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2015-2016第一学期高一英语试题及答案(模拟考试4)


2015—2016 学年第一学期高一英语试卷
(本试卷满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟)范围:Book1 ~Book2Unit1

注意事项: 1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在本试卷相应的位置。 2. 全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。 3. 考试结束后,将本试卷自己保留,将答题卡交回。 第一部分 英汉互译(共 20 分, 每题 1 分) 11、burst out crying ________________ 12、许多,大量 ___________________ 13、prefer to do sth. ________________ 14、照常 _________________ 15、in ruins ________________ 16、合计 ________________ 17、破坏,毁坏 ________________ 18、in order to ______________ 19、提出,走近 __________________ 20、下决心,决定_________________

1、属于 __________________ 2、There is no doubt that__________ 3、be well worth doing____________ 4、看重,器重 ________________ 5、寻找 ________________ 6、be of high quality _____________ 7、献身,专心于 _______________ 8、失业 ________________ 9、come to power ______________ 10、事实上 ________________ 第二部分

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.

wild trapped separate chicken with hunt quite smooth ways life meal put last cool business sheep forget always resting That

B. serious C. terrible B. treated C. sold B. divide C. turn B. tiger C. dog B. to C. for B. discover C. raise B. very C. even B. difficult C. easy B. groups C. places B. work C. family B. meat C. dinner B. turned C. made B. cost C. take B. cold C. warm B. workers C. industry B. goats C. cows B. remember C. realize B. hardly C. still B. drinking C. sleeping B. This C. It

D. fighting D. kept D. change D. goat D. of D. care for D. some D. perfect D. kinds D. food D. animal D. changed D. dress D. foreign D. factory D. animals D. notice D. just D. stopping D. So

完形填空(本题有 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分;共计 30 分)

We find different kinds of animals in the world. Some animals, such as tigers and lions,live in big forest and they are called 21 animals. Some others like sheep and dogs are 22 by men and they are called domestic animals(家养动物) .These animals are very different from one another, but we can 23 them into big groups:those that eat other animals and those that eat grass and leaves.Animals like the 24 belong to the first group. Animals are 25 great use to human beings.Men 26 wild animals for their fur and meat.Domestic animals are 27 more important to men.Without them, life will be 28 .People make use of animals in many 29 . Cows and pigs are useful to men's 30 .They give 80%of the 31 men eat every year.Skin of some animals can be 32 into expensive overcoats and shoes,which are warm and comfortable and 33 a long time . They are very welcome in 34 countries.Wool,which is now one of the most important materials for textile(纺织) 35 ,comes from some certain 36 .From cows, we get milk.And we shouldn’t 37 that some domestic animals are kept for transport (运输) .Many people 38 ride horses. Arabs ride on camels that travel in deserts for days without 39 . In some places animals are still used to plough field.40 is clear that men just can’t live without these animals.
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第三部分

阅读理解(共 60 分)共两节 (A)

第一节(共 25 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 50 分,严格按照题目要求填写在答题卡上)

Thanksgiving Day is always celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. It is the most traditional American holiday. The first Thanksgiving was held in Massachusetts in 1621. After a year of great hardship, the colonists wanted to give thanks to God for their first harvest. They invited their Indian friends to join them in a big feast. Today the holiday is still celebrated as a day for giving thanks. But it wasn’t a regular national holiday until President Lincoln declared that the last Thursday in November would thereafter be Thanksgiving Day in 1863. It is a day of family reunion and it is customary to invite friends to share the meal. In some large cities, there are important football games that are played on Thanksgiving Day. For Americans, Thanksgiving Day is one of the few days of the year when the entire family gets together. Everyone is glad to see everyone else and there is a very busy exchange of greetings. The women soon disappear into the kitchen to help prepare the dinner. The men, meanwhile, settle down to watch a football game on television, or to discuss business or politics. If weather permits, some of the more athletic men go outside to play ball with the children. Then everyone will sit down to

dinner, in which traditional Thanksgiving foods such as stuffed turkey, sweet potatoes, chestnuts, and pumpkin pie are served. After dinner, people will sit around and talk. 41. According to the passage, the first Thanksgiving Day was celebrated ___________. ( ) A. 1863 B. in primitive times C. over 300 years ago D. at the very beginning of civilization 42. Which of the following statements about Thanksgiving Day is NOT true? ( ) A. It is falls on the same day in November every year. B. It is the most traditional American holiday. C. It is a regular national holiday. D. It is a day of family reunion. 43. All of the following are customs associated with Thanksgiving Day EXCEPT ________. ( ) A. family members usually get together on Thanksgiving Day B. people send greeting cards to each other C. in some cities, there are important football games D. people usually have Thanksgiving dinner served with traditional Thanksgiving foods 44. President Lincoln is mentioned because __________. ( ) A. it is President Lincoln who made Thanksgiving Day a regular national holiday B. President Lincoln once took part in the celebration of Thanksgiving Day C. President Lincoln introduced the Indian holiday to the Americans D. President Lincoln is the first US president 45. _________ serves as the best title for the passage. ( ) A. Thanksgiving Dinner B. Thank God for a Good Harvest C. Thanksgiving Foods D. Thanksgiving, a National Holiday
( B)

