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新世纪大学英语 综合教程 第四册 PPTU6


About the Author — Alexander M. Schindler Lead-in Discussion Listening Comprehension Word Web

One of the most influential figures of American Jewry, Rabbi Alexander M. Schindler served as President of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, the central body of Reform Judaism in North America, from 1973 to 1996. Throughout his tenure as President, he served conscientiously to strengthen the Foundation’s efforts in reconstructing Jewish life in the aftermath of the Holocaust and in developing innovative programs to address the cultural needs of the Jewish people globally. He was a dedicated and creative leader and raised the Foundation to new levels of harmony, accomplishment, and international recognition.

About the Author — Alexander M. Schindler Lead-in Discussion Listening Comprehension Word Web

1. What is your motto in life? Explain it. 2. Do you find life sometimes paradoxical? If yes, please give one example.

About the Author — Alexander M. Schindler Lead-in Discussion Listening Comprehension Word Web

1. Listen to the poem and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Let Go by Fion Lim Letting go is one of the hardest lessons in life, ________ Yet over changing seasons and passing time, You will have to learn to let go of certain People, relationships, situations and things, That fall way beyond your control . ________________ Tenacity and the attitude of not giving up, Work wonders on many occasions but not all, As some things just are not meant to be, No matter how hard you fight and cling to them, ______ And forcing your will upon things just repel them further.

About the Author — Alexander M. Schindler Lead-in Discussion Listening Comprehension Word Web

There will always be people, Who will turn out in ways you never expected, And it dawns on you that you have to let them go, ________ So that they can fulfill their destinies, ____ While you go on to fulfill your own life path. As life likes to dish out surprises and challenges, Sometimes it is only through letting go, in anguish When your heart cries _________, That in the agonizing process that you realize, What is truly worth holding onto . __________ Letting go does not signify weakness, As it might take more courage to let go than holding on, _______________ Like the big, inflexible tree that snaps in the storm, While tiny blades of grasses yield and live on, Revealing the strength of letting go.

About the Author — Alexander M. Schindler Lead-in Discussion Listening Comprehension Word Web

2. What is the theme of the poem? What does “letting go” mean in this poem?

About the Author — Alexander M. Schindler Lead-in Discussion Listening Comprehension Word Web

Directions: What words will occur to you whenever we mention the words “hold fast” and “let go”. Write down as many words as possible about them.

hold fast

let go

About the Author — Alexander M. Schindler Lead-in Discussion Listening Comprehension

love

dream

materials

desire
Word Web

hold fast

justice

sanity peace perfect ideal freedom

About the Author — Alexander M. Schindler Lead-in Discussion Listening Comprehension

destiny

inevitable

dust

choice
Word Web

let go

unhappiness

give up stress friendship negative pursue

Parts Paras.
Part Division of the Text Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

Main Ideas Through one event during his hospitalization, the author explains that we often fail to see the beauty and wonder of life when we should be holding on to it, urges us to hold fast to the gifts of life.

1

1~8

2

The author directs his discussion to the 9~11 other side of the paradox: how to let go, and points out why we must accept losses and learn how to let go. As a solution to the paradox, the author suggests a wider perspective to view what 12~16 is transient and what is eternal, gives us his advice as to what we should do in order to make our lives meaningful and our deeds “timeless”.

3

Part Division of the Text Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

1. What, according to the author, is the paradox of life? You must hold fast to something that you must let go of eventually. 2. Why does the author quote the saying from the ancient rabbis? The author intends to use the metaphor to illustrate the paradox. “A man comes to this world with his fist clenched” mean that a man holds fast to the gift of life when he is born, but when he leaves this world, he has to let go of it.

Part Division of the Text Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

3. What is the change of the author’s attitude towards life after hospitalization? He learns to appreciate the beauty existing in daily life. 4. What, according to the author, is the first pole of life’s paradoxical demands on us? Never too busy for the wonder and the awe of life. Be reverent before each dawning day. Embrace each hour. Seize each golden minute.

Part Division of the Text Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

1. It is not easy to learn how to let go when we are young. ( T )

2. With the full force of our passionate being, we are able to hold fast to and attain whatever we desire. ( F ) We cannot always hold fast to life and not let go even with the full force of our passionate being. We must accept our losses, and learn how to let go. 3. It is inevitable that we will lose something at different phases of life. ( T )

Part Division of the Text Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

4. We come to realize that “to let go” is as important as “ to hold fast” in our lives when we are young. ( F ) We do not realize that we must accept our losses and learn to let go until life confronts us with realities when we are not young any more, because when we are young, we think that we can have whatever we desire at our command. 5. From the moment we are born, we have to let go of certain things. ( T )

Part Division of the Text

1. What’s your understanding of “perishable life” and “enduring
Further Understanding Questions and Answers True or False Discussion

beauty”? 2. What can you learn from this essay?

