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新世纪大学英语综合教程第二册Unit 3答案


Listen and Respond Task One Focusing on the Main Ideas Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences according to the information contained in the listening passage. 1 One day in school Monty Roberts was asked to ________. A) write a term paper about the courses he learned

B) write about his dream of the future
C) describe a horse ranch D) draw a picture of a horse ranch

2 Monty Roberts’ goal was to become ________. A) a horse trainer like his father B) a painter who draws horses and horse ranches

C) an owner of a large horse ranch
D) an owner of a large farm

3 When Monty Roberts turned in the paper, his teacher ________.

A) was not satisfied with it
B) helped to improve it C) gave a good comment about it D) asked him to discuss the topic with his father

4 The teacher asked the boy to rewrite the paper because ________. A) his father had helped him write the paper B) his paper was full of empty words C) his dream was not properly described in the paper

D) his goal of life described in the paper was not realistic

5 A week later, the boy finally decided ________. A) to follow his father’s profession

B) to keep his dream
C) to make some changes in his paper D) to follow his teacher’s advice

Task Two Zooming In on the Details Listen to the recording carefully and fill in each of the blanks according to what you have heard. 1 Monty Roberts was the son ofa horse trainer . His dream was to own a large horse ranch. That night he wrote about his dream in great detail and he even drew a picture of a 200-acre ranch .

2 He put a great deal of his heart into the dream ranch and the next day he handed the paper in to his teacher .

3 When Monty Roberts asked his teacher why he got a large red F for his paper, his teacher explained to him that his dream was impossiblefor him. He had no money. But he needed a lot of money to buy the land, the houseand the

machinesfor his dream ranch.

4 When Monty Roberts asked his father for advice, his father just asked him to

make up his own mind on his dream because it is a very important decisionfor
him to make.

5 When Monty Roberts turned in the same paper, he said to his teacher, ―You can keep the F and I’ll keep my dream . I will follow my heart , no matter what happens.‖

Read and Explore Task One Discovering the Main Ideas 1 Answer the following questions with the information contained in Text A. 1) According to Alex Haley, why does many a young man want to be a writer?

Because they think that being a writer can bring them wealth and fame.

2) Does writing mean glory and wealth in the author’s opinion?

No. The author thinks that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. Only a few can succeed after long periods of neglect and poverty.

3) What was the author’s life in Greenwich Village like?

His life in Greenwich Village was very poor. He barely made enough to eat.

4) Did he ever doubt his ability to write? Why or why not?

Yes. Because he didn’t receive a break after writing for a year or so.

5) Why did the call from his old acquaintance change his life?

Because his doubt of his resolution to write was cleared. He was determined to keep on writing.

6) In what way did people like Delaney and Belafonte become role models for the author?

From them he learned that one had to make sacrifices and live creatively to keep working hard to realize one’s dreams.

7) How many years did the author keep on writing before his great success?

He kept on writing for 17 years before his great success.

8) What did the two sardine cans and 18 cents in the brown paper bag symbolize?

They symbolized his courage and persistence to stick to his dream of writing.

9) What is the meaning of the Shadowland of dreams?

The Shadowland of dreams means all the difficulties (e.g. neglect, poverty, doubt, uncertainty, and fear of failure) people meet with in pursuing their dreams.

2 Text A can be divided into three parts with the paragraph number(s) of each part provided as follows. Write down the main idea of each part. Part: One; Paragraph(s): 1-2; Main Idea: Alex Haley explains the difference

between ―being a writer‖ and ―writing‖.

Part: Two; Paragraph(s): 3–18; Main Idea: The author tells about his struggle to

stick to his dream of writing and his final success.

Part: Three; Paragraph(s): 19-22; Main Idea: The author tells about his struggle

to stick to his dream of writing and his final success.

Task Two Reading Between the Lines

Read the following sentences carefully and discuss in pairs what the author intends to say by the italicized parts. 1) For every writer kissed by fortune, there are thousands more whose longing

is never rewarded. (Para. 2) Compared with those lucky writers who have become famous, thousands of people who devote themselves to writing are never given recognition as successful writers.

2) Next time I make a sale. (Para. 6)

Considering the rather difficult circumstances the author was in, it is easy to see that there was a degree of irony and self-sarcasm when he promised his friend that he would pay back the money next time he made a sale, for it was something that had not happened before and would not be very likely to happen in the near future, thus pushing the repayment of the debt into the remote future.

3) What’s more, I could write on the side. (Para. 8)

More importantly, I could take writing as a part-time job.

