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高一英语上学期阅读理解20篇(一)


高一英语上学期阅读理解 20 篇(一) 一 As a student, you must be excited to know something about American school students. In fact, just like in China, in the United States, high school is usually divided into two periods, the first two or three years are called “junior high school” and the other is “senior high school”. In China, children enjoy free education of nine years, but in the United States, the students enjoy free education until they are 18 years old. As a result of the free education system (制度), American children have little difficulty in going to senior high school. American high school students can take part in a lot of activities outside of the classroom. The activities are organized by the school, such as joining a music group or a sports team. Certainly, just like us students in China, American students have to work hard in order to get good marks if they want to go to a good university. They take classes in all kinds of subjects all through the high school period. And those who come out with low marks at the end of a school year and who should repeat a grade are often allowed to go on to the next grade. In American high schools, there is fighting or hurting or other kinds of bad behaviors. So children who want to go to university are often sent to suburban (郊区的) high schools, where most students want to go to university and the atmosphere (氛围) is quite different. 1. Activities outside of the classroom refer to __________. A. what the students do after class in school B. what the students learn in extra classes C. what a music group or a sports team do D. what the teachers do after class for the students 2. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. The time of free education in China is longer than that in America. B. Those who get good marks can go to a good university. C. American students can take all kinds of subjects during the high school period. D. They can be allowed to join the next grade even if they fail the school-year exam. 3. The writer of the passage tells us the truth that ________. A. the atmosphere in high schools is quite different from that in a university B. none of the schools in cities are good for learning C. suburban high schools are good places for learning D. all the American students want to go to university 二 Americans can travel almost anywhere they choose. But to protect its people, the government lists a few dangerous places where Americans cannot go. These places are unfriendly countries or countries at war. There, the traveller might not be safe. These countries are listed in a small book called a passport. This passport is a government request(要求) for the safety of its travelling people. It is also a government' s pledge (保证) that the people will obey the rules of the host country. To receive a passport from the government, a traveller must prove(证明) that he is an American citizen. An American can not go abroad without a passport. Only some close countries such as Canada and Mexico do not ask for passports. Inside the passport is the traveller's picture. Children travelling with their parents are included(包含) in one parent's book. Thousands of people from the United States visit other countries every year. An American traveller might carry plane tickets, money, clothing and many other things, but the most important that he carries in

another country is his passport. 1. A passport is not needed when an American goes to . A. foreign countries B. dangerous areas C. Canada or Mexico D. foreign countries 2. From the passage we can see that A. children can' t travel to foreign countries B. Americans like travelling C. a traveller is not safe in most countries D. Americans like to travel to close countries 3. Which statement does the passage lead you to believe? A. People should take care of their passports. B. It is not important to have a passport to travel. C. Children are never included in a passport. D. When you are in another country, money is more important than a passport. 4. Which of the following statements is true? A.When Americans are travelling in another country, they must obey the rules of the country. B. The American government sometimes allow its people to travel to dangerous places. C. A passport is needed wherever an American is travelling. D. A passport only helps the traveller to know where he will go. 三 It takes many years for you to grow up. There are two periods in your life when you grow rapidly. The first period begins right after you are born and lasts until you are about six months old. The second period starts when you reach the age of 13. First, girls grow faster than boys, then boys catch up and grow faster and stronger. Your head stops growing earlier than the rest of you. By the time you are ten, your head is nearly full size. The bones of your arms and legs are short when you are a baby. When you reach the age of nine, your bones starts to grow rapidly, and will keep growing until you reach your full height (高度). Besides growing taller, your body changes in other ways. When a boy is about 13 years old, his voice begins to get deeper and he may begin to grow a beard (胡子). At about the age of 13, a girl’s body begins to function (运行) like a woman’s. Some important changes are taking place, changes that makes it possible for boys and girls, when they are older, to become fathers and mothers. 1. The first period in your life when you grow very rapidly ____________________. A. lasts about thirteen years B. lasts about six months C. doesn’t begin until you are about six months old D. begins when you are six months old 2. Your head nearly stop growing __________________. A. when you are born B. when you are ten years old C. when you are thirteen years old D. when you are six months old 3. About the age of 13, a child ________________. A. stops growing B. reaching his full height C. begins to grow a beard D. begins to change in other ways 4. The meaning of the last sentence is that __________________. A. boys and girls are not sure to become fathers and mothers when they are old B. it is necessary for boys and girls to become fathers and mothers when they grow up C. boys and girls must have some important changes before they grow up D. it is important that boys and girls should become fathers and mothers when they are older

