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新托福TPO口语参考题目答案——TPO1 - 副本


题目:1. Talk about a book you have read that was important to you for some reason. Explain why the book was important to you. Give specific details and examples to explain your answer.
答案:Recently, I read a book named Keep the aspidistra flying.The book influences me a lot because the story has something that touches my heart. It talks about a man who wants to be a poet and who abandons many well-paying jobs to pursue his dream. I have a similar experience of quitting a very good job in order to be a writer. Also, the man in the story is lack of money, for he works as a bookstore assistant and thus has a very low salary. He lives in a shabby apartment and sometimes has no money to buy food. Again, I’ve got similar experience. I once lived in a cramped apartme nt alone and had no money. The book is important to me because it touches me and encourages me.

题目:2. Some people believe that television has had a positive influence on
society. Others believe it has had a negative influence on society. Which do you agree with and why? Use details and examples to explain your opinion.

答案 I think television has a positive influence on society. It’s a good source of news. The members in the society can get news easily from News Channels and thus keep themselves informed of what’s happening around. Like, my grandfather watches News on TV everyday just to keep up with the latest events. Besides, television can be a kind of entertainment. People can watch different shows on TV such as funny talk shows and soap operas. I have many friends who like watching Late show with David Letterman and some other

friends like watching TV series such as Lost and Friends. They all consider TV as a good way of relaxing themselves and of killing time. So, with the news and same TV programs, people in a society share a lot of things that they can talk about in any event. Therefore, society actually benefits from TV.

题目:3. Explain why the woman disagrees with the reasons expressed in the
letter.

答案 The writer of the letter opposes the university’s plan to acquire a new sculpture because the university’s financial condition is poor and the sculpture is so large that it’ll take up all the green space in front of the campus center. The woman in the conversation thinks the two reasons are totally unconvincing. The woman says it’s an anonymous donor who pays the bill of the sculpture not the university so there is no need to worry about the university’s financial condition. As for the point about the space, the woman thinks Paul, the writer of the letter, always plays soccer with his friends on the lawn where the sculpture will be. She thinks Paul just doesn’t want to move to another place. For him, it’s convenience versus sculpture.

题目:4. Explain groupthink and its effects using example of the computer
company.

答案 Groupthink is a process in which individual members of a group conform their ideas to the group consensus even if the result may not be well. The professor in the lecture uses his personal experience in a computer company to illustrate this process. Once he and his co-worker suggested to give their computer a design make-over to look cooler in order to attract new customers. At first, the majority supported their suggestion. But there were a few senior managers who didn’t support. Then some supporters changed their mind, so did the professor’s co-worker. The co-worker changed his mind because he didn’t want to make a bad impression on senior managers. He thought disagreeing with them might harm his future promotion. Then after a long discussion and with more and more people sided with senior managers, the professor himself thought he was the only one who’s delaying the decision. Then, he voted against himself. So they all agreed not to have this design make-over. At last, the company lost profit because its competitors came up with good-looking computers and win more customers.

题目: 5. The speakers discuss two possible solutions to the woman’s problem.
Briefly summarize the problem. Then state which should solution you recommend and explain why.

答案 The woman was supposed to drive a bunch of elementary students to the zoo tomorrow but she didn’t rent a van in time and the kids will be disappointed if the trip gets cancelled. The man suggests her to borrow a car from one of her friends. But she has to borrow two cars to hold all the kids and it’s hard to find another driver. Then the man suggests her to take the public transportation. He is pretty sure that there is a bus line past the zoo. But the woman thinks it’s

hard to control the kids on the bus. Well personally, I would recommend the woman to take the bus line. Even if the kids are handful, they are still controllable. But there is no guarantee that she can borrow two cars and find another driver at the same time.

题目:6. Using the research described by the professor, explain what
scientists have learned about the mathematical abilities of babies.

答案 In the lecture the professor describes how scientists learn about baby’s mathematical abilities. Researchers did an experiment to test ba by’s ability to add that baby knows one plus one equals two. They first put a doll in front of a baby and lowered the screen to hide the doll. So the baby knows it’s there. Then they clearly put another doll behind the screen so there should be two dolls. But researchers secretly took one away and when they lift the screen up, the baby was surprised because it expected to see two dolls but there was only one. We know when a baby is surprised, it stares at the thing that makes it feel surprised. The researchers recorded the baby’s eye-movement with a camera and found that the baby stared. So the baby has the ability to add. It knows one doll plus one doll equals two dolls.


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