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高中英语 定语从句教学课件 外研版必修3


勃利县高级中学教学活动月

定语从句之 介词+关系代词用法
外研版 高一(3) Module 5

教学目标
?复习定语从句的基本用法 ?会翻译含定语从句的复合句(阅读目的) ?研究学习“介词+关系代词”的用法(语法) ?会写简单的含定语从句的复合句(写作目标)

?定义: 句子 用来修饰一个词的___ 在语法上叫定语从句。这个被 先行词 后面 修饰的词叫_____。定语从句须放在被修饰词的___。

?分类: 限制性定语从句 非限制性定语从句 定语从句分为_______和_______。明显的区别是 非限制性定语从句 ________的前面有逗号,但在意思上这类定语从句与主 联系不紧密,可以分割 限制性定语从句 句______________;而_______与主句不 可分割。

翻译下列含有定语从句的复合句
(1)The girl who is standing there is Mary. (2) Abraham Lincoln, who led the United States through these years, was murdered on April 14, 1865 (3) She lives in a house whose windows face south. (4)I’ll never forget the day when I joined the army. (5) Tell me the reason why you came late. (6)I won’t forget the factory where my father worked ten years ago. (7) Soon they arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat a small boy.

conclusion

? 在限定性定语从句中,将从句放到先行词 前面来翻译成汉语。 ? 非限定性定语从句属于补充说明作用,可 以译成并列句。

引导定语从句的关系词 指代人
指代事物 所属关系 指地点 指时间 指原因

who, whom, that
which, that whose where when why

关 系 代 词 关 系 副 词

正确选择关系词
(1)通过翻译,找出先行词 (2)尝试把先行词还原到定语从句中,确定其所担 当的成分,所属类别。 (3)先行词在从句中做主语、宾语用关系代词, 做状语时用关系副词

小窍门:(表示时间地点原因)先行词 前面需加介词才能还原到定语从句中的话, 一定是状语,应当用关系副词。





1.This is the factory ____ we visited last week.

c

A、where
B、that

C、in which
D、the one

2、This is the school _______ my father
worked 20 years ago. A、that B、when C、which

D

D、where

3、This is the reason ______ he told me.

A

A、that
B、why

C、on which
D、for that

4、His walking stick, ____ he can’t
walk, was lost yesterday. A、that

D

B、with which
C、which D、without which

5、The man _______ you are talking is
in the next room.

B

A、to whom
B、about whom

C、about who
D、whom

介词+关系代词
? ? ? ? ? ? 思考: 什么情况下考虑用介词+关系代词? 如何选择和介词? 介词后可以使用那些关系词? 与whose 又有何关系? 与关系副词是否有关系?

用正确的介词+关系代词填空:

in which 1.This is the house _________ I lived two years ago. without which 2. His walking-stick, ___________ he can’t walk, was lost yesterday. 3. The knife, with which we use to cut the bread, is very ___________ sharp. 4.Do you remember the day on which you joined our club? _________ 5.He is a man from whom __________we should learn.

Conclusion

1.当从句不缺主语或宾语时,可考虑用介词+关系代词。 2.当确定用介词+关系代词时,介词的选用可考虑与从 句中动词、形容词的搭配或与先行名词的搭配。 3.当介词放在关系代词前时,介词宾语只能用which代物, whom代人。且关系代词一律不能省略。

如何选择介词 1) 看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配

This is the book ___ which you asked. for
注意: 动词短语不能拆开即介词不提前 The old man whom I am looking after is better.

2) 看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 He referred me to some reference books ____ which I am not very with familiar. 3) 根据先行词判断, 所用的介词与先行 词搭配 This is our classroom, ____________ in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk.

?whose

用正确的形式填空:

1. This is the girl _______ wallet was stolen yesterday. whose 2. This is the girl of whom the wallet was stolen yesterday. _______ whose 3. I like the book _______ cover is red. 4. I like the book of which the cover is red. _______
Conclusion: 1. whose既可指人又可指物,在从句中作定语,其后紧跟名词。

2. whose +表人的名词=of whom + the + 表人的名词
whose +表物的名词=of which + the + 表物的名词

关系副词与介词+关系代词
This is the house. I was born in the house. =This is the house where I was born. 先行词 关系副词 =This is the house which I was born in. =This is the house in which I was born.
注:关系副词可等于“介词+关系代词”

We will never forget the day when I joined the party. on which (on the day) The reason why I called is to invite you to a party. for which (for the reason)

writing

Connect these sentences using the given phrases.
of which of whom at which in which to whom

1. We’re in the region. Printing was first
invented in this region. We’re in the region in which printing was first invented.

2. It is an invention. He is very proud of this invention. It is an invention of which he is very proud. 3. He is a man. I am afraid of this man because he has invented something dangerous. He is a man of whom I'm afraid because he has invented something dangerous.

4. The machine is very old. You are looking at that machine. The machine at which you're looking is very old. 5. Is that the inventor? You were talking to him. Is that the inventor to whom you were talking?

翻译 1.他指给我看他丢钱包的地方。 He showed me the place where he lost his wallet. 2.我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。 I don’t know the girl whom/that you speak to. 3.她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。 She is a girl who is called Mary.

4.那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。 Those boys who are playing tennis are my friends. 5.你记不记得我们到这儿的那一天? Do you remember the day when we arrived here?

—定语从句

概念

定义 分类 连接词 that与which who、that与whom Whose 介词+关系代词 when、where与why

各种连接词的具体用法


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