Detailed Reading

Life is a long journey. Some walk with joy and fulfillment, others with bitterness and regret. If you could live by the two truths discussed in the following essay, your journey would be more meaningful and rewarding.

Detailed Reading

Two Truths to Live by Alexander M. Schindler The art of living is to know when to hold fast and when to let go. An ancient man said long ago: “A man comes to this world with his fist clenched, but when he dies, his hand is open.” Surely we ought to hold fast to life, for it is wonderful, and full of a beauty. We know that this is so, but all too often we recognize this truth only in our backward glance when we remember what it was and then suddenly realize that it is no more.

Detailed Reading

We remember a beauty that faded, a love that withered. But we remember with far greater pain that we did not see that beauty when it flowered, that we failed to respond with love when it was tendered. A recent experience re-taught me this truth. I was hospitalized following a severe heart attack and had been in intensive care for several days. It was not a pleasant place.

Detailed Reading

One morning, I had to have some additional tests. The required machines were located in a building at the opposite end of the hospital, so I had to be wheeled across the courtyard in a chair. As we emerged from our unit, the sunlight hit me. That’s all there was to my experience. Just the light of the sun. And yet how beautiful it was — how warming; how sparkling; how brilliant! I looked to see whether anyone else relished the sun’s golden glow, but everyone was hurrying to and fro, most with eyes fixed on the ground. Then I remembered how often I, too, had been indifferent to the grandeur of each day, too preoccupied with petty and sometimes even mean concerns to respond to the great beauty of it all.

Detailed Reading

The insight gleaned from that experience is really as commonplace as was the experience itself: life’s gifts are precious — but we are too careless of them. Here then is the first pole of life’s paradoxical demands on us: Never too busy for the wonder and the awe of life. Be respectful before each dawning day. Embrace each hour. Seize each golden minute. Hold fast to life, but not so fast that you cannot let go. This is the second side of life’s coin, the opposite pole of its paradox: we must accept our losses, and learn how to let go. This is not an easy lesson to learn, especially when we are young and think that the world is ours to command, that whatever we desire with the full force of our passion can, and will be ours. But then life moves along to confront us with realities, and slowly but surely this second truth dawns upon us.

Detailed Reading

At every stage of life we sustain losses — and grow in the process. We begin our independent lives only when we come to this world. We enter schools, then we leave our mothers and fathers and our childhood homes. We get married and have children and then have to let them go. We confront the death of our parents and our spouses. We face the gradual or not so gradual weakening of our own strength. And ultimately, we must confront the inevitability of our own death, losing ourselves, as it were, all that we were or dreamed to be.

Detailed Reading

But why should we be reconciled to life’s contradictory demands? Why fashion things of beauty when beauty is shortlived? Why give our heart in love when those we love will ultimately be torn from our grasp? In order to resolve this paradox, we must seek a wider perspective, viewing our lives as through windows that open on eternity. Once we do that, we realize that though our lives are finite, our deeds on earth weave a timeless pattern. Life is never just being. It is becoming, a relentless flowing on. Our parents live on through us, and we will live on through our children. The institutions we build endure, and we will endure through them. The beauty we fashion cannot be dimmed by death. Our flesh may perish, our hands will wither, but the beauty and goodness and truth they create live on for all time to come.

Detailed Reading

Don’t spend and waste your lives accumulating objects that will only turn to dust and ashes. Pursue not so much the material as the ideal, for ideals alone invest life with meaning and are of enduring worth. Add love to a house and you have a home. Add righteousness to a city and you have a community. Add truth to a pile of red brick and you have a school. Add justice to the farflung round of human endeavor and you have civilization. Put them all together, elevate them above their present imperfections, add to them the vision of humankind redeemed, forever free of need and conflict and you have a future lighted with the radiant colors of hope.

Detailed Reading

A man comes to this world with his fist clenched, but when he dies, his hand is open. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
一个人出生时拳头紧握,过世时却松手而去。 一个人出生时拳头紧握,过世时却松手而去。

Detailed Reading

We know that this is so, but all too often we recognize this truth only in our backward glance when we remember what it was and then suddenly realize that it is no more. 1. What does “so” refer to here? It refers to what was mentioned in the preceding sentence: life is wonderful and full of beauty. 2. What does “only in our backward glance” mean? It means “only as we examine our life in retrospect.”

