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人教版高中英语必修一unit2单元检测

Unit 2
Ⅰ.词汇知识

English around the world

1.What is the ________ language in India? A. office B. official C. officially D. officer 2.In arithmetic the rules of addition are basic, and all the other rules are built on this ________. A. basis B. bases C. base D. basic 3.This is the main use that the scientists make ________ of natural resources. A. it B. which C. use D. / 4.A car costs nearly 50,000 yuan, but I have collected ________ 6,000 yuan. A. not more than B. no less than C. no more than D. more than 5.When the gun fired, the birds flew away ________ all directions. A. to B. from C. in D. under 6 . I didn't know how to comfort her. At last, her sadness found ________ in loud crying. A. explanation B. experience C. expense D. expression 7.The main facts in human life are five: birth, food, sleep, love and death. Let us ask ourselves ________ our lives. A. they play in what part B. they play what part in C. what part they play in D. in what part they play 8. The recent stories in this magazine, ________ one of yours, have been ________ in the list of the best ones. A. including; including B. included; including C. including; included D. included; included 9.________ plans are being made for a play at the end of the summer

holiday in order to collect money for the Hope Project. A. In the past B. In future C. At present D. So far 10.You type almost anything, however unclear, into the space provided on Google and in a second it ________ thousands of references. A. catches up with B. comes up with C. ends up with D. puts up with Ⅱ.语法知识 11.________ scientists know where a storm will happen,winds will suddenly change, carrying the storm to a new direction. A. Even if B. Since C. Despite D. Unless 12. Films, ________ the one you told me about yesterday or the one that will be on,________ not worth seeing. A. including; is B. as well as; are C. besides; is D. such as; are 13. The officer commanded that the wounded ________ to hospital right now. A. to be sent B. should send C. send D. be sent 14.— The little boy came riding full speed down the motorway on his bicycle. — ________ it was! A. What a dangerous scene B. What dangerous a scene C. How a dangerous scene D. How dangerous the scene 15.I request that she ________ here tomorrow. A. come B. came C. will come D. coming Ⅲ.阅读理解 A When first entered, Vanak Restaurant does not look like much of a restaurant, but once the pleasant smells of kabob (烤肉串) hit the senses, you are incapable of calling it anything less.

Owned by a local couple, this Persian restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere that many restaurants lack. The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no decoration, but the environment is truly charming. Lying in a hardly noticeable street corner, the restaurant still attracts all customers, especially those experienced in the delights of Middle Eastern cooking. A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics, watching news events on TV, drinking a black tea known as Persian chai, and reading local Persian newspapers all the while trying to finish off their plates piled with food. The variety of food at the restaurant is limited, but the amount of each dish is fairly large. Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10, so not only is it affordable but practical as well. The food especially appeals to healthconscious eaters because each dish is very healthy, made with limited fat and oil and served straight off the grill (烤肉架). The main dish that the restaurant is popular for is its kabobs, which are different styles of grilled meat. One delicious and extremely healthy dish is the Joojeh Kabob, which is made of grilled chicken pieces served with either rice or bread. Another great kabob is the Chelo Kabob, a kabob consisting of grilled beef. Although the restaurant is small, the atmosphere and the food is delicious. It is a place that should not be overlooked. 16. When first entering the restaurant, one can find that it ________. A. is splendidly decorated B. has pleasant smells of kabobs C. is crowded with dining tables D. looks like a common restaurant 17. What activity is also mentioned apart from dining in the restaurant? A. Watching news events on TV. B. Drinking a kind of black coffee. C. Reading local English newspapers. D. Discussing world topics in low voices. 18. The food of the restaurant ________. A. is served in small amounts

B. is rather expensive C. is rich in variety D. is very healthy 19. What is the dish Joojeh Kabob mainly made of? A. Rice. B. Chicken. C. Bread. D. Beef. 20. It can be inferred from the passage that the restaurant ________. A. occupies a large space B. owns a favorable location C. is popular for its special food D. has a quiet environment inside B They like using the Internet. They have lots of pocket money to spend. And they spend a higher proportion of it online than the rest of us. Teenagers are just the sort of people an on line seller is interested in, and the things they want to buy — games, CDs and clothing are easily sold on the Web. But paying online is a tricky business for consumers who are too young to own credit cards. Most have to use a parent's card. They want a facility that allows them to spend money. That may come sooner than they think: new ways to take pocket money into cyber ( 网络的 ) space are coming out rapidly on both sides of the Atlantic. If successful, these products could stimulate online sales. In general, teenagers spend huge amounts: $153bn (billion) in the US last year and £ 20bn annually in the UK. Most teenagers have access to the Internet at home or at school — 88 percent in the US, 69 percent in the UK. According to Jupiter Research, one in eight of those with Internet access has bought something online — mainly CDs and books. In most cases, parents pay for these purchases with credit cards, an arrangement that is often unsatisfactory for them and their children. Pressing parents to spend online is less productive than pressing on the high street. They're more likely to ask “Why?” if you ask to spend some money online. One way to help teenagers change notes and coins into cybercash is through prepaid cards such as Internet Cash in the US and Smart Cards in

