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The American Dream

The American Dream
Warm-up Discussion
1. 2. 3. What is the American Dream in your opinion? In what ways can a person be considered as being successful? What is the key to success?

The essence of the American Dream, I think, is the idea that it is possible for every hard-working individual to succeed, no matter what country you are from, what background do you have, or what race you belong to. Nowadays , you can make your American dream anywhere. The meaning of it varies. People pursue freedom of choice. They want to do whatever they like and to go wherever they want. That is their American Dream. Definition American Dream is the belief that everyone in the United States has the chance to achieve success and prosperity. For ordinary people, it means a happy family, an ideal job, and a nice house. For minorities and immigrants, it also includes freedom and equal rights. The key : equal opportunity , Achieve success and prosperity Hardworking, courage, creativity, talent, determination,

所谓的美国梦(American Dream) ,有广义和狭义之分,广义上指美国的平等、自由、 民主; 狭义上是一种相信只要在美国经过努力不懈的奋斗便能获得更好生活的理想, 亦即人 们必须通过自己的勤奋工作、勇气、创意、和决心迈向繁荣,而非依赖于特定的社会阶级和 他人的援助。 通常这代表了人们在经济上的成功或是企业家的精神。 许多欧洲移民都是抱持 着美国梦的理想前往美国的。 美国梦是美国文化精神的缩影。 对于白人来说, 美国梦就是个人至高无上的各种价值的 实现和实际利益的满足。 这种对个人价值和成功高度肯定的观念集中体现为美国人的个人主 义价值观。 美国个人主义价值观的形成是许多因素共同作用的结果。 欧洲文艺复兴和启蒙运 动对个人价值的肯定, 清教徒带到美洲的清教主义思想等都与个人主义价值观的形成和发展 有千丝万缕的联系。 西进运动虽沾染了印第安人的血泪, 但在美国个人主义价值观的形成过 程中发挥了异常重大的作用。

The American Dream is a national ethos of the United States in which freedom includes the opportunity for prosperity and success, and an upward social mobility achieved through hard work. In the definition of the American Dream by James Truslow Adams in 1931, "life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement" regardless of social class or circumstances of birth. The idea of the American Dream is rooted in the United States Declaration of

Independence which proclaims that "all men are created equal" including "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."[1]

Immigrants I. Introduction
Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks with the missing words. Apart from “Native Americans” — Indians, all Americans have ancestors who were immigrants. The United States has become the home of immigrants from all over the world. Some immigrants come to the United States in search of a place to practice their religion freely, while others seek political or economic protection. Still others arrive in hopes of building a better life for themselves and their families.

II. First Immigrants
The first immigrants to America came almost from western Europe. During the first decades of the 17th century, settlers from England colonized Virginia and New England. Immigration to New England began in 1620 when English Puritans ( [? pju?rit?n])清教徒 established Plymouth Colony in present-day Massachusetts. The values of these Puritan settlers strongly influenced the culture of the American colonies and later of the United States. 早期移民向新大陆涌进的原因是多样的。 其中既有经济利益的促动, 又有森严宗教制度迫害 的无奈。 清教徒相信北美大陆是上帝规划的最后一块福地。 他们坚信通过个人的诚实劳动和 道德水准的完善, 一定能实现自我的理想主义信念。 通过道德操守的完善和辛勤的劳动获得 经济上的成功是他们主要的奋斗目标, 同时也是清教思想的精髓。 这种强调经济成功的清教 思想正好与当时兴起的资本主义精神相合拍。 从一开始, 资本主义的种子就在北美大陆扎根。

The Great Depression
The Great Depression is considered the most severe economic crisis in the industrialized world. It began when American stock market fell on Friday, Oct. 24, 1929, and continued the following Tuesday, known as Black Tuesday, with a greater fall. The Depression struck many other countries as well, particularly Germany, Japan, and Britain. In the early 1930s millions of people lost their jobs, and millions of businesses and banks failed. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal policies improved the situation, but the Great Depression did not come to an end until World War II when industrial production for the war increased.

Mortgage I. Mortgage
Mortgage is an agreement to have money lent, especially to buy a house or land, with the house or land belonging to the lender until the money is repaid. It enables a person to buy a house without having enough money to pay for it completely. If the borrower fails to repay the loan, the lender may force the sale of the house to recover the amount of the loan.

II. How to Get a Mortgage
A borrower can get a mortgage from a bank, credit union, or other lender. Most lenders require the borrower to have a certain amount of money to use as a down payment. 分期付款的头款 For example, if an individual wants to buy a home priced at $50,000 and the lender requires a down payment of $2,000, the individual will apply for a loan of $48,000 to pay for the difference. Payments for the loan are usually made monthly. The life of the mortgage can be 15, 20, 30, or even 40 years.

Part Division of the Text
Parts 1 2 Para(s) 1~29 30~33 Main Ideas With determination and with help from Mr. Crawford, Tony achieved his dream of having his own farm. Tony’s career set the author thinking about why and to what extent he had been successful.

Further Understanding For Part 1


Table Completion

How Tony Fulfilled His American Dream Parts 1~10 11~13 14~16 17~21 22~27 28~33 Time Expressions one evening during the Great Depression summer passed into fall one day a year or two passed after about two years during the war Tony’s Steps toward Success Tony started to work as a help at Mr. Crawford’s house. Tony got a job clearing snow at Mr. Crawford’s factory. Tony asked to be trained as an apprentice, and later learned to be a skilled worker. Tony bought a house with the help of Mr. Crawford. Tony bought a farm and sent for his family in Italy. Tony died, leaving his family a prosperous farm and his children educated.

Match the following three columns. Tony ’s request 1. “I mow your lawn.” 2. “When winter come, you give me job clearing snow at the factory.” 3. “I want to be ’prentice.” The author ’s feeling A. Well, what do you do with such determination and hope? B. I doubted whether Tony had the capacity to read blueprints and micrometers or do precision work. C. I went into my house unhappy ... but how could I turn away a person who had come to me for help? Results I. … he had graduated as a skilled grinder. … My wife and I felt it was a satisfying end of the story. II. My wife said he was very helpful whenever there were any heavy objects to lift or things to fix. III. I asked the personnel department for a report. They said Tony was a very good worker.

(1 — C — II; 2 — A — III; 3 — B — I) Scanning Scan the text to find out descriptions of Tony’s physical appearance. Para. 1 He was about five-foot-seven or eight, and thin. Para. 22 He seemed to stand a little straighter. He was heavier. He had a look of confidence. Para. 27 … neatly dressed

For Part 2 Questions and Answers
1. What is the key to Tony’s success? (Tony worked very hard to create his American Dream. Besides, he was determined, self-controlled, optimistic, self-respected, honest and responsible. All these helped him become successful.) 2. Compare Tony with the greatest industrialists. (Both Tony and the greatest industrialists are successful in pursuing their American Dreams. They reached their success by working hard, and by the same values and principles. The only difference was that they had different financial achievements.)

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