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Haley(1921-1992)


Unit 5 How to Celebrate Holidays
Text A Text B Writing Three Thank-you Letters ThankWhere Is Home

Part One Pre-reading Activities PreA: Reading Comprehension

Text A Writing Three Thank-you Letters Thank-

Native Traditions of Giving Thanks The American custom of giving thanks did not begin with the arrival of European colonists. Spirituality was (and is) a deeply sacred and personal part of Wampanoag (one Indian Tribe in America) life. Everything is sacred, and giving thanks for the Creator’s gifts is an integral part of daily life. From ancient times up to the present day, the Native people of North America have held ceremonies to give thanks for successful harvests and other good fortune. According to the oral information of tribal elders, giving thanks was the primary reason for ceremonies or feasts. Giving thanks was an important part of the celebrations, called Nickommo, which are still held by the Wampanoag. Give-away ceremonies, feasting, Givedancing and sports and games were common features of these occasions. GiveGive-away ceremonies show gratefulness to the Creator who provides for the people and makes possible the blessings celebrated. The act of giving away material things shows respect and caring for others, while reminding the participants that material objects are only secondary to one’s spiritual life.

Thankfulness was woven into every aspect of Wampanoag life. If an animal was hunted for food, special thanks were also given to the Creator and to the spirit of the animal. If a plant was harvested and used for any purpose, or a bird or a fish, if an anthill was disrupted, gratitude and acknowledgement were given for the little ones’ lives. To this day it is the same with most Native people.

Questions: 1. When did the custom of giving thanks begin? 2. What is the key reason for Native Americans’ ceremonies? 3. Except giving thanks, are there any other activities in these feasts? 4. Why do they give away those material things? 5. What kinds of things do they give thanks to?

B: Learning Quotations: Life is a festival only to the wise. -- Ralph Waldo Emerson To give thanks in solitude is enough. Thanksgiving has wings and goes where it must go. -- Victor Hugo Your friend is your field which you saw with love and reap with thanksgiving. -- Kahlil Gibran

Part Two: A Brief Introduction of Alex Haley
Alex Haley(1921-1992) Journalist, Novelist Haley(1921The author of the widely acclaimed novel Roots was born in Ithaca, New York on August 11, 1921, and reared in Henning, Tennessee. The oldest of three sons of a college professor father and a mother who taught grade school, Haley graduated from high school at fifteen and attended college for two years before enlisting in the United States Coast Guard as a messboy in 1939. He severed there till 1959.

His first major work The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965), was an authoritative and widely read narrative based on Haley's interviews with the Black Muslim spokesman. The work is recognized as a classic of black American autobiography. Haley's greatest success was Roots: The Saga of an American Family (1976). This well-researched wellgenealogy--born genealogy--born of the history recited by Haley's maternal grandmother--covers seven American grandmother--covers generations, from the enslavement of Haley's African ancestors to his own genealogical quest. The work forcefully shows relationships between generations and between races.

Part Three: Comprehension Questions
Pair Work: 1. When and where did the writer write the three “thank you” letters? 2. What made the writer extremely busy on the Thanksgiving Day ? 3. What was the writer thinking about on the deck after the day’s hard work? 4. What then did he decide to do? 5. Why did the writer feel ashamed when he thought about the people that he wanted to express his gratitude to? 6. Who did he finally decide to write to? 7. What did the writer learn from the writing of the three letters? 8. What did the writer wish for all people when another Thanksgiving was drawing near?

Group Work:
1.How is Thanksgiving celebrated in the United States? Do you think the way the writer celebrated the holiday makes sense ? 2. Why do you think the writer printed “Find good – and praise it” at the bottom of all his stationery? 3.Do you praise others more often than criticize them or the other way round?

Part Four: Cultural Notes
1.

Thanksgiving: Thanksgiving: Thanksgiving is celebrated in the US on the fourth Thursday in November. For many Americans it is the most important holiday apart from Christmas. Schools, offices and most business close for Thanksgiving, and many people make the whole weekend a vacation. It is associated with the time when Europeans first came to North America. In 1620 the ship the Mayflower arrived, bringing about 150 people who today are usually called Pilgrims.

