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新世纪大学英语 综合教程 第四册 PPTU8


About the Author — Kate Chopin (1851-1904) U.S. writer
About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

Born: February 8, 1850 Birthplace: St. Louis, Missouri, United States Died: August 22, 1904 (aged 54) Best known as: Novelist and short story writer

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

Kate Chopin was an American novelist and short-story writer best known for her startling 1899 novel, The Awakening. Born in St. Louis, she moved to New Orleans after marrying Oscar Chopin in 1870. Less than a decade later, Oscar’s cotton business fell on hard times and they moved to his family’s plantation in the Natchitoches Parish of northwestern Louisiana. Oscar died in 1882 and Kate was suddenly a young widow with six children. She turned to writing and published her first poem in 1889. The Awakening, considered Chopin’s masterpiece, was subject to harsh criticism at the time for its frank approach to sexual themes. It was rediscovered in the 1960s and has since become a standard of American literature, appreciated for its sophistication and artistry. Chopin’s short stories of Cajun and Creole life are collected in Bayou Folk (1894) and A Night in Acadie (1897), and include ―Desiree’s Baby‖, ―The Story of an Hour‖, and ―The Storm‖.

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

Directions: Now let’s watch the video clip about Kate Chopin and her book and answer the following questions in small groups.

1. What kind of writer is Kate Chopin?
About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

She is a realist writer. 2. What does ―realism‖ here mean? It means that an author write about the society and life as they really are without idealizing them. 3. What was the situation of US in late 1800s? There were two wars and a lot of inventions. 4. What is ―The Story of an Hour‖ mainly about? The story is about a woman’s reaction to the death of her husband. 5. Which sentence or word in the excerpt has left a deep impression on you? Why?

Open-ended.

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

Directions: The theme of this story has something to do with Feminism. What is it? Now listen and read the following passage and answer the questions. Feminism refers to the social movement that seeks equal rights for women. Widespread concern for women’s rights dates from the Enlightenment; its first important expression was Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792). The 1848 Seneca Falls Convention, convened by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, and others, called for full legal equality with men, including full educational opportunity and equal compensation; thereafter the woman suffrage movement began to gather momentum. From America the movement spread to Europe. American women gained the right to vote by constitutional amendment in 1920, but their participation in the workplace remained limited, and prevailing notions tended to confine women to the home. Milestones in the rise of modern

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

feminism included Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex (1949) and Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique (1963) and the founding in 1966 of the National Organization for Women. 1. What does Feminism seek for? 1) equal rights for women; 2) full legal equality with men: full educational opportunity and equal compensation; 3) the woman suffrage movement

2. What are the milestones in the rise of modern feminism?
1) Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex (1949); 2) Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique (1963); 3) the founding in 1966 of the National Organization for Women

About the Author — Kate Chopin Lead-in Discussion Feminism Word Web

Directions: What words will occur to you whenever we mention the word “feminism”? Write down as many words and phrases as possible about it.

woman suffrage women’s liberation sex discrimination Feminism equality of men and women

sexual equality

sexual harassment domestic violence

women’s literature

Part Division of the Text Scanning Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

Parts Paras. 1 1~8

Main Ideas Mrs. Mallard was heart-broken at the news of her husband’s death and locked herself up in her room. Through the window, she could see scenes ―full of the new spring life‖ and she was lost in thought. Sad as she was, Mrs Mallard came to realize that she finally had the freedom that was deprived of her by marriage and that, compared with freedom, her husband, marriage, and even love all became insignificant to her. She would live for herself.

2

9~17

Part Division of the Text Scanning Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

Parts Paras 3

Main Ideas

18~23 While being thrilled at the prospect of a new life of her own, Mrs Mallard saw the return of her husband, who turned out be ―far from the scene of accident, and did not even know there had been one‖. She was shocked to death. The doctors claimed that she ―had died of heart disease — of joy that kills.‖

Part Division of the Text Scanning Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

Directions: In this text, there are six proper names. Scan the whole text and then tell their identity.

Names Kate Chopin Mrs Mallard Josephine Richards Brently Mallard Louise

Identity

the author of the text
wife of the family

sister of hostess a friend of Mr Mallard husband of the family
Mrs Mallard

Part Division of the Text Scanning

1. Why did Josephine tell Mrs Mallard the news in broken sentences? Because Mrs Mallard had heart disease.

Further Understanding

2. Why did Richard firmly believe the death of Mr Mallard?
Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

There are two reasons: 1) he saw the name of Mr Mallard at the top of the name list of the dead; 2) he saw the second telegram to confirm it. 3. What is Mrs Mallard’s reaction to the news of his husband’s death?
Unlike other women, when she learnt the news, she immediately cried in a loud voice.

