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定语从句和名词性从句的区别和练习


定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词, 词组或代词即先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词) 引出。 e.g. She is the girl who talked to me yesterday. 名词性从句(Noun Clauses)---主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句在句中做 主语、宾语、表语和同位语的成份。 e.g. I don’t know who she is. (宾语) This is why I came here.(表语) 区别: 第一,定语从句有先行词,且先行词可以放入后面的从句中使从句完整; 名词性从句中的主语从句、表语从句和宾语从句没有先行词,同位语从句有先行词但在从句 中不做成分。 e.g. The news that they told me excited me.
(the news 可以放入从句中,使句子完整,即 they told me the news)

The news that our team won excited me.
(the news 无法放入从句中,所以是同位语从句)

第二,在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句 (Noun Clauses) 名词从句的功能相当于名词 。 词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不 同的语法功能 定语从句是由关系代词和关系副词引导的从句, 其作用是作定语修饰主句的某个名词性成分, 定语从句分为限定性和非限定性从句两种。 第三,最关键也是最重要的区别: 1.名词性从句和定语从句的最本质的不同点在于,前者在句子中做名词,而后者相当于形容 词,修饰或限制名词或代词。名词性从句由 that 引导时,通常不充当从句的句子成分,故 that 可省去。但定语从句由 that 引导时,如在从句中充当主语时,则 that 不能省去。 2.使用中最大的区别:定语从句由于在句子中只作定语,故去掉它,整个句子还完整,就像 普通的句子去掉一个定语不影响原句的完整性一样。但名词性从句由于它们充当的是句子的 骨干成分(主语,宾语或表语) ,故去掉它们,原句就不通了。如下面的 A 句,去掉了主语从句
That he has become a rich man ,原句变成 is known to all in our town。就失去了完整性。而 B 句,去掉定语 从句部分 that is on the desk 后,原句变成 The pen is mine 还是通的。

A:That he has become a rich man is known to all in our town . B:The pen that is on the desk is mine .

【各个击破】

名词性从句 1.He got angry with _______she said. A.that B.which C.what D. all what

2.Can’t you find out ______ wrong with the TV set. A.which B.that’s C.what’s D. where is

3. ______ they will have a good harvest this year is still unknown. A.Whether B.If C.Which D. That 4.All the books are here.You may borrow _____ you like. A.which B.that C.what D. whichever

5.The news _____ to Mount Tai during the summer holidays delighted all of us. A.we would go B.which we would go C.that we would go D. would go

6.We could hardly understand _____. A.what the man was talking about C.what was the man talking about B.that the man was talking about D.the man was talking about what

7._____ is that I have promised to make friends with the dishonest girl. A.The only thing what I regret C.All what I really regret most B. What I regret most D. What that I regret most

8.______ she is living now is not known to anybody. A.What B.When C.Where D. Why

9.This is _____ the river has been polluted. A.what B.why C.that D. whether

10.That is ______ he was born. A.what B.that C.where D. whether

定语从句 1.This is the factory ______ they visited the other day. A.that B.where C.to which D.what

2.Jeanne was her old friend,_____ she borrowed a necklace. A.from who B.from whom C.to that D.to whom

3. This book is for the students _____ native language is not English. A.that B.of whom C.whose D.who

4.Are you the man _____ bicycle was stolen? A.who is B.whose C.his D.of which the

5. I don’t like the way ___ he spoke to me. A. what B. by which C. by that D. /

6. He makes good use of the time ______ he can spare. A.that B.in which C.in that D.when

7.“Those _____ to see the new film write down your names,please.” A.want B.who C.that wants D.who want

8. Xiao Huang,___ your good friend, will try her best to help you out. A.who is B.who am C.that am D.what is

9. He has two Chinese-English dictionaries,____ were bought last week. A.two of which B.both of which C.both of them D.all of whom

10.A saleswoman is _____ sells goods. A.a thing that B.something that C.a woman who D.a woman what

综合练习 1. Is this the factory _____ you visited the other day? A. that B. where C. in which D. the one

2. Is this factory ____ some foreign friends visited last Friday? A. that B. where C. which D. the one

3. Is this the factory _____ he worked ten years ago? A. that B. where C. which D. the one

4. The wolves hid themselves in the places _____couldn’t be found. A. that B. where C. in which D. in that

5. The reason is ____he is unable to operate the machine. A. because B. why C. that D. whether

6. May the fourth is the day ____ we Chinese people will never forget. A. which B. when C. on which D. about which

7. We are going to spend the Spring Festival in Guangzhou, _____ live my grandparents and some relatives. A. which B. that C. who D. where

8. He has two sons, __________ work as chemists. A. two of whom B. both of whom C. both of which D. all of whom

9. Who can think of a situation ____ this idiom can be used? A. which B. that C. where D. in that

10. ____ people spend so much money on their pets ____ us a lot. A. That; surprises B. What; surprising C. How; are surprised D. That; is surprised

11. The thought____ Lao Gao would open a Sichuan restaurant in Los Angeles surprised his wife A. that B. what C. whether D. if

12. ____ we are doing has never been done before.

A. That

B. What

C. Which

D. Whether

13.____she couldn’t understand was ____fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lesson. A. What; why B. That; what C. What; because D. Why; that

14. What the doctors really doubt is ____ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A. when B. how C. whether D. why

15.____ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D. Who

16. Go and get your coat. It’s ____you left it. A. there B. where C. there where D. where there

17. No one can be sure____ in a million years. A. what man will look like C. man will look like what B. what will man look like D. what look will man like

扬大附中 张兆祥 高三英语复习答案 一、 1-5 CCADC 6-10ABCBC 二、 1-5 ABCDA 6-10BDDAD 11-15 ACBDC 三、 1-5ADBAD 6-10CDADB 11-15 CAABD 16-20ACCBA


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