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Unit 1 How can we become good learners? 1. by reading the textbook 【解析】watch/read/see/look at “看” 法不同 【记】______the picture. Can you see the man in the picture? He isn’t ________ the book. He is ______TV. 2. by asking the teacher for help 【解析】ask for 请求,要某物 ask sb. about sth 向某人询问关于某事 (1)ask sb. for help (2) ask sb. (not) to do sth 【2013 北京中考】Our teacher often asks us _____ questions in groups. A. discuss B. to discuss C. discussing D. discussed 3.I study by working with a group. 我通过小组学习。 【解析】by/with/in/on “用” 法不同 ◆by 的用法: (1)by doing sth 通过…方式 by studying with a group 【注】介词短语作方式状语,回答以 How 开头的问句, 表示“怎样做” 。 ①I study English by ___________(listen) to the tapes ②Tom learns Chinese by ____________(watch) Chinese movies. ③ -- ____ did you get there? — By ___ a taxi. A. How; taking B. How ; take C. How; took D. What; taking (2) by+ 交通工具(交通工具前不能加限定词) by bike by train ◆with 的用法:表示用某种工具 (1) with +工具 We like to write with a pen. (2)with+人体部位 We see with our eyes. ◆in 的用法:通常与“衣着、声音、书写材料”等名称连用 in+语言 in English 用英语 speak in a soft voice ◆on 的用法: on +电器或媒介 on TV /radio/Internet ( ) The boy was cutting a branch of a tree ____ a knife. A. in B. by C. with D. use 4. Do you learn English by watching videos? 【解析】 learn →learned/learnt→learned/learnt v 学习 learn about 了解 (1) learn from sb. 向某人学习 (2) learn to do sth 学着做某事 (3)learn …by oneself= teach oneself 自学 ①We should _________ ________ the hard- working students.(向……学习) 5..aloud/loud/loudly (1) aloud adv “出声” ,指出声能让人听见,但声音不大 read aloud 大声朗读 (2) loud adj./adv 作副词时,常与 speak, talk, laugh 等连用。多用于比较级,须放在动词后。 Speak louder, please. I can’t hear you clearly. (3)loudly adv 与 loud 同义, 有时两者可替换使用, 但往往含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思, 可位于动词之前或之后。 He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. ① What about ____________(大声读) to practice your spoken English? 【解析】practice v 练习 practice doing sth 练习做某事
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【拓展】finish doing sth ,enjoy doing sth , mind doing sth , can’t help doing sth 【解析】pronounce v 发音 → pronunciation n 发音 6. It improve my speaking skills. 【解析 1】improve v =make …better 【解析 2】speaking skills 口语技巧

→improvement n 提高

10. I do that sometimes . I think it helps. 【解析】some time /sometime/some times/sometimes

【口诀】 :
11. it’s too hard to understand the voices. 【解析 1】too…to… 太….而不能…. 【解析 2】voice/noise /sound 【记】There was a loud ________ outside the classroom. The physics teacher had to raise his __________: “ Light travels much faster than __________”. 12. I’ve learned a lot that way 【解析】(1) a lot 很多,做副词短语,修饰动词,放在动词之后。 It usually rains a lot at this time of year. ( ) He knows ____ about this event.A. a lot of B. lots of C. many D. a lot (2)a lot of = lots of + 复数名词=many +复数名词=much+ 不可数名词 13.For the first time, just read quickly to get the main ideas 【解析】for the first time 第一次 14. The more you read, the faster you’ll be. 【解析】the +比较级, the+ 比较级” “ 越……,就越……” 15. Why did Wei Fen find it difficult to learn English? 【解析】find → found →found v 寻找 (1) find sb. doing sth 发现某人做某事 (2) find it + adj. + to do sth 发现做某事很…… ◆find it difficult/ hard to do sth 发现做某事很困难 16.But I was afraid to ask questions because my pronunciation was very bad. 【解析】be afraid to 害怕去做某事 (1)be afraid of sth/doing sth 害怕做某事【担心(出现某种不良后果) 】 (2)be afraid to do sth 害怕去做…【 “怕” 或 “不敢”去做某事】 (3)be afraid +that 恐怕…【用于礼貌地表达可能令人不愉快的消息】 (4) 回答别人的提问时, 可用省略形式 I’m afraid so(not). 【记】The girl was afraid to go across the bridge, for she was afraid of falling down from it. 17.Then one day I watched an English movie called Toy Story 【解析】call v 叫做 18.I fell in love with this exciting and funny movie! 【解析 1】fall in love with 【拓展】fall → fell→ fallen v 落下 (1) 不及物 v , “落下,跌落 fall into 跌进……
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(2) 系动词 “变成 (3) n, “秋天” = autumn 【短语】 :fall into 落入

fall asleep 入睡 fall off 跌落

fall ill 生病 fall down 倒下

fall behind 落后 fall asleep 入睡 fall in love with 爱上 【解析 2】excite→ exciting/excited 兴奋的 be excited about 对…感到兴奋 19. I discovered that listening to something you are interested in is the secret to language learning. 【解析】listen v 听 →listener n 收听者 listen to 听……

