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Torch Festival of yi Nationality藏族的火把节

龙源期刊网 http://www.qikan.com.cn Torch Festival of yi Nationality 藏族的火把 节 作者:陈传光 来源:《中学生英语· 中考指导版》2016 年第 08 期 江苏省连云港市赣榆区罗阳中学 陈传光 供稿 Torch Festival is a traditional festival celebrated by Yi nationality in southwestern China. It usually falls on the 24th day of the sixth lunar month with three days of celebration. As its name suggests, the torch plays a very important part. The brightly burning torches are a symbol of fire. It is believed the origin2 of the festival may have something to do with the worship3 of fire. Ancient people believed fire had the power to kill insects4, drive away evils5 and protect the crops. Fire has already taken the position as god in their life. Torch Festival is a special festival to pay tribute to the god of fire. 火把节是中国西南部彝族人民庆祝的一个传统节日。火把节始于阴历 6 月 24,庆祝活动 持续 3 天。从节日的名称可以看出,火把在这个节日中起着举足轻重的作用。熊熊燃烧的火把 是火的象征。通常人们认为火把节起源于彝族对火的自然崇拜。远古时代的彝族人相信火可以 杀虫害、驱邪并保护农作物。因此,火在彝族人的生活中已经占据了神明的位置。火把节就是 彝族人民为了赞颂火神而举行的节日。 Torches are the center of the festival activities. During the festival, big torches tied up with dried wood are planted in all villages. Small torches are placed in front of the door of each house. When night falls, the torches are lit and the villages are as bright as daytime. At the same time, people walk around the fields and houses, holding small torches and placing the torches in the field corners. Later in the night, people would gather around a five-meter-tall platform6, on which the shrine7 of the god of fire is built. Then with the drums and dances, the fire ritual begins. 节日的一系列活动都围绕火把展开。节日期间,所有的村庄都竖起捆绑着干木材的大火 把。家家户户门前也都放置了小一点的火把。当夜幕降临的时候,人们点燃村里所有的火把, 整个村庄便夜如白昼。同时,举着火把的人们在田地和房子周围列队前进,并且他们将火把插 在田地的四角。夜色稍晚时分,人们便会聚集到一个高达 5 米的火神的祭坛周围。随着鼓声响 起,舞蹈开始,祭祀活动也拉开了帷幕。 Another thing worthy of mentioning is about the special costumes. In some way, torch festival is like a fashion fair. On the occasion8, young ladies dress best in their own way. Their clothes are colorful and have hundreds of varieties. The special clothing culture of Yi people is unfolded before eyes. Also, a costume contest is usually held. Dressed in beautiful clothes, young girls dance elegantly9 to the music. The elders make comments and finally the most beautiful one 龙源期刊网 http://www.qikan.com.cn will be chosen. 另外值得一提的是火把节独具特色的服装。从某种意义上来说,火把节就像一个服装盛 会。在这个特别的场合,年轻的女孩们以自己的方式穿着盛装。她们的衣服颜色丰富多彩,样 式千姿百态。这充分展示了彝族独特的服饰文化。通常,人们还会举办一场服饰大赛。穿着亮 丽的年轻女孩们随着音乐翩翩起舞。年长者会对她们的舞蹈做出评价并最终选出最漂亮的一 个。 Torch festival is also a grand occasion for sports. Men show their strength of character

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