Detailed Reading

But we remember with far greater pain that we did not see that beauty when it flowered, that we failed to respond with love when it was tendered. What can we infer from this sentence? From this sentence, we can infer that one should hold fast to beauty and love at the right time when they are full of sweetness and being offered.

Detailed Reading

I looked to see whether anyone else relished the sun’s golden glow, but everyone was hurrying to and fro, most with eyes fixed on the ground. 1. What does “the sun’s golden glow” symbolize? It symbolizes the beautiful and precious life. 2. What can we infer from “hurrying to and fro” and “with eyes fixed on the ground”? It can be inferred that most people are indifferent to the beauty of life.

Detailed Reading

Then I remembered how often I, too, had been indifferent to the grandeur of each day, too preoccupied with petty and sometimes even mean concerns to respond to the great beauty of it all. Paraphrase this sentence. Then if remembered how often I, too, had ignored the magnificence of each day, since I was too busy with unimportant and even unpleasant things.

Detailed Reading

The insight gleaned from that experience is really as commonplace as was the experience itself: life’s gifts are precious — but we are too careless of them. What does “that experience” and “them” refer to in this sentence? “That experience” refers to the sunlight in his hospitalization; “them” refers to life’s gifts.

Detailed Reading

This is not an easy lesson to learn, especially when we are young and think that the world is ours to command, that whatever we desire with the full force of our passion can, and will be ours. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
做到这一点并不容易,尤其是当我们还年轻, 做到这一点并不容易,尤其是当我们还年轻,自以为世界在我们的 掌握之中,只要满腔热情、全力以赴地去渴求, 掌握之中,只要满腔热情、全力以赴地去渴求,我们就能得到我们 想要的东西,而且一定能得到! 想要的东西,而且一定能得到!

Detailed Reading

And ultimately, we must confront the inevitability of our own death, losing ourselves, as it were, all that we were or dreamed to be. Paraphrase this sentence. Finally, we have to face the reality that we cannot avoid our own death. That is to say, we will sooner or later cease to be what we are and what we have dreamed of being.

Detailed Reading

But why should we be reconciled to life’s contradictory demands? Why fashion things of beauty when beauty is short-lived? Why give our heart in love when those we love will ultimately be torn from our grasp? 1. What is the author’s purpose of using these rhetorical questions? The author uses rhetorical questions to emphasize that there is no reason for us to cling to what we will inevitably lose. 2. What does “life’s contradictory demands” refer to? It refers to the two seemingly opposing truths: we should hold fast to life’s gifts and let go of them when time comes.

Detailed Reading

In order to resolve this paradox, we must seek a wider perspective, viewing our lives as through windows that open on eternity. What does this sentence mean? It means that in order to solve this paradox, we must view our lives from the perspective of eternity.

Detailed Reading

Life is never just being. It is becoming, a relentless flowing on. Translate this sentence into Chinese.
生命绝不仅仅是静止的存在。 它是一股不断演变的、 生命绝不仅仅是静止的存在 。 它是一股不断演变的 、 百折不回 的奔流。 的奔流。

Detailed Reading

Our flesh may perish, our hands will wither, but the beauty and goodness and truth they create live on for all time to come. What does the author hope to convey through this statement? The author hopes to convey the message that what we let go of is still there if we view life from the perspective of eternity. The beauty and goodness and truth that we create will endure and we will endure through them. Therefore, we should let go of life’s gifts in due time.

Detailed Reading

fast: ad. become or be firmly fixed and unable to move The boat was stuck fast in the mud. When they arrived there, they found that the church door was fast shut.

Detailed Reading

clench : vt. close tightly The girl clenched her fist in anger.
在被动手术时她咬紧了牙关。 在被动手术时她咬紧了牙关。

She clenched her teeth when she was operated on.

Detailed Reading

fade: vi. 1) lose colour and brightness Flowers soon fade when cut. The colour in this silk material will not fade. 2) disappear gradually.
他的希望渐渐破灭

His hopes faded. The memory of her sufferings in her childhood will never fade from her mind.