the UK. Similar to those for payasyougo mobile telephones, they are sold in amounts such as £ 20 or $50 with a concealed 14digit number that can be used to load the cash into an online account. 21.What does the underlined word “They” in Paragraph 1 refer to? A. Sellers. B. Buyers. C. Teenagers. D. Parents. 22. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. More than half of the teenagers in the US and the UK have Internet access. B. Teenagers pay for goods online with their own credit cards. C. Most teenagers in the US and the UK have bought something online. D. Teenagers find it easier to persuade parents to buy online than in a shop. 23.A new way to help teenagers shop online is to use ________. A. a new machine B. special notes and coins C. prepaid cards D. payasyougo mobile phones 24.What is the passage mainly about? A. Online shopping traps. B. Internet users in the US and the UK. C. New credit cards for parents. D. The arrival of cyber pocket money.

答案
Ⅰ.词汇知识 1.What is the ________ language in India? A. office B. official C. officially D. officer 答案与解析 B 考查词义辨析。 office“办公室”; official“官方的”; officially“官方地;正式地”;officer“长官”。句意:印度的官方语言是 什么?因此答案为 B 项。

2.In arithmetic the rules of addition are basic, and all the other rules are built on this ________. A. basis B. bases C. base D. basic 答案与解析 A 考查 base 与 basis 的区别。句意:在算数中加法法则 是基础, 其他法则都是建立在这个理论的基础上。 basis“基础”, 较为抽象, 常用于“on the basis”结构中;base“基础;基地”,较为具体。 3.This is the main use that the scientists make ________ of natural resources. A. it B. which C. use D. / 答案与解析 D that the scientists make of 是定语从句, 关系代词 that 代表先行词 use; make use of“利用”为固定短语。 4.A car costs nearly 50,000 yuan, but I have collected ________ 6,000 yuan. A. not more than B. no less than C. no more than D. more than 答案与解析 C 考查与 more than 有关的词组。not more than“不超 过”;no less than“不少于”;no more than“仅仅”。 5.When the gun fired, the birds flew away ________ all directions. A. to B. from C. in D. under 答案与解析 C 句意:枪响了,鸟群朝四面八方飞去。应选择与 direction 连用的介词 in。 6 . I didn't know how to comfort her. At last, her sadness found ________ in loud crying. A. explanation B. experience C. expense D. expression 答案与解析 D 句意:我不知道怎样安慰她,她的悲痛终于在大声哭 泣 中 发 泄 出 来 。 expression“ 表 示 ; 表 达 ” ; explanation“ 解 释 ” ; experience“经验;经历”;expense“花销”。 7.The main facts in human life are five: birth, food, sleep, love and death. Let us ask ourselves ________ our lives. A. they play in what part B. they play what part in C. what part they play in

D. in what part they play 答案与解析 C 句意:人类生活的主要事实有五项:出生、食物、睡 眠、爱和死亡。让我们问问自己它们在我们的生命中扮演什么角色。 8. The recent stories in this magazine, ________ one of yours, have been ________ in the list of the best ones. A. including; including B. included; including C. including; included D. included; included 答案与解析 C 第一个空 including 为介词,第二个空为现在完成时 的被动语态。 9.________ plans are being made for a play at the end of the summer holiday in order to collect money for the Hope Project. A. In the past B. In future C. At present D. So far 答案与解析 C 句意:现在关于暑假末演出戏剧为希望工程筹款的计 划正在制订。at present“目前”,由后面的现在进行时态可知 C 项正确。 10.You type almost anything, however unclear, into the space provided on Google and in a second it ________ thousands of references. A. catches up with B. comes up with C. ends up with D. puts up with 答案与解析 B 考查动词短语的意义和用法。catch up with“赶上; 超过 ”; come up with“想出;提出;找到 (答案,解决办法 )”; end up with“以……结束”;put up with“忍受”。句意:你在谷歌提供的空白处 输入任何东西,不管是多么不明确,它立刻就会找到数千条参考信息。由此 可知选 B 项。 Ⅱ.语法知识 11.________ scientists know where a storm will happen,winds will suddenly change, carrying the storm to a new direction. A. Even if B. Since C. Despite D. Unless 答案与解析 A even if 在此处引导让步状语从句,意为 “即使;纵 然”。