四 Just as the sun is starting to shine and the days are getting longer, the examination period begins! I’d like to wish all students the very best luck in your exams and with your dissertations(专题论 文). For those of you who will be leaving us this summer, I hope that you will take with you fond memories of Birmingham and that you keep in touch. If you are staying in Birmingham over the summer, do try to come along to our summer garden party on 18 June. Spouses and children are very welcome to join us too. Summer Garden Party Wednesday 18, June 2003 From 2 p.m. -5 p. m. Celebrate the end of exams and the end of term with a summer garden party in the beautiful grounds of Westmere on Edgbaston Park Road. Ali international students, their spouses and children are welcome to join us. We’ll have lots of party games as well as food and drink. What better way to mark the end of the academic year? If you would like to come along, please contact Mal Graham, international Student Assistant: Tel: 0121 414 2894 E-mail: M.M.Graham@bham.ac.uk. We look forward to seeing many of you there. Have a great summer. 1. The above invitation is from _________ A. a middle school in Birmingham B. a college in Birmingham C. the government of Birmingham D. an organizer of a summer camp 2. What is the invitation mainly aimed at? A. Inviting all the students to attend a part in a beautiful park. B. In forming all international students of the end of the summer term. C. Saying goodbye to those who are about to leave the university. D. inviting all international students to attend a summer party. 3. The underlined word “spouse” refer to _________. A. the old B. the adult C. a relative of friend D. a husband or wife 4. What can we learn from the text? _________ A. The party will last for 4 hours. B. Some students will graduate this summer. C. The party will be held during the examination period. D. All the students there are married 五 Dear Michelle, My mother is not a good example for me and my sister. She smokes, stays out late, and she curses(咒骂). I love her but I am ashamed of her. I do not want to bring my friends home because she does not act like any of the other mothers. She says I am a loser because I sit at home and study. I wish I could live in another family that was normal, but it will be 5 years before I am 18. What am I supposed to do until then? Prisoner of a Crazy House Dear 7th Grader, I am glad that you love your mother because the rest of your feelings about her may change as you get older and mature. While it is true that your mother’s smoking, partying and cursing bring you shame, the fact

that you want to stay separate from her doings is notable and very smart. It shows that you are a winner, not a loser. I am guessing, therefore, that you do not bring shame to yourself, and that is a good thing. So, keep it that way and keep away from your mother’s habits. At the same time, try to get the best grades and join clubs and school activities. Offer social service on weekends and visit your friends at their homes. Fortunately, you are not alone. Many teens live in homes with immature, misguided, selfish parents. But they develop good friendships with nice kids, do well in school, and often find a teacher or guidance advisor who makes all the difference! Do it, Miss Winning 13 years old, and keep looking forward to your own future. Maybe by then your mother may even see the light and realize how good you really are. Michelle 1. Michelle doesn’t address her letter receiver as “Prisoner of a Crazy House” possibly because she_________________. A. tries to be polite B. doesn’t write to the kid alone C. knows that’s a girl in Grade 7 D. wants to cheer the kid up 2. According to the passage, Michelle advises the girl to ______________. A. try talking to her mother for her future B. stick to her attitude towards her mother’s some habits C. understand her mother’s habits and get used to them D. try to keep away from her mother 3. What does Michelle mainly express by writing the last four paragraphs? A. Don’t worry too much about the problem. B. Many parents act terribly. C. Parents’ manners make little difference. D. The girl is not speaking for herself. 4 What does Miss Winning 13 years old refer to in the last paragraph but one? A. the girl who turns to Michelle for help B. Michelle C. the girl’s mother D. a famous person whom we all admire 六 Young people in most countries like to dance. Different peoples have different kinds of dances. Pretend (假装)that you are in Africa. You are visiting the Kikuyu tribe. Hear the drums beat! Listen to the flutes! Almost 2,000 Kikuyus are meeting for the most important dance of the year. First, the Kikuyus choose a large, flat place for their dance. For hundreds of years, they have danced on an autumn night when the moon is full. The moon and the flame from small fires light the dancers. Older people watch from the side while young men and women gather at the dancing place. The girls wear leather skirts and tops. The men wear fancy headdresses and carry spears. The dancers' skin and clothes are colored by light red chalk. The chalk and the firelight make the dancers look like statues. The dancers act out stories of good and bad deeds. The dances tell stories of lion hunts and other adventures. In one dance, the girls stand on the boys' feet. The girls are pretending to be afraid of snakes. All night the drums beat and the fires burn. But the dancers never seem to get tired. 1. The place where the Kikuyu tribe dances is _______.