Part Division of the Text Scanning Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

4. Scan Paragraphs 5 and 6 to find some words or phrases which describe the peaceful life. Why did the author write them?

1) The words and phrases are: new spring life; delicious breath of rain; peddler’s cry; a distant song; birds’ singing; patches of blue sky. 2) Open-ended.
5. According to Paragraph 8, can you predict what ideas suddenly occurred to her? After a long time of repression, she felt free since her husband died in the accident.

Part Division of the Text Scanning Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

1. From the very beginning, she knew clearly what occurred to her. ( F ) No, because it was too subtle and vague to name. 2. She succeeded in stopping the feeling from spreading. (F )

Just like her hands, her will cannot prevent the feeling from occurring. 3. When the feeling finally came, she said the word ―free‖ loudly for only once. ( F ) No. She said it again and again in a whisper. 4. When the feeling finally came, she was very excited. (T )

5. She was very happy and excited when she thought of the life without her husband in the future. ( T )

6. She felt a little bit guilty when the feeling occurred to her. ( T )
Part Division of the Text Scanning Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

7. Her husband never loved her, nor did she. ( F ) No. She loved her husband sometimes.

Part Division of the Text Scanning Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

What is the real cause of her death? Joy, guilt, disappointed or worry?

Detailed Reading

Life is unpredictable. It often plays tricks on us and surprises us with unexpected endings. In this story, Mrs Mallard reacted with sadness at the news of her husband’s death in a train accident, and then locked herself up in her room, where she seemed to be waiting fearfully for something that she felt was coming to her. What was it?

The Story of an Hour Kate Chopin
Detailed Reading

Knowing that Mrs Mallard was afflicted with a heart trouble, great care was taken to break to her as gently as possible the news of her husband’s death. It was her sister Josephine who told her, in broken sentences, veiled hints that revealed in half concealing. Her husband’s friend Richards was there, too, near her. It was he who had been in the newspaper office when intelligence of the railroad disaster was received, with Brently Mallard’s name leading the list of ―killed‖. He had only taken the time to assure himself of its truth by a second telegram, and had hastened to prevent any less careful, less tender friend in bearing the sad message.

Detailed Reading

She did not hear the story as many women have heard the same, with a paralyzed inability to accept its significance. She wept at once, with sudden, wild abandonment, in her sister’s arms. When the storm of grief had spent itself, she went away to her room alone. have no one follow her.

She would

There stood, facing the open window, a comfortable, roomy armchair. Into this she sank, pressed down by a physical exhaustion that haunted her body and seemed to reach into her soul. She could see in the open square before her house the tops of trees that were all full of the new spring life. The delicious breath of rain was in the air. In the street below a peddler was crying his wares. The notes of a distant song reached her faintly, and countless birds were singing.

Detailed Reading

There were patches of blue sky showing here and there through the clouds that had met and piled one above the other in the west facing her window. She sat with her head thrown back upon the cushion of the chair, quite motionless, except when a sob came up into her throat and shook her, as a child who has cried itself to sleep continues to sob in its dreams. She was young, with a fair, calm face, whose lines betrayed repression and even a certain strength. But now there was a dull stare in her eyes, whose gaze was fixed on one of those patches of blue sky. It was not a glance of reflection, but rather indicated a suspension of intelligent thought. There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it, fearfully. What was it? She did not know; it was too subtle and vague to name. But she felt it, creeping out of the sky, reaching toward her through the sounds, the scents, the color that filled the air.

Detailed Reading

Now her bosom rose and fell impulsively. She was beginning to recognize this thing that was approaching to possess her, and she was striving to beat it back with her will — as powerless as her two white slender hands would have been. When she abandoned herself a little whispered word escaped her slightly parted lips. She said it over and over under her breath: ―free, free, free!‖ The vacant stare and the look of terror that had followed it went from her eyes. They stayed keen and bright. Her pulses beat fast, and the running blood warmed and relaxed every inch of her body. She did not stop to ask if it were or were not a monstrous joy that held her. A clear and exalted perception enabled her to dismiss her husband’s death as trivial.

