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2015-2016年英语必修Ⅰ北师大版Unit1新颖课件2(共24张)


LESSON 2

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-1-

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一、从方框中选择正确的单词,并用它们的适当形式补全句子
reduce prefer expert stress organise suffer 1.As if to its cultural role,Liverpool has more museums and galleries(美术馆) than most cities in Britain. 2.The scientist is a(n) in the field of psychology. 3.People obviously have a need for the resources we gain from cutting trees but we will much more than we will benefit. 4.Schools across China are expected to hire many college graduates this year as short-term teachers,almost three times the number hired last year,to help unemployment figures. 5.Since a girl’s brain is better to send and receive speech,we therefore talk to them more. 6.There’s coffee and tea.Which would you ? 答案:1.stress 2.expert 3.suffer 4.reduce 5.organised 6.prefer

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二、短语翻译
1.an expert on ... 2.suffer from 3.at some time 4.for example 5.make a list 6.do exercise 7.the night before 8.can’t stand 答案:1.某方面的专家 2.遭受(……的痛苦) 3.在某个时候 5.列清单 6.做运动 7.前一天晚上 8.不能忍受/不喜欢

4.例如

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三、根据英文释义写出单词
1. to say that sb./sth.can survive sth.or can tolerate sth.without being hurt or damaged 2. a person with special knowledge or training 3. force or pressure caused by difficulties in life 4. of or concerning human society or its organisation 5. to make smaller,cheaper,etc. 答案:1.stand 2.expert 3.stress 4.social 5.reduce

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四、用介词或副词完成下列句子
1.I’m sorry to hear that he’s suffering a bad cold. 2.I prefer staying in the countryside living in the noisy city. 3.The doctor ordered him to go a diet,for he’s too fat for his age. 4.I really love playing the piano,but I can’t stand singing front of the class. 5.Can you show me which is the way organising work or studies? 6.The foreigner is expert Chinese boxing. 答案:1.from 2.to 3.on 4.in 5.of 6.at/in/on

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五、用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空
1.I think I’ve got one of (stress)jobs I’ve ever done. 2.I find the music very (relax). 3.We work together but I don’t know her (social). 4.The United Nations is a large (organise). 5.Come to me if you are in any (difficult). 答案:1.the most stressful 2.relaxing 3.socially 4.organisation 5.difficulty

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1.Dr Smith is an expert on losing weight. 史密斯博士是减肥方面的专家。 考点 expert n. 专家 [高考典句](2014· 浙江卷,完形填空)Simon’s the expert on this. 西蒙是这方面的专家。 (2014· 陕西卷,阅读理解 B)My father visited an O.Henry expert at Columbia University in New York. 我的父亲拜访了纽约哥伦比亚大学一位研究欧· 亨利的专家。 Experts think that the painting may be a Picasso. 专家们认为那幅画可能是毕加索的作品。 Kate is an expert in/at/on teaching small children. 凯特是个幼儿教育专家。 归纳:expert 常与介词 in、at 或 on 连用,介词后可用名词或动词-ing 作宾语, 表示“某方面的专家”。

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expert 用作形容词,表示“熟练的,内行的”。 Tiger Woods is expert in/at/on (playing) golf. 泰格· 伍兹擅长(打)高尔夫球。 The family are still less than expert in handling the neighbours. 那家人仍然不怎么擅长与邻居们打交道。 归纳:expert 用作形容词时也常与介词 in,at 或 on 连用,后接名词或动词-ing, 表示“擅长(做)某事”。 活学活用语法填空 (1)According to some economic (expert),the global financial crisis is likely to last two or three years. 完成句子 (2)这些工人以石工技艺见长。 The workers the working of stone. 答案:(1)experts (2)are expert in/at/on

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2.Which of these people can suffer from a lot of stress? 这些人中的哪一些会承受很大压力? 考点 suffer from 忍受,遭受 [高考典句](2014· 浙江卷,阅读理解 C)...early settlers once suffered from a dry climate in Montana. ……蒙大拿早期的定居者曾经遭受过干旱气候之苦。 (2014· 陕西卷,阅读理解 B)...there was a girl student in his class who suffered from a serious back disease. ……他的班里有一个患严重背部疾病的女生。 —You don’t seem to be yourself today.What’s wrong? 你今天看上去不太舒服,怎么啦? —Oh,I’m suffering from a cold. 哦,我感冒了。 He appears to be strong and healthy,but as a matter of fact,he suffers from a very weak heart. 他看起来很强壮、健康,但事实上,他患有很严重的心脏病。

