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Emily Dickinson 简介

独是 迷 人 的

------Emily Dickinson
(1830 – 1886)

“If I read a book and it makes my whole body so cold no fire ever can warm me, I know that is poetry. If I feel physically as if the top of my head were taken off, I know that is poetry.” ---Emily Dickinson

? December 10, 1830 ---May 15,1886

---Born in Amherst, Massachusetts ? Published less than 10 poems before her death. ---Living an unknown life. ---After 70 years of her death, she began to receive serious attention of the literary. ---Being considered a pioneer in modern poet posthumously. Along with Whitman, being regarded as one of the greatest American poets.

Life Works Poem’s Themes Writing Features

Family background: - The Dickinson family was prominent in Amherst. Educational background: - Received a good education and attended the Amherst Academy as well as South Hadley Female Seminary.

– In Emily's entire life, she took one trip to Philadelphia (due to eye problems), one to Washington, and a few trips to Boston.

– During her journeys ,Emily met three very influential men that would be sources of inspiration and guidance: Charles Wadsworth, Thomas Higginson and Benjamin Newton.

Three important man
Benjamin Newton, a young lawyer, who improved her literary and cultural tastes. She refers to him “ a friend, who taught me immortality ”. He directed her to intellectual independence and ultimately to poetry. (Emily was 18)
Charles Wadsworth, a married, minister who provided her with intellectual challenge and contact with the outside world. Dickinson felt an affection for him that he could not return. (Emily was 24) Thomas Higginson, a poetry critic for The Atlantic Monthly, who later helped gathering her poems for publications. (Emily was 33)

After her father’s death

? She always wore white. ? Known for being a recluse, she didn’t leave her family’s homestead for any reason after the late 1860’s. ? The only contact she had with family was in whimsical, epigrammatic letters. ? Dickinson seldom left her house and visitors were scarce. ? Being felt painful from unrequited love, she remained isolated and single.

Dickinson’s Dress

Her family’s homestead

Dickinson wrote and sent this poem ("A Route to Evanescence") to Thomas Higginson in 1880.

(1) These are the Days When Birds Come Back

(2) Because I Couldn’t Stop for Death

(3) The Magic Book

(4) We Have Been in Love

(5) Wild Nights – Wild Nights

(6)I'M Nobody! Who are you?
我是无名之辈! 你是谁?

? Higginson advised Dickinson not to get her poetry published because of her violation of contemporary literary convention. ? Helen Jackson tried to convince her to get her work published but her requests were unsuccessful. ? She never approved of publishing her poems and requested her sister Lavinia to destroy all of her pomes after her death. ? Before her death, only seven poems were published. But after her death, her sister found that she left a large number of poems, altogether, it was about 1800 poems. ? After Dickinson’s death, her sister, Lavina, had Emily’s poetry published and then burnt the original copies, because that was her sister’s wish.

based on her own experiences :joys, sorrows and imagination. (1) religion – doubt and belief about religious subjects (2) death and immortality (3) love– suffering and frustration caused by love (4) physical aspect of desire (5) nature – benevolent (kind) and cruel (6) free will and human responsibility

Dickinson's religious poems
Is Heaven a Physician?(天堂是个医生吗?) They say that He can heal(他们说他能治病;) But Medicine Posthumous (但死后的医药) Is unavailable(是无用的。) Is Heaven an Exchequer?( 天堂是个国库吗?) They speak of what we owe(他们说起我们欠的债;) But that negotiation(可那谈判) I’m not a Party to.(我没有参加。)

“Heaven”――is what I cannot reach!(天堂――是我无法企及的地方!) The Apple on the Tree(树上的苹果) Provided it do hopeless――hang(若只是无助地――挂着) That――“Heaven” is――to Me!(那――对于我――就是天堂!) The Color,on the Cruising Cloud(颜色,在漂浮的云彩上) The interdicted Land(禁地) Behind the Hill――the House behind(在山那边――屋后) There――Paradise――is found!(在那里――天堂――被发现!)

Because I could not stop for Death-He kindly stopped for me-The Carriage held but just Ourselves-And Immortality.
We slowly drove--He knew no haste And I had put away My labor and my leisure too, For His Civility--

Her death and immortality poems
Or rather--He passed us-The Dews drew quivering and chill-For only Gossamer, my Gown-My Tippet--only Tulle-We paused before a House that seemed A Swelling of the Ground-The Roof was scarcely visible-The Cornice--in the Ground--

Since then--'tis Centuries--and yet We passed the School, where Children Feels shorter than the Day strove I first surmised the Horses' Heads At Recess--in the Ring-Were toward Eternity-We passed the Fields of Gazing Grain------

We passed the Setting Sun--

Because I could not stop for Death
Emily Dickinson

? Her poetry is unique and unconventional in its own way. ? Her poems have no titles, hence are always quoted by their first lines. ? In her poetry there is a particular stress pattern, in which dashes(破折号)are used as a musical device to create cadence(韵律) and capital letters as a means of emphasis. ? Most of her poems borrow the repeated four-line, rhymed stanzas of traditional Christian hymns(圣歌), with two lines of four-beat meter alternating with two lines of three-beat meter. ? A master of imagery that makes the spiritual materialize in surprising ways.

The artistic features of Dickinson’s writing

? Simple form: She used imperfect rhymes, subtle breaks of rhythm, and idiosyncratic(特殊癖好的) syntax and punctuation to create fascinating word puzzles, which have produced greatly divergent interpretations over the years. ? Dickinson’s irregular or sometimes inverted sentence structure confuses readers. ? brevity, directness and plainness. ? Her poems are usually short, rarely more than twenty lines, and many of them are centered on a single image or symbol and focused on one subject matter. ? variety, subtlety and richness.

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