A. flat B. Small C. hilly D. square 2. On the whole, this story is about ______. A. the beat of drums B. an African dance C. African storytelling D. the Kikuyus 3. What do the Kikuyu dances tell? A. The dances tell the story of drum beat. B. The dances tell about adventures. C. The dances tell funny jokes. D. The dances tell stories in the past. 4. Which of these sentences do you think is right? A. The Kikuyus do not often get together. B. Dancing is important to the Kikuyus. C. The most important event is singing. D. After the dancing, all the dancers got tired. 七 Go to church, then have a big lunch, then go out to play while mum does the housework. That was a typical (典型的) British Sunday in the 1960s. But things now could not be more different. Some British sociologists recently studied the typical British Sunday. They found that people get up later and do less housework than they did 40 years ago. They are far more likely to be out shopping or enjoying themselves than cooking Sunday lunch. Sunday mornings were busy 40 years ago. Most women caught up on their weekly housework and cooked a nice lunch. They seldom allowed themselves any “leisure” until afternoon, after the dishes were cleaned. Then there would be another rush to the table between 5:00 pm and 6:00 pm for tea. But now, Britons can have brunch (早午餐) at the restaurant. Fewer people bother to cook themselves. “You only have two free days a week. You don’t want to have to waste one because there is nothing to do but watch boring TV,” said Elizabeth Biggs, 25, a producer in London. “On Saturday you are recovering from the week,” Biggs added. “Sundays are the last chance for the weekend — you want to get as much as you can out of the day before you have to go back to work.” In the past, British women usually did their shopping during the week, while the husband was at work. “Now men seem to do that as much as women,” said Jonathan Gershuny, a professor who took part in the study. Men also do more housework now on Sundays. Back in the 1960s, men were far more likely to spend Sundays out of the house — at the pub or playing football — before lunch. 1. Many Britons have brunch at the restaurant because _______. A. They have no time to cook at home. B. They get up too late. C. They won’t bother to cook themselves. D. They will go to church. 2. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Britons used to go to church on Sundays. B. Britons usually had a big lunch at home. C. British women usually did their shopping during the week in the past. D. British men did little housework at home in the past. 3. The text mainly tells us ________. A. what Britons did on Sundays B. why Britons go shopping on Sundays C. how Britons spend their holidays D. the changes of the ways the Britons spend their Sundays 4. What can we infer from the passage? A. Men do more housework on Sundays. B. Sundays in Britain might be very boring in the past.

C. No people go to church on Sundays now. D. Britons all go out on Sundays. 八 Every day we go to school and listen to the teacher, and the teacher will ask us some questions. Sometimes, the classmates will ask for your opinions of the work of the class. When you are telling others in the class what you have found out about these topics, remember that they must be able to hear what you are saying. You are not taking part in a family conversation or having a chat with friends—you are in a slightly unnatural situation where a large group of people will remain silent, waiting to hear what you have to say. You must speak so that they can hear you—loudly enough and clearly enough but without trying to shout or appearing to force yourself. Remember, too, that it is the same if you are called to an interview whether it is with a professor of your school or a government official who might meet you. The person you are seeing will try to put you at your ease (not worried) but the situation is somewhat different from that of an ordinary conversation. You must take special care that you can be heard. 1. When you speak to the class, you should speak ________. A. as slowly as possible B. in a low voice C. loudly D. forcefully 2. Usually, when you speak to the class, the class is ________. A. noisy B. quiet C. having a rest D. serious 3. The situation in the class is _________that in your house. A. not very different from B. sometimes the same as C. sometimes not the same as D. not the same as 4. If you are having a conversation with an official, the most important thing for you is____. A. to show your ability B. to be very gentle C. to make sure that you can be heard D. to put the official at ease 5. The main idea of this passage is _______. A. that we should talk in different ways in different situations B. that we must speak loudly C. that we must keep silent at any time D. that we must talk with the class 九 Although English is not as old as Chinese, it is spoken by many people around the world every day. English speakers are always creating new words and we are often able to know where most words come from. Sometimes, however, no one may really know where a word comes from. Did you ever think about why hamburgers are called hamburgers, especially when they are not made with ham? About a hundred years ago, some men went to America from Europe. They came from a big city in Germany called Hamburg. They didn’t speak good English, but they ate good food. When some Americans saw them eating round piece of beef, they asked the Germans what it was. The Germans didn’t understand the question and answered, “We come from Hamburg.” One of these Americans owned a restaurant, and had an idea. He cooked some round piece of bread and started selling them. Such bread came to be called “hamburgers”. Today, “hamburgers” are sold in many countries around the world. Whether this story is true or not, it certainly is interesting. Knowing why any word has a certain meaning is interesting, too. This reason, for most English words, can be found in any large English dictionary.

