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大学英语综合教程unit5课件


BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Pre-reading Task - Listening Practice

Here is a humorous story about a clerk and his boss. Listen

carefully and see what it reveals.
Complete the following statements according to what you have heard.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Pre-reading Task - Listening Practice 1. Johnson had arrived at work at [9] A.M. on the dot for [thirty]

years.
2. One day everyone was [amazed //greatly greatlysurprised] surprised] to find

Johnson didn't arrive at work at the usual time.
3. Johnson was late for work because he rolled down the stairs in himself] the subway and nearly [killed himself]. 4. Instead of expressing concern for his employee the boss doubted whether to roll down two flights of stairs took him [a whole hour] hour].

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases given below.

Change the form where necessary.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary 1. A [monthly]statement [monthly] is a general term for a personalized

financial record that regularly informs a recipient about the
status of his or her account. It is generally mailed to the recipient on or near the same day each month. 2. Over a hundred children came to the annual Christmas party which was a good opportunity for them to gather and renew [acquaintances] [acquaintances]. 3. My parents' marriage was a [classic] of its time — those years of the so-called cultural revolution, with no wedding ceremony and no honeymoon.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary

4. Having failed in the examination, Owen didn't dare [look] his eye] father [in the eye]. 5. Britain still has a bicycle industry; frames and complete
bicycles are [manufactured] here, though most of the components are imported. 6. The employees of the company are treated right with [options] handsome paychecks and stock [options]. 7. San Francisco is one of the largest cities in California and a

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary leading center of culture, [finance], [finance] and industry in the United

States.
8. Steve announced just now that he was leaving, but the coach

had already started looking around for a [replacement] weeks
before. 9. Shortly after he learned of the earthquake, the man hurried back to his hometown, searching high and low to find out whether his parents had [survived] the calamity (灾难). 10. I was listening for Grace's voice, but it wasn't easy to [pick] it

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary [out] among all the others. 11. The survey reveals that an increasing number of young people [married] life. claim they enjoy [married] 12. Someone [grabbed at] the letter I was reading. Looking up, I was delightfully surprised to find that it was my former classmate.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary

2. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in

brackets, keeping the same meaning. The first part has been
written for you.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary 1. An eight-month-old baby girl was the sole survivor of a car

crash that killed both her parents. (survive) [survived a car crash that Only an eight-month-old baby girl[survived
killed both her parents] parents]. 2. Sarah read my poem out to the whole class ─ I almost died of embarrassment. (embarrass) [almost embarrassed to death when Sarah read my poem I was[almost out to the whole class] class]. 3. The seriously injured pupils will be under the care of doctors and nurses of the Children's Hospital. (care for)

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary Doctors and nurses[of [of the Children's Hospital will care for the

seriously injured pupils] pupils].
4. Several people have phoned the personnel department to

inquire about the position of Chief Financial Officer. (inquiry)
[several phone calls The personnel department has received[several making inquiries about the position of Chief Financial Officer] Officer]. 5. We can help you find a solution to all your financial problems if you join our club. (straighten out) [straighten out all your financial problems if you We can help you[straighten join our club] club].

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary

Complete the following, using the words or phrases in

brackets. Make additions or changes where necessary.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary 1. On further [inquiry], [inquiry] we learned that the earthquake caused

heavy casualties (伤亡) and material losses to the inhabitants.
Many old people [died of ofhunger] hunger] and thirst after they were [peopl trapped for nearly a week. Fortunately most younger [people

e survived](die of, survive, inquiry) survived].
2. [Instantly] the news spread among employees of the firm that David had decided to [give up up his] his] current position and [retire] [retire]. Thereupon everyone became curious about who would [replace him] as chief [executive] officer. (retire, executive, replace, instantly, give up)

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Vocabulary 3. Brown used to live on his parents. However after [his beloved]

father died he had to support himself economically. He did a lot
of [odd jobs] jobs], including shining shoes, washing dishes, [and all that] that]. (and all that, beloved, odd)

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Word Formation

A suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a

word to form a new one. Unlike prefixes, a suffix frequently
alters the part of speech of the word. For example, the verb replace, by the addition of the suffix -ment, is changed into a noun replacement. Complete the following sentences by adding a suffix to the

given base in brackets.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Word Formation 1. He looked down at the floor in an attempt to hide his [embarrassment] [embarrassment]. (embarrass) [survivors] nearly 72 2. Rescue workers continued to search for [survivors],

hours after the collapse of the World Trade Center. (survive)
3. A tiny old lady was among a group looking at an art exhibition in a [newly] opened gallery. (new) 4. The reality is that we all have [marketable] skills such as writing, consulting, or designing and selling things. (market)

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Word Formation 5. Many people are now having trouble making their [monthly]

house payments (month)
6. A spelling bee is a [competition] in which people try to

correctly spell words. (compete)
7. The total energy given off by the devastating earthquake was many times more than any [conceivable] [conceivable]chemical reaction could produce. (conceive) 8. It shocked me to learn that the young man was released simply because he came from a [respectable] middle-class family.