Detailed Reading

She knew that she would weep again when she saw the kind, tender hands folded in death; the face that had never looked save with love upon her, fixed and gray and dead. But she saw beyond that bitter moment a long procession of years to come that would belong to her absolutely. And she opened and spread her arms out to them in welcome. There would be no one to live for during those coming years; she would live for herself. There would be no powerful will bending hers in that blind persistence with which men and women believe they have a right to impose a private will upon a fellowcreature. A kind intention or a cruel intention made the act seem no less a crime as she looked upon it in that brief moment of illumination. And yet she had loved him — sometimes. Often she had not. What did it matter! What could love, the unsolved mystery, count for in face of this possession of self-assertion which she suddenly recognized as the strongest impulse of her being!

Detailed Reading

―Free! Body and soul free!‖ she kept whispering. Josephine was kneeling before the closed door with her lips to the keyhole, begging for admission. ― Louise, open the door! I beg, open the door — you will make yourself ill. What are you doing, Louise? For heaven’s sake open the door.‖ ―Go away. I am not making myself ill.‖ No, she was drinking in a very elixir of life through that open window. Her fancy was running riot along those days ahead of her. Spring days, and summer days, and all sorts of days that would be her own. She breathed a quick prayer that life might be long. It was only yesterday she had thought with a shudder that life might be long.

Detailed Reading

She arose at length and opened the door. There was a feverish triumph in her eyes, and she carried herself like a goddess of Victory. She clasped her sister’s waist, and together they descended the stairs. Richards stood waiting for them at the bottom. Someone was opening the front door with a key. It was Brently Mallard who entered, a little travel-stained, carrying his briefcase and umbrella. He had been far from the scene of accident, and did not even know there had been one. He stood amazed at Josephine’s piercing cry; at Richards’ quick motion to screen him from the view of his wife. But Richards was too late. When the doctors came, they said she had died of heart disease — of joy that kills.

Detailed Reading

She did not hear the story as many women have heard the same, with a paralyzed inability to accept its significance. 1. Analyze the grammatical function of the word ―not‖. Here the word ―not‖ is not in the normal position of the sentence. The normal order should be ―She heard the story not as many women have heard…‖. But grammatically speaking, it is wrong. According to English grammar, when the word ―not‖ is used with the verbs indicating the apperception, it should be put immediately after the subject. More examples: I don’t think he will come this afternoon. (Meaning: I think he will not come this afternoon.) We don’t believe that Tom can pass the driving test. (Meaning: We believe that Tom can not pass the driving test. 2. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
许多女人听到这样的噩耗都会神情恍惚,麻木地接受现实。马拉德太太 却不然。

Detailed Reading

She would have no one follow her. Say something about the usage of ―have sb. do sth.‖. Here this expression means ―make sb. do sth.‖. For example: I’ll have Hudson show you to your room. Besides, in English, there is another expression — ―have sth. done‖ Which means ―ask others to do sth. for you.‖ For example: Where do you normally have your hair done?

There stood, facing the open window, a comfortable, roomy armchair.
Detailed Reading

1. What is the subject of this sentence? The subject is ―a comfortable roomy armchair‖. 2. What do ―open window‖ and ―comfortable roomy armchair‖ suggest? It suggests that she was longing for a happy life. Therefore, we can infer that her ordinary life is not satisfying.

She could see in the open square… and countless birds were singing.
Detailed Reading

Some readers say this paragraph is useless for it has nothing to do with Mrs Mallard’s feeling. In your opinion, why did the author write this paragraph? In my opinion, this paragraph is well written. The author used some words and phrases to describe the peaceful life. The purpose of her description is to show Mrs Mallard’s life was not happy. Besides, by description of peaceful life, the author presented a sharp contrast between a happy life and her repressive life.

Detailed Reading

She was young, with a fair, calm face, whose lines betrayed repression and even a certain strength. 1. What can we learn from the sentence? Though she was young, her face told readers that her life was not good. Or rather, she was living a depressive life. 2. Translate this part into Chinese.
她很年轻,面容白皙而安详。但她脸上的线条却显示着一种压抑,甚至 是一种力量。

Detailed Reading

There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it, fearfully. 1. What does ―something‖ in this sentence refer to? Here ―something‖ refers to a kind of feeling that she vaguely had. That is, her husband’s death released her from repression.