1 Hamburg is ____________ A. a kind of food B. a round piece of beef C. the name of a village D. a city in Germany 2. According to the passage, ___________. A. few Americans like hamburgers B. hamburgers are made with beef C. hamburgers are made with ham D. hamburgers were first sold about a century ago 3 According to the writer, which of the following can often be found in any large English dictionary? A. Where all the new words come from. B. Where those Germans came from. C. The reason why a word has a certain meaning. D. The reason why English is spoken around the world. 4 From the story, we can know that the word “hamburger” comes from ___________. A. China because it has a long history B. English because Germans don’t speak good English C. The round piece of beef which those people from Hamburg were eating D. English speakers because they always create new words 十 For many years Henry had been a journalist. He had worked on many international newspapers and magazines and traveled all over the world. Henry had witnessed wars and natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes and erupting volcanoes (火山爆发) . He had reported on serious accidents such as big fires and airline crashes. He had seen every kind of terrible crime and strange event there was. He had met and written about some of the most unusual people in the world. In fact, there wasn’t much that Henry had not seen or done. Now he retired from journalism(新闻业). He owned a very expensive restaurant and spent his days talking to his wealthy and important customers. He liked to say that nothing surprised him. One day he was sitting at the bar in his restaurant when a big gorilla walked in and asked for a table. Henry showed no surprise. He took the gorilla to a table and handed him a menu. He treated him politely and pretended there was nothing at all strange about having a gorilla in his restaurant. The gorilla looked through the menu and ordered a salad. Henry served the gorilla his salad personally, knowing that his waiters and waitresses would be too frightened. At last the gorilla finished his salad and asked for the bill. Henry wrote out the bill and handed it to the big animal. The gorilla studied it, shook his head sadly, then gave Henry fifty dollars. “Thank you”, Henry said, and then to make conversation he added, “We don’t get many gorillas in this restaurant.” “At fifty dollars for a salad,” the gorilla said, “I’m not surprised.” 1.What does the underlined word “witness” mean? A. when something happens one sees or notices it on the spot B. to be part of C. to tell what happens D. to feel unhappy with 2.According to the story, Henry had .

A. had the most exciting experiences B. told the longest stories C. made history D. caused accidents 3.One day when a gorilla came into the restaurant, Henry was A. very surprised by the gorilla B. not troubled by the gorilla C. very interested in the gorilla D. scared of the gorilla 4.The gorilla was____ A. angry with the salad C. not surprised by the cost of the food

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B. still hungry after his salad D. surprised by the prices 十一 U.S.— A South African man could face up to 25 years in prison for joking that he was carrying a bomb on an airline, police said Friday. The 40-year-old man was arrested at Johannesburg airport on Thursday after he told an airhostess on nationwide airliner after take-off from Durban that he had a bomb in his bag. “We don’t take this sort of thing lightly. He could face a jail term of between five and twenty-five years without the option (选择) of a fine.” Security precautions (安全措施) were taken against the man — a resident from the wealthy (富 有) Johannesburg suburb of Sandown — on the flight. Airline people didn’t find any explosives or weapons in his bags. “Security measures at airport and on plane have been intensified(加强) immediately after the recent horrific and tragic terror(恐怖)attacks in America,” a police statement said. Thousands of people are believed to have died after the hijacked (劫机) airliners flew into the twin towers of New York’s World Trade Center in the worst terror attack in U.S. history. 1 The man was arrested because he _______. A. went aboard the plane with a bomb in his bag B. security measures at airport and plane have been intensified. C. was joking at the airport. D. said on the plane that he was carrying a bomb in his bag. 2. The man may _______. A. serve as many as 25 years in prison B. get away after paying a large sum of money. C. get locked up in his wealthy home in Sandown. D. be ordered to give up his weapons to the police. 3 Security measures have been strengthened at airports in the States to counterattack (反击) ______. A. air crashes B. smuggling C. terror attacks D. shoplifting 4. This news article is mainly about ________. A. a terror attack in America B. a high cost for a joke C. the bad luck of a rich man D. the security measures at an airport in America. 十二 How to protect child web fans from unsuitable materials (不合适材料) on-line while encouraging them to use the Internet has long been discussed in the US. For some time, the Internet seems like a forest, filled with dangers for children. But forests have wonders as well as dangers, and with good guides, some education and a few precautions(预防措施) ,the wilds of the Internet can be safely navigated(航行). "Children have to be on-line. If we tell our children they can' t have chances to the Internet, we' re cutting them off from their future," said an expert.