Mayflower Ⅱ

Cultural Notes: Thanksgiving

Today people celebrate Thanksgiving to remember these early days. The days. most important part of celebration is a traditional dinner with foods that come from North America. The meal America. includes turkey, sweet potatoes and cranberriers. cranberriers. The turkey is filled with stuffing or dressing, and many families have their own special recipe. recipe. Dessert is pumpkin made into a pie. pie. On Thanksgiving there are special television programs and sports events. events . In New York there is the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade, when a long line of people wearing fancy costumes march through the streets with large balloons in the

shape of imaginary characters. Thanksgiving is considered the beginning of the Christmas period, and the next day many people go out to shop for Christmas presents.

2. Pilgrims The term is referred to the 102 English people who sailed to America on the Mayflower in 1620. Their group included 35 Puritans whose aim was to create a safe religious community in the New World. The Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock, and they established the Plymouth colony. They arrived at the beginning of the hard winter and could not find enough to eat, so many of them died. In the next summer Native Americans showed them what foods were safe to eat and so they could save food for the next winter. They held a big celebration to thank God and the Native Americans for the fact that they had survived.

3. Native Americans Native Americans were living in North America for many of hundreds of years before Europeans reached the continent. For a long time white people called them Indians. Today many people do not like this name since it is based on a mistake: it was given to the people living in the Americas by Christopher Columbus who thought he had landed in India when he arrived in Americas. Instead, people prefer to use the term Native Americans.

4. The United States Coast Guard

The US Coast Guard
The US military service that is controlled by the US Department of Transportation but becomes part of the US Navy during a war. It was established in 1915. The Coast Guard stops ships suspected of carrying drugs and other illegal goods, and can make arrests. It also keeps watch to see that other laws of the sea are obeyed, rescues ships in danger and has a weather service.

Part Five: Text Structure
Part One (Paras 1-9) 1-

Part Two (Paras 10-16) 10-

Letters of GivingGiving-Thanks

Part Four (Paras 24-26) 24-

Part Three (Paras 17-23) 17-

Text Structure

Part One On Thanksgiving Day 1943, as a young coastguardsman at sea, the writer came up with the idea of expressing his gratitude to people who had helped him before. Part Two the writer three thank-you letters to his thankfather, the Rev. Nelson and his grandmother. Part Three The writer got three letters in reply. Part Four The writer wishes everyone to find the good and praise it.

Part Six: Language Points
1.

under way: in motion or operation, having started way: and making progress Examples: The nationwide medical reform is now under way. Preparations for the 100th anniversary celebration are now well under way. put away: remove (sth.) to a place where it is away: usually stored. Examples: The kids are asked to put all the toys away before they leave. You wash the dishes and I’ll put them away in the cupboard.

2.

Language Points in Text A

3. get to sth./doing sth.: begin to give serious sth.: attention to or deal with Examples: a) Recently I’ve got to wondering why I am doing the part-time job. partb) I’ll get to the accounts as soon as possible. 4. and the rest: and so on Examples: a) The patient can have apples, apple sauce, and the rest. b) The citizens are interested in the government’s policies on such important issues as health, education, tax, and the rest.

Language Points in Text A

5. in quest of: seeking Examples: a) Tony went to the school library in quest of Mark Twin’s novels. b) He has traveled half way round the country in quest of the truth about his son’s death. 6. reverse: turn around to the opposite direction; exchange the position of Examples: a) They have made it clear that they will not reverse the decision to increase prices. b) Why don’t you reverse the order so that I play first and she plays second?

Language Points in Text A

7. turn over: think about, consider Examples: a) Even when she didn’t say anything you could see her turning things over in her mind. b) I sat quietly, turning over the problem. 8. repay: pay back, reward Examples: a) Peter’s work with us has played an important role in our success, and we’ll repay him for his efforts some day. b) The graduate failed to repay the loan and the finance company decided to take legal action.