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阅读下面的句子,体会 suffer 的词性、搭配和含义。 (1)She’s suffering from loss of memory. 她患有遗忘症。 词性:不及物动词 搭配: suffer from 含义:患……(病);遭受 (2)Western countries suffered huge losses in the financial crisis. 西方国家在那次金融危机中损失惨重。 词性:及物动词 含义:遭受(损失、失败、痛苦等)

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活学活用语法填空 (1)Too much exposure(暴露) to dirty air can cause people to suffer some diseases. 完成句子 (2)我儿子遭受了巨大痛苦。他失去了最要好的朋友。 My son has .He has lost his best friend. (3)这位老太太患了重感冒。 The old lady is a bad cold. 答案:(1)from (2)suffered terribly (3)suffering from

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3.But to answer your question,there are lots of things you can do to reduce stress. 但就你的问题而言,你可以做许多事情来缓解压力。 剖析 主句是 there be 结构,you can do 是省略关系代词的定语从句,修饰 things,不定式短语 to reduce stress 作目的状语。 考点 reduce vt.& vi. 减少;降低 [高考典句](2014· 大纲全国卷,阅读理解 B)The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9. 一氧化碳排放超标的城市数量由 40 个减少到 9 个。 To keep healthy,you should reduce the amount of fat in your diet. 为保持健康,你应该减少饮食中的脂肪含量。 The ice on the Antarctic has been reducing because of the global warming. 南极洲的冰由于全球变暖而正在减少。

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(1)阅读下面的句子,体会 reduce 与不同介词搭配时的不同意义。 ①She reduced her weight from 55 kilograms to 50 kilograms. 她的体重从 55 千克减到了 50 千克。 reduce...to:减少至 ②She reduced her weight by five kilograms. 她的体重减轻了 5 千克。 reduce...by:减少了 (2)派生词:reduction n.减少,降低 We need a reduction in the number of students in a class. 我们需要减少班里的学生人数。 There has been a sharp reduction in the number of traffic accidents. 交通事故的数量大大减少了。

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活学活用语法填空 (1)—The cars give off a great deal of waste gas in the streets. —Yes.But I’m sure something will be done (reduce) air pollution. (2)The number of the workers has fallen down from 1,000 to 800.This means it has been reduced 20 percent. (3)We are not interested unless your price is reduced a level in line with(与……一致)the market price. 完成句子 (4)这家工厂的工人数量现在已经减少到了 102 人。 The number of workers in the factory 102 now. (5)如果你买的数量超过 5 个的话,我们将把价格降低 10%。 If you buy more than five,we’ll 10%. 答案:(1)to reduce (2)by (3)to (4)has been reduced to (5)reduce the price by

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4.Someone must organise this year’s Christmas party. 必须有人组织今年的圣诞晚会。 考点 organise vt.& vi.组织;安排;筹划 I’ll invite some people if you can organise food and drinks. 如果你能筹备饮食,我就负责邀请人。 In the end,we all decided to organise a concert for the New Year’s Eve. 最后,我们一致决定组织一场新年除夕晚会。 It’s the first time that farmers have decided to organise. 这是农民们第一次决定组织起来。 归纳:organise 也可写作 organize,可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。

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(1)派生词:organised adj.有组织的;有条理的 organisation n.组织;机构;团体 organiser n.组织者 His boss is a very organised person. 他的老板是一个非常有条理的人。 He’s the president of a large international organisation. 他是一个大的国际组织的主席。 (2)(be)well/badly organised 组织得好/不好;有/没有条理的 This article is well organised.这篇文章组织得很好。 My room is badly organised. 我的房间很乱/布置得不好。