in schools and homes. In 1981 there were about 30,000 computers in our classrooms. Today there are over 700,000 computers in our classrooms. The use of computers is growing. More computers will mean more jobs for many people. People will be needed to run and repair them. 46. Computers weren’t popular at first because ________. ( ) A. no one could understand them B. they were too big and expensive C. they used no energy D. they had too many wires 47. Compared with a person, a computer ________. ( ) A. works faster B. speaks louder C. remembers less D. makes more mistakes 48. The passage says that computers are now in ________. ( ) A. kitchens B. phone booths C. stores D. classrooms 49. According to the story, what kind of work will grow? ( ) A. Flying planes B. Building traffic lights C. Fixing computers D. Repairing telephones 50. How many computers are used in classrooms today? ( ) A. About 500,000 B. More than 700,000 C. About 50,000 D. More than 500,000
(C)

We live in the “Computer Age.” Just 35 years ago, computers couldn’t do much. They were huge and costly. They used a lot of energy. Only a few people were interested in them. Today computers are smaller and cheaper. They can do some amazing things. Computers have become important for many reasons. They work faster than humans and make fewer mistakes. They can “remember” huge amounts of information. A computer can solve millions of problems in a few seconds. A person might need years to solve the same number of problems. Computers are used in nearly every kind of work. Police use them to check on stolen cars. Companies use them to keep track of supplies. Planes and trains are guided by computers. So are telephone calls and traffic lights. Small computers are being used
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Many people go to school for a good education. They learn languages ,history, maths and other lessons. School education is very important and useful. Yet no one can learn everything from school. No matter how much a teacher knows, he cannot teach his students everything they want to know. His work is to show his students how to learn. He teaches them how to read and how to think. So, much more is to be learned outside school by the students themselves. It is always more important to know how to study by oneself. It is quite easy to learn something in a language or a formula in maths, but it is difficult to use a formula in finding the answer to a maths problem. Great inventors do not get everything from school but they can invent many things and change the world a lot. Though Thomas Edison invented many things he didn’t have much school education . How do they do all these ? Because they know how to study. A lot of things are not taught in the classroom. They get knowledge from books outside school. They work hard all their lives, and the most important thing is that they know how to use their head. 51. What do many people go to school for ? A. To make friends B. To get everything C. To get a good education D. To study by themselves 52.What should a student learn to do from school ? A. Try to remember more knowledge and formulas .

B. Try to learn how to read and how to think . C. Try to remember what the teachers teach . D. Try to invent the world . 53. How can an inventor invent things ? The most important thing is how to . A. be a great inventor B. study by himself C. use his head well D. remember what he’s been taught 54.The word formula in this passage means_ . A. 数学题 B. 公式 C. 几何图形 D. 数学用表 55.Which of the following shows the most important idea of this passage ? A. School education is important for a person . B.A student can not learn everything from school . C. A student should learn how to remember a formula . D. Inventors can invent things and change the world a lot . (D) Now comes July, and with it examinations; but these are soon finished and with them ends the school year. Boys and girls have nearly two months’ holiday before them as they leave school by train and car to return home to their fathers and mothers. The summer holidays are the best part of the year for most children. The weather is usually good, so that one can spend most of one’s time playing in the garden or, if one lives in the country, out in the woods and fields. Even if one lives in a big town, one can usually go to a park to play. The best place for a summer holiday, however, is the seaside. Some children are lucky enough to live near the sea, but for the others who do not, a week or two at one of the big seaside towns is something which they will talk about for the whole of the following year. In England, it is not only the rich who can take their children to the seaside; if a factory worker or a bus driver, a street cleaner or a waiter wants to take his wife and children to Southend or Margate, Blackpool or Clacton, he is usually quite able to do so. Now, what is it that children like so much about the seaside? I think it is the sand, sea and sun more than any other things. Of course, there are lots of new things to see, nice things to eat, and exciting things to do, but it is the feeling of sand under one’s feet, of salt water on one’s skin, and of the warm sun on one’s back that makes the seaside what it is. 56. Summer holidays start _________. ( ) A. with July B. as soon as the examinations are over C. in mid-June D. in August 57. After the examination, all pupils leave for home ________. ( )
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A. by train only B. by air C. by bike D. by either train or car 58. The summer holiday lasts _______. ( ) A. as long as two months B. more that two months C. one and a half months D. a little less than two months 59. July and August are the brightest months for most children, for they can _______. ( ) A. stay with their parents for all the vacation B. do more reading C. play out of doors D. meet their old friends 60. Children like the seaside so much because they can _______. ( ) A. swim in the sea B. play with the sand C. take a sun bath D. do all of the above
( E)