Language Points in Text A

9. sincere: not pretending, honest Examples: a) Any readers who feel annoyed please accept my sincere apologies. b) I’d like to express my sincere thanks and love to my family for their help. 10. gratitude: being thankful, thankfulness (…to sb./for sth.) Examples: a) It is my great pleasure to be here to express my sincere gratitude to my fellow members for electing me as your president. b) What she felt for David was not love but gratitude.

Language Points in Text A

11. statement: sth. that is said or written, esp. formally and officially Examples: a) The trade union issued a statement opposing racial discrimination. b) In his newly-published book, Williams newlymade a number of statements about modern life. 12. specific: relating to one thing and not others; particular Examples: a) The new system made it easier for employers to recruit workers based on specific needs. b) Do you have any specific skills that will be of use to you in the job you are applying for?

Language Points in Text A

13. on one’s behalf/ on the behalf of sb.: for sb.; one’ in the interests of sb.; as the representation of sb. Example: He delivered a speech on the behalf of all the graduates on Graduation Day. 14. impress: a) fix in sb’s mind; make the sb’ importance of (sth.) very clear to sb. (…upon/on (… sb. sth./that…) sth./that… Examples: The teacher tried to impress on his students the necessity of being honest. He has always impressed on his students that if they work hard they will succeed in life.

Language Points in Text A

b) cause (sb.) to feel admiration or respect

Example: Wanting to impress his girl
friend, Dustin bought a suit for their first date. 15. diminish: make or become smaller or less Examples: a) Her patience with the children diminished as the hours went by. b) Time will not diminish our friendship.

Language Points in Text A

16. expose: leave uncovered; make accessible (be exposed to) Examples: a) It is feared that people living near the power station may have been exposed to radiation. b) The immigrants’ children immigrants’ exposed to American pop culture often rebel when their parents try to impose the values they brought with them.

Language Points in Text A

17. immerse: over completely in a liquid; absorb deeply Examples: a) I held my breath and immersed myself in water, trying to stay under for as long as possible. b) John was so immersed in playing the computer games that he was unaware of things happening around him. 18. marvelous: causing wonder, excellent Examples: a) I have got some marvelous news for you—you’re going to be promoted. you—you’ b) It’s marvelous that we can at It’ last buy our own house.

Language Points in Text A

19. assemble: a) bring or call together in a group Example: Delegates were assembling in Geneva for the conference. b) fit together the parts or pieces of Example: It took me less than an hour to assemble the bookcase. c) get and put together sth. such as proof or information in an organized way Example: We will let you have the report as soon as we have assembled all the data.

Language Points in Text A

20. considerate: thoughtful of the rights and feelings of others Example: Friendly and considerate, he invariably consult with people around him before taking decision. 21. sprinkle: scatter on sth.; scatter in small drops Example: Sprinkle the meat with salt and place it in the pan.

Language Points in Text A

22. unload: remove (the load or cargo) from a ship, car, etc. Examples: a) Unload everything from the boat and clean it thoroughly. b) He helped me unload the shopping from the car. 23. accord: a) grant

Example: The headmaster accorded me
permission to attend the seminar. b) be in agreement (… with) (… Examples: His behavior does not accord with his principles.

Language Points in Text A

24. successive: following one after the other Example: a) The Brazilian men’s soccer team men’ has won three successive games so far. b) After four successive election defeats, the Labor Party once again faces the painful task of reconstruction. 25. in turn: one by one Examples: a) The freshman called out their names in turn. b) For years he struggled in turn as a farmer, an agent, and an account.

Language Points in Text A

26. amid: in the middle of, among Examples: a) The children were changing classroom amid laughter and shouts. b) Amid the confusion, the two men slipped away quietly without being noticed. 27. undergo: go through, experience Example: No one can force you to undergo a medical examination.

Language Points in Text A

28. swift: rapid, prompt Examples: a) Because of the swift, enormous growth of the urban areas many farmers left their village in quest of work. b) The Olimpic motto is CitiusCitiusAlitusAlitus-Fortius. These words mean “Swifter, Higher, Stronger.” Stronger.”

Language Points in Text A

29. appreciate: recognize the quality or significance of, value Examples: a) Professor Smith’s general Smith’ comments may help students to appreciate the theories in the textbook. b) I like and appreciate your honest and frankness.

Language Points in Text A

30.bring 30.bring back: cause to return to the mind Examples: a) The lyric always brought back good memories of my childhood. b) The old photographs brought back many pleasant memories of my college life. 31. in a flash: instantly Examples: a) The answer to the math question came to him in a flash. b) The ceremony was all over in a flash.

Language Points in Text A

32. go about: move around; behave in a society; keep busy doing sth.; set about Examples: a) Some people go about telling untrue stories. b) Despite the threat of war, people went about their work as usual. 33. in secret: secretly Examples: a) The negotiators were meeting in secret for for several month before peace agreement was reached. b) We found that Mary had been meeting her boy friend in secret.

Language Points in Text A

34. quote: repeat or copy the words of 34. (another) Examples: a) To close, I would like to quote Benjamin Franklin, “ One should eat to live,not live to eat.” b) Nothing gives an author greater pleasure than to finds his works respectfully quoted by others.

Part Seven: Comprehension Exercises
A: Paraphrasing Sentences
I thanked her for the years of eating her good cooking, the equal of which I had not found since.(para 15) I wept over the page representing my Grandma’s recent hours invested in expressing her loving gratefulness to me… (para 23)

B:Translation
在感恩节的气氛中,乔治没有跟朋友们一起庆祝 节日,却沉浸于阅读他父亲留给他的日记。他的 父亲在连续两次完成环球旅行在海上去世。这份 日记使他回忆起自己与父亲一起度过的每一刻以 及父亲为他所作的许多具体事情。乔治的父亲过 去经常向他强调必须经历各种艰难困苦去追求卓 越(excellence)。他还教导他世界上没有理所当然 excellence) 的东西。即使今天,他依然记得父亲如何引用 “懂得感激是高尚者的标志”这句伊索(Aesop)名 懂得感激是高尚者的标志”这句伊索(Aesop) 言来教导他要把懂得感激放在最重要的位置。

Keys
Amid the atmosphere of Thanksgiving, rather than
joining his friends in celebration of the holiday, George was immersed in the dairy left to him by his father, who died at sea after he completed too successive trips around the world. The diary brought back every moment George had spent with his father and many specific things his father did on his behalf. George’s father used to impress on him the need to undergo all kinds of hardship in quest of excellence. He also taught him that nothing in the world could be taken for granted. Even today, George still remembers how his father would quote Aesop’s famous saying “Gratitude is the sign of noble souls” and tell him to accord the greatest importance to it.

Text B Where Is Home?
Exercises: Completing the following sentences with the words chosen from the below table:
definition bring in swap migrate testimony designated compress to the point referred to settle down complains spectrum restless saturated touched on

Text B Where Is Home

1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7.

8.

Jason feels _____ because he is not sure what he is supposed to do now that he has finished his higher education. After a long and exhausting journey, we were finally able to _____ to have a drink and relax. If you thought is _____ with the fear of failure, it will kill your efforts and make success impossible no matter how hard you work. The Antarctica is _____ a “nature reserve, devoted to peace and science”. Your report is too long. Please try to _____ it into 500 words. It is almost universal that everyone _____ of the badness of his memory, but nobody of his judgment. The recent lecture on the legal issue of cloning human beings attracted more than 500 participants. It is a _____ to the importance of this topic. In his talk to the workers, the manager _____ the issue of low wages, but said it was beyond him to solve the problem immediately.

Text B Where Is Home

9. My _____ of a wise man is the fellow who knows the right thing to do at the time it has to be done. 10. Anne is so full of ideas that she is _____ as the “brain” in her family. 11. The only way you can _____ the harvest in the fall is to plant in the spring, and to water, weed and fertilize in the summer. 12. The president of the teachers college was quoted as saying: “we expect to enroll more students from a broader _____ of cultural backgrounds this year.” 13. As they are tired of their life in a noisy environment, they have decided to ______ their life in the city for one in the country. 14. As there was not much time left, the chairman wanted everyone at the meeting to make his question or comment ___. 15. Many birds of cool or cold regions_____ each year to warm areas to avoid winter, when food is hard to find.


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