’s your turn to say something about the story and your opinions about it.

Tips

Idea Sharing

Tips:
1. Vocabulary for characteristics:

lovely; independently-minded; rebellious; …
2. Vocabulary for relationship: get on well/bad with; not have much talk; enjoy; have fun; spend some time with; communicate …

More

Idea Sharing
? The twin sisters are… years old. ? They are… ? During their visit in Paris, they… with their grandpa because he was very busy. ? But they… with the pals in Paris. ? Grandpa realized he did not… his granddaughters. ? Then he tried to… with the girls. ? Finally, they go back together happily. ? I think…

Good communication in time can bridge the generation gap.

Key to the exercise
III. 1. appeals 2. identity 3. concern 4. disgusting

5. upset 6. influence 7. offensive 8. burst 9. stuff 10.thorough

IV.
1. off/down 2. off 3. as 4. on 5. for

6. on/upon 7. to 8. over 9. in 10. of

V.
? 1.H

2.F 3.D 4.K 5.B ? 6.C 7.L 8. I 9.O 10. N

Sentence structure VI.
? ? ? ? ?

Kate saw her brother Bill as she was going off the bus. As she was standing up from her seat, mother dropped the glass to the ground. A policeman fired at a thief as the thief was bolting out of the house. As she ran to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her talk with her mother. As the teacher entered the classroom, all the students shouted “Happy Birthday” to him.

VII.
? ? ? ?

?

She listened to her favorite rock music while singing along with the words. She was putting on her jeans while asking me to hand her sweater. He banged on the door while opening it. In the bathroom she put on some makeup while looking in the mirror. The schoolmaster shot an angry glance at the naughty first grader while talking with her parents.

Translation VIII.
1. As she was about to turn off the music, her father burst into her room and shouted at her, “Can’t you turn down the music a little bit?” 2. The owner of the bar kept watching the girl dancing while pretending not to. 3. Rock music appeals to Sandy so much that she turned it up, paying no attention to her father’s objection.

4. As usual, when his parents don’t like what she wears, they start bugging him. 5. It makes my blood boil to think of these young boys and and girls who are forced by their parents to beg money along the streets.

IX.
1. 我认为那些在镇上游手好闲,在身上又文身 又穿洞的青少年是在表达他们的个性。 2. 因特网提供了一种更快捷的方式,让我们与 全球的新老客户取得联系,并保持沟通渠道 畅通无阻。

3. 父母与自己十多岁的孩子的沟通问题不仅 仅在于“代沟”,而且还在于双方都不 完全理解对方的思想。 4. 当父母与子女有了这类沟通障碍时,青少 年面临的问题可能更大。 5. 青少年常常要经历这么一个阶段,在这个 阶段,他们觉得父母会让他们没面子, 害怕他们达不到自己朋友的标准。 6. 比如,青少年希望在外呆到很晚,但是当 第二天早上要起床上学时,又是另一回 事了。

? Structure Analysis ? Sample Paragraph ? Tips for Writing
? Your Task

? Practical Writing

Writing—Structure Analysis

I. Structure Analysis
To write a series of actions, you’d better connect every step with time markers.
Step 1 At the very beginning, At first, Firstly, First of all, …

Step 2
Step 3

Then, Second, Secondly, …
And, Third, Thirdly, ...

Final step

Finally, At last, Eventually, …

Writing—Sample Paragraph

II. Sample Paragraph

In the afternoon, I went to the city library and checked out a couple of books on business management. Then I visited my grandmother. After that, I rode on the bus with my family for a special lantern festival in the seaside park. Finally, we returned home in a taxi.

Writing—Tips for Writing

III. Tips for Writing
1. Choose the topic that you are interested in. 2. List the related steps of the topic. 3. Organize all the steps using the time markers.

Writing—Your Task

IV. Your Task
Write a paragraph with a series of actions in “time order”. Don’t forget to use the time markers!
Topics: The story of how I made progress in English (Chinese/math/chemistry/…) learning or in learning playing basketball (volleyball…) For your reference

Writing—Your Task

(For reference)

After reading Slam Dunk, a cartoon story, I was eager to improve my skills in playing basketball. At the very beginning, I tried to practice with those who played much better than me. Every time after the practice, I would watch some basketball matches on the Internet so as to learn from those superstars. Then, my friends and I began to have basketball matches with other teams. As time went by, I made great progress in playing basketball and became a member of the school team at last.

Writing—Practical Writing

V. Practical Writing Notes of Apology
1. Tips for writing
Notes of apology should clearly:

? state the reason for the apology; ? promise to remedy (补救) the situation.

Writing—Practical Writing

Informal version:
? Address the recipient with a correct title like Dear Professor…; Dear Mr./Mrs./Miss…; and some words of respect like sincere; honestly. ? Conclude with a suitable closing phrase like Respectfully yours/Yours very faithfully/Truly yours, etc.

Writing—Practical Writing

2. Useful Sentences
For stating the reason: ? I am terribly/absolutely sorry that... ? I regret very much that... ? I hope you’ll accept my sincere apology.

For promising the remedy: ? Please let me know... ? Please let me know how to… ? What can I do to make up...? ? Can you...?/Can you make it...? ? I hope that’s OK.

Writing—Practical Writing

3. Samples
Sample 1 (formal):
Monday, March 15
Dear Professor Wang, I enjoy your class very much. But I’m very sorry that I had to miss your class last Thursday. Unfortunately, my roommate was ill and I had to take him to the hospital. Please let me know what I can do to make up the class. I know you prefer us to let you know in advance when we are absent, but there was no time to do so. I hope you’ll accept my sincere apology. Your student, Lin Shantao

Writing—Practical Writing

Sample 2 (informal): Prof. Wang: I had to miss your class last Thursday, March 11. My roommate was ill and I took him to the hospital. I hope that’s OK. Your student, Lin Shantao.

Writing—Practical Writing

4. Your Tasks
? Suppose you had to miss your English Class last week because you represented the university in a debating contest. Write to your teacher a note of apology. You may decide whether a formal or informal note is better. Suppose you had an argument with your father/mother last night and now you realize your attitude and words at that time hurt him/her. It is really hard to open your mouth to say sorry! You decide to write a note of apology to your father/mother.

?


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