Most children have started to use search engines. Many of them are great for finding lots of interesting Internet sites and they can also go to places where you might not want them to go. There are such engines made just for children. A certain software (软件) contains only sites that have been selected as safe. The most popular way to limit chances would be to use what is known as a "content screener(过滤器)”. But this can't be wholly safe, and the best thing parents can do is to talk to their kids and let them know what is OK or not OK to see or do on the Internet. Another way is that mum or dad is nearby when the child is surfing the Internet. A few other tips: 1) Don' t put the PC in a child's room, but keep it in a place where mum or dad can keep an eye on things. That also makes the Internet more of a family activity. 2) Ask your child not to give on-line strangers personal information, especially like address and phone number. 3) Tell your children never to talk to anyone they meet on-line over the phone, send them anything, accept anything from them or agree to meet with them unless you go along. 1. What is the main subject about the passage? A. Fighting against children on-line. B. Internet in America. C. American children going on-line. D. Children's web sites. 2. According to the passage, we can infer that A. the writer doesn't encourage children to surf the Internet B. the Internet has a lot of harmful sites C. the Internet is a forest full of dangers D. a child who is on-line is in danger 3. What does the passage tell us most? A. Education B. Good guides C. Precautions D. Software 十三 Many people will remember the flight of the space shuttle (航天飞机) Challenger, in June, 1993. The achievement of Sally Ride, America’s first woman astronaut to fly into space, made this flight especially memorable. Students from two high schools in Camden, New Jersey, however, are likely to remember Norma rather than Sally whenever they think about the flight. Norma didn’t travel along. She brought about 100 companions (伙伴) along with her. Norma was an ant, a queen ant who, with her subjects, made up the first ant colony (群体) to travel into space. The ants were part of a science experiment designed by the students to test the effects of weightlessness on insects. The equipment designed by the students for their colony functioned perfectly through-out the long space trip. The young scientists and their teachers were very sad to find that their insect astronauts had all died at some point before the container was returned to the school and opened. The problem did not occur in space, but on the ground after Challenger had landed. The container remained in the desert for nearly a week before the ant colony was removed. The hot dry desert air dried out the colony’s container(容器)and the ants died from lack of moisture(水分). The project was termed a success because it did provide useful information. Students will continue their efforts to find out exactly what went wrong. They will try to prevent the same difficulties from recurring on future missions. They don’t want to be discouraged either by the death of the ants or by the $10,000 shuttle fare they will have to pay to send the next colony of ants into space. 1. The story is mainly about ___________.

A. Sally Ride’s first ride B. space equipment for insects C. a space experiment with ants D. going to school in New Jersey 2. The project wasn’t a failure because ___________. A. some important things were learned B. dead ants are better C. everything went as expected D. students wrote about it 3. The ants died because _________. A. weightlessness harmed them B. space caused too much pain C. no one fed them in space D. they dried out in the desert 4 On the next space trip, ants _________. A. will be sent without people B. should not be left in the desert too long C. will have to pay double fare D. will escape the trip completely 十四 Little Tommy was doing very badly in math. His parents had tried everything—tutors , cards, special learning centers—in short, everything they could think of. Finally they took Tommy to a catholic(天主教的) school. After the first day, little Tommy came home with a very serious look on his face. He didn’t kiss his mother hello. Instead,he went straight to his room and started studying. Books and papers were spread out all over the room and little Tommy was hard at work. His mother was surprised. She called him down to dinner and as soon as he finished eating, he went back to his room, without a word. In no time he was back hitting the books as hard as before. This went on for some time,day after day while the mother tried to understand what was happening. Finally,little Tommy brought home his report card. He quietly put it on the table and went up to his room and hit the books. His mom looked at it and to her surprise,little Tommy got an A in math. She could no longer hold her curiosity .She went to his room and asked, “Son, what was it? Was it the nuns(修女)? ” Little Tommy looked at her and shook his head, “No. ” “Well then,” she asked again. “WHAT was it? ” Little Tommy looked at her and said, “Well, on the first day of school, when I saw that man nailed to the plus sign(加号),I knew they weren’t joking. ” 1. Tommy’s mother felt surprised that his son____. A. was still the same as usual B. ate so much at dinner C. kissed her hello after school D. worked hard but said little 2. The underlined phrase “hitting the books” means “____”in Chinese. A. 用功 B. 捶书 C. 发泄 D. 振作 3. The last sentence in the passage shows that____. A. Tommy felt sorry for the man B. Tommy was afraid of being nailed C. Tommy didn’t like the plus sign D. Tommy liked playing jokes on others 4. From the passage, we can infer that____. A. teachers should be strict with their students B. mistakes might do good sometimes C. a catholic school is much better than other ones D. nuns are good at helping children with their math 十五 The gray-haired lady can’t wait to leave the building to search for her dad. Unless watched, she