Detailed Reading

wither: v. 1) (cause sth. To) become dry, shrivelled or dead
这些花不放在水里就要枯死了。 这些花不放在水里就要枯死了。

The flowers will wither if you don’t put them in water. limbs withered by disease and starvation 2) render speechless or incapable of action; stun The teacher withered the noisy student with a glance.
她的一瞥使他无言以对。 她的一瞥使他无言以对。

She withered him with a look. CF: wither & fade
这两个动词均含“凋谢”之意。 这两个动词均含“凋谢”之意。 指因无活力而丧失生命力。 wither 指因无活力而丧失生命力。 强调指渐渐失去色彩和光泽。 fade 强调指渐渐失去色彩和光泽。

Detailed Reading

tender: 1. v. formally offer or show something to someone As company secretary, you must tender the proposal. The seller has the right to keep the goods until payment is tendered to him. 2. a. 1) (of meat) easy to chew; not tough Continue cooking until the meat is tender. 2) painful when touched; sensitive
我的手指一碰就疼,因为昨天割破了。 我的手指一碰就疼,因为昨天割破了。

My finger is tender because I cut it yesterday.

Detailed Reading

3) gentle and careful in a way that shows love Her voice was tender and soft.

Collocations: tender age tender loving care a tender heart a tender mother
年幼而未成熟的 悉心、关切的照顾 悉心、 软心肠 慈母

Detailed Reading

hospitalize: vt. place in a hospital for treatment, care, or observation. Roger was hospitalized after a severe heart attack. NB:
该词一般用于被动语态

Detailed Reading

wheel: 1. n. one of the round things under a car, bus, bicycle, etc. that turns when it moves The car slid sideways, its rear wheels spinning. 2. v. move someone or sth. that is in or on sth. that has wheels Two nurses were wheeling him into the operating theatre.
他把摩托车推到街上。 他把摩托车推到街上。

He wheeled his motorcycle into the street.

Detailed Reading

Collocations: at the wheel oil the wheels on wheels put one’s shoulder to the wheel wheels within wheels wheel and deal (AmE.)
驾驶, 驾驶,掌舵 使事情进行得顺利 用车子 帮助他人) (帮助他人)动手 复杂的事情; 复杂的事情;复杂的原因 在政界) (在政界)独断专行

Detailed Reading

relish: 1. n. great enjoyment of something I ate with great relish, enjoying every bite.
我对坐办公室那种刻板的工作毫无兴趣。 我对坐办公室那种刻板的工作毫无兴趣。

Routine office jobs have no relish at all for me. 2. vt. enjoy an experience or the thought of something that is going to happen He relishes the chance to play Hamlet.
我可不乐意这麽早就起床。 我可不乐意这麽早就起床。

I don’t relish having to get up so early.

Detailed Reading

indifferent: a. not at all interested in someone or sth. It is quite indifferent to me whether you go or stay.
我对他们的争论毫不关心。 我对他们的争论毫不关心。

I am indifferent to their arguments. CF: indifferent, unconcerned, incurious, detached & uninterested
这些形容词均有“不关心的,不感兴趣的”意思。 这些形容词均有“不关心的,不感兴趣的”意思。 运用得最广。它可以表示无偏向性, indifferent 运用得最广。它可以表示无偏向性,对事物这样或那样不关心 意指不仅不感兴趣,而且也不同情,不焦虑, unconcerned 意指不仅不感兴趣,而且也不同情,不焦虑,不关心 incurious 强调缺乏理性的探询和本能的好奇心 意指不参与, detached 意指不参与,同时对此有客观的看法 uninterested 仅表示缺乏兴趣

Detailed Reading

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary. 1. The universe is not hostile, nor yet is it friendly. It is simply indifferent . ________ 2. He was __________ in politics. uninterested 3. Many large companies seem totally ___________ about the unconcerned environment. 4. She described what had happened in a cold and detached ________ manner. ________ 5. He was incurious of technical and textual science.

Detailed Reading

preoccupy: vt. engage (sb. or his mind, thoughts, etc.) so that he cannot think of other things Something seems to be preoccupying her at the moment.
你昨天在公共汽车站上心不在焉,没有注意到我。 你昨天在公共汽车站上心不在焉 没有注意到我。 没有注意到我

You were too preoccupied to notice me at the bus stop yesterday. Pattern: be preoccupied with
全神贯注于

Detailed Reading

petty: a. 1) of small importance; trivial We started having arguments over petty little things. The meeting spent too much time on petty issues, and didn’t address the real problem. 2) unkind and caring too much about small unimportant things How can she be so petty?
他有时候在金钱上很小气。 他有时候在金钱上很小气。

Sometimes he can be so petty about money.

