当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

牛津高中英语 名词性从句


语法:名词性从句 名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。因此,名词性从 句成分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位从句。 (一)引导名词性从句的连接词 1、连接代词:who, whose, whom, what, which。有词义,在从句中担任成分,如主语、 表语、宾语、或定语等。 2、连接副词:when, where, why, how。有词义,在从句中担任成分,作状语。 3、连接词:that, whether, if, as if。that 无词义,在从句中不担任成分,有时可省略;if (whether), as if 虽有词义,但在从句中不担任成分。 (二)主语从句 1、主语从句在复合句作主语。 e.g. Who will go is not important. 2、用 it 作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。 e.g. It doesn’t matter so much whether you will come or not. 3、that 引导主语从句时,不能省略。 e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. 注意:that 从句作主语和宾语时,可以用 it 来替换成以下几种结构表达。 (A)It is clear/certain/likely/true/surprising that… (B)It is a pity/shame/good idea/no wonder that ... (C)It is said/reported/ believed/known/thought/suggested that … (D)It seems/happens that。 如: It happened that I went out last night. It is said that China will win in the World Cup. (三)表语从句 1、表语从句在复合句中作表语,位于系动词之后。 e.g. The question was who could go there. (四)宾语从句 1、宾语从句在复合句中作宾语。引导宾语从句的连词 that 一般可省略。 e.g. I hope (that) everything is all right. 2 宾语从句中的连接词 that 有时可省有时又不可省,在以下几种情况中 that 不能省略: (A)当 that 从句和主句谓语动词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时,that 不可省略; (B)当 that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作宾语时,that 不能省; (C)当 that 作介词宾语时,that 不可省掉。如: He judged that, because he was a child, he did not understand wine Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried. The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do. 3、whether 和 if 的用法。 1)whether 和 if 在宾语从句中可以互换,但是作介词宾语时连接词一般用 whether。 如: It all depends on whether they will come back. 2)后面直接跟 or not 时用 whether。如: I didn’t know whether or not he had arrived in Wuhan. 3)主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句中只能用 whether。如: Whether the meeting will be put off has not been decided yet.

The question is whether they have so much money. We ought to discuss carefully the question whether we can do it or not. 4)whether 常与 or 连用表示一种选择,if 不能这样用 The question of whether they are male or female is not important. 5)whether 也可与动词不定式连用但 if 不能。如: I have not decided whether to go or not. 6)宾语从句提前时用 whether 不用 if。如: Thank you, but whether I’ll be free I’m not sure at the moment. 7)引导条件状语从句时, 必须用 if . If it rains tomorrow , we won’t go to the Summer Palace . (五)同位语从句 同位语从句在句中作某一名词的同位语, 一般位于该名词 (如: news、 fact、 suggestion、 truth、 plan、belief、doubt、possibility、idea 、promise 等)之后,说明该名词的具体内容。 e.g. I have no idea when he will be back. The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody. 注意: 同位语从句与定语从句中 that 的区别。 同位语从句中的连词 that 只起连接作用, 在从句中不担当任何句子成分; 而定语从句中的关 系代词 that 在句中做宾语或主语,宾语与先行词有修饰关系。如果句子是同位语从句,就应 用连词 that 而不能用 which.同位语从句一般放在表具体含义的名词后解释名词的含义或内 容, 如以下名词: news、 fact、 suggestion、 truth、 plan、 belief、 doubt、 possibility、 idea、 promise 等,而定语从句只是对先行词的限定和修饰。如: They expressed the hope that they would come to visit China again. The hope she expressed is that they would come to visit China again. ( 六)疑问词 + ever 和 no matter + 疑问词的区别。 ①疑问词 + ever 可引导名词性从句,在主从句中要充当一定的部分。如: Whoever breaks the rule must be punished. You can choose whatever you like in the shop. ②疑问词 + ever 还可引导让步状语从句。如: Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished, Whatever you do, you must do it well. ③no matter + 疑问词只能引导让步状语从句。如: No matter what you do, you must do it well. No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished. (七)名词性从句中主句和从句的时态一致 (1)宾语从句中主句和从句的时态保持一致,但如果从句中表示提示的是客观现象,虽然 主句是过去时态,从句仍用一般现在时。如: Hello,I didn’t know you were in London. How long have you been here? The teacher told us that light travels at a very high speed. (2)主语从句作主语相当于单数第三人称作主语,谓语动词用单数,如果由 and 连接两个 或两个以上的主语从句作主语时, 谓语动词用复数; 由两个或多个连接词引导一个主语从句, 谓语动词用单数。如: When the meeting will begin ______not been decided yet. When they will start and where they go _______not been decided yet. When and where the meeting will begin _______not been decided. (八) 、名词性从句的词序 名词性从句在句中要用陈述句语序。如:

He asked me what was the matter with me. We’ve heard the news that we’ll move into the new house. Whatever you say will interest us all. (九)that 和 what 的区别。 that 引导名词性从句时,在主从句中不以当任何句子成分,也没有任何含义;而 what 引导 名词性从句时, 在主从句中都要充当一定主语、 宾语、 表语或定语, what 的意思是: 什么, … “ 的….” What surprised me most is her cheerful expression on her face. ★ 语法:名词性从句几大考点及热点

名词性从句包括主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。因为它是从句,因此具 有句子的特点,有主、谓成分;同时又具有名词性特点,所以可以在句子中作主语、宾语、 表语或同位语。 一、引导词 what 与 that 的区别 引导主、宾、表语从句时,what 要充当主语、宾语或表语等句子成分,that 不作任何 成分,而只在语法上起连接作用。例如 _________ we can’t get seems better than _________ we have. A. What; what B. What; that C. That; that D. That; what

解析:本句包含一个主语从句和一个宾语从句,且两个从句都缺乏宾语,可见两个引导 词都必须充当从句的宾语,所以答案为 A 项。 在下面的例句中, that 不充当任何成分, 只起语法连接作用 (因为句子本身不缺成分) : That the former Iraq president Saddam was captured has been proved. 二、引导词 whether 和 if 的区别 通常,引导主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句时,连词要用 whether,而不用 if ;习 惯上也只能说 whether or not,而不说 if or not .例如: _________ the meeting will be held in Beijing is not known yet. A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That 解析:题中的从句位于句首,不难知道这是一个主语从句,根据句意,答案为 C 项。 但如果宾语或主语从句为否定句时,只能用 that,不能用 whether 引导。如: That you don’t like him is none of my business. 三、名词性从句的语序

与别的从句一样,名词性从句必须用自然语序,即使在疑问句中,从句也不倒装(而在 主句上倒装)。例如: No one can be sure _________ in a million years. A. what man will look like B. what will man look like C. man will look like what D. what look will man like 解析:由于从句不能倒装,所以答案只能选 A 项。同时还须注意,从句的引导词必须 始终置于句首。 四、who / whoever,what / whatever 等的区别 一般说来,what / who 等含特指意义,而 whatever,whoever 等含泛指意义。例如: It is generally considered unwise to give a child _________ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 解析:答案为 B 项。 Whatever 引导一个宾语从句,并且作 wants 的宾语。这里的 whatever 不能改成 what,因为题意想表达的显然是“无论孩子要什么,就给他 / 她什么是 不明智的”,具有泛指的概念。同时要注意,这里 whatever 也不能改用 no matter what,因 为后者只能引导状语从句。 五、where,when,why 等连接副词引导的名词性从句 where,when,why 等连接副词也可以引导名词性从句,使用的关键是:这个词必须符 合句子的逻辑要求。例如: — I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. — Is that _________ you had a few days off? A. why B. when C. that D. where 解析:答案为 A 项,why 引导的从句作表语,同时 why 在从句中作原因状语。又如: — Do you remember _________ he came?— Yes. I do,he came by car. A. how B. when C. that D. if 解析:答案为 A 项。从答语 he came by car 可知,这里问的是 he 来的方式,所以用 how 引导。 六、“介词 + who(m) ”引导的宾语从句与“介词 +who(m) ”引导的宾语从句的区 别

介词后面的引导词用主格还是宾语,决定于它在宾语从句中作主语还是宾语。例如: It was a matter of _________ would take the position. A. who B. whoeverC. whom D. whomever 解析:答案为 A 项。由于这里的引导词在从句中作主语,所以要用主格 who (作宾 语时自然要用 whom )。比较下例: Our country has thousands of excellent scientists,most of whom have received higher education at home. 这是一个“介词 + 关系代词”引导的定语从句。引导定语从句的是“ most of + 关系代 词”,而不只是这个关系代词,同时这个引导词又作介词 of 的宾语,所以要用宾格 whom . 七、名词性从句中有插入成分时 此时应注意两点:一是从句仍然不倒装,而在插入成分上倒装;二是要注意主语的主格 和宾格的选择。例如: _________ you have seen both fighters,_________ will win? A.Since; do you think who B. As; who you think C. When; whoeverD. Since; who do you think 解析: 答案为 D 项。 其中 do you think 是插入成分, 其余部分是宾语从句, think 的 作 宾语。由于引导词在从句中作主语,所以要用主格 who . 八、引导词 that 的省略 引导宾语从句时,that 通常可以省略,但引导主语、表语和同位语从句时,that 不能省 略。例如: China’s success in manned-space-craft travel shows _________ out country has become one of the greatest powers in space research. A. what B. whichC. 不填 D. it that 解析:该句中的从句作 shows 的宾语,是宾语从句,又因为从句中不缺主语、宾语, 所以只能用 that 引导;又因引导宾语从句时 that 可以省略,所以答案是 C 项。 九、同位语从句引导词 where,when 的用法特点 说明先行词内容的同位语从句的引导词 where, when 与被说明的名词在概念上不一致。 但引导定语从句的引导词却必须保持一致。试比较: ① Then arose the question _________ we were to get so much money.