will walk in the streets in an effort to find her father, who died 30 years ago. Not all cases of Alzheimer’s disease look like this, but Alzheimer’s is a serious disease that is said to be the fourth or fifth leading cause of death for people over age 75. It is said that about three percent of the U.S. population over age 65 have Alzheimer’s. In the early stages; people may exhibit short-term memory loss. Some may experience changes in personality, easy to be angry. As the disease progresses, patients might lose the ability to move and may be unable to speak or move at all. This progressive disease generally lasts 8 to 10 years before death occurs. While no one is certain what causes these changes in the brain’s nerve fibers (神经纤维), their effect is certain. Alzheimer’s destroys not only the patients, but also spouses (配偶), friends and families. What should you do if you notice progressive memory loss in yourself or a loved one? Have the person examined by a doctor who is a specialist in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Though many reasons other than Alzheimer’s disease may cause memory loss, its early diagnosis(诊断) and treatment may delay some of the most serious effects. What feeling will you likely experience if a loved one suffers from Alzheimer’s disease? A person will often go through the various stages of sadness, shock, anger, and so on. If the spouse develops the disease, you may experience hurt and disappointment when he or she doesn’t remember you are married. Life for the Alzheimer’s patients and their loved ones will never be the same as the disease progresses, bringing a deep sorrow, loss and even anger towards God. No matter what feelings are present, facing them honestly will serve one better than burying them. 1 What can be inferred from the passage about the gray-haired day? A. She has been living with her father. B. She was sad about the death of her father. C. She can’t search for her father without being watched. D. She suffers from Alzheimer’s disease. 2. When people suffer from Alzheimer’s disease, ________. A. their families and friends will suffer from the same disease B. their families and friends will experience mental sufferings C. they will certainly die in 8 to 10 years D. they will forget everybody but their spouses 3. Memory loss occurs ________. A. from Alzheimer’s disease and nothing else B. from sadness, shock, anger, and so on C. for a number of reasons D. with changes in personality 4. From the passage we know that ______. A. early treatment may stop Alzheimer’s disease occurring B. it is still unknown what causes the changes in the brain’s nerve fibers C. nerve fibers in the brain will cause Alzheimer’s disease D. when one suffers from Alzheimer’s disease, he will be buried 十六 He was the baby with no name. Found and taken from the north Atlantic 6 days after the sinking of the Titanic in 1912, his tiny body so moved the salvage (救援) workers that they called him “our baby.” In their home port of Halifax, Nova Scotia, people collected money for a headstone in front of the baby's grave (墓), carved with the words: “To the memory of an unknown child.” He has rested there ever since. But history has a way of uncovering its secrets. On Nov. 5, this year, three members of a

