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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

June 2005

MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)
Features
■ ■ ■ ■ Simpli?es logic control of 115 VAC power Zero voltage crossing dv/dt of 2000 V/?s typical, 1000 V/?s guaranteed VDE recognized (File # 94766), ordering option V (e.g., MOC3043VM)

Description
The MOC303XM and MOC304XM devices consist of a AlGaAs infrared emitting diode optically coupled to a monolithic silicon detector performing the function of a zero voltage crossing bilateral triac driver. They are designed for use with a triac in the interface of logic systems to equipment powered from 115 VAC lines, such as teletypewriters, CRTs, solid-state relays, industrial controls, printers, motors, solenoids and consumer appliances, etc.

Applications
■ ■ ■ ■ Solenoid/valve controls Static power switches Temperature controls AC motor starters ■ ■ ■ ■ Lighting controls AC motor drives E.M. contactors Solid state relays

Schematic

6 6 1

ANODE 1

6 MAIN TERM.

CATHODE 2

5 NC* ZERO CROSSING CIRCUIT

1
N/C 3

4 MAIN TERM.

6
*DO NOT CONNECT (TRIAC SUBSTRATE)

1

?2005 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation 1 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

Absolute Maximum Ratings (TA = 25°C unless otherwise noted)
Parameters
TOTAL DEVICE Storage Temperature Operating Temperature Lead Solder Temperature Junction Temperature Range Isolation Surge Voltage(1) (peak AC voltage, 60Hz, 1 sec duration) Total Device Power Dissipation @ 25°C Derate above 25°C EMITTER Continuous Forward Current Reverse Voltage Total Power Dissipation 25°C Ambient Derate above 25°C DETECTOR Off-State Output Terminal Voltage VDRM ITSM PD MOC3031M/2M/3M MOC3041M/2M/3M Peak Repetitive Surge Current (PW = 100 ?s, 120 pps) Total Power Dissipation @ 25°C Ambient Derate above 25°C
Note 1. Isolation surge voltage, VISO, is an internal device dielectric breakdown rating. For this test, Pins 1 and 2 are common, and Pins 4, 5 and 6 are common.

Symbol
TSTG TOPR TSOL TJ VISO PD

Device
All All All All All All

Value
-40 to +150 -40 to +85 260 for 10 sec -40 to +100 7500 250 2.94

Units
°C °C °C °C Vac(pk) mW mW/°C

IF VR PD

All All All

60 6 120 1.41

mA V mW mW/°C

250 400 1 150 1.76

V

All All All

A mW mW/°C

Electrical Characteristics (TA = 25°C Unless otherwise speci?ed)
Individual Component Characteristics Parameters
EMITTER Input Forward Voltage Reverse Leakage Current DETECTOR Peak Blocking Current, Either Direction Peak On-State Voltage, Either Direction Critical Rate of Rise of Off-State Voltage Rated VDRM, IF = 0 (note 1) ITM = 100 mA peak, IF = 0 IF = 0 (Figure 9, note 3) IDRM1 VTM dv/dt All All All 1000 1.8 100 3 nA V V/?s IF = 30 mA VR = 6 V VF IR All All 1.25 0.01 1.5 100 V ?A

Test Conditions

Symbol Device Min

Typ

Max Units

Transfer Characteristics (TA = 25°C Unless otherwise speci?ed.) DC Characteristics
LED Trigger Current

Test Conditions
Main terminal voltage = 3V (note 2)

Symbol
IFT

Device
MOC3031M/ MOC3041M MOC3032M/ MOC3042M MOC3033M/ MOC3043M

Min

Typ

Max
15 10 5

Units
mA

Holding Current, Either Direction

IH

All

400

?A

2 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

Zero Crossing Characteristics (TA = 25°C Unless otherwise speci?ed.) Characteristics
Inhibit Voltage

Test Conditions
IF = rated IFT, MT1-MT2 voltage above which device will not trigger off-state IF = rated IF , rated VDRM, off-state

Symbol
VIH

Device
All

Min

Typ

Max
20

Units
V

Leakage in Inhibited State
Note

IDRM2

All

500

?A

1. Test voltage must be applied within dv/dt rating. 2. All devices are guaranteed to trigger at an IF value less than or equal to max IFT. Therefore, recommended operating IF lies between max IFT (15 mA for MOC3031M & MOC3041M, 10 mA for MOC3032M & MOC3042M, 5 mA for MOC3033M & MOC3043M) and absolute max IF (60 mA). 3. This is static dv/dt. See Figure 9 for test circuit. Commutating dv/dt is a function of the load-driving thyristor(s) only.