Detailed Reading

Collocations: petty and childish behaviour petty about money petty cash petty larceny petty officer
小心眼和孩子气的行为 在金钱上很小气 零用现金 小偷小摸 海军士官

Detailed Reading

mean: a. ignoble I never thought he was capable of doing such a mean thing to his brother. They have an air of freedom, and they have not a dreary commitment to mean ambitions or love of comfort.
他们有一种奔放不羁的风度, 他们有一种奔放不羁的风度,没有对卑鄙的野心目标的无聊追逐和 对舒适的迷恋。 对舒适的迷恋。

CF: low, mean, cheap & shabby
这些形容词均有“卑鄙的,卑贱的,卑下的”意思。 这些形容词均有“卑鄙的,卑贱的,卑下的”意思。 指行为卑鄙、可耻、下文明,可引申指庸俗。 指行为卑鄙、可耻、下文明,可引申指庸俗。 low 暗示狠毒、贪婪、缺乏尊严感等为人们所不耻的卑鄙、自私、 mean 暗示狠毒、贪婪、缺乏尊严感等为人们所不耻的卑鄙、自私、渺 小的行为。 小的行为。 cheap 侧指人或物的品质低劣下贱。 侧指人或物的品质低劣下贱。 指行为的不公和卑劣,往往使人感到不屑和轻蔑。 shabby 指行为的不公和卑劣,往往使人感到不屑和轻蔑。

Detailed Reading

glean: v. 1) gather grain left in a field by harvest workers Boys are asked to glean the grain every morning. 2) find out information slowly and with difficulty Additional information was gleaned from other sources.
我从别人的话中总算弄清楚他不来了。 我从别人的话中总算弄清楚他不来了。

From what people said, I managed to glean that he wasn’t coming. Pattern: glean sth. from sb./sth.
从……中搜集 ……中搜集

Detailed Reading

commonplace: a. ordinary; not interesting He’s not at all exciting, in fact he’s really rather commonplace.
他毫不出奇, 实际上平庸得很。 他毫不出奇 实际上平庸得很。

Iphones are increasing commonplace.

Detailed Reading

dawn: vi. 1) begin to become light in the morning The morning dawned fresh and clear after the storm. 2) begin to be perceived or understood It dawned on me that Joanna had been right all along.
很快我们就意识到了危险的存在。 很快我们就意识到了危险的存在。

Realization of the danger soon dawned on us. Pattern: It dawns on sb. that...
渐渐明白, 渐渐明白,开始被察觉或理解

Detailed Reading

embrace: v. 1) put your arms around someone and hold them in a friendly or loving way
她在离开前拥抱儿子。 她在离开前拥抱儿子。

She embraced her son before leaving. Maggie and Laura embraced. 2) eagerly accept a new idea, opinion, religion, etc. By the end of the last century, Americans had embraced the idea of the right to free public education for all children. We hope these regions will embrace democratic reforms.

Detailed Reading

3) include sth. as part of a subject, discussion, etc. This course embraces several different aspects of psychology.
“人类”一词包括男人、 女人和儿童。 人类”一词包括男人、 女人和儿童。 人类

The term ‘‘mankind’’ embraces men, women and children. Collocations: embrace Christianity embrace an offer, opportunity embrace a social cause
信奉基督教 欣然接受提议、 欣然接受提议、把握机会 乐意地从事一项社会活动

Detailed Reading

paradox: n. 1) statement that seems to be absurd or contradictory but is or may be true Paradox and irony are characteristics of her style.
她善于运用似非而是的隽语和反语。 她善于运用似非而是的隽语和反语。

More haste, less speed” is a paradox . 2) person, thing or situation displaying contradictory features It is a paradox that such a rich country should have so many poor people living in it. It’s a curious paradox that drinking a lot of water can often make you feel thirsty.

Detailed Reading

passion: n. 1) a very strong feeling of sexual love His eyes were burning with passion. His passion for her made him blind to everything else.
他强烈地爱着她, 对其他一切都视而不见。 他强烈地爱着她 对其他一切都视而不见。

2) a very strong belief or feeling about sth. He spoke with considerable passion about the importance of art and literature.
她争论时情绪很激动。 她争论时情绪很激动。

She argued with great passion.

Detailed Reading

3) a very strong liking for sth. Gardening was her great passion.
赛马是她最喜爱的运动。 赛马是她最喜爱的运动。

Horse-racing is her passion.