family from Finland arrived at Halifax and laid fresh flowers at the grave. “This is our baby,” says Magda Schleifer, 68, a banker. She grew up hearing stories about a great-aunt named Maria Panula,42, who had sailed on the Titanic for America to be reunited with her husband. According to the information Mrs. Schleifer had gathered, Panula gave up her seat on a lifeboat to search for her five children -- including a 13-month-old boy named Eino from whom she had become separated during the final minutes of the crossing. "We thought they were all lost in the sea," says Schleifer. Now, using teeth and bone pieces taken from the baby's grave, scientists have compared the DNA from the Unknown Child with those collected from members of five families who lost relatives on the Titanic and never recovered the bodies. The result of the test points only to one possible person: young Eino. Now, the family sees no need for a new grave. "He belongs to the people of Halifax," says Schleifer, "They've taken care of him for 90 years." Adapted from People, November 25, 2002 1 The baby traveled on the Titanic with his __________. A. mother B. parents C. aunt D. relatives 2. What is probably the boy's last name? A. Schleiferi. B. Eino. C. Magda. D. Panula. 3. Some members of the family went to Halifax and put flowers at the child's grave on Nov. 5, __________. A. 1912 B.1954 C. 2002 D. 2004 4. This text is mainly about how _________. A. the unknown baby’s body was taken from the north Atlantic B. the unknown baby was buried in Halifax, Nova Sotia C. people found out who the unknown baby was D. people took care of the unknown baby for 90 years 十七 It was 3:21 A. M. when nine-year-old Glenn Kreamer awoke to the smell of burning. Except for the cracking(爆裂声)of flames somewhere below, there was not a sound in the two-storey house at Baldwin Long Island. With his father away on night duty at a local factory, Glenn was worried about the safety of his mother, his sister Karen,14 and his 12-year-old brother Todd. He ran downstairs through the smoke-filled house to push and pull at Karen and Todd until they sat up. Then he helped each one through the house to the safety of the garden. There, his sister and brother, taking short and quick breaths and coughing, fell down onto the lawn. The nine-year-old boy raced back into the house and upstairs to his mother’s room .He found it impossible to wake her up. Mrs. Kreamer, a victim of the smoke, was unconscious(昏厥的),and there was nobody to help Glenn carry her to the garden .But the boy remained calm and ,as a fireman said later, “acted with all the self-control of a trained adult.” On the bedroom telephone, luckily still working, Glenn called his father and, leaving Mr. Kreamer to telephone the fire brigade and ambulance(救护车) service, got on with the task of saving his mother. First he filled a bucket with water from the bathroom and threw water over his mother and her bed. Then, with a wet cloth around his head he went back to the garden. He could hear the fire engine coming up, but how would the firemen find his mother in the smoke-filled house where flames had almost swallowed up the ground floor?

Grasping firmly a ball of string(线) from the garage, Glenn raced back into the house and dashed upstairs to his mother’s room. Tying one end of the string to her hand he ran back, laying out the string as he went, through the hall and back out into the garden. Minutes later he was telling fire chief John Coughlan: “The string will lead you to mother.” Mrs. Kreamer was carried to safety as the flames were breaking through her bedroom floor. 1 Why did Glenn run downstairs first? A. He wanted to find out what was happening. B. He was worried about his mother’s safety. C. He wanted to save his sister and brother. D. He went to see if his father had come back from work. 2 Who called the fire brigade and ambulance service? A. Glenn. B. Glenn’s father. C. Glenn’s sister. D. Glenn’s neighbor. 3. Glenn saved his family because____. A. his father had taught him to do so on the phone B. he had learned something about first aid C. he had dealt with the emergency(突发事件) calmly and wisely D he had followed his mother’s instructions 十八 When the population of the port town began to suffer from poisoning(中毒), the police came to find the cause of the poison. They thought someone was poisoning the people on purpose but no one knew how it was possible. Soon people took the position that the pork was poisoned. It was a popular food everyone ate and it could have possibly made everyone sick. Anyone who had possession of pork would throw it out. Even the poorest of the poor wouldn’t eat pork. Signs were posted on poles and letters were sent to everyone to warn people of the pork. Shortly afterwards, even policemen in high positions were also getting sick. Soon it became political and popular. Politicians(政客) rushed to the town to talk about politics and promised how they would find the solution if they were elected. Everyone was so sick that they didn’t care about politics. Everyone was in a position where he or she didn’t know what to do anymore. They went to the post office to mail posts out asking for help. The poor town didn’t know how to deal with the situation. One day, a well-known scientist from New York came to the town with a huge box containing many instruments and his possessions. He went to pools and the port and made measurements. He was quiet and polite. Then one day he made a speech at a newspaper meeting-room to announce his findings. “I’m sorry to say your water supply is so heavily polluted; it is poisoned. I know who has been poisoning you all for such a long time. It is you who have been poisoning yourselves with pollution. A great deal of rubbish has been thrown into the water day after day. No one here has taken good care of the environment. It is no wonder all of you have been sick.” Shocked at the news, the people present were lost in thought. 1. Which is the correct order of the events that took place in the story? a. People suffered from poisoning b. Politicians came to make promises c. People began to realize the real cause d. Pork was thrown away e. The water there was polluted f. A scientist came to check the water A. e, a, d, b, f, c B. e, a, d, c, f, b C. a, e, b, d, f, c D. f, c, d, b, e, a

