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宾语从句


宾语从句三大要素:关系词
宾语从句的时态问题:主现从任

陈述语序

时态问题

主过从过

真理从现

1) 当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时时, 其宾语从句的时态可以是任 何适当的时态。所以,宾语从句的时态应根据实际情况而定。eg. She says (that) she works from Monday to Friday. 她说她从周 一至周五上班。 (从句是一般现在时) She says (that) she will leave a message on his desk. 她说 她要在他桌子上留个便条。 (从句是一般将来时) She says (that) she has never been to Mount Emei. 她说她从 来没有去过峨嵋山。 (从句是现在完成时) 2) 当主句的谓语动词的时态是一般过去时的时候, 其宾语从句的时 态一般要用任一适当的过去时态。eg. He said there were no classes yesterday afternoon. 他说昨天 下午没有课。 从句是一般过去时) He said (that) he was going to take care of the baby. 他说 他会去照看这个婴儿。 (从句是过去将来时)

He said (that) they were having a meeting at that time. 他 说他们那时正在开会。 (从句是过去进行时) 但是当宾语从句是表达客观真理和规律的句子时,其时态仍旧用一 般现在时。eg. The teacher told us(that) nothing is difficult if we put our hearts into it. 老师告诉我们世上无难事,只怕有心人。 She said(that) her father is twenty-eight years older than her. 她说她父亲比她大二十八岁。 He said that light travels much faster than sound. 他说光比声音传播得快。 2. 宾语从句的引导词有三类: (1) 以 that 引导的宾语从句,本身无意义,只起连接作用,主 口语中 that 可以省略。

要用来引导句形式的宾语从句,

Eg. The radio says (that) the clouds will lift later on. Eg. She told me (that) she would like to go with us. Eg. He said that kate was good at swimming.

(2) 由连接代词 who, 词 when, where,

whom, whose,

what,

which 和连接副

why, how 引导的宾语从句。这些连接代词和连接

副词在宾语从句中充当某个成分。从句是陈述语序 eg, Could you tell me what's the matter with u? eg.I want to know how soon it will begin. Eg. I don’t know what they are going to do. Eg. He asked me whose the book was. Eg.can you tell me where you are from? Eg. Do you know how they find the place?

(3) 以 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句, If 和 whether 在句中 的意思是“是否”,主要用来引导一般疑问句意思或选择疑问句意思的 宾语从句,从句同样是陈述语序 eg, I wonder if /whether you have told the news to Li Lei . 注意:一般情况下,whether 和 if 可以互用, 但有些情况例 外。 1. 当从句做介词的宾语时只用 whether 不用 if we'll go on the

eg, We are talking about whether pinic.

2. 引导词与动词不定式或 not 连用时, 只用 whether. eg, Could you tell me whether you go or not?

③在不定式前用 whether。如: eg.He hasn't decided whether 他尚未决定是否拜访那位老人。 Eg.He hasn't decided whether to go by bus or by tra to visit the old man.

in.他还未决定是乘公共汽车去还是坐火车去。 ④whether 置于句首时,不能换用 if。如: eg.Whether this is true or not,I can't say.这是否真的 我说不上来。 ⑤引导主语从句和表语从句时宜用 whether。如: Whether she will come or not is still a question .她是否能来还是个问题。 ⑥若用 if 会引起歧义时,则用 whether。如: Please let me know if you like the book.可理解 为: b.If you like the book,please let me know.你如果 喜欢这本书,请告诉我 3.if 引导否定概念的宾语从句时,这时不能用 whether. Eg. He asked if I didn’ t come to school yesterday. 4.引导状语从句 even if(即使)和 as if(好象)时,这时不能用 whether. eg.He talks as if he has known all about it. 宾语从句的否定转移:当主句谓语动词

主句的谓语动词是 think,believe,imagine,suppose,consider,expect,fancy,guess 等, 并且主句的主语是第一人称而且为一般现在时,从句的否定词一般要转 移到主句上来,其反义疑问句一般与宾语从句一致. I don’t believe that man is killed by Jim,is he? 我认为那个人不是 Jim 所杀的,是不是? I don’t think it is right for him to treat you like that 实战演练 1. Could you tell me if it _____ tomorrow? A. rains B. is raining C. will rain D. rain 2. The teacher told his students the sun_____ in the east. A. rise B. rises C. rose D. risen 3. I'm sure___ he will be here on time. A. if B. that C. whether D. when 4. Can you tell me ______? A. what's the matter with him B. what the matter with him is C. what happened with him D. what with him happened