【拓展】listen to/hear (1)listen/listen to 听,侧重听的“过程“ (2)hear 听,侧重听的“结果” hear sb. do sth 听见某人做某事 I often hear him sing in the room. I hear him singing in the room hear sb. doing sth 听见某人正在做某事

20.I also learned useful sentences like “It’s a piece of cake” or “It serves you right.” 【解析】It’s a piece of cake 一件小事 21.I did not understand these sentences at first. 【解析 1】(1) at first = at the beginning 最初,开始 【强调在时间顺序或做某事过程等开始之初】 (2) first of all 首先,第一 【表明陈述事情的重要性】 22. But because I wanted to understand the story, I looked up the words in a dictionary 【解析】look up 查找(跟代词作宾语,代词放中间) 【拓展】 look after 照顾 look like 看起来像 look out 当心,小心 look through 浏览 look for 寻找 look forward to 期待 look around 向四周看 have/ take a look 看一看 look over 检查 23.It helps my pronunciation. 【解析】pronounce v 发音 → pronunciation n 发音

SectionB 1.I can’t understand spoken English. 【解析】 speak→ spoke → spoken v 说 【注】部分动词的过去分词也可做该词的形容词: spoken 口语的 broken 坏掉的 written 写作的 Reading aloud is good for your _____________(speak) English. spoken English 英语口语 written English 书面英语 speaking skills 口语技巧 an English-speaking country 一个说英语的国家 2.I don’t know how to increase my reading speed 【解析】 “疑问词+动词不定式”作宾语 注:what to do 后不需要跟宾语 how to do 后必须跟宾语 【拓展】 “疑问词+动词不定式”结构:

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know ( 知 道 ) , tell( 告 诉 ) wonder (想知道) ask( 问 ) find out (发现) learn (学会)


what , which, when, where, how


动词不定式 (to do)

①I don’t know how _______(use) commas.
3. I make mistakes in grammar 【解析】mistake →mistook → mistaken v 错误 (1) make mistakes 放错 make mistakes in 在某方面放错 (2) mistake …for… 把…误认为… (3) by mistake 错误地 【记】 Yesterday I ____________(犯了错误) , I_________ Mr. Wang ___ Mr. Zhang (把……误认为) , and said hello to Mr. Wang ___________(错误地). 【make 短语】: make the bed 整理床铺 make face 做鬼脸 make a living 谋生 make friends 交朋友 make fun of = laugh at 取笑 make money 赚钱 【2012 曲靖中考】 Every morning I _______________(整理床铺) and clean the living room. 4. I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 【解析】动词不定式作定语 5. Maybe you should join an English club. 【解析】join/join in/take part in 6. Research shows that successful learners have some good habits in common 【解析】 succeed v 成功,达到 →success n 成功 →successful adj 成功的 →successfully adv 成功地 ◆succeed in doing sth ①If at first you don’t ____________(success) . try, try again. 7. it is also easier for you to pay attention to it for a long time. 【解析 1】It’s + adj.(easy,difficult,important,necessary) +(for sb.) to do sth 【注】若形容词表示事物特征的,如:easy ,difficult, hard ,important 等, 须用介词 for 【形容物,用 for】 It’s +adj( kind, honest, friendly, )+(of sb) to do sth. 【注】 若形容词表示人的性格、品质与特点,如:good ,kind ,nice, wrong 等,用介词 of。 【形容人用 of】

【解析 2】pay attention to 对……注意 ①You should _________________(更关注) your study instead of playing computer game. ②You should pay more attention to ______ (pronounce) the words.
8. Good learners often connect what they need to learn with something they are interested in 【解析】need v 需要 用于肯定句,是实义动词。 (1)人做主语,sb. need to do sth 某人需要做某事 (2)物做主语,sth need doing sth= sth need to be done ①Students need __________(have) a good rest in studying. ②The watch needs___________(mend).
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用于否定句或疑问句,是情态动词 (1)needn’t = don’t have to 没有必要 (2)need ,must 引导的一般疑问句,肯定会的用 must,否定回答用 needn’t — Must I go there now? — Yes,you must/No, you needn’t 9.Good learners think about what they are good at and what they need to practice more. 【解析 1】 短语 think about think over 含义 考虑,思考 仔细思考 接代词时位置 代词放在其后 代词放在中间