2. What can we infer from the words ―something‖ and ―fearfully‖?
Two points can be inferred from these two words: 1) By birth, Mrs Mallard was a woman with traditional ideology. 2) At that time, it was common sense that a woman should be royal to her husband. Now her husband died and people would regard her as guilty if they knew she had ―something‖ in her mind.

... creeping out of the sky…
Detailed Reading

1. Which is the logic subject of this phrase here, ―she‖ or ―it‖? It should be ―it‖. 2. Translate this part into Chinese.
??正在空中蔓延??

Detailed Reading

… and she was striving to beat it back with her will — as powerless as her two white slender hands would have been. What can we learn from this part of the sentence? We can learn that she was trying her best not to have that kind of feeling with her will, but she failed.

Detailed Reading

The vacant stare and the look of terror that had followed it went from her eyes. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
伴随着那种感觉出现的茫然目光和恐惧神情从她的眼神里消失了。

A clear and exalted perception enabled her to dismiss her husband’s death as trivial.
Detailed Reading

1. What is the meaning of the phrase ―dismiss sth. as‖? It means ―refuse to consider sb.’s idea, opinion, etc., without thinking carefully about it‖. For example: He just laughed and dismissed my proposal as unrealistic.
他只是笑笑,以不实际为由拒绝了我的建议。

2. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
一种清楚又兴奋的感觉使她觉得丈夫之死是微不足道的。

… fixed and gray and dead.
Detailed Reading

1. What does this phrase modify? It modifies ―the face‖. 2. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
??毫无表情、灰白如纸、呆板的

But she saw beyond that bitter moment a long procession of years to come that would belong to her absolutely.
Detailed Reading

1. What is the object of ―saw‖?

It refers to the failures and hardships in the past.
2. What does the second ―that‖ in this sentence refer to? It refers to ―years‖.

There would be no powerful will … a fellow-creature.
Detailed Reading

1. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
那时,她再也用不着盲目地屈从于任何专横的意志。人们总是相信自己 有权把个人的意志强加于自己的配偶。

2. What can we infer from this sentence about the relationship between the couple?

Maybe the husband is a little bit bossy in the family and the wife has to obey. As a result, the relationship between them is not harmonious.

Louise, open the door!
Detailed Reading

This is the first time for the author to use Mrs Mallard’s own name in the story. What can we learn from it? We can learn that at that time the hostess’ own name couldn’t be mentioned in public. Now after her reflection she felt the coming of freedom and she was no longer subordinate to her husband. Therefore, she can use her own name.

... at Richards’ quick motion to screen him from the view of his wife.
Detailed Reading

Why did Richards do so? Because he knew Mrs Mallard had a serious heart condition, if she saw her husband, maybe she would have a heart attack. And of course he didn’t want to see the consequence.

Detailed Reading

afflict: vt. [(~ with) often pass.] cause to suffer in the body or mind; trouble Elderly people are frequently afflicted by this type of pneumonia. It is an illness which afflicts women more than men.
我希望你不要总是抱怨而使我苦恼。

I wish you wouldn’t afflict me with your constant complains.

Detailed Reading

veiled: a. wearing a veil; partly hidden or indirectly expressed Veiled in mists, the hills put on strange and bewildering scenes.
远处的山色被一片烟雨笼住。

The faraway mountains were veiled in a misty rain.

Detailed Reading

conceal: vt. [(~ from) rather fml] hide; keep from being seen or known
She tried to conceal the fact that she was pregnant.
一开始,我们对他母亲隐瞒鲍勃死亡的消息。

At first, we concealed the news of Bob’s death from his mother. CF: conceal, hide & screen conceal hide screen
这些动词均含“隐藏,隐蔽”之意。 正式用词,多强调有目的、有意识、巧妙地进行隐藏或隐瞒。 普通用词,既可指有意地隐藏,又可指无意或偶然地藏匿。 指把处于被发现的人或物掩盖起来,使其不被发现。

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.
Detailed Reading

1. A floppy(松垂的) hat ________ her face. screened 2. She’s ______ my book (away) somewhere. hidden conceal 3. He tried to _______ his heavy drinking from his family.

Detailed Reading

significance: n. importance The discovery of the new drug is of great significance for / to people suffering from heart problems.
那时候,很少有人意识到这一发现的重要性。

At that time, few people realized the significance of the discovery. Collocations: appreciate the significance of attach much significance to hold no significance for sb. take on a new significance
意识到??的重要性 重视 对某人来说毫无意义 获得新意义

Detailed Reading

haunt: vt. [not in progressive forms, usu. pass.] (esp. of sth. strange or sad) be always in the thoughts of (sb.) If you don’t help me, I’ll haunt you after my death.
她总是想起4年大学生活。

Memories of her life in college for four years haunt her.