5. Let me tell you ______. A. how much is the car B. how much does the car cost

C. how much did I pay for the car D. how much I spent on t he car 6. Peter knew _______. A. whether he has finished reading the book B. why the boy had so many questions C. there were 12 months in a year D. when they will leave for Paris 7. Bruce says _______ he can come at 9:00 tomorrow. A. when B. what C. that D. what time 8. Dave, could you teach me ______ to search the Internet? A. that B. how C. when D. why 9. Could you tell me ______? A. where is the nearest railway station B. where the nearest railway station was C. where the nearest railway station is D. where was the nearest railway station 10. He was afraid ______ he would forget his Chinese. A. if B. when C. how D. that 11. Mike asks Lin Yang _______ he has been in Beijing. A. how long B. where C. how D. that

Keys:1-5 C B B A D 6-11BCBCDA

1、Do you know how much hot water _______? A.Mum is needed C.Mum needs B.does Mum need D.did Mum need

2、Can you tell me_______? A.where he is C.he is where B.where is he D.what is he

3、I didn't know how_______to London? A.would they go C.they would go B.are they going D.they are going

4、I want to know how long_______. A.has he been back C.he has been back 5、Do you know_______? A.what the news are C.what the news is B.what is the news D.what are the news B.has he come back D.he has come back

6、He said he would help me with my maths if he_______free. A.was B.will be C.would be D.is

7、He will write to you as soon as he _______to Shanghai. A.gets B.is getting C.will get D.shall get

8、Father_______music when he_______young A.liked?was C.likes?was B.liked?is D.likes?is

9、I liked sports_______I was young. A.so much as C.very much when B.so much that D.very much because

10、_______ mother got home, I was tidying my room. A.After B.When C.As soon as D.Before

11、The teacher didn't begin her class_______the students stopped talking. A.until B.because C.after D.when

12、If it_______tomorrow, we'll go to the Great wall. A.doesn't rain B.won't rain C.not rains D.isn't rain

13、Could you tell me_______we get to the plane? A.how B.whether C.where D.what

14、When they got to the cinema, the film_______for the ten minutes. A.had been on C.began B.has begun D.had begun

15、The teacher says_______she will leave a message on the headmaster's desk. A.if B.who C.that D.what

16、Lucy looks stronger_______Lily. A.than B.as C.then D.not as

17、I know nothing about it _______he told me. A.because B.since C.until D.after

18、You must make your new house clean and safe _______you move in. A.because B.when C.before D.until 19、I was_______tired_______I couldn't walk on. A.so?that C.very?that B.too?to D.very?to time.

20、I thought he_______to see his mother if he A.will go?has B.will go ?will have D.would go ?had

C.would go ?would have

1、C 2、A 3、C 4、C

5、C

6、A 7、A 8、A 9、C 10、B 11、A 12、A 13、A 14、A 16、A 17、C 18、C 19、A 15、C 20、D

二、用所给动词的正确形式填空: 1、I won't return the book to the library because I _______(not finish) reading it. 2、As soon as he saw me, he _______to speak to me. (stop) 3、I hope he _______(come) back in a week.

4、It _______(rain) hard when I got to the factory this morning. 5、The old man told the children _______(not walk) in the rice fields. 6、He told me he _______(help) her with her maths the next evening. 7、She said they_______(know) each other for quite some time. 8、If it_______(not rain) tomorrow, we _______(visit) the Pople's Museum. 9、John _______(write) something when I _______(go) to see him. 10、Our teacher told us that light_______(travel) much faster than sound. 11、When I got to the cinema, the film _______(begin) 12、Mike asked me if we _______(ask) any questions the next class. 13、Will you come and stay with us for a while when you _______(finish) doing your homework? 14、Comrade Wang didn't know if there _______(be) on English evening that day. 15、Please tell me if she _______(come) again next time

二、 1、haven't finished 3、will come 5、not to walk 7、had known 2、stopped

4、was raining 6、would help 8、doesn't rain, will visit 10、travels

9、was writing, went 11、had begun 13、finish 15、will come

12、would ask 14、would be

.


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