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新目标大学英语1unit2 Language in Use


1 2 3 4 5 6

Words and phrases expressing love and affections Collocation: preposition + noun

Word formation: prefixes of position and time / order Common polysemous words and expressions Sentences with phrasal verbs
Useful expressions

Language in Use

Words and phrases expressing love and affections

Words and phrases expressing love and affections Look for words and phrases in the text expressing the author’s love and affections.

I was just missing them already and looking for signs of their having been here. (Para. 4)
More words and phrases expressing “a strong feeling of wanting sb. or sth.”: long; need; wish; yearn; desire; crave

Language in Use

Words and phrases expressing love and affections

Look for words and phrases in the text expressing the author’s love and affections. I was really kind of enjoying myself. (Para. 12) More words and phrases expressing “enjoyment”: have fun; take joy in; rejoice in; thrill to; be entertained; revel in; delight in

Language in Use

Words and phrases expressing love and affections

Group Discussion Now, choose the words and phrases just learned and brainstorm more expressions to describe the love and affections to your parents. Reference: miss; be grateful; wish; desire; be entertained;…

Language in Use

Collocation: preposition + noun

1) Collocations with prepositions in Text A

2) Nouns that the word "at" may collocate with

Language in Use

Collocation: preposition + noun

Look for collocations with prepositions in Text A.

+ in the driveway;

+ in my box;
+ under her pillow; + in the freezer; + beside the sink; + on her head;

+ on every occasion;
+ outside your body

Language in Use

Collocation: preposition + noun

List nouns that the word "at" may collocate with.

Examples:

+ at the age of …;
+ at the end of …; + at the time of …; + at the risk of …; + at the cost of …;

+ at the expense of …;
+ at the speed of …; + at the rate of …

Language in Use

Collocation: preposition + noun

Some nouns frequently go with specific prepositions to express a variety of meanings. Study the following collocations.
at the ______ sound of (一听到) ___ on the occasion of (在……之际)

thought of (一想起) ___ on occasion (有时) at the _______
sight of (一看见) at the _____ smell of (一闻到) at the _____ on every occasion (每次;每逢) ___ ___ on rare occasions(偶尔;很少)

Language in Use Exercise 6

Collocation: preposition + noun

Fill in the blanks in the sentences with the above collocations. 1) He considered studying medicine but fainted at the sight of blood, so he switched to civil _____________ engineering. on the occasion of 2) The exhibition has been held __________________ World Press Freedom Day annual celebration.

3) During wintertime, snow may fall in southern China on rare occasions . _________________

Language in Use Exercise 6

Collocation: preposition + noun

Fill in the blanks in the sentences with the above collocations. 4) If you are a Chinese, your stomach may turn at the smell of ______________ cheese — a food normally accepted in many Western countries. 5) Each team member has a busy schedule, so it would be impracticable to consult them on every occasion __________________.

on occasion break the 6) Some of the players may, _____________, rules and be penalized.

Language in Use Exercise 6

Collocation: preposition + noun

Fill in the blanks in the sentences with the above collocations. at the thought of 7) Although I am still nervous _______________ making a speech in public, once I get going I enjoy every minute of it. 8) He became more anxious than ever, jumping up at the sound of every unexpected knock on the _______________ door.

Language in Use

Word formation: prefixes of position and time / order

Study the prefixes of position, time and order in the table. Prefix Meaning ininto; inside put into the thing or encondition mentioned interbetween; among Example input

engrave
interact

Position

outex-

away from the inside of a place or thing outside towards or in a higher position; to or at a higher level

outdoors
export

up-

uphill

Language in Use

Word formation: prefixes of position and time / order

Study the prefixes of position, time and order in the table. Prefix Meaning subbeneath; less in rank under- below; beneath transacross; from one place to another Example submarine underground transcontinental

Position

Language in Use

Word formation: prefixes of position and time / order

Study the prefixes of position, time and order in the table. Prefix Meaning exformer fore- before; in advance preTime / order postremid before; in advance after back in the middle of Example ex-wife forecast preview postgraduate return midnight

Language in Use Exercise 7

Word formation: prefixes of position and time / order

Fill in the blanks in the sentences with words formed by adding prefixes to the words in brackets. 1) It sometimes seems difficult to ________ foresee (see) the consequence of our actions.

postwar 2) These individuals are products of the ________ (war) period and grew up enjoying the fruits of their forefathers’ accomplishments.
3) After the big fire they say they will stay to _______ rebuild (build) their homes rather than retreat to refugee camps.

Language in Use Exercise 7

Word formation: prefixes of position and time / order

Fill in the blanks in the sentences with words formed by adding prefixes to the words in brackets. 4) Those ____________ transatlantic (Atlantic) flights will likely be full of Europeans flying to and from the United States.

5) In my life, I have had the good fortune to interact _______ (act) with all sorts of talented people.
preview (view) your lesson before 6) You’d better ________ class and ________ review (view) your lesson after class.

Language in Use Exercise 7

Word formation: prefixes of position and time / order

Fill in the blanks in the sentences with words formed by adding prefixes to the words in brackets. ex-president (president) is 7) The 74-year-old _____________ reportedly very ill in hospital after suffering a stroke. subway 8) There are two important reasons why the ________ (way) is safer than the overground railway.

