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2016年安徽芜湖职业技术学院自主招生模拟题(含解析)


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2016 年安徽自主招生
芜湖职业技术学院

考试模拟题(含解析)

本安徽芜湖职业技术学院自主招生考试模拟题,内容来自于相关网 站和学校提供。内容属于我们广大即将参加自主招生考试的同学 们。祝所有同学都能顺利通过自主招生考上理想大学!

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目录

01 02 03

芜湖职业技术学院自主招生模拟考试准则 2016 安徽自主招生录取准则 2016 年芜湖职业技术学院考试模拟题

内容声明:本安徽芜湖职业技术学院自主招生考试模拟题,内容来自于相关网站 和学校提供。内容属于我们广大即将参加自主招生考试的同学们。祝所有同学都 能顺利通过自主招生考上理想大学!

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芜湖职业技术学院自主招 生
模拟考试准则

文化课

自主招生 考试
综合素 质测试

内容声明:本安徽芜湖职业技术学院自主招生考试模拟题,内容来自于相关网站 和学校提供。内容属于我们广大即将参加自主招生考试的同学们。祝所有同学都 能顺利通过自主招生考上理想大学!

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2016 安徽自主招生
录取原则
1、芜湖职业技术学院将对报名考生的报名资格进行严格审核,对于报考资格存在 弄虚作假或考试作弊的考生,一经查实取消其考试资格,已经录取的考生取消录取 资格,已经入学的按照教育部及我院相关规定严肃处理,由此造成的一切后果由考 生本人承担。 2、根据考生志愿、招生计划,按文化课总成绩由高到低,择优录取。综合素质测 试作为参考,成绩低于 60 分不予录取。 3、预录取名单上报省招考办审批,并办理相关录取手续。 4、录取名单在学院网站公示 3 个工作日,接受社会监督。 5、参加自主招生的考生被芜湖职业技术学院录取后,与 2016 年普通高校招生全国 统一考试录取的考生享受同等待遇。一经录取,不得参加 2016 年普通高校招生全 国统一考试及录取;未被录取考生,仍可参加 2016 年普通高校招生全国统一考 试。

内容声明:本安徽芜湖职业技术学院自主招生考试模拟题,内容来自于相关网站 和学校提供。内容属于我们广大即将参加自主招生考试的同学们。祝所有同学都 能顺利通过自主招生考上理想大学!

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2016 年芜湖职业技术学院自主招生模拟题

(考试时间:90 分钟 满分:100 分) 选择题(每题 4 分,共 100 分):
第 1 题:You ________ smoke here. This is no-smoking area. A. must B. mustn't C. needn't shouldn't 【正确答案】B 讲解:【解析】musn't 表禁止。

D.

第 2 题:依次填入下列句子横线处的词语,最恰当的一项是( )①它打开了它的云库, 拨给这区域的,有倏来倏去的云,扑朔迷离的雾, 多彩的霞光,雪浪滚 滚的云海。②可是在冰封雪冻之前,森林却显示了一年四季中唯一的一次落叶 的 ,让将要冬眠的无数的小虫们、真菌们得到温暖和慰藉。③至于整 株树以至成片的树林,那就成为《飞焰欲横天》、《红云几万重》的 景 色了。④今天我又来到了富春江上。这里景色 ,秀色天成,同样是美, 但却与黄山形成了鲜明的对照。 A.绚丽 明丽 艳丽 壮丽 B.绮丽 壮丽 奇丽 明丽 C.绮丽 壮丽 绚丽 明 丽 D.绚丽 俏丽 壮丽 奇丽 【正确答案】C 讲解:绚丽,灿烂之美;明丽,鲜明之美;艳丽,纯净之美;俏丽,俊俏之美;奇丽,异常之 美;壮丽,雄壮之美;绮丽,鲜艳之美。 第 3 题:选文主要的论证方法是( ) A.引用论证 举例论证 B.比喻论证 D.举例论证 归纳论证 【正确答案】A 讲解:从文段选用大量诗句可以看出。

比较论证

C.引用论证

类比论证

第 4 题:The old lady ______ us her spare bedroom for $300 per month. A. rented B. hired C. borrowed 【正确答案】A 讲解:【解析】老太太以 300 美元每月把她闲置的卧室出租给了我们。选 A