(respect)

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Usage

Rewrite the parts in italics with "the + adj.".

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Usage 1. Some Democrats believed they lost the election because poor

people didn't turn out to vote. [the poor]
2. Those who had died were completely innocent victims of the

bomb. [The deceased / The dead]
3. The governor has guaranteed health care for pregnant women, preschool children, and disabled people. [the disabled] 4. Do you know why French people are skinnier than Americans? It is because French people stop when they're full, Americans stop when the plate is empty (or the TV show ends). [the French]

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Usage

5. The person who was accused denied stealing his student's ideas
and publishing them. [The accused]

6. In our city living together without getting married is not
common among young people. [the young] 7. People who are not employed will receive a monthly payment from the local government. [The unemployed] 8. Where unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed [the latter ... the former] that crime is due to unemployment.[the

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

1. Complete the following passage with words chosen from

the Words and Phrases to Drill box. Change the form where
necessary.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises I hear poor Phil has [died of] of] (1) a heart attack. Died [instantly] (2), I believe. Mind you, if you were looking for a

[classic] ] (3) case. You need onlyk heart attack victim, he was a [classic
[ask around] (4) to hear everyone say that he worked all hours, around]

never taking a break. That sort of person all too often risks not
[surviving] (5) long enough to [retire] (6) on a pension. No doubt the chief [executive] (7) is already looking around for Phil's [replacement] (8). I know you can't afford to be sentimental in business, not with [stock] (9) holders breathing down your neck all the time. Still, he must have found it difficult to look Phil's widow [in the theeye] eye] (10) at the funeral after allowing him to overwork like that.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

2. Read the following passage carefully until you have got

its main idea, and then select one appropriate word for each
gap from the box.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises One summer evening, shortly after I arrived at my new

assignment, my boss walked by my house and saw my wife and
children sitting on our front porch. He asked her where I was. My wife told him I was still at the office. When she told this to me,

in the corner of my heart I secretly hoped he was [impressed] (1)
by my work ethic (职业道德). The next morning, my boss called me. I expected a verbal pat on the back for my [diligence] (2) and hard work. [Instead] (3), he asked me what I was doing so late at the office and inquired if I had been doing that every night since taking over. I told him I had indeed been working late every night. [Contrary] [Contrary](4) to what I expected, he told me anyone could be

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises a workaholic and achieve great things [professionally] (5). Yet he

had hired me to [perform] (6) and excel (干得出色) in not one
but two areas: my professional and personal life. This incident caused me to do a lot of introspection (沉思). I [personal] (7) life and examined my professional, family and[personal] found that they weren't in [balance] (8). So I made a [commitment] (9) to myself to work on achieving a better balance in these three areas. This is what my little voyage of selfdiscovery [revealed] (10) to me.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

3. Translate the following sentences into English, using the

words or phrases in brackets.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises 1. 我不太清楚哪儿你能找到个好木工(carpenter)—— 你最好

四处打听打听。(ask around) [I'm not sure where you can find a good carpenter — you'd
better ask around.] 2. 他感到有点尴尬,赶紧清了清喉咙,抬头看着墙上的画。 (embarrass) [Feeling a little embarrassed, he quickly cleared his throat and looked up at the painting on the wall.] 3. 迈克尔去世了,留下三个儿子、两个女儿和妻子伊丽沙白。 (survive)

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises [Michael was survived by three sons, two daughters, and his wife

Elizabeth.]
4. 作为金融专家,威廉建议我们投资股票市场。(stock) [As a financial expert, William advised us to invest our money in the stock market.] 5. 我们这些小零售商(retailer)无法和超市在价格和销售等方 面竞争。(compete) [We small retailers can't compete with supermarkets in pricing and sales.]

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

4. Translate the following passage into English, using the

words and phrases given below.

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises 我爸是一家制造公司的行政领导,工作很努力。他每周工作

六天。每天他得解决各种各样问题,因此经常熬夜。但是,他
还是竭尽全力兼顾(balance / maintain a balance between)工 作和家庭。星期日我爸通常呆在家里,尽量多多照顾我们。最

使我高兴的是,他给我们烹饪我们最喜爱的菜肴,还和我们一
起打球。

BOOK 1 - Unit 5 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises [ My dad is a hard-working executive of a manufacturing firm.

He works six days a week. Every day he has to straighten out
various kinds of problems so that he often stays up late / nights. However, he tries his best to balance / maintain a balance

between work and family. On Sundays my dad usually stays at
home and cares for us as much as he can. To my greatest joy, he cooks our favorite dishes and plays ball with us. ]


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