Detailed Reading

patch: n. a small area which is different in some way from the area that surrounds it There were lots of icy patches on the road this morning.
最后,我们终于找到一块能坐下的草地。

We finally found a patch of grass to sit down on.

Detailed Reading

betray: vt. be a sign of (sth. one would like to hide); show the real feelings or intentions of He had a good disguise, but as soon as he spoke he betrayed himself. Asking questions would betray my ignorance. CF: betray, deceive, mislead & trick betray deceive mislead trick
这些动词均含“欺骗”之意。 一般指向敌人或当局出卖或泄露某事。 强调以虚伪的东西欺骗别人,使其信以为真去做某事。 指自己对他人或他事产生错误想法或印象,将某人引入歧途。 指用欺诈手段来哄骗,但一般并无恶意。

Detailed Reading

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

1. He claimed he was tricked into carrying drugs. ______ 2. Judas betrayed Jesus to the authorities. _______ _____ 3. Politicians have misled the public over the dangers of these chemicals. 4. What kind of man would betray his own sister to the police? _____ 5. We were deceived into believing that he could help us. ________

Detailed Reading

repression: n. 1. very strong control of feelings or desires
The cities were beautiful and adorned with all the fine things of the globe.
抑制使他表现得更糟。

Repression made him behave worse. 2. cruel and severe control of a large group of people The political repression in this country is enforced by terror.

reflection: n. [C; U (on)]
Detailed Reading

Their journey thus far had provided him with much food for reflection.
读者往往被书籍带进一个思想和反省的境界里去。

The reader is always carried away into a world of thought and reflection. Without self reflection, a man will become dull. Collocations: 考虑 give reflection to He gave much reflection to the problem but still had no answer.
他对那个问题思考很久,但仍未找到答案。 be / cast a reflection on / upon (言论、行为等)使人对??产生怀疑 (或鄙视)

Your silly letter is a reflection on your common sense.
你这封愚蠢的来信使人感到你太没有常识了。

Collocations:
Detailed Reading

说??坏话,指责 cast reflection on You shouldn’t have cast reflections on my wife. 你不该说我妻子的坏话。

Detailed Reading

suspension: n. [U] the act of stopping or causing to be inactive or ineffective for a period of time or the state of being made so Both sides are now working towards a suspension of hostilities.
此种行动可能造成两公司间合作的中止。

Such action may result in suspension of the co-operation between the two companies.

Detailed Reading

subtle: a. delicate; not easy to notice, understand, or explain The pictures are similar, but there are subtle differences between them.
我注意到他的态度发生了微妙的变化。

I noticed a subtle change in his attitude. CF: subtle, delicate & fine subtle delicate fine
这三个形容词均含“微妙的,细微的”意思。 强调有洞察、领悟事物细微差别以及微妙关系的能力。 强调指需要谨慎处理和对待。 隐含“不易察觉的”意味。

Detailed Reading

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

1. We’re conducting very delicate negotiations. ______ 2. Jane is a lady who can tell a ______ difference sparkling fine wine and champagne. _____ 3. The play’s message is perhaps too subtle to be understood by young children.

Detailed Reading

strive: vi. make a great effort to achieve sth. The film studio is striving to improve its public image.
首先要努力扩大消费需求。

First of all, we should strive to expand consumption demand. The company must constantly strive for greater efficiency. CF: endeavor, strive, attempt & try
这些动词均含有“试图,努力,力图”之意。 endeavor 正式用词,指尽最大努力、认真地克服困难去做某事。例如:

The local government endeavored to improve the quality of life in the inner city.
当地政府正在努力改善城市内的生活品质。

strive 和endeavor一样,表示付出巨大努力,但strive强调劳累与紧
张,而不强调努力的结果。例如:

Toni has been striving to achieve musical recognition for the past ten years.

