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Emily Dickinson的友人


As we can know,when Emily was around thirty-eight years old,she began to seclude herself from society compeletly.So how did she communicate with her friends?Yes,by letters.It’s said that despite her physical seclusion, Dickinson was socially active and expressive through notes and letters. When visitors came to either the Homestead or the Evergreens, she would oftensend small gifts of poems.So let’t look into friends in letters. First let’s talk about her “sister Sue”.But she wasn’t her sister-in-law.They meet when they were both teenagers.Susan shared Dickinson’s love of literature ,gardening,recipes,and nature,as well as her dislike of chores and household duties.Dickinson greatly trust Susan,valuing her opinions and advice,and the two participated in an intense friendship that spanned five decades.Dickinson was eager for a personal connection to replace the friends who had married and moved away,and Susan ,orphaned at a young age,was just as eager to become a part of a family.Of all the friends and relatives,she wrote the most letters to her “sister Sue”. After Susan and Austin got married,they moved to The Evergreens.Dickinson was delight to live so close to her friend.Interestingly,even though she lived next door,Dickinson still sent Susan letters. This is one of the letters: In this poem,Dickinson acknowledges that,according to biological standards,she has one sister.However,the poem shows that the actions one takes,not the genes in one’s blood,define true sisterhood.Sue’s compassion,friendship,and love transcend mere biology,making her “belong”to Dickinson as a sister.

Then let’s talk about Higginson. Higginson is remembered as a correspondent and literary mentor to the poet Emily Dickinson. In April 1862, Higginson published an article, titled "Letter to a Young Contributor," in which he advised young writers to step up. Emily Dickinsonsent this letter to Higginson.She asked,"Are you too deeply occupied to say if my Verse is alive?" However,he was not – his reply included gentle criticism of Dickinson's raw, odd verse, questions about Dickinson's personal and literary background, and a request for more poems. Gradually, Higginson became Dickinson's mentor and "preceptor”.However,he didn’t agree with Dickinson’s writing style.Even after her death,he changed her poems in favor of the conventional tastes before publishing her work.But we have to admit that without him ,Dickinson’s work may never be exposed to the sunlight. ( When Higginson urged her to come to Boston in 1868 so that they could formally meet for the first time, she declined, writing: "Could it please your convenience to come so far as Amherst I should be very glad, but I do not cross my Father's ground to

any House or town". It was not until he came to Amherst in 1870 that they met. Later he referred to her, in the most detailed and vivid physical account of her on record, as "a little plain woman with two smooth bands of reddish hair ... in a very plain & exquisitely clean white pique & a blue net worsted shawl." He also felt that he never was "with any one who drained my nerve power so much. Without touching her, she drew from me. I am glad not to live near her." ) Then this is Otis Phillips Lord,an elderly judge.He was an acquaintance of Dickinson's in her late 40s. After the death of Lord's wife, his friendship with Dickinson probably became a late-life romance.Dickinson found a kindred soul in Lord, especially in terms of shared literary interests; the few letters which survived contain multiple quotations of Shakespeare's work, including the plays Othello, Antony and Cleopatra, Hamlet and King Lear. She referred to him as "My lovely Salem" and they wrote to each other religiously every Sunday. Dickinson looked forward to this day greatly; a surviving fragment of a letter written by her states that "Tuesday is a deeply depressed Day". And after his death,she referred to him as “our latest Lost”. In this letter,Dickinson express her wish to be his bride.

So we can make a conclusion:although Dickinson avoided meeting people,she was willing to keep in touch with her close friends.Through these people,she could experience love,death and the secret of life.They gave her great comfort,and were the vital readers of our lonely poet.More or less,they gave her precious advice,and influenced her writing style and theme.Also,they may be the theme of her letters,in other words,the theme of her poems. Thank you.


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