4) There’s everything you’ve made of yourself so far. (Para. 10)

The two cans of sardines and 18 cents are all you have.

5) Another Village neighbor was a handsome young singer who ran a struggling

restaurant. (Para. 13) … a restaurant that has few customers and is about to close down.

6) As I absorbed the lesson, I gradually began to sell my articles. (Para. 15)

As I became aware of what it meant to live in the Shadowland, …

7) For the first time I had money and open doors everywhere. (Para. 18)

… I had a lot of opportunities.

Checking Your Vocabulary Word Detective 1 Choose the definition in Column B that best matches each italicized word in Column A. 1)d 2)g 3) f 4) e 5) b 6) h 7) a 8)c

2 Spell out the words from Text B with the help of the given definitions, the initial letters and paragraph numbers. Example: establish : set up; begin; create (Para. 1) 1) worthy : deserving respect or serious consideration (Para. 1)

2) creep : move slowly, quietly, and carefully, esp. so as not to attract attention (Para. 1)

3) resolve : make a determined decision; decide firmly (Para. 2)

4) refresh : make less hot or tired; bring back strength and freshness to (Para. 5)

5) occurrence : an event or happening (Para. 6)

6) surplus : an amount additional to what is needed or used (Para. 6)

7) favourable : winning favour and approval (Para. 7)

8) remark : say esp. sth. that one has just noticed; give as an opinion (Para. 9)

3 Some phrases or expressions from Text B are hidden in the following picture. Find the phrases or expressions and then use them to complete the sentences with the help of the clues.

1) He sweeps the floor for the hotel to work out (以工作抵偿) the cost of board. (Para. 1)

2) She was unused to (不习惯) talking about herself. (Para. 4)

3) After waiting for a long time,the little boy is out of patience(不耐烦). (Para. 4)

4) The bad weather has added to (增加) the difficulties in our work. (Para. 4)

5) The homeless people in the city have to walk the streets (走街串巷), begging for food and money. (Para. 5)

6) We were terrified when we came on / upon (发现) a snake behind the little cottage on the edge of the wood. (Para. 5)

7) Eva was cutting the grass, and in the meantime (与此同时) Adam was planting roses. (Para. 7)

8) From this book written by a movie star we get / have got the idea (领悟到) that those people in the limelight are just ordinary people — even famous faces have flaws! (Para. 7)

Checking Your Comprehension 1 Answer the following questions with the information contained in Text B. 1) How did the author get to know about the school for coloured people in Virginia?

He overheard two miners talking about it while working in the coal-mine.

2) Why did the author resolve to go to the school?

Because he heard that the school was established for coloured people and opportunitieswere provided to poor but worthy students to work out all or a part of the cost of board and learnsome trade or industry at the same time.

3) What kind of situation was he in when he reached the city of Richmond late one night?

He was tired, hungry and dirty. And he was completely out of money. He had not a singleacquaintance in the city, and, being unused to city ways, he didn’t know where to go.

4) How did he spend his first night in Richmond?

He walked the streets till he became too exhausted to walk any longer. Then he found anelevated sidewalk and lay under it for the night upon the ground.

5) How did he earn some money for his breakfast the next morning?

He helped unloading a cargo of pig iron from a large ship.

6) Why didn’t the head teacher admit the author to the institution at first?

Because of being so long without proper food, a bath and change of cloth, he didn’t make avery favourable impression upon her.

7) How did the author get a chance to prove his worthiness to the head teacher?

The head teacher asked him to sweep the adjoining classroom and he did an excellent job,which proved his worthiness as a student in the institute.

2 Read the following statements and then decide whether each of them is true or false based on the information in the text. Write T for True and F for False in the space provided before each statement. 1) F At Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute poor but worthy students had opportunities to pay just a part of the cost of board.

(Poor but worthy students were provided opportunities to earn money to pay all or a part of the cost of food in the school and at the same time learn some trade or industry.)

2) T On the first day of his journey, he realized that he didn’t have enough money to go to Hampton.

3) F He reached the city of Richmond by walking and begging for a number of days.

(He reached the city of Richmond by walking and begging rides for a number of days.)

4) T Though he was tired and hungry, he still believed that he would reach Hampton.

5) F By helping unload a big ship, he earned enough money to buy a chicken leg and an apple pie for his breakfast.

(By helping unload a big ship, he earned enough money for his breakfast.)

6) F He felt that a new kind of existence had begun because he arrived at the school with a surplus of 50 cents.

(He felt that a new kind of existence had begun because he could begin his education in the school.)