在过去的十年中,托妮一直在努力争取获得音乐界的认可。
Detailed Reading

CF: endeavor, strive, attempt & try attempt
较正式用词,强调已经开始,且希望完成,但常隐含着不一定有 预期的结果。例如:

The prisoners attempted an escape but failed.
囚犯企图逃跑, 但是失败了。

try

普通用词,可与attempt换用,但强调努力或尝试,后跟不定式 表示努力或争取;后跟动名词表示尝试。

Tom tried to lift the box but failed.
汤姆努力想把箱子举起来,但没成功。

beat back: stop from spreading
Detailed Reading

He held perfectly still, trying to beat back the waves of exhaustion that surged through him. Our government took various measures to beat back the SARS.
战士们打退了敌人的每一次进攻。

The soldiers beat back all the attacks of the enemy.

Detailed Reading

slender: a. [apprec] delicate or gracefully thin in the body; not fat She was a tall, blond woman, slender and beautiful.
她身材苗条,有一头长长的黑发。

She was slender and had long dark hair. CF: slender, slim, lean & thin slender slim lean thin
这些形容词均有“瘦的”意思。 指身体细长、体态优美、苗条适中,多指女性。 指身体细长、体重轻、不着重外形的优美,可用于不同的性别, 常用于减轻体重的人。 强调缺少脂肪。既可能是因病而瘦,也可能是因饥饿而消瘦。也 指身体消瘦,但肌肉结实、身体健康。 普通用词,指腰细、骨架窄,常因疾病或疲劳而消瘦。

Detailed Reading

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

1. At seventy-two my grandfather was lean and strong and I ____ expected him to live forever. ______ 2. Jane’s sister is a slender, graceful ballet-dancer. ___ 3. Her illness had left her looking pale and thin. _______ 4. You’re looking slimmer than before — have you lost weight?

Detailed Reading

under one’s breath: in a low voice or a whisper He was quite annoyed, and went off muttering threats under his breath.
在他弹钢琴时,他似乎在低声地跟自己说话。

As he played, he seemed to talk to himself under his breath. He muttered something under his breath.

Detailed Reading

vacant: a. showing lack of interest or active or serious thought Now his health was poor, his mind vacant, his heart sorrowful, and his old age short of comforts. He was a little man with a white vacant face. CF: vacant, hollow, blank & empty vacant hollow blank empty
这些形容词均有“空的”意思。 普通用词,强调某物或某个位置没有被占用。 指物体中间是空的。 指上面没有写字、印刷或做记号的空白表面,或指上面留着准备 被填写的空白处。 指空无一人或一物,或空洞无意义的。

Detailed Reading

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary. ______ 1. Hollow blocks are used because they are lighter. 2. Half of the apartments in the building are vacant . ______ ______. 3. The cinema was half empty ______. 4. Write on one side of the page and leave the other side blank

Detailed Reading

perception: n. 1. the way that you notice things with your senses Under what conditions is your perception of temperature fairly accurate? 2. the way you think about something and your idea of what it is like She doesn’t have a very realistic perception of the situation. 3. the natural ability to understand or notice things quickly
她是一个感觉敏锐的女人。

She is a woman of keen perception. I was impressed by her perception and her grasp of the facts. Collocations: 准确的理解 accurate perception 敏锐的感觉 acute/keen/sharp perception 直觉 intuitive perception 敏感的人 a man of quick perception 清楚地理解 attain a clear perception 显示出洞察力 display one’s perception

Detailed Reading

illumination: n. 1. [U] lighting provided by a lamp, light, etc.
We can find illumination in our teacher’s remark.
图书馆阅览室的照明需要改善。

The library’s reading-rooms need better illumination. 2. a clear explanation or understanding of a particular subject He sought illumination by reading the great philosophers. Collocations: 日光照明 daylight illumination 泛光照明 flood illumination 舞台照明 stage illumination

Detailed Reading

save: prep. [fml or old use] except (for)
Little is known about his early life, save that he had a brother. The fee covers everything, save one dinner.

Detailed Reading

count for: be important or valuable
They regarded us as little kids who count for nothing.
做生意时衣着得体很重要。

Proper clothes count for much in business.

Detailed Reading

self-assertion: n. [U] determined advancement of one’s own personality, wishes, or views We can perceive a warm and generous nature behind her self-assertive manner.
他做出一副坚持己见的姿态。

He assumes an air of self-assertion.

