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大学英语四级考试语法笔记13

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6)下周这个时候,我们将在考试。 This time next week we shall be taking our exams. 11、过去将来时 (1) 由 should/would 动词原形构成。第一人称用 should; 第二、三人称用 would。美国英语所有人称一律用 would. should/would 的简略形式为’d, 如 I’ d, you’d; would not 和 should not 的简略形式分别为 wouldn’t 和 shouldn’t. (2)过去将来时表示从过去某时间看将要发生的事情,多用在宾语从句中。 还可以表示过去的倾向或过去经常发生的事情。如: They asked me if I would go to Guangzhou soon. 他们问我是否很快要去广 州。 She told me she would come again next week. 她和我说她下周还来。 I told him to leave immediately, but he wouldn’ 我告诉他马上离开, t. 但他不。 He’d play the violin when he was in low spirits. 他情绪低落的时候,就拉小 提琴。 When I was in college, I would find a part-time job during the summer holidays every year to earn my tuition. 我上大学的时候,每年暑假都找份临时工挣学费。 (3)其他表示过去将来时的结构: 1)were/was going to 动词原形,表示过去的安排、打算或确信某事会发生, 多用于口语。如: I told her I was going to see her that afternoon. 我告诉她我那天下午要去看 她。 I was sure (that) they were going to do that. 我确信他们要做那件事。 2)were/was to 动词原形,表示安排,命令或后来将要发生的事。如: He didn’t know he was to become famous later on. 他不知道以后他会出名。 They were to receive salaries from the government. 他们将接受政府的工资。 She and I were to meet at an agreed place. 她和我将在一个约定的地方见面。 3)were/was about to 动词原形,表示正要、即将发生的事。如: Mrs. Brown was about to begin, but Jennie spoke first. 布朗夫人刚要开始,但 是珍妮先说话了。 He was about to say something more, but then checked himself. 他正要再说点 什么,却又打住了。 He waited until she was about to leave. 他一直等到她即将离开。 12、将来完成时 (1)构成:shall/will have 过去分词 (2)用法:将来完成时动词主要表示在将来的某一时刻或将来的某一时刻之 前完成的动作,这一动作也可能继续进行。例如: By seven o’clock this afternoon we shall have got to Shanghai if the train keeps good line. 如果火车运行正常,我们今天下午七点就到上海了。 Before bedtime Xiao Ming will have completed his work. 到上床睡觉的时候, 小明会做完他的工作(或作业)。

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By February next year this foreign expert will have been here on this job for five years. 到明年二月,这个外国专家在这儿做这项工作就满五年了。 By Sept. 2008 Beijing will have held/hosted the Olympic Games. 到 2008 年 9 月,北京将举行完了奥运会。 翻译练习: 1)七月份你们再来时,他们就搬进新房子里去了。 When you come again in July, they will have moved into a new house. 2)到下一个五一节,我们在一起的时间就很长了。 By next May Day we shall have been together for a long time. 3)我相信,在你到那儿之前,这些困难他已经解决了。 I’m sure he will have settled/solved the difficulties before you arrive there. 4)到明年七月,我就大学毕业了。 By July next year, I will have graduated from college.

“成千上万人疯狂下载。。。 。。。

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