D. lent

第 5 题:Zhai Zhigang, the Chinese astronaut, made the nation’s first ________ at space walk on 27 Sept., 2008. A. attempt B. event C. reflection D. solution 【正确答案】A 讲解:翟志刚尝试了第一次太空行走。Attempt 做名词有尝试的意思。选 A 第 6 题:下列各句,没有语病、句意明确的一句是( )

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A.天长日久,人们对报刊杂志上的错别字也就习以为常了。B.下午放学后,几个班的干部正 在教室里研究文艺会演的事呢。C.目前,许多家长对孩子过于溺爱,这样做对孩子的成长很 不利。D.对于能不能一手抓物质文明,一手抓精神文明的问题,大家的回答是肯定的。 【正确答案】D 讲解:‘报刊杂志”应为“报纸杂志”或“报刊”;B“几个班的干部”有歧义;C“过于”与 “溺”语意重复。 第 7 题: Passage AA mother in Australia was told by a doctor that her newly-born son was 《dead》, but she helped bring him back to life by holding the baby against her body. She used a method known as 《kangaroo care (袋鼠护理法)》. The child, named Jamie, was born after only 27 weeks with his twin sister, Emily, at a hospital in Sydney. Her birth went well, but his was a different story. The doctor struggled for 20 minutes to save Jamie before declaring him dead.《His little arms and legs were just falling down away from his body,》 Kate Ogg said, 《I took my coat off and put him on my chest with his head over my arm.》 She and her husband, David, spoke to the child as she continued to hold him for nearly two hours. During that time, the two-pound baby showed signs of life. She said, 《I told my mom, who was there, that he was still alive. Then he held out his hand and grabbed(抓住) my finger.》 Their tiny baby grew stronger and stronger in his mother's arms, and their final goodbye turned into a hello.The doctor at first ignored the baby's movements, but when he put the stethoscope( 听诊器) to its chest, his mouth was wide open and he said, 《It's my fault. It's a miracle.》《The 'kangaroo care' helps the baby keep body warmth,》 Dr. Pinchi Srinivasan said. 《It also regulates(调节) heart beat and breathing rates and is believed to help weight gain and improve sleeping habits. Fathers can also use 'kangaroo care'. The key to the method is skin-to-skin contact.》The practice began in less developed nations. It has become a recognized practice in helping premature babies. The technique is good for babies, and is used in many baby care centres. After hearing what the doctor said, the mother ________.A. chose to believe the doctorB. didn't give up and tried to bring her baby to lifeC. became so sad that she almost became madD. became angry at what the doctor did to her son 【正确答案】B 讲解:【解析】推理判断题。根据短文第一段描述 but she helped to bring him back to life by holding the baby against her body.但是她通过紧贴自己的身体抱着孩子帮助挽救 了孩子的生命,可推断出她没有放弃而是努力救孩子,故选 B。 第 8 题:In Asia, bamboo has been used for . A. a short time B. thousands of years C. hundreds of years D. about 100 years 【正确答案】C 讲解:Many Asian countries have used bamboo for hundreds of years. 第 9 题:Which of the following is NOT a reality at present? A. Scientists have found out how to control genes.B. Cars have computers which tell drivers their positions.C. People can learn about what has happened anywhere on the Internet.D. Robots have completely replaced humans in some factories. 【正确答案】D 讲解:【解析】最后一段第一行证明 A 正确。第三段第三行证明 B 正确。第一段第三行可知 C 正确。D 项:机器人在某些工厂已经完全取代了人类。第四段第一段告诉我们一些大公司现在 更愿意使用机器人,并没有说人被机器人完全顶替。