Detailed Reading

admission: n. permission given to sb. to enter a building or place, or to become a member of a school, club, etc.
Admission to the club is restricted to members only.
她申请进这所大学就读。

She applied for admission to the university.
英国大学以考试成绩为凭。

Admission to British universities depends on examination results. Collocations: 谋求进入??的机会 sought admission to 获得参加??的许可 gain/get/obtain admission into 准许某人加入 grant sb. admission into 拒绝某人加入 deny/refuse sb. admission into

Detailed Reading

for heaven’s sake: vt. [infml] used when asking strongly for sth.
看在上帝的份上,千万不要迟到!

For heaven’s sake, don’t be late!
天哪,当时我还没有驾驶执照呢。

For heaven’s sake, I didn’t even have my license then. For heaven’s sake! I can not see the words on the blackboard.

Detailed Reading

drink in: receive through the senses, esp. eagerly
For a moment she just sat there, drinking in the atmosphere. After he entered the famous university, he drank in knowledge.
他陶醉于林地的美景。

He drank in the beauty of the woodland scene.

Detailed Reading

fancy: n. [U] imagination, esp. in a free and undirected form
Can you fancy yourself on the moon? I can’t fancy a life without music.
简的老师要求她充分发挥自己的想象力。

Jane’s teacher asks her to give her fancy full scope. CF: fancy, fantasy & imagination fancy
这些名词均含有“想象,幻想”之意。 指脱离实际的幻想或幻想力,常暗含所想象的东西近乎怪诞的意 味。例如:

Did I really hear someone come in, or was it only a fancy?
我是真听到有人进来还是仅仅是幻觉而已?

fantasy 指与现实完全脱节、荒诞离谱、稀奇古怪的想象。例如: Stop looking for the perfect job — it’s just a fantasy.
别想找十全十美的工作了—— 那简直是幻想。

Detailed Reading

imagination 含义广,一般不含贬义。可指认真、带有启发性的想象,也
可指凭记忆的想象或凭空想象事物的能力。例如:

Her talk captured the imagination of the whole class.
她的谈话吸引了全班的同学, 激发了他们的想象力。

Detailed Reading

run riot: become violent and uncontrollable Some people let their children run riot.
琼斯任想象驰骋,想象自己在非洲猎狮。

Jones let his imagination run riot thinking he was hunting lions in Africa.

Detailed Reading

at length: [fml or lit] after a long time; at last
At length the bus arrived, forty minutes late. At length we arrived at our destination.

Detailed Reading

feverish: a. extremely active or excited
Feverish preparations were being made for the arrival of the President.
在主席的鼓励下,青年人以疯狂的进度工作。

Encouraged by the chairman, the young people worked at a feverish pace. They waited in a state of feverish anxiety for their mother to come home.

Detailed Reading

piercing: a. (of sound) very sharp and clear, esp. in an unpleasant way He grinned and let out a piercing whistle.
那天晚上,很多人听到街上传来的尖叫声。

That night many people heard the piercing screams from the streets.

Detailed Reading

screen: vt. (~ from) hide from view (as if) with a screen A floppy hat screened her face.
她举起手遮住眼睛,使其不受阳光直射。

She raised her hand to screen her eyes from the direct sunlight. A line of trees screened the house from the road.

1. 患有心脏病
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

be afflicted with a heart trouble in broken sentences the intelligence of assure oneself of less tender friend weep with wild abandonment cry one’s wares patches of blue sky with a fair, calm face creeping out of the sky

2. 断断续续地说 3. 关于??的消息 4. 相信确有此事 5. 考虑不周的朋友 6. 号啕大哭 7. 叫卖 8. 一片片蔚蓝的天空 9. 面容白皙而安详 10. 在空中蔓延

11. 胸脯上下起伏
Useful Expressions

one’s bosom rises and falls
strive to beat back two white slender hands under one’s breath vacant stare look of terror one’s pulses beat fast running blood spread one’s arms out

12. 尽力
Listening Comprehension

13. 击退;控制
Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking

14. 一双白嫩纤细的手 15. 喃喃地说 16. 茫然的目光 17. 恐惧的神情

Proverbs and Quotations

18. 心跳加快 19. 沸腾的热血 20. 张开双臂

21. 在未来的岁月里
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

during the coming years powerful will drink in an elixir of life one’s fancy was running riot with a shudder

22. 专横的意志 23. 陶醉于 24. 永葆青春 25. 狂想 26. 战栗

27. 一副风尘仆仆的样子 28. 尖叫 29. 把某人挡在??的视线之外

a little travel-stained a piercing cry screen sb. from the view of

Listen and answer questions
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities

1. When did Chun live? He lived in the Warring States Period. 2. What kind of man was he? He was knowledgeable, humorous and eloquent. 3. Why did he go to the State of Zhao?

Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Because the State Chu wanted to attack his country, Qi. And the king sent him to Zhao for help. 4. What’s the result of his task? He successfully finished his task and Chu withdraw its army.

5. What did he say on the banquet given by the king?
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Knowing the king had a bad habit of drinking all night, he said to the king that ―If you drink to your limit, you will get so drunk that you lose your sense of etiquette and once joy reaches its height, then it’s sorrow’s turn.‖ 6. What’s the purpose of what he did? He just tried to persuade the king to get rid of his bad habit. 7. Did the king accept his advice? Yes. He said he would take his advice. 8. What do you learn from the story? Open-ended.

Retell the story
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Listen to the passage once more and retell the story in class.

Discussion
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

What is the relation between this story and the story of this text? Can you find out the similarities of the two stories?

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Chun Yukun lived in the State of Qi during the Warring States Period (475–221BC). He was knowledgable, humorous and eloquent. He skillfully advised the king on many occasions and successfully fulfilled the tasks of an envoy to many states. In the year 349 BC, the State of Chu dispatched a large force to attack Qi. The king of Qi sent Chun Yukun to the State of Zhao to ask for help. Taking with him a lot of valuable gifts, Chun went to Zhao. The king of Zhao gladly sent a hundred thousand troops to help Qi. Hearing the news, the king of Chu withdrew his army that very night. The King of Qi was spared anxiety and was pleased with Chun Yukun. He gave a banquet for Chun. During the meal, the king asked him, ―How much wine can you drink before you’re drunk, Sir?‖ Knowing the king had a bad habit of drinking all night, Chun Yukun decided to take this opportunity to admonish him on the matter. So he replied, ―I get drunk when I drink ten liters or a hundred.‖

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

The king was puzzled. He said, ―Since you are drunk after ten liters, how can you deal with a hundred? Can you explain?‖ Chun Yukun listed the different occasions and situations when he had been able to drink varying amounts of wine. Then he said, ―This indicated to me that, when you drink to your limit, you get so drunk that you lose your sense of etiquette; once joy reaches its height, then it’s sorrow’s turn. This is a rule for everything — whatever you do, when you exceed the limits, you end up going in the opposite direction.‖ Realizing Chun Yukun was trying to advise him, the king said readily, ―You’re right. I’ll take your advice.‖ From then on, the king gave up his bad habit of drinking.

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Directions: For this part, you are required to write a composition on the topic Sex Discrimination in Job-hunting for College Students. You should write at least 150 words and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
1. 现今在大学生择业中存在种种性别歧视现象 2. 存在这些现象的原因 3. 如何改变这些现象

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities

Directions: You are required to do a role play based on the story in Text A. Five of you are supposed to act as different roles in the play and a narrator. The play can be presented in three episodes. When one group is doing the role play, other students of the class become judges. They have to give marks for every role in the play. At last, the whole class can choose one group as the champion. The following form will be used for judges. Characters Student’s Name Marks

Picture Talking

Narrator
Proverbs and Quotations

Mrs Mallard
Mr Mallard Richards Josephine

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

1. A successful marriage is an edifice that must be rebuilt every day.
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

成功的婚姻就像一座大厦,需要每天来修缮。

2. When joy reaches its height, it is sorrow’s turn; when ill luck reaches its limit, good luck comes in.
乐极生悲,否极泰来。

3. Forced love does not last.
勉强的爱情难以长久。

4. The most important thing women have to do is to stir up the zeal of women themselves. — John Stuart Mill, British philosopher, economist
对妇女来说,最重要的是要激起她们自己本身的热情。 —— 英国哲学家、经济学家 约翰?斯图亚特?米尔

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Writing Practice Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

5. All happy families are like one another; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. — Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer
所有幸福的家庭都十分相似;而每个不幸的家庭各有各的不幸。 —— 俄国文学家 L. 托尔斯泰

6. Husband and wife are not audience, but participant observers in each other’s lives. This law of lasting love instructs us to look with instead of for love. — Terence, Ancient Roman playwright
夫妻并非彼此生活的观众,而是参与对方生活的观察者。持久爱情的这 一法则教导我们用充满爱意的眼光去看自己的伴侣,而不是用寻找爱的 眼光去看。 —— 古罗马剧作家 泰伦斯


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