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新目标大学英语1unit8 Language in Use


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"Classifier + Noun" Construction Compounding (compound adjectives) Translation of definition-giving sentences Translation of predictive clauses Definitions of creativity Useful expressions

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Language in Use

"Classifier + Noun" Construction

In English, he says, "creativity depends on mastering certain skills and acquiring a body of knowledge before being able to give expression to what's in you. (Para. 5) In English different nouns usually go with different classifier, though some classifiers can go with different nouns with differences in meaning, as shown in the box on the next slide. This is quite different in Chinese, where a classifier can be used with many different nouns, as in the case of "群". More examples: a chain of accidents (一连串事件) a piece of furniture (一件家具)

Language in Use

"Classifier + Noun" Construction

Exercise 6
Fill in the blanks in the box with proper classifiers. Refer to a dictionary if necessary. Then fill in the blanks in the sentences with proper quantifiers from the box.
a circle of friends (一群朋友) a party of guests (一群客人) a group of __________ students (一群学生) a cluster of butterflies (一群蝴蝶) a herd of cows (一群牛) a flock of sheep _________ (一群羊) a gust of wind (一阵风) a drop of rain (一滴雨) a ray of hope ________ (一线希望)

Language in Use

"Classifier + Noun" Construction

Exercise 6
Fill in the blanks in the box with proper classifiers. Refer to a dictionary if necessary. Then fill in the blanks in the sentences with proper quantifiers from the box.
a body of cold air (一股冷空气) a block of ice (一大块冰) a chain of ideas (一系列想法)

a body of bees (一群蜜蜂) a body of facts (许多事实)

a block of flats (一幢公寓) a block of houses (一排房)

a chain of events (一连串事件) a chain of proof (一连串证据)

Language in Use

"Classifier + Noun" Construction

Exercise 6
Fill in the blanks in the box with proper classifiers. Refer to a dictionary if necessary. Then fill in the blanks in the sentences with proper quantifiers from the box.
a list of books (一份书单) a flood of tears (泪如泉涌) a cake of soap (一块肥皂)

a string of pearls (一串珠子) a bunch of _____________ flowers (一束花)

a mountain of difficulties (困难重重) a heap of ___________ earth (一堆泥土)

a barrel of beer (一桶啤酒) a packet of ___________ cigarettes (一包烟)

Language in Use

"Classifier + Noun" Construction

1) Education is not just about transmitting a body of facts, which the internet does pretty ________ well. 2) Police had been watching as he went into a block of flats in Aberdeen's Headland Court. ________ a chain of events, taking place at 3) Here is _________ different places and different times. ray of hope, we will do 4) So long as there is a ______ our utmost to promote a peaceful reunification. a gust of wind whipped the boat 5) Suddenly ________ round. It tore the sails from the mast.

Language in Use

"Classifier + Noun" Construction

6) He was welcomed by ________ a circle of friends. 7) I was taking photos of a couple of trees and when I walked back to my car I was followed by ________ a herd of cows. a string of pearls, which 8) She was wearing _________ was a gift from her husband for their wedding anniversary. bunch of flowers from the garden 9) We picked a ________ and put them in a vase. a packet of 10) He used to smoke at least half _________ cigarettes a day, but now he has given up the habit.

Language in Use

Compounding: compound adjectives

Compound adjectives
Compound adjectives are adjectives that are composed of more than a single word. They are usually formed with the use of a hyphen: e.g. longterm, Oscar-winning, high-performing. Compound adjectives are more of a compact way to modify a head noun than an attributive clause. In formal writing, compound adjectives are sometimes used in succession before a noun to add impact to the description. Compound adjectives are useful for expressing new complex concepts and will make language structures simpler and easier to use.

Language in Use

Compounding: compound adjectives

Look for some compound words in Paras.1, 4, 6 and 15 of Text A. long-term (Para.1) self-expression (Para.4) half-truth (Para.6) high-performing (Para.15)

Language in Use

Compounding: compound adjectives

Exercise 7 Figure out the way the following compound adjectives are formed. Give three more examples for each type and complete the following sentences with appropriate compound adjectives from the box.

