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英国文学Robinson Crusoe


Robinson Crusoe

Index
? The Brief Introduction of the Book ? Summary of Story ? Analysis of Main Characters ? Theme and Art Feature

The Brief Introduction of the Book
? Robinson Crusoe, is a novel by Daniel Defoe ,first published in 1719. It is sometimes considered to be the first novel in English.

The Brief Introduction of the Book
? It is based upon the experiences of Alexander Selkirk, who had been marooned in an uninhabited island and had lived there in solitude for four years.

Juan Fernandez in the Atlantic

Summary of Story ? He joined an expedition to bring slaves from Africa, but they met strom, his companions all died, saved himself and three animals ---the captain' s dog and two cats. ? He once made a boat with tree for leaving, but failed for the boat too heavy to move.

Summary of Story Get used to living lonely in a island and make a living by self-reliance
? exploring the island, plant barly and corn with stone ? hunting and make clothes from the animals ? domesticating wild goats ? Sick fever and make medicine

Summary of Story ? Years later, Robinson discovers native cannibals(食人族), who kill and eat prisoners. He dreams of obtaining one or two servants by freeing some prisoners; when a prisoner escapes, Crusoe helps him, naming his new companion "Friday" after the day of the week he appeared. Crusoe then teaches him English and converts him to Christianity.

Summary of Story ? Four years later, they were rescued and returned to England leaving the island which he lived in for 28 years ? During an attrack of Indians, Friday was killed.

Analysis of Main Characters ? Real Hero:
marvelous capability for work, boundless energy and persistence, overcoming obstacles

Representative of ? Dream Frighter: against his parents' will, and the English set his mind on becoming a sailor. bourgeoisie at the ? Bourgeois Outlook: earlier owns a plantation and stage of its always wants to master the islant. development.

Theme and Art Feature
? Glorification of human labor Labor saves Crusoe form despair, and is a source of pride and happiness. ? Man’s struggle against nature ? The Importance of Self-Awareness Crusoe remains conscious of himself at all times. He teaches nature itself to voice his own self-awareness. ? The Determination of Mastery Crusoe master his fate. Defoe explores the link it with the colonial mind.

Theme and Art Feature

? First-person narrator ? Psychological description ? Colloquialism

Thanks for Your Attention


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