7) T He worked hard to clean the classroom because his future depended upon the impression he made upon the head teacher.

8) F The head teacher admitted the author on condition that he should clean the classroom thoroughly after class.

(The head teacher admitted the author because he proved his worthiness by cleaning the classroom thoroughly.)

Enhance Your Language Awareness Words in Action Working with Words and Expressions 1 In the box below are some of the words you have learned in this unit. Complete the following sentences with them. Change the form where necessary. 1) A smart appearance tends to make a(n) favourable impression at an interview.

2) The scientist failed in his experiments many a time, but he was never

discouraged ; instead, he stuck it out and finally made a great scientific
discovery.

3) When I asked my mother if I could marry George, she consented but rather unwillingly.

4) The garden has fallen into a state of neglect since its owner died two years ago.

5) Coming home late, the boy crept quietly into the house to avoid waking his parents.

6) If you want to learn a language well, sufficient time is necessary.

7) The origin of Chinese writing can be traced back to ancient China although we are not certain of the date of its invention.

8) The price was somewhat higher than I had expected. However, it was still acceptable.

9) When you feel tired, a rest and a cool drink will refresh you.

10) As I sit here today, I couldn’t be more grateful for the opportunity, not only to be alive, but also to apply my life to such a(n) worthy effort.

11) More and more people in big companies are enrolling in English courses to improve their promotion(晋升) prospects .

12) I made full preparations for my journey to London on foot and I resolved to get there in five days.

13) At the end of the interview, she remarked , ―You’ve proved your worthiness more than well enough.‖

14) I hope that I shall never again have to undergo such a terrible experience.

15) Susan started singing to her baby and was rewarded with a smile.

2 In the boxes below are some of the expressions you have learned in this unit. Do you understand their meanings? Do you know how to use them in the proper context? Now check for yourself by doing the blank-filling exercise. Change the form where necessary.

1) Since the summer vacation has started, let’s pack up and spend a week in the country with my grandparents.

2) The boy is so interested in the popular novel entitled Harry Porter and the Deathly Hallows(圣徒) that he has read it for many a time.

3) I admire Steve very much, for in his pursuit of a successful life, he always

stays the course and never gives up in spite of the many difficulties and risks he
has encountered.

4) The couple’s love was put to the test when the husband was crippled in a car accident.

5) I mailed out 250 letters to complete strangers for help and within 6 weeks the stream of money came flooding in from all over the country.

6) When searching for some news online(在线的) last night, I came across an interesting website(网址) devoted to computer games.

7) He is so clever that he can always come up with solutions at the last moment.

8) At the sight of the big fish, the fisherman plunged his hands into the water and caught it with graceful ease.

Increasing Your Word Power 1 Listed in the box below are some unit nouns. Discuss their meanings and then complete the following table by filling in the appropriate unit noun. The same unit noun may be used for more than once. Consult a dictionary if necessary. a(n) slice of bread a(n) bunch of keys a(n) can of orange juice a(n) item of business a(n) slice of meat a(n) can of beer a(n) article of luggage a(n) sheet of paper a(n) particle of rock a(n) bar of soap a(n) sheet of glass a(n) article of furniture a(n) particle of dust a(n) bar of chocolate a(n) bunch of flowers a(n) item of expense

2 Words such as respectful, respectable and respective may cause confusion because they are similar either in meaning or in spelling. To communicate effectively, we need to pay special attention to such confusable words. In each of the following sentences you are given

two or three words in brackets. Choose the appropriate one to fill in the blank. You may consult a dictionary if necessary. 1) Now your father has retired, you should go and see him now and then. This should not be neglected (neglectful, neglected).

2) Some boy students are neglectful (neglectful, neglected) of their appearance in school.

3) In this book the writer describes his colourful (coloured, colourful) experiences in Africa.

4) To celebrate the Spring Festival, they tie many coloured (coloured, colourful) lamps on the trees.

5) The coat is made of a kind of cloth that is rough (rough, tough) to touch.

6) The meat was tough (rough, tough) and hard and I did not like it at all.

7) The article is all nonsense. It’s not worth (worth, worthy) the paper it’s printed on.

8) These young men will prove worthy (worth, worthy) of our trust.

9) The situation will develop in a direction favourable (favourite, favourable) to China.

10) I like oranges very much; they are my favourite (favourite, favourable) fruit.

11) The boys here are well mannered and respectful (respective, respectable, respectful) toward grown-ups.

12) My uncle is a respectable (respective, respectable, respectful) doctor in our town.