Detailed Reading

CF: emotion, feeling, passion, affection & sentiment
这些名词的共同含义是“感情” 情感”之意。 这些名词的共同含义是“感情”或“情感”之意。 普通用词,词义中性。 emotion 普通用词,词义中性。泛指因外界刺激而引起思想情感从细微 变化到最强烈的发作。 变化到最强烈的发作。 普通用词,含义广。多指具体的或内心的感受, feeling 普通用词,含义广。多指具体的或内心的感受,或表露出来的 强烈情感。 强烈情感。 指极强烈的感情,尤指愤怒、爱好等。也常指两性间的爱情。 passion 指极强烈的感情,尤指愤怒、爱好等。也常指两性间的爱情。 指对人的爱慕或深厚、温柔的感情。 affection 指对人的爱慕或深厚、温柔的感情。 一般指由一种思想激起的感情,含较大的理智因素。 sentiment 一般指由一种思想激起的感情,含较大的理智因素。

Detailed Reading

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary. 1. He’s considerate of other people’s _______. feelings 2. Kim received the news without showing any visible sign of emotion . _______ 3. All the _______ in their marriage has died. passion 4. Their father never showed them much affection . _______ ________ 5. There’s no place for sentiment in business!

Detailed Reading

confront: vt. make sb. face or consider sb./sth. unpleasant, difficult, etc. The problems confronting the new government were enormous. When confronted with the evidence of her guilt, she confessed.
她面对罪证供认不讳。 她面对罪证供认不讳。

Pattern: be confronted with
面对

Detailed Reading

sustain: vt. 1) suffer damage, an injury, or loss of money Two of the fire-fighters sustained serious injuries. The company has sustained heavy financial losses this year. 2) make sth. continue to exist or happen for a period of time She found it difficult to sustain the children’s interest. He was incapable of sustaining close relationships with women.

Detailed Reading

CF: undergo, experience, sustain & suffer
这些动词均有“经历,经受,遭受”之意。 这些动词均有“经历,经受,遭受”之意。 多指经受艰难、痛苦、不愉快或危险的事。 undergo 多指经受艰难、痛苦、不愉快或危险的事。 指亲身经受或体验某事。 experience 指亲身经受或体验某事。 指遭受痛苦或承受负担。 sustain 指遭受痛苦或承受负担。 通用,尤指受到损害或伤害。 suffer 常可与sustain通用,尤指受到损害或伤害。

Detailed Reading

reconcile: vt. 1) reestablish a close relationship between Jonah and his youngest son were, on the surface at least, reconciled. The estranged couple reconciled after a year.
翻脸的那对夫妻一年以后又和好了。 翻脸的那对夫妻一年以后又和好了。

2) bring (a quarrel, disagreement, etc.) to an end; settle The possibility remains that the two theories may be reconciled.
他们无法调和彼此的分歧。 他们无法调和彼此的分歧。

They can’t reconcile their differences.

Detailed Reading

Pattern: reconcile sb. to sth.
(使某人)无可奈何地接受某事物 使某人)

Collocations: reconcile two ideas reconcile differences reconcile the evidence with the facts became reconciled to
调和两种看法 调和分歧 使证据符合事实 接受

Detailed Reading

fashion: vt. shape or make sth. He fashioned a box from a few old pieces of wood. He fashioned the clay into a jar.
他用粘土做成一个陶土罐子。 他用粘土做成一个陶土罐子。

Patterns: fashion...from... fashion...into...
用……制成…… ……制成…… 制成 ……制成 制成…… 把……制成……

Detailed Reading

perspective: n. a way of thinking about sth. His father’s death gave him a whole new perspective on life. We have to look at everything from an international perspective. Collocations: view/put/see sth. in (its true/its proper) perspective

从实际的 恰当的)角度观察(处置/看待 看待) (恰当的)角度观察(处置 看待)某事物 in historical perspective 用历史的观点看待这些事件 get things badly out of perspective 处事极为失当 wider/broader perspective 更宽阔的视角

Detailed Reading

eternity: n. a very long time that seems endless It seemed an eternity before the police arrived.
他们的儿子出世后,他送给她一枚表示永恒的戒指。 他们的儿子出世后,他送给她一枚表示永恒的戒指。

He gave her an eternity ring when their son was born.

Detailed Reading

finite: a. having an end or a limit The earth has a finite number of resources which we must protect.
人类的认识是有限的。 人类的认识是有限的。

Human knowledge is finite. NB:
注意该词的反义词为infinite。

Detailed Reading

endure : 1) vt. suffer or undergo (sth. painful or uncomfortable) patiently We seek the truth, and will endure the consequences. It seemed impossible that anyone could endure such pain. 2) vi. remain alive or continue to exist for a long time Their friendship has endured over many years.
这些传统世代相传至今。 这些传统世代相传至今。

These traditions have endured throughout the ages.