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第 10 题:When you buy a T-shirt, or a fur coat in a store, it often_21___ a label (标签)telling who made it or from what store it was bought. Indeed , some labels show the dress is famous and mean it is very expensive, so buyers secretly wish they __22__ be carried forever. On the other hand, buyers who deal with the cheapest products would be__23___ to do with labels entirely.___24__, there is __25__ label more important than the one__26__ from which store the dress was bought. When a person buys a fur coat, or a jacket from a store, a label telling what the product on show is made of should be stuck to it.This label is __27__ by law.__28__ telling what the product on show is made of, the label should be in clear English and be where one can find it easily. The __29__ on the label must be the truth.The reason for this label is that most buyers today aren't expert enough to know exactly what kind of fur or material they are buying. The buyers must believe in the store__30_ sells theProducts or in what the labels say. A. has B. uses C. carried D. carries 【正确答案】D 讲解:【解析】carry a label 随衣携带标签,更加准确生动。且下文第三行会后提到 carry 与此空进行印证。 第 11 题: Passage C Forests have always been useful and important to man who make use of them in many ways. Every day trees are serving man everywhere . Thees supply man with fruits and building materials in the form of wood, without trees it would be impossible to build houses, boats , bridges and so on . Furniture such as desks , chairs and beds is made of wood, trees can stop man from terrible heat. They're also useful in preventing good and rich top soil from being washed away during heavy rains. If there were no trees, heavy rains would wash away the rich surface soil that is so important to plants. The result is that the land will become a desert .There are plenty of desert areas in the world . A long time ago these desert areas used to be very rich areas , but man in the past had no enough known ledge about science of nature , they cut down too many trees in the area where they lived and never planted new ones . Buy and by the rich surface soil was blown and washed away by strong winds and heavy rains. In the end the rich land changed into useless deserts where nothing could grow . According to the passage , .A、a long time ago, man didn't known how to make use of woodB、trees are not as useful as they were in the pastC、trees are more found in the past than they are todayD、people have always found trees useful 【正确答案】D 讲解:【解析】通读第一段可得出结论。 第 12 题:A.practice B.lose C.perform D.walk

【正确答案】B 讲解:【解析】这里 do 表强调,如果你真的输了那就就输的有风度。选 B 第 13 题: When the Americans were getting ready to send their first man to the moon, an old Irishman was watching them on the television in the bar of a hotel. There was an English in the bar, too, and he___21____ the Irishman, 《The___22____ are very clever, aren't they? They are going____23___ some men to the moon. It is a long_____24____ from the world.》 《Oh, that's___25____,》 the Irishman answered quickly. 《the Irish are going to send some men to the sun in a few months. That's____26____ away from the moon, you know.》 《Yes, it is.》 The Englishman said, 《___27____it is too____28____ for the people to go to.》 The

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Irishman laughed and said, 《Well, the Irish aren't stupid, you know, we____29__ go to the sun during the day, of course, we will go there____30_____.》 A. talk to B. told C. said to D. spoke to 【正确答案】C 讲解:say 后加的是内容,对某人说 say to sb 选 C 第 14 题:A. little D. the most B. few C. many

【正确答案】D 讲解:根据生活常识的内容,可知答案为自学能偶学习到很多知识,故选 D 第 15 题: Passage B Last July, my 12-year-old car died on California's Santa Freeway. It was an hour before sunset, and I was 25 miles from home. I couldn't reach anyone to pick me up, so I decided to take a bus. Not knowing the routes, I thought I'd just go east. A bus stopped. I got on and asked the driver how far she was going. 《Ten more miles,》 she said. There was another bus I could take from here. This clearly was going to be a long night. I got off at the end of the route and she told me which bus to look for. After waiting 30 minutes, I began to think about a very expensive taxi ride home. Then a bus came up. There was no light number above its windshield. It was out of service, but the door opened. It was the same driver. 《I just can't leave you here,》 she said. 《This isn't the nicest place. I will give you a ride home.》 《You will drive me home on the bus?》 I asked, astonished. 《No, I will take you in my car,》 she said. 《It's a long way,》 I insisted. 《Come on,》 she said. 《I have nothing else to do.》 As we drove from the station in the car, she began telling me a story. A few days earlier, her brother had run out of gas. A good man picked him up, took him to a service station and then back to his car. 《I'm just passing the favour (善意的行为)along,》she said. When I offered her money as a thank-you, she wouldn't accept. 《Just do something nice for somebody. Pass it along,》 she said. The writer changed his mind after waiting 30 minutes because________. A. he became impatient and a bit worriedB. a taxi ride would be more comfortableC. he knew the driver would never returnD. the bus driver had given him wrong information 【正确答案】A 讲解:推理判断题。根据 After waiting 30 minutes, I began to think about a very expensive taxi ride home 作者在这里等了很久都不见有车来,因此他应该是着急了,所以有 搭的士车回家的想法,即答案选 A 第 16 题:What’s the main idea of the passage? A. Parents should leave their children alone.B. Parents ought to leave the teaching to the teachers.C. Parents must pay much attention to family education.D. it's time to be more strict with our kids 【正确答案】D 讲解:主旨大意题。文章在第三段中提及父母为孩子做了太多的事情,放任孩子自由,导致孩 子没有受到挫折的打击,所以应该对孩子有更高的要求。选 D 第 17 题:Which is the best title for the last paragraph? A. What to eat B. When to eat C. Where to eat 【正确答案】A 讲解:解析:最后一段讲了寄宿学校提供的各种食物。选 A