2. What does the underlined phrase “ took the position” mean in the passage? A. took the job B. took the place C. held the opinion D. made the suggestion 3. Which of the following statements is correct? A. Everyone was so sick of politics that they didn’t care about those politicians. B. According to the scientist from New York, not all the population in the town have taken good care of the environment. C. The reason why the people in the town got sick was that they ate the pork poisoned by heavily polluted water. D. If the people in the town hadn’t polluted the water supply, they would not have suffered from poisoning or sickness. 4. After reading the passage, we can infer that ______. A. politicians took every chance to make themselves elected B. pork was the main food of the people in the town C. people in the town were not well-educated D. even some police officers were getting ill 十九 A young man applied for a job as a farmhand. When the farmer asked for his qualifications(资 历), he said, “I can sleep when the wind blows.” This puzzled the farmer. But he liked the young man, and hired him. A few days later, the farmer and his wife were awakened in the night by a violent storm. They quickly began to check things to see if all was safe from damage. They found that the doors of the farmhouse had been safely fastened, and a lot of wood had been set next to the fireplace. The young man slept soundly. The farmer and his wife then looked at their property (财产) carefully. They found that the farm tools had been placed in the storage room, safe from the bad weather. The tractor had been moved into the garage. The barn was properly locked. Even the animals were calm. All was well. The farmer then understood the meaning of the young man’s words, “ I can sleep when the wind blows.” The farmhand did his work loyally. When the sky was clear, he had prepared for the storm in case it broke. So when the wind blew, there was no need for him to be afraid. He could sleep in peace. 1. The underlined word “fastened” in Para. 3 can be replaced by ______. A. Closed B. Damaged C. taken D. moved 2. From the passage, we can learn that ______. A. at first the farmer understood his words well B. the young man was awakened in the night by a violent storm C. the young man had prepared for the storm before it came D. the young man was too sleepy to wake up in the night 3. The best title for this passage is ______. A. Sleeping in peace through the storm B. A violent storm C. A young man and his dream D. A clever farmer 4. Which of the following proverbs can best explain the story? A. Lookers-on see more than players B. Two heads are better than one C. A stitch(针)in time saves nine D. No man can do two things at a time

二十 The repairman told me, “No charge. Professor Pan! We’re friends.” “I’d rather pay.” I replied. “If it’s free I can’t afford it!” Chinese often refuse payment for professional services, insisting, “We’re friends now!” But then they show up later to ask me to tutor them in English, or get them into an American university, and I wish I’d have just paid the 30 yuan I owed them in the first place! According to the Americans “There’s no free lunch,” meaning, there’s a price for everything, and I’m always looking around to figure out what this means. Many of our neighbors have given us fruit or flowers or costly teas, never asking anything in return. For years, a bicycle repairman has repeatedly refused to let me pay him. “Wait until you have something major to fix!” he insists. I mentioned to a peasant friend that I wished I had a stone mill(磨)to grind flour for bread. A month later he showed up with a beautiful mill that he’d had his uncle in the countryside carve from a solid block of granite. Chinese generosity is a real education for Americans like me, who would rather avoid social entanglements(纠缠)and just hand over the money. But cash can’t compensate (补偿) for the greatest gift—friendship. When an American saw some of my friends sitting on bamboo stools under the trees, drinking tea, he said, “They must have nothing better to do.” “Actually,” I said, “they are professors, with plenty to do. But probably you’re right in saying that, at this moment, they have nothing better to do. And neither do I!” And I joined the group. We chatted about tea and Chinese cooking and how much my boys have grown since we arrived. One man said, “They were pocket-sized when you came here. Now they’re taller than you. How time flies!” How life flies. And Chinese are smart enough to share what they know. They cannot keep. They freely give off their time, never too busy to help a friend. And they are teaching me, slowly, to both give and receive. So the next time someone says, “No charge. We’re friends!” I will thank them heartily. But if they show up later asking me to tutor them in English. I’ll make sure they tutor my son in Chinese as well, because there’s still no free lunch. 1. Why did the author insist paying the repairman when he was offered free repairs? A. Because he was an upright man. B. Because he didn’t know the repairman. C. Because he thought it natural to pay for other’s service. D. Because he didn’t want to help others in return. 2. The underlined word “figure out” in Paragraph 3 probably means____. A. calculate B. think of C. know about D. make it clear 3. Generally, the author thinks that____. A. Chinese are generous and always ready to help their friends B. Chinese are good at exchange of equal values C. Chinese are free enough to drink tea and chat with their friends D. Chinese are helpful but don’t treasure time 4. The best title of the article should be____. A. Still no free lunch B. A good lesson from the Chinese C. True help or not D. Learn to both give and receive

5. Which of the following is true? A. Chinese seldom refuse payment for professional services. B. When a peasant knew the author needed a mill, he made one for the author himself. C. The author thinks that Chinese are wise enough to enjoy their life. D. Finally, the author changed his mind and decided to do as the Chinese do.


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