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Breast-feeding choosing whether to breast feed or formula feed your baby just one the first decisions expectant parents will make. Although there's no right or wrong choice the American Academy of pediatrics AAP joins other organizations such as the American Medical Association AMA the American dietetic Association ADA and the World Health Organization WHO and recommending breast-feeding as the best for babies. Specifically the AAP says babies should be breast-fed exclusively for the first six months and that breast-feeding should continue until 12 months and beyond if both the mother and baby are willing. The decision to breast-feed or formula feed your baby is a very personal one. But here are some point you may want to consider as you decide which is best for you and your new addition. Let's first take a look at the advantages of breast-feeding for the babies. To begin with, breast milk is infection fighting antibodies passed from a nursing mother to her baby can help lower the occurrence of many conditions, including ear infections,diarrhea, respiratory infections, and meningitis. Other factors help to protect a breast-fed baby from infection by contributing to the infants immune system by increasing the barriers to infection, and increasing the growth of organisms like bacteria and viruses. As a group, formula fed infants have more infections and more hospitalizations then to breast-fed babies. The second advantage lies in its ease of digestion. breastmilk's components, lactose, protein and fat are easily digested by a newborns immature system. As a group formula fed infants have more difficulty with digestion than do breast-fed infants. Breastmilk tends to be more easily digested so that breast-fed babies have fewer incidences of diarrhea or constipation. Breastmilk also naturally contains all the vitamins and minerals that a newborn requires. Commercial formulas do a pretty good job of trying to duplicate the ingredients in breastmilk and are coming closer, but haven't met their exact combination and composition. Why? because some of breast milks more complex substances are too difficult to manufacture,and some have not yet been identified. Also breast-feeding is obesity prevention. recent studies indicate that breast-feeding might help prevent childhood and adult obesity. According to the national women's health information center, part of the US Department of Health and Human Services, babies who have breast tend to gain less unnecessary weight which may help them be less overweight later.in addition, with no bottles to mix sterilized and no last-minute runs to the store for more formula breast milk is always fresh and available. And because breastmilk is always the right temperature there's no need to warm up bottles in the middle of the night. It's also easy for breast-feeding mothers to be active and go out and about with the babies and know that they'll have food available for whenever the little one is hungry. Besides breast-feeding is also beneficial to mothers. It burns calories and help shrink uterus. Nursing mothers maybe able to return to their preprepregnancy shape and weight quicker. In addition study show that breast-feeding helps lower the risk of breast cancer and also may help decrease the risk of uterine and ovarian cancer. Except for the

benefits breast-feeding does come with some concerns that many new mother share. And it can be challenging. sometimes both mother and baby need plenty of patience and persistence to get used to the routine of breast-feeding. But all the effort is often worthwhile in the long run for both the mother and her baby. Now let's move on to the next part of the lecture, challenges of breast-feeding. One personal comfort. initially as with any new skill many moms feel uncomfortable with breast-feeding. But with adequate education, support and practice most moms overcome this. the bottom line is that breast-feeding shouldn't hurt. Otherwise it's a good idea to seek the help of a lactation consultant or the child's doctor. Many times it's just a matter of using the proper technique. Two time and frequency of feedings. There's no question that breast-feeding does require a substantial time commitment from mothers. And breast-fed babies do need to eat more often than babies who are fed formula. Because breastmilk digest faster than formula. Some women may be concerned that nursing will make it hard for them to work, run errands or travel. One way out is to give the baby pumped breastmilk if mom needs a break or has to get back to work outside the home. Three limiting caffeine. Caffeine intake should be kept to no more than 300 mg, about 123 cups of regular coffee per day for breast-feeding women. Because it may cause problems such as restlessness and irritability in some babies. Four maternal medical conditions and medicines. Medical conditions such as HIV or AIDS or those that involve chemotherapy or treatment with certain medications may make breast-feeding inadvisable. In these cases a woman should check with her doctor or a lactation consultant if she's unsure if she should breast-feed with a specific condition or while taking medications. Okay to sum up today's lecture has covered some advantages and disadvantages of breast-feeding. In our opinion breastmilk is the ideal form of nutrition for newborns. But for mothers who are unable to breast-feed or who decide not to, infant formula is a good alternative. The point is you should bond with your baby just fine. After all weather with breast milk or formula, feeding is an important time of connection between mother and baby.


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