3 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

Figure 1. LED Forward Voltage vs. Forward Current
1.6 1.5 800

Figure 2. On-State Characteristics
IF = 30mA

600

TA = 25°C

ITM, ON-STATE CURRENT (mA)

VF - FORWARD VOLTAGE (V)

1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.1
TA = -40°C

400 200 0 -200 -400 -600 -800

TA = 25°C

TA = 85°C

1

10

100

-4

-3

-2

-1

0

1

2

3

4

IF - LED FORWARD CURRENT (mA)

VTM, ON-STATE VOLTAGE (VOLTS)

Figure 3. Trigger Current vs. Temperature
1.3 10000

Figure 4. Leakage Current, IDRM vs. Temperature

IDRM, LEAKAGE CURRENT (nA)

1.2

1000

IFT, NORMALIZED

1.1

100

1.0

10

0.9
NORMALIZED TO T A = 25oC

1

0.8 -40

-20

0

20

40

60

80

100

0.1 -40

-20

0

20

40

60

80

100

TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE ( oC)

4 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

Figure 5. IDRM2 - Leakage in Inhibit State vs. Temperature
1.8

Figure 6. LED Current Required to Trigger vs. LED Pulse Width
16
NORMALIZED TO PW IN >> 100 ?s

1.6

IFT, LED TRIGGER CURRENT (NORMAILZED)
80 100

14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1 10

IDRM2, NORMALIZED

1.4
IF = RATED I FT

1.2

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4 -40

-20

0

20

40

60

TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

100

PWIN, LED TRIGGER PULSE WIDTH (?S)

Figure 7. Holding Current, IH vs. Temperature
3.2 2.8 1.3

Figure 8. Inhibit Voltage vs. Temperature

IH, HOLDING CURRENT (NORMALIZED)

1.2
NORMALIZED TO

2.4

T A = 25° C

VINH - NORMALIZED

1.1

2.0 1.6 1.2 0.8

1.0

0.9

0.8 0.4 0.7 0.0 -40 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)

5 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

+250 for MOC303XM +400 for MOC304XM Vdc

1. The mercury wetted relay provides a high speed repeated pulse to the D.U.T.
RTEST R = 10 k? CTEST

2. 100x scope probes are used, to allow high speeds and voltages. 3. The worst-case condition for static dv/dt is established by triggering the D.U.T. with a normal LED input current, then removing the current. The variable RTEST allows the dv/dt to be gradually increased until the D.U.T. continues to trigger in response to the applied voltage pulse, even after the LED current has been removed. The dv/dt is then decreased until the D.U.T. stops triggering. τRC is measured at this point and recorded.
Vmax = 400 V APPLIED VOLTAGE WAVEFORM
158
RC

PULSE INPUT

MERCURY WETTED RELAY

D.U.T.

X100 SCOPE PROBE

Figure 9. Static dv/dt Test Circuit

Vmax = 250 V APPLIED VOLTAGE WAVEFORM 158 V 0.63 Vmax

252 V 0.63 Vmax 252

0 VOLTS

dv/dt =

τRC Figure 10. Static dv/dt Test Waveform (MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M)

τ RC

=

0 VOLTS

dv/dt =

τRC Figure 11. Static dv/dt Test Waveform (MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M)

τ RC

=

τ RC

Typical circuit (Fig 12, 13) for use when hot line switching is required. In this circuit the “hot” side of the line is switched and the load connected to the cold or neutral side. The load may be connected to either the neutral or hot line. Rin is calculated so that IF is equal to the rated IFT of the part, 5 mA for the MOC3033M and MOC3043M, 10 mA for the MOC3032M and MOC3042M, or 15 mA for the MOC3031M and MOC3041M. The 39 ohm resistor and 0.01 ?F capacitor are for snubbing of the triac and may or may not be necessary depending upon the particular triac and load used.