Language in Use

Compounding: compound adjectives

Exercise 7
Compound Adjectives Type of Formation More Examples

kind-hearted, Narrow-minded
deeply-rooted, well-educated good-looking, easy-going world-famous, self-confident

rosy-cheeked, goodadjective + noun-ed tempered, warm-hearted so-called, newly-built, adverb + verb-ed well-known long-standing, adjective + verb-ing funny-looking, high-performing noun + adjective duty-free, snow-white, life-long

Language in Use

Compounding: compound adjectives

Exercise 7
Compound Adjectives full-length, long-distance poverty-stricken, heart-broken peace-loving, record-breaking Type of Formation More Examples part-time, first-class, mid-term hand-painted, self-centered, snow-covered time-consuming, world-shaking, English-speaking

adjective + noun
noun + verb-ed

noun + verb-ing

Language in Use

Compounding: compound adjectives

Exercise 7
Compound Adjectives Type of Formation More Examples three-year-old, hand-in-hand, heart-to-heart

up-to-date, on-the-spot

a+b+c

Language in Use

Compounding: compound adjectives

easy-going at work and in life, so she 1) Sara. is __________ feels less stressful and pressed to get things done.

heart-broken if she knew 2) She would feel ____________ that her advice to you had fallen on deaf ears.
self-confident , usually 3) You are outgoing and ____________ talkative and at ease in others' company. 4) "I don't want my kids to have the same poverty-stricken childhood that I miserable, ______________ did," she said.

Language in Use

Compounding: compound adjectives

5) The new software is designed to work out up-to-date results or whether a person wants _________ historical data.

narrow-minded person has trouble relating 6) A ______________ and sharing experiences with others.
long-distance phone call from 7) He received a ____________ his girlfriend in Colorado. 8) Although the workforce is generally well-educated , there is a considerable ____________ shortage of mid-level managers and technicians.

Language in Use

Translation of definition-giving sentences

e.g. Creativity is the ability to transcend the ordinary.

It's the critical thinking skill that allows you to "think outside the box" to come up with original solutions to problems.
When translating definitions, three parts of the definition should be paid close attention to. They are the term to be defined, the class of object or concept, and the differentiating characteristics it has. There are various ways to explain or elaborate on a concept, as is shown in this translation exercise. Learning the various constructions will add to your expression in writing.

Language in Use

Translation of definition-giving sentences

Exercise 8 Translate the following definition-giving sentences into Chinese . 1) I define creativity as the process of having ideas that have value. Creative work in any into Chinese field often passes through typical phases. (Para.2) 我认为创造是获得有价值的创意的过程。任何行 业内的创意性工作都会经历一系列典型的过程。

Language in Use

Translation of definition-giving sentences

Exercise 8 Translate the following definition-giving sentences into Chinese . 2) It’s a dynamic process that often involves making new connections, crossing disciplines and using metaphors and analogies. (Para. 2)

在这个动态变化的过程中,会建立新的练习,跨 越不同专业领域,运用隐喻和类比思维。

Language in Use

Translation of definition-giving sentences

Exercise 8 Translate the following definition-giving sentences into Chinese . 3) Creativity is about fresh thinking. It also involves making critical judgments about whether what you're working on is any good, whether it's a theorem, a design or a poem. (Para.3)

创意即立意新颖。创意也意味着权衡判断,判断 你所做的事否有价值,理论模型是否合乎逻辑, 设计方案是否合理,一首诗是否有诗意。

Language in Use

Translation of definition-giving sentences

Exercise 8 Translate the following definition-giving sentences into Chinese . 4) First, creativity, like learning in general, is a highly personal process. We all have different talents and aptitudes and different ways of getting to understand things. (Para.11) 首先,创造力如同普通的学习一样是一个高度因 人而异的过程。人都有着不同天分、资质和理解 事物的方式。

Language in Use

Translation of definition-giving sentences

Exercise 8 Translate the following definition-giving sentences into Chinese . 5) Second, creativity is not a linear process, in which you have to learn all the necessary skills before you get started. (Para.12) 其次,创新并非循序渐进的过程,不一定非得学 会所有必备的技能方才开始。

Language in Use

Translation of predicative clauses

问题是他目前所推行的全国课程似乎在禁锢学生和 教师的创造力。(Para. 1) The trouble is that his current plans for the national curriculum seem likely to stifle the creativity of students and teachers alike.