Detailed Reading

pursue: vt. continue doing an activity or trying to achieve sth. over a long period of time Students should pursue their own interests , as well as do their school work.
她决定在获得学士学位之后继续深造。 她决定在获得学士学位之后继续深造。

She decided to pursue her studies after obtaining her first degree. Collocations: pursue a goal/aim/objective 追求目标 pursue pleasure 寻乐 pursued the study of 继续深造 pursue interests and avoid risks 趋利避害 pursue one’s academic interest/professional career 追求学习/职业 追求学习 职业

Detailed Reading

vision: n. 1) ability to see
他头部受击后损害了视力。 他头部受击后损害了视力。

The blow on the head impaired/damaged his vision. When he woke up he had a splitting headache and his vision was blurred. 2) thing seen vividly in the imagination He had a vision of himself as a rich businessman.
他想象自己是一个富有的商人。 他想象自己是一个富有的商人。

Detailed Reading

我想象我们正进行罢工。 我想象我们正进行罢工。

I had visions of us going on strike. Collocations: a person of vision have visions of sth. catch the vision of expand our vision the romantic visions of youth
有远见的人 想象 看见 扩大我们的视野 青年人浪漫的幻想

1. 人生的艺术
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

the art of living hold fast to life in backward glance a beauty that faded a love that withered a severe heart attack intensive care additional tests relished the sun’s golden glow hurry to and fro

2. 紧紧把握人生 3. 回首往事 4. 褪色的美 5. 消逝的爱 6. 严重的心脏病 7. 重症监护病房 8. 辅助检查 9. 沉醉在这金色的阳光中 10. 来去匆匆

11. 视而不见
Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

be indifferent to be preoccupied with petty and mean concerns the insight gleaned from that experience be too careless of embrace each hour the opposite pole of paradox the world is ours to command with the full force of our passion confront us with realities at every stage of life

12. 为琐碎而低俗的顾虑所困扰 13. 从这次经历中所获得的顿悟 14. 太掉以轻心 15. 把握每一个小时 16. 矛盾体的另一极 17. 世界在我们的掌握之中 18. 满腔热情、全力以赴 满腔热情、 19. 面对现实 20. 在人生的每个阶段

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

21. 承受损失 22. 开始独立的生命 23. 面对不可避免的死亡 24. 心甘情愿地服从于 25. 倾心地去爱 26. 破解这个矛盾 27. 通向永恒的窗户 28. 人类对得到拯救的憧憬 29. 永远无求无争

sustain losses begin independent lives confront the inevitability of death be reconciled to give one’s heart in love resolve this paradox windows that open on eternity the vision of humankind redeemed forever free of need and conflict

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Directions: You will hear a passage about attitude towards life three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 1 to 7 with the exact words you have just heard. For the blanks numbered from 8 to 10, you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Attitude towards Life You must _____ for balance in your life.” How? Don’t strive _________ your worth by comparing yourself with others. It is undermine because we are different and each of us is special. Don’t set your goals by what other people deem important. Only you granted know what is best for you. Don’t take for _______ the things closest to your heart. _______ them as they would be your life. Cling to For without them, life is meaningless. Don’t let your life ___ through your fingers by living in the slip past or for the future. By living your life one day at a time, you

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

live all the days of your life. Don’t ______ when you still have give up something to give. Nothing is really over until the moment you stop trying. Don’t be afraid to admit that you are less than perfect. It is this fragile thread that binds us to each together. _____ Don’t forget, a person’s greatest emotional need is to feel ____________________________________ appreciated . Don’t be afraid to learn. Knowledge is weightless, _____________________ __________ a treasure you can always carry easily _______________________________. Don’t use time or words carelessly. Neither can be retrieved. Life is not a race, ______________ but a journey to be savoured each step of the way . ________________________________________

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

1. Discussion Attitude is a small thing that makes a big difference! Many people believe “attitude is everything” and “attitude decides everything”. But to set a positive attitude towards life is not an easy thing. Read the following proverbs and quotations, then discuss the topic “How to set a positive attitude towards life” with your classmates.

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

1. Always look at what you have left. Never look at what you have lost. 2. It’s not what happens to you, but how you react to it that matters. 3. Keep your face to the sunshine and you can never see the shadow. 4. Whether you think you can or whether you think you can’t, you are right. 5. Life is ten percent what happens to you and ninety percent how you respond to it. 6. If you don’t like something, change it. If you can’t change it, change your attitude. Don’t complain.