Rin VCC

1 2 MOC3031M MOC3032M MOC3033M

6 5

180? HOT VCC

Rin

1 2 MOC3041M MOC3042M MOC3043M

6 5

360? HOT

39? 4 1k

*
115 VAC 3

39? 4 330

*
240 VAC

3

0.01

0.01

LOAD

NEUTRAL

LOAD

NEUTRAL

*

For highly inductive loads (power factor < 0.5), change this value to 360 ohms.

*For highly inductive loads (power factor < 0.5), change this value to 360 ohms.
Figure 13. Hot-Line Switching Application Circuit (MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M)

Figure 12. Hot-Line Switching Application Circuit (MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M)

6 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

115 VAC R1 VCC Rin 1 2 MOC3031M MOC3032M MOC3033M 6 5 180 SCR SCR 4 D1

3

R2

D2 LOAD

Figure 14. Inverse-Parallel SCR Driver Circuit (MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M)

Suggested method of ?ring two, back-to-back SCR’s with a Fairchild triac driver. Diodes can be 1N4001; resistors, R1 and R2, are optional 1 k ohm.

240 VAC R1 VCC Rin 1 2 MOC3041M MOC3042M MOC3043M 6 5 360 SCR SCR 4 D1

3

R2

D2 LOAD

Figure 15. Inverse-Parallel SCR Driver Circuit (MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M)
Suggested method of ?ring two, back-to-back SCR’s with a Fairchild triac driver. Diodes can be 1N4001; resistors, R1 and R2, are optional 330 ohm. Note: This optoisolator should not be used to drive a load directly. It is intended to be a trigger device only.

7 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

Package Dimensions (Through Hole)
0.350 (8.89) 0.320 (8.13) Pin 1 ID

Package Dimensions (Surface Mount)
0.350 (8.89) 0.320 (8.13)

Pin 1 ID 0.390 (9.90) 0.332 (8.43)

0.260 (6.60) 0.240 (6.10)

0.260 (6.60) 0.240 (6.10)

SEATING PLANE

Seating Plane

0.070 (1.77) 0.040 (1.02)

0.070 (1.77) 0.040 (1.02) 0.014 (0.36) 0.010 (0.25)

0.014 (0.36) 0.010 (0.25)

0.320 (8.13)

0.320 (8.13)

0.200 (5.08) 0.115 (2.93)

0.200 (5.08) 0.115 (2.93)

0.012 (0.30) 0.008 (0.20)

0.100 (2.54) 0.015 (0.38) 0.020 (0.50) 0.016 (0.41) 0.100 (2.54) 15° 0.012 (0.30)

0.025 (0.63) 0.020 (0.51) 0.020 (0.50) 0.016 (0.41)

0.100 [2.54] 0.035 (0.88) 0.012 (0.30)

Package Dimensions (0.4” Lead Spacing)
0.350 (8.89) 0.320 (8.13) PIN 1 ID

Recommended Pad Layout for Surface Mount Leadform

0.070 (1.78)
0.260 (6.60) 0.240 (6.10)

0.060 (1.52)

0.070 (1.77) 0.040 (1.02) SEATING PLANE

0.014 (0.36) 0.010 (0.25)

0.425 (10.79)

0.100 (2.54) 0.305 (7.75) 0.030 (0.76)

0.200 (5.08) 0.115 (2.93)

0.100 (2.54) 0.015 (0.38) 0.020 (0.50) 0.016 (0.41) 0.100 [2.54] 0.012 (0.30) 0.008 (0.21) 0.425 (10.80) 0.400 (10.16)

NOTE All dimensions are in inches (millimeters)

8 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

Ordering Information
Option
S SR2 T V TV SV SR2V

Order Entry Identi?er
S SR2 T V TV SV SR2V

Description
Surface Mount Lead Bend Surface Mount; Tape and reel 0.4" Lead Spacing VDE 0884 VDE 0884, 0.4" Lead Spacing VDE 0884, Surface Mount VDE 0884, Surface Mount, Tape & Reel