Language in Use

Translation of predicative clauses

A predicative clause gives a clear specification of the content of the subject or topic. It is generally translated without changing their original word order and it can be used to translate fairly well as the “是” construction in Chinese. More example: Things are not always as they seem to be. 事物并不总是如其表象。

Language in Use

Translation of predicative clauses

Exercise 9 Translate the following sentences into English, using predicative clauses.

1) 现在的问题是黑匣子里电池的电量只能维持工作 三十天时间。(trouble)
The trouble is that the battery in the black box can only function for 30 days.

Language in Use

Translation of predicative clauses

Exercise 9 Translate the following sentences into English, using predicative clauses.

2) 研究人员的建议是人们需要更多的面对面交流 而少用社交网络。(suggestion)
The researchers’ suggestion is that people should have more face-to-face communication and less use of social networks.

Language in Use

Translation of predicative clauses

Exercise 9 Translate the following sentences into English, using predicative clauses.

3)疑惑的是这个传言到底是否真实。 (question) The question was whether the rumor was true or not.

Language in Use

Translation of predicative clauses

Exercise 9 Translate the following sentences into English, using predicative clauses.

4)很诱人的是这个团体为大学生们提供两个月带 薪的海外工作机会。(attraction)
The attraction is that this organization provides college students an opportunity to work overseas for two months with salary.

Language in Use

Translation of predicative clauses

Exercise 9 Translate the following sentences into English, using predicative clauses.

5) 令我很有挫败感的是我总是下决心要按时睡觉, 却从未做到过。(frustration)
The frustration is that I always made up my mind to go to bed on time but I never did it.

Language in Use

Definitions of creativity

1. Creativity is the power or ability to invent. 2. Creativity is the ability to create meaningful new forms, etc.; originality. 3. Creativity is the ability to create new ideas or things using your imagination.

4. Creativity is the ?ability to ?produce original and ?unusual ideas, or to make something new or ?imaginative.

Language in Use

Definitions of creativity

5. Creativity is the ability to use skill and imagination to produce something new or to produce art; the act of doing this. 6. Creativity is the ability to transcend traditional ideas, rules, patterns, relationships, or the like, and to create meaningful new ideas, forms, methods, interpretations, etc.; it is originality, progressiveness, or imagination.

Language in Use

Useful Expressions

1. 背诵;记住
2. 特殊情况

1. learn…by heart
2. an exceptional case

3. 为…留余地;留出空间
4. 线性过程

3. leave room for
4. a linear process

5. 孤立地
6. 对…的爱好

5. in isolation
6. an appetite for

7. 对…的强烈爱好
8. 就…而言

7. a passion for
8. on the part of

Language in Use

Useful Expressions

1. 背诵;记住
2. 特殊情况

1. learn…by heart
2. an exceptional case

3. 为…留余地;留出空间
4. 线性过程

3. leave room for
4. a linear process

5. 孤立地
6. 对…的爱好

5. in isolation
6. an appetite for

7. 对…的强烈爱好
8. 就…而言

7. a passion for
8. on the part of

Language in Use

Useful Expressions

1. 随意做…
2. 高绩效的体系

1. learn…by heart
2. an exceptional case

3. 不信任投票
4.国务大臣

3. leave room for
4. a linear process

5. 孤立地
6. 对…的爱好

5. in isolation
6. an appetite for

7. 对…的强烈爱好
8. 就…而言

7. a passion for
8. on the part of


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