D. How to eat

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第 18 题:According to the passage, 《premature babies》 refer to babies that are born ________. A. with diseases B. before their time C. dead D. heavy 【正确答案】B 讲解:【解析】词义猜测题。根据短文最后一段描述 It has become a recognized pracitce in helping premature babies.这种疗法成了帮助早产儿的一个公认的有效方法,可知 premature babies 早产儿,就是在该生的时间之前生下的孩子,故选 B。 第 19 题:We must at least give those people primary education. A.basic B.important C.most 【正确答案】A 讲解:primary 意思是初级的,基本的,basic 意思基础的。选 A

D.different

第 20 题: 张纲少明经学,虽为公子,而厉布衣之节,举孝廉不就,司徒辟为侍御史。时顺帝 委纵宦官,有识危心。纲常慨然叹曰:《秽恶满朝,不能奋身出命扫国家之难,虽生,吾不愿 也。》汉安元年,选遣八使徇行风俗,皆耆儒知名,多历显位,唯纲年少,官次最微。余人受 命之部,而纲独埋其车轮于洛阳都亭,曰:《豺狼当路,安问狐狸!》帝虽知纲言直,终不忍 用。时,广陵贼张婴等众数万人,杀刺史、二千石,寇乱扬、徐间,积十余年,朝廷不能讨。 以纲为广陵太守。前遣郡守,率多求兵马,纲独请单车之职。既到,乃将吏卒十余人,径造婴 垒,以慰安之,求得与长老相见,申示国恩。婴初大惊,既见纲诚信,乃出拜谒。纲延臵上坐, 问所疾苦。乃譬之曰:《前后二千石多肆贪暴,故致公等怀愤相聚。二千石信有罪矣,然为之 者又非义也。今主上仁圣,欲以文德服叛,故遣太守,思以爵禄相荣,不愿以刑罚相加,今诚 转祸为福之时也。若闻义不服,天子赫然震怒,大兵云合,岂不危乎?若不料强弱,非明也; 充善取恶,非智也;去顺效逆 4,非忠也;身绝血嗣,非孝也;背正从邪,非直也;见义不为, 非勇也;六者成败之几,利害所从,公其深计之。》婴深感悟,明日,将所部万余人与妻子面 缚归降。纲乃单车入婴垒,散遣部众,任从所之;子弟欲为吏者,皆引召之。人情悦服,南州 晏然。天子嘉美,征欲擢用纲,而婴等上书乞留,乃许之。纲在郡一年,年四十六卒。百姓老 幼相携,诣府赴哀者不可胜数。张婴等五百余人制服行丧,负土成坟。(《后汉书 ·张 纲传》) 张纲单骑诣贼垒,谕张婴而降之,言弭盗者侈为美谈。然纲卒未几,婴复据郡 以反,纲何尝能弭东南之盗哉!民行为盗,无以自容,使游泳于非逆非顺之交,翱翔而终思矫 翮;抑且宠而荣之,望其悔过自惩而不萌异志,岂能得哉?张纲者,以缓一时之祸,而不暇为 国谋也,何足效哉!(王夫之《读通鉴论》) 对下列句子中词语的解释,不正确的一项是 ( ) A.厉布衣之节 厉:劝勉。 B.征欲擢用纲 擢:提拔 C.南州晏然 晏:安定。 D.言弭盗者侈为美谈 侈:夸耀 【正确答案】A 讲解:厉,磨砺,激励


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