Carrier Tape Specifications (White Package, -M Suffix)
12.0 ± 0.1 4.5 ± 0.20 2.0 ± 0.05 0.30 ± 0.05 4.0 ± 0.1 ?1.5 MIN 1.75 ± 0.10

11.5 ± 1.0 21.0 ± 0.1 9.1 ± 0.20 24.0 ± 0.3

0.1 MAX

10.1 ± 0.20

?1.5 ± 0.1/-0

User Direction of Feed

NOTE All dimensions are in inches (millimeters)

9 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M 6-Pin DIP Zero-Cross Optoisolators Triac Driver Output (250/400 Volt Peak)

Marking Information

1

MOC3031V XX YY Q
3 4 5

2 6

De?nitions
1 2 3 4 5 6 Fairchild logo Device number VDE mark (Note: Only appears on parts ordered with VDE option – See order entry table) One digit year code, e.g., ‘3’ Two digit work week ranging from ‘01’ to ‘53’ Assembly package code

*Note – Parts that do not have the ‘V’ option (see de?nition 3 above) that are marked with date code ‘325’ or earlier are marked in portrait format.

Re?ow Pro?le (White Package, -M Suf?x)
300 280 260 240 220 200 180 Time above 183°C = 90 Sec >245°C = 42 Sec 260°C

°C

160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 60 120 180 33 Sec 1.822°C/Sec Ramp up rate

270

360

Time (s)

10 MOC3031M, MOC3032M, MOC3033M, MOC3041M, MOC3042M, MOC3043M Rev. 1.0.1

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TRADEMARKS
The following are registered and unregistered trademarks Fairchild Semiconductor owns or is authorized to use and is not intended to be an exhaustive list of all such trademarks.

ACEx? FAST? ActiveArray? FASTr? Bottomless? FPS? Build it Now? FRFET? CoolFET? GlobalOptoisolator? CROSSVOLT? GTO? DOME? HiSeC? EcoSPARK? I2C? E2CMOS? i-Lo? EnSigna? ImpliedDisconnect? FACT? IntelliMAX? FACT Quiet Series? Across the board. Around the world.? The Power Franchise? Programmable Active Droop?
DISCLAIMER

ISOPLANAR? LittleFET? MICROCOUPLER? MicroFET? MicroPak? MICROWIRE? MSX? MSXPro? OCX? OCXPro? OPTOLOGIC? OPTOPLANAR? PACMAN? POP? Power247? PowerEdge?

PowerSaver? PowerTrench? QFET? QS? QT Optoelectronics? Quiet Series? RapidConfigure? RapidConnect? μSerDes? SILENT SWITCHER? SMART START? SPM? Stealth? SuperFET? SuperSOT?-3 SuperSOT?-6

SuperSOT?-8 SyncFET? TinyLogic? TINYOPTO? TruTranslation? UHC? UltraFET? UniFET? VCX? Wire?

FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE CHANGES WITHOUT FURTHER NOTICE TO ANY PRODUCTS HEREIN TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN. FAIRCHILD DOES NOT ASSUME ANY LIABILITY ARISING OUT OF THE APPLICATION OR USE OF ANY PRODUCT OR CIRCUIT DESCRIBED HEREIN; NEITHER DOES IT CONVEY ANY LICENSE UNDER ITS PATENT RIGHTS, NOR THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS. LIFE SUPPORT POLICY FAIRCHILD’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 2. A critical component is any component of a life 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or support device or system whose failure to perform can systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life the body, or (b) support or sustain life, or (c) whose support device or system, or to affect its safety or failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be effectiveness. reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user. PRODUCT STATUS DEFINITIONS Definition of Terms Datasheet Identification Advance Information Product Status Formative or In Design Definition This datasheet contains the design specifications for product development. Specifications may change in any manner without notice. This datasheet contains preliminary data, and supplementary data will be published at a later date. Fairchild Semiconductor reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice in order to improve design. This datasheet contains final specifications. Fairchild Semiconductor reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice in order to improve design.

Preliminary

First Production

No Identification Needed

Full Production

Obsolete

Not In Production

This datasheet contains specifications on a product that has been discontinued by Fairchild semiconductor. The datasheet is printed for reference information only.
Rev. I16