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发挥语言魅力,提高小学数学课堂效率


数学这门学科知识中,包含了诸多数学理论,而这些都是数学语言的精练表达。重视小 学数学课堂教学语言,利用语言的魅力去征服学生,构建高效课堂,是小学数学教学改革的 关键所在。 一、小学数学课堂语言应用存在的问题 1.教学语言语速问题 语速与教师的性格有很大关系。部分教师性格较为内向,讲话时习惯慢条斯理,而部分 教师的脾气则稍显急躁,讲话时没有停顿。但过慢与过快的教学语言,都会给数学课堂教学 带来负面影响。说话的语速过快,会让课堂教学氛围变得紧张,学生为了听清楚教师的话时 刻处于紧张状态,大脑长期处于高速运转状态,无法集中注意力与思考问题。小学生的信息 接收能力有限,当他们无法跟上教师的节奏,就容易造成信息的遗漏。而教师的讲话速度如 果太慢,反而跟不上小学生大脑运转的速度,则容易造成小学生注意力的分散,直接影响学 生的学习积极性。 2.教学语言语调、声调问题 教师的语调直接关系到小学生的学习情绪。 部分教师的教学语言语调平缓, 不注重抑扬 顿挫,导致小学生在课堂上容易犯困,昏昏欲睡。还有部分教师的语调过于激昂,导致小学 生容易产生疲劳感。而从声调角度而言,过高的声音虽然能够促进小学生听觉,但也会导致 他们过分烦躁与紧张。但声调过低,则容易导致课堂气氛沉闷,影响学生的学习兴趣。 3.教学语言随意性问题 教学语言应当规范,但随意性教学语言,仍然广泛存在于小学数学课堂中。有些教师认 为小学生的理解能力较差,总是重复自己的话,反复讲解与考查相关知识点,导致小学生的 数学学习兴趣逐渐丧失。教学语言的随意性,还体现在教师的口头语言方面,有些教师经常 会在说话前后加上“嗯、啊、对、这个”这类口头禅,经常问学生“对不对,是不是,明不 明白” 。 这些多余的口头禅, 会影响数学课堂教学的规范性, 也会影响学生语言能力的形成。 二、小学数学课堂发挥语言魅力的方法 1.利用规范、准确的教学语言,提高数学教学效率 数学学科具有科学性、严谨性等特征。因此,教师要利用规范与准确的语言组织教学, 让小学生意识到数学知识的科学、严谨性。在组织课堂教学活动前,教师要对数学概念进行 全面了解与把握,深入理解数学术语的含义。习惯用专业术语授课,而不能用口语向小学生 讲解数学知识。 方言则更是禁止出现在课堂教学中, 而教师也应该要求学生用规范的语言表 达数学理念。 例如,在讲解有关乘法结合律知识点的时候,部分教师为了方便小学生理解,便将此知 识点概括为: “乘法中结合的规律。 ”这种语言就缺乏规范性、明确性。规范用语,用专业术 语培养小学生的数学思维, 并在此基础上组织教学活动, 才能保证小学数学课堂教学的高效

率。 2.利用幽默风趣的教学语言,提高数学教学效率 幽默的教学语言,就如磁铁一样具有吸引力,能够让学生期待教师的下一句话,更能加 强学生对知识点的印象。 掌握了教学艺术的教师, 会重视各类修辞手法在教学语言中的应用, 利用幽默风趣的语言,让数学知识点变得更加形象、生动,让枯燥的数学知识点变得充满趣 味性。用幽默风趣的教学语言弥补教学内容本身的缺陷,有利于培养学生自主探究的能力。 比如,在学习“认识钟表”相关知识点的时候,教师可以借助幽默的语言为学生介绍钟 表: “钟表家里住着三个兄弟,大哥腿最短,但最稳重。二哥腿最长,但要听三弟的。三弟 腿不长不短, 但说话最管用。 ” 这样的介绍不仅明确了钟表特点, 也明晰了三者之间的关系, 有利于课堂教学语言魅力的提升。 3.利用启发性的教学语言,提高数学教学效率 具有魅力的教学语言,与答案式教学语言有所不同。在组织教学活动时,教师首先应该 培养学生的自主思维意识,其次,再引导、帮助学生解决问题。利用启发性的教学语言组织 教学,能够促进小学生思维能力的提高,更能让数学课堂成为学生的课堂。 例如,在讲解“混合运算”知识时,教师可以先给学生一个简单的混合运算算式,让学 生先想一想怎样去算。我采用“我们学习了加减乘除运算,但老师被这样的题目难住了,大 家想想应先算谁呢?”的方式,用启发性的语言组织课堂教学,有助于激发小学生自主思考 问题的热情,如此能够让学生的数学能力得以提高。 综上所述,在教育发展的新时期,教学方法与技术越来越丰富,但教师的教学语言无法 被取代。 教学语言是联系各个教学环节的重要信息载体, 也是提升小学生数学课堂教学效率 的关键。用规范形象、风趣幽默的语言组织课堂教学活动,能够有效激发学生的学习热情和 积极性,达到事半功倍的学习效果。 Mathematics knowledge of the subject, and contains many mathematical theory, which are the mathematical language, concise expression. Attaches great importance to the elementary school mathematics classroom teaching language, the use of language charm to conquer students, build efficient classroom, is the key to the elementary school mathematics teaching reform. A, the elementary school mathematics classroom language application problems 1. The problem of teaching language speed The speed and teacher's personality has much to do. Some teachers are more introverted personality, slow speaking habits, and some teachers were slightly irritable temper, speech without pause. But too slow and too fast teaching language, will give a negative impact on mathematics classroom teaching. Talk too, can let the classroom teaching atmosphere tense, students in order to listen to the teacher clearly moment is in nervous condition, the brain is in a state of high speed for a long time, can't concentrate with thinking. Elementary student's information ability is limited, when they can't keep up with the rhythm of the teacher, is likely to

