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(人教版)选修七 优秀教案 {Unit3 Under the sea Period 1}


Unit 3

Under the sea

指导思想与理论依据 指导思想 本课题努力将新课程的理念融入教学之中, 将语言知识与学生的现实生活紧密联系; 将 课堂教学放在具体的语言情景之中;把听、说、读、写语言技能的训练综合运用于课堂教学 之中。通过探究法、观察法和发现法,让学生发挥主观能动性,改变原有的教师说解、说教 的形式,重视知识和结论形成过程。努力发挥形成评价的激励机制,利用两两合作、小组活 动的方式,激发学生参与教学的热情。根据学生的认知能力和接受程度,设计了编写对话和 仿写作文等任务,使任务具有可操作性,让学生整堂课都处于新鲜感不断的亢奋状态中,并 产生继续学习的动力。 总之, 本次设计的宗旨是努力提高课堂教学的实效性, 使学生能够提高语言的实际运用 能力,达到最终教学的目的。 理论依据 《普通高中英语课程标准》明确提出:“要通过设计丰富多彩的课内外学习活动,使学 生在参与交际活动的过程中形成交际策略。 ”和“教师要引导学生主动学习, 帮助他们形成 以能力发展为目的的学习方式,鼓励学生通过体验、实践、讨论、合作和探究等方式,发展 听、说、读、写的综合语言技能。” 教材内容分析 Unit 3 的主题是“Under the sea”,中心话题是海底世界,听、说、读、写活动主要围绕 海底动植物、海底奇妙景观,以及有关大海的神话故事展开的。教学内容由两篇阅读,两份 听力,三个话题讨论和三个话题延续性写作任务组成。 阅读内容是:1.两起虎鲸轶事。(P20-21) 2.一篇有关海洋见闻和感受的日记。(P24) 听力内容是:1.三个观鲸人对旅行社服务的一些抱怨。(P25-27) 2.有关鲨鱼攻击人类事件的新闻报道。(P62) 3.记者和鲨鱼专家有关人们对鲨鱼的误解和为什么鲨鱼会急剧减少的谈话。(P65-66) 话题和写作内容:1.用 Using Language 阅读中表达感受的词汇描述过去的难忘经历。 (P24) 2.用 speaking and writing 中的抱怨用语在设置的情境中礼貌抱怨。(P27) 3.用以前学的 persuasive writing 的表述写一篇有关正确对待海洋生物,禁止乱捕的劝 诫性文章。 学情分析 高二学生对这个新鲜话题普遍很感兴趣, 积极性也比较高, 但大部分学生对新学的单词 词汇还是比较生疏, 运用英语进行交际的能力还是比较薄弱的, 因此教师可以利用丰富多彩 的图片资源,在任务型教学下完成本课题的学习。班级里的学生水平参差不齐,有些差距还 是比较大的,因此在教学过程中,布置的任务要兼顾各个层次的学生,使他们通过听、说、 读、写都有所获。 三维目标 知识目标 1.掌握本单元教学目的和要求中的单词和词汇。如:anecdote,annual,witness, accommodation,shore,yell,pack,flee,drag,depth,lip,abandon,relationship,seaside,

net,dimension,reflect,pure,cell,aware,vivid,narrow,sharp,tasty,scare,shallow, awesome,seal,pension,pensioner,help out,be/become aware of,upside down,be scared to death,etc. 2.帮助学生更多地了解海洋/海底世界。 3.复习动词 v.-ing 形式的被动式。 能力目标 1.提高学生阅读能力和赏析水平。 2.在写作中学会表达责备、抱怨和要求赔偿。 情感目标 培养学生热爱和保护海洋生物的爱心。 教学重点 1.更多地了解海洋海底生物。 2.树立正确的观念“海洋生物和人们是朋友”并要热爱和保护它们。 教学难点 1.巩固动词 v.-ing 形式的被动式的用法。 2.在写作中学会表达责备、抱怨和要求赔偿。 教学方法 1.任务型教学。 2.合作型教学。 Unit 3 Teaching plans Period 1 Vocabulary and Warming Up Period 2 Pre-reading,Reading and Comprehending Period 3 Language Study Period 4 Grammar Period 5 Using Language:Reading,Discussing and Writing Period 6 Listening,Speaking and Writing Period 7 Listening Task,Talking and Writing