think of 想取 【短语】 think about 想起,考虑 think over 仔细考虑 think up 想出来

think of 想到,认为 think out 考虑好 think through 认真地考虑

10. Even if you learn something well, you will forget it unless you use it. Practice makes perfect.

【解析 1】even though=even if 即使 引导让步状语从句 【注】even though 引导让步状语从句时,不能与 but 连用 ①_________ (尽管) she was a girl ,she could do a lot of housework to help her mother .
11. Good learners are also not afraid of making mistakes. 【解析】(1)be afraid of sth/doing sth 害怕做某事【担心(出现某种不良后果) 】 (2)be afraid to do sth 害怕去做…【 “怕” 或 “不敢”去做某事】 (3)be afraid +that 恐怕…【用于礼貌地表达可能令人不愉快的消息】 (4) 回答别人的提问时, 可用省略形式 I’m afraid so(not). 【记】The girl was afraid to go across the bridge, for she was afraid of falling down from it. 12. Good learners find out the best ways to learn well. 【解析】 the best way to do sth= the best way of doing sth 做某事最好的方法 ( ) The best way _____ English is doing more practice. A. learn B. learning C. learns D. to learn 13. They even ask each other and try to find out the answers.find 【解析 1】try v 试图,设法,努力 【拓展】 (1)try on 试穿 (2) try to do sth 努力做某事 【侧重尽力做】 (3) try doing sth 试图做某事 【侧重尝试做】 (4)try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事

①We should __________________(尽最大努力)to be happy in the future.
【解析 2】find out 寻找,查明 【拓展】find/look for/find out 找 (1)find v 找到,强调找到的结果 (2)look for 寻找,强调找东西的过程

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(3) find out 查明,找到,指经过调查,询问等弄清事实的真相 14.Knowledge comes from questioning 【解析】come from = be from 来自 She is from France=She comes from France. 【析】 :be from 构成否定句时,在 be 后加 not;构成疑问句时,将 be 提起。 come from 构成否定句或疑问句时,要借助助动词 do 或 does.

①Her pen pal is from China.=Her pen pal _________China.
(2) My classmate is not from China.=My classmate ___________ China. 【come 短语】 come from 来自 come back 回来 come out 出来 come on 加油,快点 come in 进来 come back 回来 come over 顺便来访 come true 实现 come up with 想出 15.Are you __stressed_____out each time you have a test? 【解析】stressed out “有压力的,紧张的 焦虑不安的” , 通常和 be / get 连用;构成 be / get stressed out 习题训练: ( ) ____ the board , child! Read the words on it after me. A. Look B. Look at C. See D. Watch ( ) ① If you have difficulty in learning English, you should ask your teacher or your classmates ___ help. A. for B. of C. in D. on ( ) ②The young should ___ the old ___ advice at work. A. ask; for B. ask; to C. ask for; / D. asks; / ( )①The experts think that India’s population may be A. much; by A. at A. in B. more; in noon. C. on C. at D./ D. by B. in B. on ( )②we usually have a rest than china’s D. larger; on 2012. C. larger; by

( ) ③ I go to school ___ bus every morning. ( ) ④ Lin Lin often practices English ____ chatting with her American friend. A. in B. by C. for D. with ( )⑤ I usually go to school ___ bike. but sometimes I go to school ___ foot. A. with; on B. on; by C. on ; with D. by; on 【2013 漳州中考】— _____________does your brother go to work? — By bike. A. Where B. Why C. How ( )② We should learn____ each other. A. about B. from C. to D. for ( ) ② Why not ___ your teacher for help when you can’t finish _____ it by yourself? A. ask; write B. to ask; writing C. ask; writing D. asking; write ( ) ② The boys are talking____ in the class and it makes the teacher unhappy.
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A. aloud B. loudly C. louder D. loud ( ) ③ Don’t speak so ___, my boys, I’ll read ___ a story to you. A. loudly; aloud B. loudly; loudly C. aloud; loudly D. loud; loudly ( ) I hope to visit the USA _____ in the future. A. sometimes B. some times C. sometime D. some time ( )① They are ____ tired ____on. A. too; to walk B .too; walking C. can’t ;to work D. very ;to walk ( ) ②– This box is ___ heavy for me to carry. Can you help me? —Certainly. A. so B. much C. very D. too ( ) ① At the foot of Wulian Mountains, you can hear the ____ of running water. A. sound B. noise C. voice D. silence ( ) ②–Do you like the song You and Me? --Of course. It ____ great. A. sounds B. looks C. smells ( )③ Oh, my god! The kids are making too much ____ here. I can’t do anything. A. sound B. voice C. noise D. Footstep ( ) He drinks _____. He’s got ___ money but not ____ friends. A. a lot; plenty of ; much B. much; a lot of ; many C. a lot; a lot of; many D. a lot of ; a lot; a lot of ( ) She found ___ hard to finish the work by herself. A. that B. it’s C. it D. this ( ) Tina is so shy that she is afraid of ____ in front of a group. A. to speak B. speak C. speaking D. spoke ( ) ① — What’s wrong with Tom? A. fell B. fell off C. dropped —Bad luck! Tom ____ his bike and hurt his leg. D. drop off