There have been many great inventions, things that changed the way we live. The first great invention was one that is still very important today- the wheel(车轮). This made it easier to carry heavy things and to travel long distances. For hundreds of years after that there were few inventions that has as much effect as the wheel. Then in the early 1800’s, the world started to change. There was little unknown land left in the world. People didn’t have to explore much anymore. They began to work instead to make life better. In the second half of the 19th century many great inventions were made. The helicopter in 1909. Sound movie in 1929. The computer in 1928. And jet planes in 1930. this was also a time when a new material was first made. Nylon came out in 1935. It changed the kind of clothes people wear. The middle part of the 20th century brought new ways to help people get over diseases. They work very well. They made people healthier and let them live long lives. By the 1960’s most people could expect to live to be at least 60. By this time most of people had a very good life. Of course new inventions continued to be made. But man now had a desire to explore again. The world is known to man but the stars are not yet. Man began looking for ways to go into space. Russia made the first step. Then the United States took a step. Since then other countries, including China and Japan, have made their steps into space. 61. The first great invention ever known was _____. ( ) A. the camera B. the wheel C. the electric light D. the radio 62. Which of the following was turned out nearly at the same time as jet plane? ( ) A. Radio. B. Camera. C. Nylon. D. Movies. 63. According to this message, how many countries have made their ways into space? ( ) A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5

G. They will compare your weight with healthy standards and help you set goals. 64. This passage talks mainly about _______. ( ) A. how inventions affect people’s life B. when electric light was invented C. which country made the first step into space D. why cars were very important 65. We can safely come to the conclusion that people’s life will be made even better through _____. ( ) A. new discoveries B. greater inventions C. better ways to help people get over diseases D. all of the above
第二节 七选五(共 5 小题,毎小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入答题卡 36~40 小题最佳选项.选项中有两项 为多余选项。

Weight loss is a hard topic, Lots of people aren ’t satisfied with their present weight, but most people aren’t sure how to change it. You may want to look like the models or actors in magazines or on TV, but those goals might not be healthy or realistic(现实的) for you. 66 So what should you do about your weight control? 67 The best way to find out if you are at a healthy weight or if you need to lose or gain weight is to talk to a doctor or dietitian( 营养学家). 68 If it turns out that you can benefit from weight loss then you can follow a few of the simple suggestions listed below to get started. 69 People who lose weight quickly by crash dieting or other extreme measures usually gain back all of the pounds they lost, because they haven’t permanently (永久 地) changed their habits. Therefore, the best weight management ways are those that you can maintain for a lifetime. Small changes are a lot easier to stick with ( 坚持做) than large ones. Try reducing the size of what you eat. 70 Once you have that done, start gradually introducing healthier foods and exercise into your life. It’s a good idea to maintain a healthy weight because it’s just that: healthy. A. Try giving up regular soda for a week. B. Try to pay attention as you eat and stop when you’re full. C. Weight management is about long-term success. D. Besides, no magical diet will make you look like someone else. E. Being healthy is really about being at a weight that is right for you. F. Changing from whole to nonfat or low-fat milk is also a good idea.
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第四部分 Read passage and fill in the blanks with proper words. (用词的适当 形式填空,使短文完整、正确。 ) (每空 1.5 分,共 15 分) My name is Elias. I am a poor black worker in South Africa. The time (71)_______ I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and he had opened a black law firm to advise poor black people (72)_______ their problems. I began school at six . The (73)_______ where I studied only two years was three kilometers away. I had to leave , (74)_______ my family could not continue to pay the school (75) and the bus fare . I could not read (76)______write. After trying hard , I got a job in a gold mine . This was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. (77)______(sad) I did not have this passbook because I was not born there and I was worried (78)_____ whether I would be out of work.The day when Nelson Mandela told me what to do and helped me was one of the (79) (happy) days of my life . He told me how to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg. I never forgot (80) ______ kind he was and when he organized the ANC Youth League , I joined it as soon as I could .
第五部分 书面表达(25 分)

假如你 Han Mei, 下面是一封你的笔友 Alice 给你发来的 e-mail, 请你根据 e-mail 的内容给她写一封回信,与她交流看法,并帮她排忧解难。 提示词语: listen to, mother's love, care about, communicate with, get along with, smile 写作要求: 1.语句通顺,书写工整; 2.可用所给提示词语,也可以适当发挥; 3.词数在 100 左右。 4.注意书信的格式。 Dear Han Mei, I'm afraid I've got a big problem recently. My mother talks too much to me. She a lways tells me, "Be careful while crossing the street." "Put on more clothes." "Did you do a good job at school?" and so on. I'm annoyed(烦恼)。What shall I do? Yours, Alice


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