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

Common polysemous words and expressions “Ah, even Tessa left something behind,” I announced. (Para. 7) “leave behind” is a phrasal verb, which holds different meaning within different contexts 1. to increase the distance by which you are ahead of someone or something 2. to improve or progress much faster than someone or something

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

Common polysemous words and expressions 3. to deliberately not think about something, especially an unpleasant experience, and not let it affect what you do in the future 4. to not take someone or something with you when you go somewhere 5. to forget to take someone or something with you

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

Translation tips: The semantic progression of “leave behind” embodies the strong love of parents for their children and highlights the main point of the text. It serves as a thread through the whole text. Translating it will give you a deeper understanding of the text.

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

More examples 1) The other runners were experienced and I was worried I’d get left behind.

其他的跑步选手们都比我更有经验,我担心我会 被落下。
2) A misty rain in the morning had left behind a coolness that would stay for hours. 早上蒙蒙细雨带来了一股清凉之意,数小时不散。

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

Exercise 8 Translate the following sentences into Chinese, trying to find proper Chinese expressions for the different meanings of “leave behind”.

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

Exercise 8

1. “Ah, even Tessa left something behind.” I announced. (Para.7)
“哈,连泰莎的东西都忘带走了,”我说道。 2. It seems like every time our family gets together something is left behind. (Para.9) 似乎每次我们家庭聚会以后,都会留下点什么东 西。

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

Exercise 8

3. Memories are always left behind, I reasoned, and what a precious thing good memories are to us. (Para.14)
我寻思着,有些记忆总是留存在脑海里,美好的 记忆对于我们来说是多么珍贵。

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

Exercise 8

4. Then, of course, there are some memories that need to be left behind. The memories of past hurts, unforgiveness, bitterness, and anger should be left behind forever. (Para.16)
当然,也有一些记忆是该忘却的。那些曾经的伤 害、怨恨、苦痛、愤怒的记忆应该永远忘却。

Language in Use

Common polysemous words and expressions

Exercise 8

5. That’s because there is one more thing besides memories left behind ... and that is love. ( Para.17)
那是因为,除了留下的记忆以外,还有一样东西 保留下来了……那就是爱。

Language in Use

Sentences with phrasal verbs

Read the following sentences, paying attention to the phrasal verbs. + I didn’t wipe them off. I thought back to the time when I tried so hard to keep the fingerprints off the mirrors and doors when my children were small.(Para.5) + I was really kind of enjoying myself. It gave me something to do, after they left, to take my mind off missing them.(Para. 11)

Language in Use

Sentences with phrasal verbs

Read the following sentences, paying attention to the phrasal verbs.
+ I never knew then that I would one day be the one waving from the driveway and feeling my heart drive off down the road.(Para. 17)

“Off” can be used with a variety of verbs, meaning “away from”, “removed or separated”, “discontinued” or “ceasing functioning ”. In such cases, the meaning of “off” usually should be consistent with the meaning of the verb it goes with.

Language in Use

Sentences with phrasal verbs

More examples 1) He broke off a small piece of orange and held it out to the kid. 他掰下一小瓣橘子递给那小孩。 2) He hastily stripped off his old uniform and began pulling on the new one. 他匆匆地脱下旧制服,开始穿上新的那件。

Language in Use

Sentences with phrasal verbs

Exercise 9 Translate the following sentences into English, using the phrasal verbs provided.

1. 观看激烈的足球比赛是让我放下工作当中一切烦 恼的最佳途径。(take one’s mind off…) Watching exciting soccer games is the best way to take my mind off all the problems in my work.

Language in Use

Sentences with phrasal verbs

Exercise 9 2. 朋友们伤感地目送他开车离开,清楚地知道下次 见面应该是很久之后了。(drive off) Friends sadly watched him drive off, knowing clearly it should be long before they could meet again. 3. 社区工作人员花了一个月擦去那些曾经是城市印 象的涂鸦(graffiti)。(wipe off) It took the community workers a month to wipe off the graffiti, which used to be a notable sight of the city.

Language in Use

Sentences with phrasal verbs

Exercise 9 4. 在高海拔地区,人们用很多方法来阻挡紫外线 (ultraviolet rays)。(keep off) In high altitude areas, people use lots of ways to keep off ultraviolet rays. 5. 由于暴风雪,这个村子的水电供给都已经被切断。 (cut off) This village’s water and power supplies have been cut off because of the snowstorm.

Language in Use

Useful Expressions

1. 尤其;特别
2. 有点儿;有几分

1. in particular
2. kind of

3. 最后同样重要的是 4.留下 5.回顾;回忆
6. 捡起;获得

3. last but not least 4. leave behind
5. look back on 6. pick up

Language in Use

Useful Expressions

7. 提醒;使记起
8. 寻遍;整理

7. remind sb. of sth.
8. sort through

9. 回想过去 10.由于;应归于 11.驾车离开,驶去
12. 一听到

9. think back to 10. due to
11. drive off 12. at the sound of


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