12. Films, ________ the one you told me about yesterday or the one that will be on,________ not worth seeing. A. including; is B. as well as; are C. besides; is D. such as; are 答案与解析 D 分析句子结构可知, 主语是 films,所以谓语动词用复 数形式,排除 A、C 两项;films 与 the one 不是并列关系,而是列举关系, 所以选择 D 项。 13.The officer commanded that the wounded ______ to hospital right now. A. to be sent B. should send C. send D. be sent 答案与解析 D 句意:这个官员命令伤员必须马上被送往医院。 command 后面接从句时谓语动词的形式用 “should+动词原形”,should 可以省略。 14.— The little boy came riding full speed down the motorway on his bicycle. — ________ it was! A. What a dangerous scene B. What dangerous a scene C. How a dangerous scene D. How dangerous the scene 答案与解析 A 后句句意:多么危险的一幕啊!只有 A 项符合感叹句 结构:What+a(n)+adj.+n.+主语+谓语! 15.I request that she ________ here tomorrow. A. come B. came C. will come D. coming 答案与解析 A 句意: 我要求她明天来这里。 request 后接宾语从句时, 宾语从句的谓语动词由 should+动词原形构成,should 可以省略。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 16. When first entering the restaurant, one can find that it ________. A. is splendidly decorated B. has pleasant smells of kabobs C. is crowded with dining tables D. looks like a common restaurant 答案与解析 B 细节理解题。根据第一段中“but once the pleasant

smells of kabob( 烤肉串 )hit the senses , you are incapable of calling it anything less”可知一进入饭店人们就能闻到烤肉串诱人的香味。 17. What activity is also mentioned apart from dining in the restaurant? A. Watching news events on TV. B. Drinking a kind of black coffee. C. Reading local English newspapers. D. Discussing world topics in low voices. 答案与解析 A 细节理解题。第五段描述了人们在该饭店吃饭时观看 电视新闻的情景。B、C、D 三项的描述与第五段的内容不符,可排除。 18. The food of the restaurant ________. A. is served in small amounts B. is rather expensive C. is rich in variety D. is very healthy 答案与解析 D 细节理解题。根据第七段“... because each dish is very healthy”可知这个饭店的食物很健康。 19. What is the dish Joojeh Kabob mainly made of? A. Rice. B. Chicken. C. Bread. D. Beef. 答案与解析 B 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段 “One delicious and extremely healthy dish is the Joojeh Kabob, which is made of grilled chicken pieces ...”可知这种食物主要是由鸡肉制作而成的。 20. It can be inferred from the passage that the restaurant ________. A. occupies a large space B. owns a favorable location C. is popular for its special food D. has a quiet environment inside 答案与解析 C 推理判断题。倒数第二、三段专门介绍了该店的一些 特色食物,最后一段讲到饭店虽小,但环境宜人、食物可口,不可不去,可 见这些特色食物很受欢迎。 21.What does the underlined word “They” in Paragraph 1 refer to? A. Sellers. B. Buyers. C. Teenagers. D. Parents. 答案与解析 C 事实细节题。从文章第一段 “They like using the

Internet ... Teenagers are just the sort of people ...”可知,此处 They 指代下 文的 Teenagers,答案选 C 项。 22. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. More than half of the teenagers in the US and the UK have Internet access. B. Teenagers pay for goods online with their own credit cards. C. Most teenagers in the US and the UK have bought something online. D. Teenagers find it easier to persuade parents to buy online than in a shop. 答案与解析 A 正误判断题。从第四段中的 “Most teenagers have access to the Internet ... 88 percent in the US, 69 percent in the UK”可知,在 英国和美国超过了 50%的青少年可以接触到网络。故答案选 A 项。 23.A new way to help teenagers shop online is to use ________. A. a new machine B. special notes and coins C. prepaid cards D. payasyougo mobile phones 答案与解析 C 事实细节题。从最后一段的“One way to help ... is through prepaid cards”可以知道, 现在一个帮助青少年网络购物的方法是用 预付卡,所以答案选 C 项。 24.What is the passage mainly about? A. Online shopping traps. B. Internet users in the US and the UK. C. New credit cards for parents. D. The arrival of cyber pocket money. 答案与解析 D 主旨大意题。从全文可知,本文主要告诉我们如何保 证青少年上网购物的安全, 以及就此所采用的新方法来保障他们的网络零花 钱,据此 D 项能较好地概括大意。


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