13) After the meeting we will take our respective (respective, respectable, respectful) ways home.

14) It was very considerate (considerate, considerable) of you to send me a birthday card yesterday.

15) There has been a considerable (considerate, considerable) growth of light industry in the city in the last five years.

3 Word Building

Now match each of the English words in Column A with its Chinese meaning in Column B. You may consult a dictionary if necessary. 1)d 2) i 3) l 4) a 5)k 6) o 7) p 8) b 9)m 10) n 11) e 12) c 13) f 14) g 15) h 16) j

Grammar in Context Task 1: Fill in the blanks in the following sentences by choosing proper connectives from the box below.

1) He gave us a vivid description of what he had seen in Africa.

2) The only way to avoid being miserable is not to have enough leisure to wonder whether you are happy or not.

3) I looked around and was not certain whose house I was in.

4) The students here will give their used books to whoever need them in the countryside schools.

5) The situation today is obviously different from what it was only 50 years ago.

6) Persistent people begin their success where others end in failure.

7) I didn’t realize how difficult it was to get the tickets for the performance.

8) You say you are brave. Now let’s see which of us is the more timid(胆小的).

9) I know nothing about her except that she is an English teacher in our school.

10) We all thought it a pity that the sports meet should have been put off.

Task 2: Complete the following sentences using a preposition and a relative pronoun. 1) He took out a square green bottle, the content of which he poured into a dish.

2) The goals for which he has fought all his life are all achieved now.

3) An investigation was made into the accident, in which fifty people were killed.

4) We need a chairman in whom everyone has confidence.

5) A survey was carried out on the death rate of the new-born babies in the region, the results of which were shocking.

6) I am grateful to him for his advice, to which I owe all my success.

7) This depends on the purpose for which nuclear energy is used.

8) The time at which each control signal is sent is carefully controlled by a digital(数码的) clock.

Cloze

Complete the following passage with words and phrases chosen from Text A. The initial letter of each is given. There’s a difference between ―being a writer‖ and writing. As a matter of fact, many who wish to be writers are longing for (1) wealth and fame, not the long hours alone at the type-writer. They are not aware (2) of the fact that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair (3). I remember when I became a freelance writer, I had no prospects (4) at all. What I did have was a friend and a small storage (5) room in an apartment building. It didn’t even matter (6) that it was cold and had no bathroom. Immediately I bought a used manual typewriter and plunged (7) myself into writing. After a year or so, however, I still hadn’t received a break (8) and began to doubt myself. Then one day I was offered (9) a job earning $ 6,000 a year. As the dollars were dancing (10) in my head, something cleared (11) my senses. From deep inside a bull-headed resolution welled up (12). I heard myself saying, ―I’m going to stick (13) it out and write.‖ I realized that you had to make sacrifices (14) and live creatively to keep working at your dreams. Then, in 1970, 17 years after I left the Coast Guard, Roots was published (15). The shadows had turned into dazzling limelight.

Translation Translate the following sentences into English, using the words and expressions given in brackets.

1) 听说他的新书是根据发生在田纳西州一个小镇上一家人的真事写的。(rumor has it that)

Rumour has it that his new book is based on a true story about a family in a small Tennessee town.

2) 他在中学教书,但也兼职做些翻译来赚取外快。 (on the side)

He teaches in a middle school, but he does some translation work on the side to bring in extra cash / money.

3) 自信是件好事,但自信与自负(conceit)是有区别的。 (there’s a difference between … and …)

It’s good to be confident (about yourself), but there’s a difference between (self-)confidence and conceit.

4) 只有坚持到底的人才会成功。半途而废的人永远也无法实现梦想。 (stick it out)

Only those who stick it out can achieve success. Those who give up halfway will never realize their dreams.

5) 一个真正的英雄有勇气,有高尚的目标,而且乐于奉献。 (make sacrifices)

A true hero possesses / has courage, a noble purpose and a willingness to make sacrifices.

6) 任何人只要拿起这本小说读了第一段,就会发现很难把它放下。 (be hard pressed to do sth.)

Anyone who picks up this novel and reads the first paragraph will be hard pressed to put it down.

7) 从某种意义上说, 生活就像游泳。 如果你总是扶住池边, 就永远也学不会。 (in a sense)

In a sense, life is like swimming; if you keep holding on to the sides of the pool, you (will) never learn.

8) 一个民族的前途在很大程度上取决于其教育与培训的质量。 (in a large measure)

The future of a nation depends in a large measure upon the quality of education and training.


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