cause missing information. And teachers' speaking speed if too slow, but couldn't keep up with pupil brain running speed, easy to cause pupils scattered attention, direct impact on students' study enthusiasm. 2. The problem of teaching language tone, tone of voice Teacher's tone is directly related to the elementary student's learning emotion. Some teachers' teaching language tone of gentle, don't pay attention to the intonation, lead to pupils in the class is easy to nod off to sleep. Some teacher's tone too passionate, cause pupils prone to fatigue. And from the point of the tone, although can promote elementary school students hear high voice, but can also cause they are too upset and nervous. But the tone is too low, is easy to cause the classroom atmosphere dull, affect the students' interest in learning. 3. The problem of teaching language conceptions Should be a specification language teaching, but the optional teaching language, still widely exists in the elementary school mathematics classroom. Some teachers think the elementary student's understanding ability is bad, always repeat themselves, drum and examines relevant knowledge, cause losing elementary student's mathematics study interest. Conceptions of teaching language, but also embodied in the aspect of teachers' spoken language, some teachers often talking with before and after "well, ah, right, this" this mantra, often ask students "right, isn't it, don't understand". These extra mantra, it will affect the standardization of the mathematics classroom teaching, it can also influence the formation of students' language ability. Second, the elementary school mathematics classroom language charm method into full play 1. The use of standardized, accurate teaching language, improve the efficiency of mathematics teaching Mathematics has the characteristics such as scientific, rigour. Therefore, teachers should use standard and accurate language teaching, let the pupils aware of mathematics science, rigour. In front of the classroom teaching activities, the teacher must to fully understand and grasp of mathematical concepts,www.jich.net www.boxuelun.com understand the meaning of mathematical terms. Use jargon, but can't use oral English to elementary school students mathematics knowledge. Dialect is banned from classroom teaching, and teachers also should require students to use standard language to express mathematics concept. For example, when on the associative law knowledge, part of teachers for primary school students understand easily, then this knowledge summarized as: "the multiplication of the rule of combination." The language is the lack of normative and clarity. Specification language, use jargon to cultivate elementary student's mathematical thinking, and on the basis of the organization of teaching activities, to guarantee the efficiency of the elementary school mathematics classroom teaching. 2. The use of humorous teaching language, improve the efficiency of mathematics teaching Humorous language, like a magnet attractive, can let the students look forward to the teacher the next sentence, more can strengthen students' impression of knowledge. Teachers master the teaching art, will pay more attention to the application of all kinds of figures of speech in the language of instruction, the use of humorous language, make mathematics knowledge, vivid image, make dull mathematical knowledge is full of fun. With a humorous teaching language make up the defects of the teaching content itself, to cultivate students' ability to explore.

For instance, in learning to "know" clock related knowledge, teachers can use humor language introduce students to watch: "clock there lived three brothers in the home, the eldest brother leg is the shortest, but the most stable. Second longest legs, but listen to the three brother. Three brother's leg is not long not short, but the most effective speaking." Such features not only clear the clocks and watches, and clarify the relationship between the three, also benefits to the raise of classroom teaching language charm. 3. The use of heuristic teaching language, improve the efficiency of mathematics teaching Has the charm of the language of instruction, and the answer type teaching language is different. When organizing www.huayueting1.com www.gzjjgyw.com teaching activities, teachers should first cultivate the students' independent thinking, secondly, to guide and help students to solve the problem. Using heuristic teaching language teaching, can promote the improvement of elementary school students thinking ability, can let more mathematics classroom to become the student of the class. For example, in the interpretation of the "mixed operation" knowledge, teachers can give students a simple mixed computation formula, let the students to think about how to calculate. I use "operation we learned addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, but the teacher was stumped by this topic, you should think about who is first?" Way, with the inspirational language organization of classroom teaching, help to arouse the enthusiasm of the students independent thinking, so can let students' mathematical ability is improved. To sum up, in the new period of the development of the education, the teaching method and technology is more and more rich, but the teachers' teaching language can't be replaced. Teaching language is one of the important information carrier contact each teaching link, the key to improve primary school mathematics classroom teaching efficiency. Use standard image, humorous language classroom teaching activities, can effectively stimulate students' learning enthusiasm and initiative, get twice the result with half the effort study effect.


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