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Ch. 1 Vocabulary Practice


ESL 21B - ND Ch. 1

Name: _______________________________

Vocabulary Practice New Directions Ch. 1
A. Study the vocabulary and idioms from Chapter 1. For each word, determine the part of speech and the meaning.
Vocabulary aloof amiable animated assertive attribute avert bewilder blunder conceivably connotation constraint / constraints decisive distinctive forthright frenzied implicit/ implicitly inclined to incongruity ingrained intrigue linger manipulative notions passive perception punctuality prominent self-reliance / self-reliant unwarranted vulnerable / vulnerability Idioms stand out from the crowd place a premium on lay our cards on the table take for granted jump to a conclusion put something off

B. Use a word or idiom to complete each sentence. You may need to change the part of speech, the verb tense, or make a noun singular or plural. 1. On my trip to Brazil, I discovered that the people are very ______________________. They welcomed me into their homes and smiled a lot. They were not ___________________ like the Germans when I visited Germany, who hardly smiled and looked at me suspiciously when I did smile. 2. Another word for personal independence is _____________________________. 3. Early on, American children are _____________________ with a sense of patriotism as every morning in grade school students need to say the “Pledge of Allegiance” to the American flag. 4. The butterfly _________________________ for a few seconds on the leaf then flew away. 5. Many young Americans like to ______________________________. That’s why they are very experimental with their clothing and hairstyles. 6. If you wear fancy clothes and jewelry in a poor neighborhood you may be ___________________ to being mugged. 7. I don’t like to have any ______________________ put on me. I like to be able to do what I want. 8. Don’t ______________________ studying because if you wait until the last minute, you won’t do a good job and you won’t pass the test.

9. Your harsh remark was _______________________ in that situation. I wasn’t trying to be mean to you; I was just telling you how I felt. 10. I appreciate your being ____________________ with me. Please always let me know your honest feelings. 11. Many people spend their days working and trying to be successful, but sometimes they ________________________ the smaller details in their life, like their good health and caring family. 12. Some students didn’t pass ESL21B last semester. I _________________ their lack of success to the fact they weren’t ready to begin with and their poor study habits. 13. Even if one knows a lot about another culture, it is a mistake to ____________________________ about any individual in society because there are always exceptions. It is best to get to know a person first. 14. In my opinion, the most _________________________ core values in American culture are independence and equality as they affect many aspects of American culture. 15. During negotiations between and American company and a foreign company, the American CEO said: "_________________________________________" because he wanted to be honest and upfront about the company's position. This confused his foreign counterpart, who didn't know why the American was talking about card games in the middle of a business transaction. This is a good example of the way idiomatic language can easily lead to cross-cultural misunderstandings. C. Choose 5 words or idioms that are new to you and use them in a complete sentence. Do not simply copy from the dictionary.


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