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

2. Homework for Writing For this part, you are required to write a composition on the topic Attitudes towards Life based on the discussion above. Your composition should be no less than 150 words and cover the following points: a) different attitudes people hold towards life b) the benefits of holding a positive attitude c) ways to develop a positive attitude towards life

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Test Your Attitude towards Success Directions: The amount of success you have in life is strongly related to the attitude you have towards success. So what is your attitude towards success? What does that mean for you? Take the 5-minute test below; you may be surprised at the results you get. Select one of the three answers to the questions below, and then compute your score based on the instructions at the end of the test.

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

1. ( ) (A) I have a clear idea of what success means to me. (B) I have no idea what success means to me. (C) I have somewhat of an idea what success means to me. 2. ( ) (A) I always seek advice and feedback. (B) I never seek advice and feedback. (C) Sometimes I seek advice and feedback. 3. ( ) (A) I never give up something I enjoy now, for something better in the future. (B) Sometimes I give up something I enjoy now, for something better in the future. (C) I always give up something I enjoy now, for something better in the future.

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

4. ( ) (A) When I have a setback or rejection, I give up and quit. (B) When I have a setback or rejection, I learn from it and try again. (C) Sometimes setbacks or rejection causes me to quit, other times I try again. 5. ( ) (A) I believe I will be successful. (B) I believe I will never be successful. (C) Maybe I will be successful, maybe I will not. 6. ( ) (A) I am always fully prepared for the things I do. (B) I am never prepared for the things I do. (C) Sometimes I am prepared and other times I am not.

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

7. ( ) (A) I would never take a risk, I only want sure things. (B) I am somewhat open to taking risks. (C) I am willing to take risks if the rewards seem worth it. 8. ( ) (A) What happens in my life is not my responsibility. (B) What happens in my life is somewhat my responsibility. (C) What happens in my life is totally my responsibility. 9. ( ) (A) Change always brings me new opportunities. (B) Change never brings me new opportunities. (C) Change sometimes brings me new opportunities. 10. ( ) (A) I go all out when I am working on something. (B) I hold back somewhat when I am working on something. (C) I never go all out when I am working on something.

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Scoring: Give yourself the following points for the answer you chose on each question: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) A +1, B –1, C 0 A +1, B –1, C 0 A +1, B 0, C -1 A -1, B +1, C 0 A +1, B -1, C 0 A +1, B -1, C 0 A -1, B 0, C +1 A -1, B 0, C +1 A +1, B -1, C 0 A +1, B 0, C –1

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

If you score:

6–10 5-0

You are well on your way to success. You need to fine-tune your attitude towards success. You need to give some serious thought to how your attitude towards success is holding you back.

0–minus

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension

1. Sometimes the best gain is to lose.
有时大得即大失。 有时大得即大失。

Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

2. Riches either serve or govern the possessor.
财富可以侍候主人,也可以支配主人。 财富可以侍候主人,也可以支配主人。

3. All the art of living lies in a fine mingling of letting go and holding on. — Havelock Ellis, British psychologist and essayist
生活的艺术在于对坚持与放弃的合理调配。 生活的艺术在于对坚持与放弃的合理调配。 —— 亨利 哈维洛克 艾利斯 英国心理学家、作家 亨利?哈维洛克 哈维洛克?艾利斯 英国心理学家、

Useful Expressions Listening Comprehension Discussion and Writing Optional Classroom Activities Picture Talking Proverbs and Quotations

4. Life is like an onion; you peel off layer after layer and then you find there is nothing in it. — James Gibbons Huneker, American essayist and critic
生活就象洋葱:你一层一层拨开就会发现里面什么也没有。 生活就象洋葱:你一层一层拨开就会发现里面什么也没有。 —— 詹姆斯 吉本斯 亨内克 美国作家、评论家 詹姆斯?吉本斯 吉本斯?亨内克 美国作家、

5. The value of life lies not in the length of days, but in the use we make of them. — Michel de Montaigne, French Writer
生活的价值不在于生命的长短,而在于我们是怎样度过的。 生活的价值不在于生命的长短,而在于我们是怎样度过的。 —— 蒙田 法国作家

6. Our attitude toward life determines life’s attitude towards us. — Earl Nightingale, American speaker and author
我们对生活的态度决定着生活对我们的态度。 我们对生活的态度决定着生活对我们的态度。 —— 厄尔 南丁格尔 美国演说家、作家 厄尔?南丁格尔 美国演说家、


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