② This is the house _________ the great man Mao Zedong was born 110 years ago. A. where B. that C. about which D. in which 解析:①的答案为 A 项;②的答案为 A 项或 D 项。先行词与 where,when 概念一 致时,是定语从句,此时,关系副词 where 或 when 可以用“介词 +which ”形式代替。① 中的 question 与 where 不表同一概念, 可见是同位语从句, where 不能改用“介词 +which ” 的形式。②中的 house 与 where 同表地点,所以选 A 项或 D 项都可以。

随堂练习:名词性从句 一、判断下列各句哪句含有名词性从句,并指出是什么从句: 1. China is no longer what it used to be. 2. The truth that the earth turn around the sun is known to all. 3. How he persuaded the manager to change the plan is interesting to us all. 4. The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. 5. The news that you told me yesterday was really disappointing. 6. That is where Lu Xun used to live. 7 He spoke as if he understood what he was talking about. 8. Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school? 9. I wonder why she refused my invitation. 三.高考名词性从句试题答案 1._____________ you have done might do harm to other people. A. That B. What C. Which D. This 2. They have no idea at all ____________. A. where he has gone B. where did he go C. which place he has gone D. where he has gone to 3. _____________ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D. Who 4. Upon graduation he asked to be sent to _______________. A. where he is most needed B. where he needed C. where he is mostly needed D. where is he mostly needed 5. These photographs will show you _____________. A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 6. Can you make sure _____________ the gold ring? A. where Alice had put B. where had Alice put C. where Alice has put D. where has Alice put 7. No one can be sure _____________ in a million years. ( 91 ) A. what man will look like B. what will man look like C. man will look like what D. what look will man like 8. _____________ the Games will be held in Beijing is not known. ( 92 ) A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That 9. It worried her a bit _____________ her hair was turning grey. ( 92 ) A. which B. that C. if D. for

10. _____________ you don’t like him is none of my business. ( 92 ) A. What B. Who C. That D. Whether 11. _____________ he said at the meeting astonished everybody present. ( 93 ) A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter 12. He asked _____________ for the violin. ( 93 ) A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid 13. — Do you remember ____________ he came? — Yes, I do, he came by car. ( 94 ) A. how B. when C. that D. if 14. _____________ is a fact that English is accepted as an international language. ( 95 ) A. There B. This C. That D. It 15. Sarah hopes to become a friend of _____________ shares her interests. ( 95 ) A. anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who 16. ____________ we can’t get seems better than ____________ we have. ( 96 ) A. What; what B. What; that C. That; that D. That; what 17. _____________ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. ( 96 ) A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 18. It is generally considered unwise to give a child _____________ he or she wants. ( 97 ) A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 19. ___________ caused the accident is still a complete mystery. ( 98 ) A. What B. That C. How D. Where 20. It was a matter of ____________ would take the position. ( 98 ) A. who B. whoever C. whom D. whomever 21. — I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. — Is that ____________ you had a few days off? ( 99 ) A. why B. when C. what D. where 22. ___________ has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. ( 99 ) A. Who B. The one C. Anyone D. Whoever 23. These wild flowers are so special I would do _____________ I can to save them. ( 00 ) A. that B. which C. whichever D. whatever 24. _____________ she couldn’t understand was _____________ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. ( 00 ) A. That; what B. What; why C. What; because D. Why; that 25. What the doctors really doubt is _____________ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. ( 01 ) A. when B. how C. whether D. why 26. ____________ is no possibility ___________ Bob can win the first prize in the match. ( 01 ) A. There; that B. It; that C. There; whether D. It; whether 27. When you answer questions in a job interview, please remember the golden rule: Always give the person exactly ____________ he wants. ( 2002 上海 ) A. what B. which C. when D. that 28. There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars ____________ road conditions need ____________. ( 2003 上海 ) A. that; to be improved B. which; to be improved C. where; improving D. when; improving

29. — Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game? — Oh, that’s ____________. (2003 北京春季) A. what makes me feel excited B. whatever I feel excited about C. how I feel about it D. when I feel excited 30. We cannot figure out _______ quite a number of insects, birds, and animals are dying out. (2004 北京) A. that B. as C. why D. when 31. I think Father would like to know ___________ I've been up to so far, so I decide to send him a quick note. ( 04 湖南 ) A. which B. why C. what D. how 32. A modern city has been set up in ________ was a wasteland ten years ago . ( 04 天津 ) A. what B. which C. that D. where 33. Parents are taught to understand ______ important education is to their children’s future. ( 04 广东 ) A. that B. how C. such D. so 34. The road is covered with snow. I can't understand ______they insist on going by motor-bike. ( 04 ) A. why B. whether C. when D. how 35. After Yang Li Wei succeeded in circling the earth, _______ our astronauts desire to do is walk in space. ( 04 上海 ) A. where B. what C. that D. how 36. A story goes ______ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more that being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. ( 04 上海 ) A. when B. where C. what D. that 37. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at ________ I thought was a dangerous speed. ( 04 上海春季 ) A. as B. which C. what D. that 38. Along with the letter was his promise ________ he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 39. Mary wrote an article on the team had failed to win the game . ( 05 北京 ) A. why B. what C. who D. that 40. Danby left word with my secretary ____________ he would call again in the afternoon. ( 05 浙江 ) A. who B. that C. as D. which 41. The way he did it was different we were used to . ( 05 江西 ) A. in which B. in what C. from what D. from which 42. I was surprised by her words, which made me recognize ___ silly mistakes I had made. ( 05 湖南 ) A. what B. that C. how D. which 43. With his work completed, the businessman stepped back to his seat, feeling pleased _____ he was a man of action. ( 06 湖南 ) A. which B. that C. what D. whether 44. We haven't settled the question of ______________ it is necessary for him to study abroad. ( 06 江苏 ) A. if B. where C. whether D. that 45. makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services.( 06 辽宁 )

A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever 46. See the flags on top of the building? That was we did this morning. ( 06 全国 I ) A. when B. which C. where D. what 47. Please remind me he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. ( 06 全 国I ) A. where B. when C. how D. what 48. --- What did your parents think about your decision? --- They always let me do _______ I think I should. ( 06 全国 III ) A. when B. that C. how D. what 49. Engines are to machines _________ hearts are to animals. ( 06 山东 ) A. as B. that C. what D. which 50. I just wonder __________ that makes him so excited. ( 06 山东 ) A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is 51. One advantage of playing the guitar is _________ it can give you a great deal of pleasure. ( 06 上海 ) A. how B. why C. that D. when 52. He spoke proudly of his part in the game, without mentioning ________ his teammates had done. ( 06 上海 ) A. what B. which C. why D. while 53. --- It’s thirty years since we last met. --- But I still remember the story, believe it or not, __________ we got lost on a rainy night. ( 06 四川 ) A. which B. that C. what D. when 54. There is much chance Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. ( 06 天津 ) A. that B. which C. until D. if 55. Nobody believed his reason for being absent form the class he had to meet his uncle at the airport. ( 06 重庆 ) A. why B. that C. where D. because 56. These shoes look very good. I wonder __________. ( 06上海春季 ) A. how much cost they are B. how much do they cost C. how much they cost D. how much are they cost 57. Doris' success lies in the fact _________ she is co-operative and eager to learn from others. ( 06上海春季 ) A. which B. that C. when D. why 58. --- Could you do me a favor? --- It depends on it is. A. which B. whichever C. what D. whatever 59. His success was because of ________ he had been working hard. A. that B. the fact which C. the fact that D. the fact 60.. ________ makes mistakes must correct them. A. What B. That C. Whoever D. Whatever 61. Choosing the right dictionary depends on ______ you want to use it for. (2007 年江苏) A. what B. why C. how D. whether 62. parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. (2007 年陕西) A.That B.Which C.What D.As

63. worries me the way he keeps changing his mind. (2007 年山东) A.This B.That C.What D.It 64. The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft sands make ________ it is . (2007 年天津) A. what B. which C. how D. where 65. You can only be sure of __you have at present; you cannot be sure of something _____ you might get in the future. . (2007 年安徽) A. that; what B. what; / C. which; that D. /; that 66.It is none of your business other people think about you. Believe yourself. A. how B. what C. which D. when(2007 年福建) 67 ____ matters most in learning English is enough practice. (2007 年国 2) A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which 68. ______ he referred to in his article was unknown to the general reader. (2007 年上海) A. That B. What C. Whether D. Where 69. The traditional view is ______ we sleep because our brain is “programmed” to make us do so. (2007 年上海) A. when B. why C. whether D. that 70. Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That’s ______ the best jobs are. (2007 年浙江) A. where B. what C. when D. why