Period 1

Vocabulary and Warming Up

Teaching aims 1. Learn to pronounce the new words correctly and know their exact meanings in the context. 2.Guide students to use the new words in complete sentences with the help of pictures. 3.Learn to use the correct forms of the new words according to the context. Teaching procedures ?Step 1 Warming up 1.What is it in the second picture?And where are the watchers?(an aquarium) 2. Why do people buy aquariums or visit aquariums?(to decorate rooms/raise pets/watch sea creatures,etc.) 3.So in general what is an aquarium? (An aquarium is a place where people can enjoy a great diversity of creatures on the earth.) 4.Where can you find these creatures?(oceans/seas/coral reefs...) 5.What words would you like to use to describe them? (beautiful/wonderful/marvelous/ splendid...)

?Step 2 Get familiar with the new words Show pictures—lead students to output the new words—to make a complete sentence. Picture 1 1.What special equipment is the man wearing?(a snorkel) 2.What is the man doing?(go/be snorkelling) 3.Do you think it is very deep?Guess the depth of the water.What word will you use to describe the water?(deep/shallow/...in depth) Suggested answers:A man is snorkelling in shallow water which is probably 0.5 meter in_depth. Picture 2 1.Where is the photo taken?(under the water) 2.What is it in the dark?(a cave) 3.Look at the entry of the cave;what word will you use to describe it?(a narrow entry) Suggested answers:A camera is falling into a cave with a narrow entry. Picture 3 1.Where are the people?(near the shore/at the seaside) 2.Suppose you were one of them,what would be your feeling or reaction when facing a whale? (yell/be scared to death/flee from the shore) 3.Suppose these are local people and the whale has difficulty returning to the sea,what will they do in your opinion?(help...out) 4.Suppose the next day a news reporter gets the scoop and interviews them,what is the relationship between them?(interviewer and witnesses/interviewees) 5.According to the information you get,say something to describe the picture. Suggested answers:At the seaside,there is a crowd of people yelling when facing a whale and some of them are scared to death,even trying to flee. Or Near the shore a whale gets stuck and some local people want to help the whale out.The next day a news reporter interviews them.The relationship between them is interviewer and witnesses. Picture 4 1.What is the animal called in English?(seals) 2.Usually,where do you suppose we can find seals and penguins?(in Antarctic) 3.What word will you use to describe the snow and the whole scenery?(pure white/beauty) 4.What will they do next according to the picture?(leap) 5.Say something to describe the scenery. Suggested answers: Seals are common animals in Antarctic.Isn't it a real beauty when you see a pack of seals are leaping from the ice,against the pure white background? Picture 5 1.What is it?(a sea-slug)

2.What can you see on the back of the sea-slug?(with vivid colors and stripes/it is a striped sea-slug) 3.In general,animals and plants with vivid colors are dangerous.They are...(poisonous) 4.Say something about the picture. Suggested answers:The ocean is a place full of magic where you can find animals and plants with vivid colors and different shapes,but generally speaking,animals and plants with vivid colors are poisonous. Picture 6 1.Is the fish swimming in the normal way?(hang upside down) 2.What do you suppose it is doing?(eating tasty plants) Suggested answers: The fish, hanging upside down, eating some tasty plants in the ocean. is ?Step 3 Consolidation One afternoon I was sorting out my a______ when I heard a huge noise coming from the bay.As we ran down to the s______,we saw an enormous animal jumping in the water up and down in order to inform the whalers of a whale out there for them. With Old Tom guiding the way,we soon got close to the hunt,astonished to see a whale being a______ by about six other killers.Some t______ themselves on top of the whale's blow- hole to stop it b______ while others tried to stop it f______ out to sea.Then a whale hunter in the boat a______ the harpoon at the whale and hit it.Soon the whale died.The killer whales d______ the body of the whale down into the sea.The body would f______ up to the surface of the sea about 24 hours later after Old Tom and the others enjoyed its lips and t______. On another occasion, James, whaler, w______ off the boat.I was terrified to see a shark a was a______.Fortunately,Old Tom held James up in the water while the other killers were still attacking the whale. Suggested answers:accommodation;shore;attacked;threw;breathing;fleeing;aimed; dragged;float;tongue;washed;approaching ?Step 4 Homework Get more information about sea creatures on the Internet.


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