( ) ② Mr. Brown ____ China last year and ____ in love with it. A. flies to ; falls B. flew ; fell C. flew to; felt D. flew to ; fell ②—What _____ news! --Yes. We are all _____ about it. A. exciting; exciting B. excited; excited C. exciting; excited ③ This TV show is too ____. I’d rather listen to music. A. fantastic B. exciting C. boring D. interesting. ( ( ) When the little boy _____ someone coming upstairs, he stopped _____. A. heard; to cry B .listened; crying C. heard; crying D .listened; to cry )He _____but could _____ nothing. A .heard ; listened B. listened; heard C. heard; heard ( ) When you want to work for our country in the future, ____, we should have strong body and rich knowledge. A. at first B. first of all C. for the first time D. after all ( ) 【山东德州】 We can do a lot to stay healthy. ____ , we should eat a balanced(平衡的) diet. A. At a time B. In fact C. First of all D. All together ( ) – Can you ___ the time of the next train to Tianjin? -- OK, I ____ right now for you. A. look up ; look it up B. look it up; look up C. look up ; look at D. look up ; look up it

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( )② ______ well is very useful to us all. A. Speak English B. Speaking English C. Spoken English D. Speaks 【重庆中考】— The radio ______ that there will be another heavy rain in Guangdong. — Too bad. It has rained for the whole week. A. tells B. talks C. says D. speaks ( )② — We can use QQ to communicate with each other online. — Good. Will you please show me ___? A. which to use B. how to use it C. what to use D. where to use it ( ) ① My brother often makes mistakes _____ grammar. A. of B. by C. at D. in ( ) ②He often ____ mistakes in spelling. A. takes B. makes C. has ( ) ①Tom was so careless that he often _____ in the exam. A. make mistake B. made mistakes C. by mistake ( ) ② She seldom(很少) speaks English after class, for she was afraid ____ mistakes ___ grammar. A. to make; of B. making; of C. to be made; in D. of making; in ( )① – I suppose we’ll go to plant trees next week. -- Terrific! Planting trees is a lot of fun. I’d like to ___ you. A. visit B. join C. follow D. meet ( )② –Mary, would you like to ___ this game? —I’d love to, but I have to finish ___ the composition first. A. join in; to write B. attend; writing C. join; to write D. take part in; writing. ( )② She works very hard ,so she will ____ in ____ the exam. A. successful; pass B. success ;passing C. succeed; passing D. successful; passing 【2012 山东东营】It’s very convenient ___ us to buy train tickets now because we can buy them either from the station or on the Internet. A. to B. of C. by D. for ① It’s important for us _______(learn) English well. ②It’s hard for us ____________(finish) this task in two days. ( )③ It’s very nice ____ you to help me a lot. A. for B. of C. in D. on ( ) ④ –It’s very ___ of you to work out the problem for me. A. kind B. polite C. clever D. easy ( )You ____ to the meeting this afternoon if you have something important to do. A. needn’t to come B. don’t need come C. don’t need coming D. needn’t come ( ) How do you like Fan Bingbing’s new movie? A. feel about B. think of C. think about D. know of ② 【2012 曲靖中考】 ____ my father isn’t pleased with his working environment , he still works hard. A. And B. Although C. But D. Before

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) 【2012 青海】③ — This dress was last year’s style. — I think it still looks perfect ______ it has gone out this year. D. ever since

A. so that B. as if C. even though ( ) Tina is so shy that she is afraid of ____ in front of a group. A. to speak B. speak C. speaking D. spoke ( ( ) ② We should try ___ much fruit. A. eat B. to eat C. eating D. eats )The window is broken. Try to_____ who broke it.

A. find out B. find C. look D. look for ( ) The famous writer introduced us his new book that will ____ next month. A. give out B. come out C. put out 【2013 浙江宁波】24. Scientists are trying their best to _______ ways to treat the terrible disease called H7N9. A. come up with B. look forward to C. talk about D. give up 【2013浙江丽水】25. The great writer has written many stories for children. It is said that a new one will ______ at the end of this month. A. go out ( A. stressed out B. come out B. fall asleep C. look out C. attention D. happily D. run out ) Jim failed in the test because he was _______ last weekend.

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