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活学活用完成句子 (1)你可以安排好你的工作和学习。例如,你可以列一个清单,然后先做所有 重要的事情。 You can .For example,you can make a list and do all the important things first. (2)为吸引孩子们,夏令营将组织很多有趣的活动。 Many interesting activities in the summer camp to attract children. 用 organise 的正确形式填空 (3)My mother works in an which helps the children in need. (4)They all hope that many activities soon. 答案:(1)organise your work and studies (2)will be organised (3)organisation (4)will be organised

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5.I prefer meeting people in small groups. 我更喜欢与一小群人会面。 剖析 meeting ...是动词-ing 短语,作 prefer 的宾语;介词短语 in small groups 作后置定语,修饰 people。 考点 prefer vt.更喜欢;宁愿 [高考典句](2014· 山东卷,阅读理解 D)They preferred to use a toothbrush with a dry head. 他们更喜欢用头部干燥的牙刷。 He would prefer no film about his life to be made during his lifetime. 他不愿在有生之年见到有关他生平的电影问世。 Sports have never been my thing.I prefer to read or draw in my spare time. 我对运动从来就不感兴趣。我更喜欢在业余时间看书或画画。 I prefer doing practical exercises to working at grammar. 相比学习语法,我更倾向于做实际的练习。 归纳:prefer 用作及物动词时,所接的宾语可以是名词、动词不定式或动词 -ing。

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prefer 的其他常见用法: (1)prefer 常与介词 to 连用,表示“喜欢……而不喜欢……”。 I prefer this to that. 我喜欢这个,而不喜欢那个。 (2)prefer ...to ...和 prefer ...rather than ... I prefer going right now to staying longer. I prefer to go right now rather than stay longer. 我宁愿现在走,而不愿再待下去。 归纳:第一句里的 to 是介词,后面接动词-ing,不接不定式;第二句里的 prefer 后接动词原形。

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(3) 在没有说明不喜欢的事,且只说明某一次的事时,常用 prefer to do;但在 说经常的事时,常用 prefer doing。 I prefer to go this evening. 我宁愿今晚去。 I prefer going in the evening. 我更喜欢晚上去。 (4)prefer 后可接复合宾语,用不定式作宾语补足语。 Her parents prefer her to study Russian and English. 她父母喜欢她学习俄语和英语。

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活学活用完成句子 (1)你更喜欢哪种,牛肉还是猪肉? ,beef or pork? (2)你宁愿去买东西也不愿待在家里吗? Did you prefer to ? 语法填空 (3)The old couple preferred their son (go)to college in France. (4)He offered to drive there,but we preferred (walk). (5)Tom prefers (watch) TV at home rather than (go)to the cinema. (6)Rose prefers (eat)apples to (have)sandwiches. 答案:(1)Which do you prefer (2)going shopping;staying at home (3)to go (4)to walk (5)to watch;go (6)eating;having

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6. ...there’s another thing — in French lessons I can’t stand talking in front of the class ... ……还有另一件事——在法语课上,我不喜欢在同学们面前说话…… 剖析 “in French lessons I can’t stand talking in front of the class”指的是破 折号前的 another thing;talking ...为动词-ing 短语,作 stand 的宾语。 考点 stand vt. 忍耐,忍受 Can he stand hot weather?他能受得了炎热的天气吗? He can’t stand being kept waiting. 让他等着,他可不干。 I can’t stand him/his cutting in all the time. 他老是插嘴,真让我受不了。 归纳:stand 表示“忍耐,忍受”时,一般用于疑问句或否定句中,常与 can(not)、 could(not)连用,其后可接名词或动词-ing 作宾语。

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(1)stand vi.站;站立 (2)常见含 stand 的短语: stand up 起立 stand for 代表;支持 stand by 支持(某人);袖手旁观 stand out 突出;显眼

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活学活用完成句子 (1)他是我见过的最粗鲁的人。他的现任秘书简,是唯一能容忍他的人。 He is the rudest man I have ever met.Jane,his present secretary,is the only person . (2)我不能忍受和玛丽在同一个办公室工作。工作时她拒绝停止说话。 I with Mary in the same office.She just refuses to stop talking while she works. 语法填空 (3)I couldn’t stand (cross)all those busy streets!Sometimes,I felt like (shout)at the drivers of all those cars. 答案:(1)who/that can stand him (2)can’t stand working (3)crossing;shouting


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