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人教版必修一unit1 grammar导学案


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使用时间: 2015 年 8 月

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日 编辑人:张娘军 任艳琴

高一(英语)学案
【学习目标】 通过本节课的学习,能够掌握直接引语变间接引语的规则 【重点难点】 理解并掌握直接引语变间接引语的规则 【考情分析】 ①考纲要求:直接引语和间接引语变换的时态和语序 ②题型: 语法填空 ③分值:1.5 分 【课前预习案】 (完成下列汉译英并牢记,10 分钟) 1.合计 2 我想知道 3.使?平静下来 5.遛狗 7.记下;放下;登记 【课上学习案】 预习检查: (完成下列各题,5 分钟) 1.故意 3.在黄昏时刻 5.不再?? 知识讲解: 1 动词时态的变化 1)如果引述动词为现在时态,间接引语的动词可以保持原来的时态。 4.关心;挂念 6.经历;经受 8.一系列;一连串的;

Unit 1 Grammar

2.为了 4.面对面地 6.遭受;患病

一 直接引语变为间接引语时的各种相应变化

He says, “I have been writing a novel.” → He says that he has been writing a novel.
2)如果引述动词为过去时态,间接引语中的时态变化如下表: 直接引语时态 一般现在时 现在进行时 现在完成时 现在完成进行时
高一(英语 )学案 必修 1

间接引语时态 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去完成进行时
(unit1 Grammar) 第1页 共4页

一般过去时 过去完成时 一般将来时 将来进行时

过去完成时 过去完成时 过去将来时 过去将来进行时

① The teacher said, “You are doing OK.”→ The teacher said we were doing OK.(现在进行时变为过去进行时)
② I asked her, “Where have you spent your holiday?”→

I asked her where she had spent her holiday.(现在完成时变为过去完成时)
③ She said, “He left Shanghai last week.”→

She said that he had left Shanghai the week before.(过去时变为过去完成时) ④ He said, “I had finished my homework before 10o’clock.”→ He said he had finished his homework before 10 o’clock.(过去完成时不变)
2 情态动词的变化 在间接引语中,有些情态动词没有过去式,转换为间接引语时仍用原来的形式。must 也 可变为 had to 或 would have to 两种形式。

1)He said, “People must obey the country’s laws.”→ He said people that must obey the country’s laws. 2) “Must we hand in our exercise this afternoon?”he asked. → He asked if they had to /would have to hand in their exercise that afternoon. 3) “You need not take an umbrella with you,”he said. → He said that I need not take an umbrella with me.
注意: 因为人称发生了变化, 在直接引语中科用 shall 或 should, 而在间接引语中则用 would. 如:He said, “I should be glad to come.” → He said he would be glad to come. 3 人称代词的变化 人称代词的变化要根据转述者的立场做适当的改变。如:

1) “I’m fond of surfing the Internet,”he said. → He said that he was fond of surfing the Internet. 2) “You should pay more attention to your pronunciation”, the teacher said. → The teacher said that I should pay more attention to my pronunciation.
注意 :如果说话人引述自己的话,人称代词不必改动。如:
高一(英语 )学案 必修 1 (unit1 Grammar) 第2页 共4页

I said, “I had a good time at the party.” →I said that I had had a good time at the party.
4 指示代词的变化 在间接引语中,指示代词 this 转换为 that, these 转换为 those. 如:

He said, “I’d like to see these sunglasses.” He said that he wanted to see those sunglasses.
5 时间状语和地点状语的变化 根据转述的时间和地点不同,时间状语和地点状语存在着较多的变化,如下表: 直接引语 间接引语

时间状语

now ago today This morning(week,month...) Yesterday morning Yesterday, last(week,month.) Tomorrow, next week/month here

地点副词

then before That day That morning(week, month..) The morning before The day(week, month..) before The next day( week, month..) The following day( week,month) The day (week,month) after there

6 间接引语的语序变化 直接引语为疑问句时,间接引语要把原倒装语序变为正常语序。如:

1)He asked, “How did these differences come about?” He asked how those differences had come about. 2) “What is adventure travel?” he asked. He asked what adventure travel was.
知识应用:

Change the Direct Speech into Indirect Speech 1. “I am having supper,” he said. →He said that _______ _______ having supper. 2. “I’ve seen the film,” Gina said to me. →Gina ____me that she ___ ____ the film. 3. “I went home with my sister,” she said. She said that _______ _______ _______ home with her sister. 4. The teacher said, “The sun is bigger than the moon.” The teacher said that the sun _______ bigger than the moon. 5. “I met her yesterday,” he said to me.→
高一(英语 )学案 必修 1 (unit1 Grammar) 第3页 共4页

He told me that he _______ met her the day _______.
知识拓展:

Change the Indirect Speech into Direct Speech 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. He said that light travels much faster than sound. She asked (me) if /whether I had seen him the night before. Anne’s sister asked her what she called her diary. Father asked Lucy when she went to bed the night before. He said that those books were his.

【课堂小结】 ①梳理知识体系:直接引语和间接引语是人教版高中必修 1 第一单元的语法,也是学生升 入高中后需要掌握的第一个完整、系统的语法项目,它与高中重要的语 法项目之一------宾语从句有着紧密联系,因此学、学透这一语法对于高 一新生来说有着至关重要的作。学生在初中接触过它,因此也是初、高 中衔接的一个总要内容。 ②强调重难点:直接引语和间接引语变换的时态和语序 ⑤ 学法归纳:

【达标检测】 (考点链接) 选择最佳答案:

1 The reporter said that the UFO ____ east to west when he saw it. A was traveling C had been traveling A how I can get to C where I can get to A when is the meeting C if was the meeting A saw C had seen
高一(英语 )学案 必修 1

B traveled D was to travel B how can I get to D where can I get to B when the meeting is D if the meeting was B has seen D would see
(unit1 Grammar) 第4页 共4页

2 Can you tell me ____ the railway station?

3 The workers asked _____ going to be held.

4 Having seen the film, he said what a wonderful film he _______’


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