相关文章:
牛津高中英语模块三语法名词性从句_图文.ppt
牛津高中英语模块三语法名词性从句 - Welcome 名词性从句(一) Noun clauses Task I. 什么叫“名词性从句”? His job is important. ...
牛津高中英语模块三语法名词性从句_图文.ppt
牛津高中英语模块三语法名词性从句_英语_高中教育_教育专区。牛津高中英语模块三语法名词性从句复习 Welcome 名词性从句(一) Noun clauses 湟里高级中学英语组 Task ...
牛津高中英语 名词性从句 基础入门练习1.doc
牛津高中英语 名词性从句 基础入门练习1 - Noun Clauses 名词性从句 ? Part One 请将下列句子中名词性从句的具体句子类型写在横线上 解题思路:1、先找连接词...
牛津高中英语语法复习之名词性从句+主谓一致(强烈推荐).doc
牛津高中英语语法复习之名词性从句+主谓一致(强烈推荐) - 名词性从句专项复习 名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。因此,名词性从 句厅...
牛津高一英语名词性从句_图文.ppt
牛津高一英语名词性从句 - Grammar and usage Introduction to noun clauses 名词性从句 { What he does is important...
牛津高中英语语法从句专题.doc
牛津高中英语语法从句专题_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语语法从句...2. 作介词的宾语: 连词 that 引导的名词性从句很少作介词的宾语, 只用在 ...
牛津高中英语 名词性从句.doc
牛津高中英语 名词性从句 - 语法:名词性从句 名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。因此,名词性从 句成分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语...
牛津版高一英语名词性从句练习.doc
牛津高一英语名词性从句练习_从业资格考试_资格考试/认证_教育专区。名词性从句 第一部分:基础题 1. ___ makes this shop different is that it offers more ...
高中牛津英语名词性从句 必考_图文.ppt
高中牛津英语名词性从句 必考 - 名词性从句 名词性从句在功能上相当于名词 Su
牛津高中英语名词性从句_图文.ppt
牛津高中英语名词性从句 - Practice time.单句改错 1.That
牛津译林版高中英语必修三教案:Unit1名词性从句.doc
牛津译林版高中英语必修三教案:Unit1名词性从句 - 名词性从句 在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句名词从句的功能相当于名词词组, 它在复合句 中能担任主语、...
高中英语名词性从句,语法讲解课件 译林牛津版必修4.ppt....ppt
高中英语名词性从句,语法讲解课件 译林牛津版必修4.ppt - 一.relate
高一英语名词性从句 牛津英语_图文.ppt
高一英语名词性从句 牛津英语 - Practice: 1.___ A the b
牛津高中英语模块三Unit1 语法讲解和训练 名词性从句.doc
牛津高中英语模块三Unit1 语法讲解和训练 名词性从句_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。牛津高中英语语法讲解和训练, 名词性从句,包括适当的高考题训练。 ...
牛津高中英语语法从句专题.doc
牛津高中英语语法从句专题 - 牛津高中英语语法从句专题 表语从句、主语从句、宾语从句、同位语从句...
...必修Ⅳ牛津译林版Unit1课件(共15张)名词性从句_图文....ppt
高中英语必修Ⅳ牛津译林版Unit1课件(共15张)名词性从句 - Unit 1Grammar 名词性从句 名词性从句的定义: 在复合句中起名词作用的从句叫名词性从句 (Noun Clause....
高一名词性从句第一节课_图文.ppt
高一名词性从句第一节课 - 牛津高中英语 (模块三 高一下学期) Unit
牛津高中英语语法从句专题.doc
牛津高中英语语法从句专题 - 牛津高中英语语法从句专题 (1)表语从句 1. 定义:用作表语的从句叫做表语从句。 2. 构成:关联词+简单句 3. 引导表语从句...
2016高考英语牛津高中英语模块1到模块11目录.doc
2016高考英语牛津高中英语模块1到模块11目录_英语_高中教育_教育专区。《牛津高中...(名词性从句、it 作形式主语、宾补,主谓一致) Grammar and Language Points:...
牛津高中英语模块三Unit1_语法讲解和训练__名词性从句.doc
牛津高中英语模块三Unit1_语法讲解和训练__名词性从句 - 模块三 Unit1 语法讲解和训 练一、概述 在句子中起名词作用的从句称为名词性 从句名词性从句包括主语...
更多相关标签: