当前位置:首页 >> 其它课程 >>

高中定语从句课件一


一. 定语从句的基本定义
放在名词或代词后面,由关系代词或关系副词 引导的修饰该名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。 被修饰的词叫先行词。

The boy who is reading is Tom.
先行词 关系代词

Hospital is a place where a doctor works.
先行词 关系副词

Combine sentences :
Li yifeng rises in the world.

Li yifeng played main roles in TV plays.

Li yifeng who/that played main roles
in TV plays rises in the world.

Operation Mekong is based on a true story. Operation Mekong has been shown on National Day.

Operation Mekong which/that has been shown on National Day is based on a true story.

Blue mushroom is a new internet meme. Blue mushroom’s meaning is to be upset and to want to cry.

Blue mushroom whose meaning is to be upset and to want to cry is a new internet meme.

The school is near the river. I study in this school.

The school (which/that) I study in is near the river in which I study is near the river where I study is near the river

指人 that which who

指物

主语

宾语

定语

状语

whom
whose

when where
why

√ × √ √ √ ×
× ×

√ √ × × √ × × ×

√ √ √ × × × × ×

√ √ √ √ × × × ×

× × × × √ × × ×

× × × × × √ √ √

二. 关系词的分类
1. 关系代词
关系代词在定语从句中作主语、宾语、表语 和定语,常用的关系代词有:that, which, who, whom, whose 2. 关系副词 关系副词在定语从句中作状语,常用的关系副 词有:when, where, why

二. 关系词的分类
1. 关系代词
关系代词在定语从句中作主语、宾语、表语 和定语,常用的关系代词有:that, which, who, whom, whose 2. 关系副词 关系副词在定语从句中作状语,常用的关系副 词有:when, where, why

三. 关系代词的基本用法和注意点 1. 关系代词的基本用法 关系代词 指代的先 行词 who 人 whom which that whose 人 物 人或物 人或物 充当从句的成分 主语、宾语 宾语 主语、宾语 主语、宾语、表语 定语

① who指人,在定语从句中作主语或宾语。作宾

语时,可省略。 The man (who) I talked with is our teacher.

A person who steals things is called a thief.
②whom指人,在定语从句中作宾语,可省

略。 The man (whom) I nodded to is Mr. Li.

③ which 指物,在定语从句中作主语或宾 语。作宾语时,可省略。 These are the trees which were planted last year. This recorder (which) he is using is made in Japan.

④that 指人或物,在定语从句中作主语或宾 语。作宾语时,可省略。 A plane is a machine that can fly. He is the man (that) I told you about.

⑤whose指人或物, 在定语从句中作定语 。 不可省略。
This is the little girl whose parents were killed in the great earthquake. We live in a house whose windows face south.

2. 关系代词的用法注意点

(1) that和which都可以指物,但以下5种情况 只能用that 不能用which。
①当先行词中有人又有物时。如: Do you know the things and persons that they are talking about?

②当先行词为不定代词all, one, few, little, no, some, any, everything, nothing, nobody, none等时。如: This is all that I want from the school.
③当先行词被only, just, very, right, last等 修饰时。如: This is the very book that I am looking for these days.

④当先行词被最高级修饰时。如: The TV tower is the highest building that has been built in this city. ⑤当先行词被序数词修饰时。如:

The first lesson that I learned will never be forgotten.

(2) that和who都可以指人,但下面两种情况, 多用who。 ①先行词为all, anyone, one, ones等时。如:

All who heard the news were excited.
②先行词为those, he和people时。如: Those who want to go please sign your names here. He who does not reach the Great Wall is not a true man.

(3) whose引导的定语从句注意点
①whose引导定语从句,其后应紧跟名词,构成名 词短语。 ② whose与它所修饰的名词一起可以作介词的宾语。 如: The boss in whose department he worked had heard the news.他工作所在部门的老板已经听说 了这个消息。

③ whose引导的定语从句,其先行词既可以指人 也可以指物。

④whose的先行词指物时,可用of which代替,但语 序不同,即whose+名词 = the+名词+of which,或= of which + the + 名词。如: The novel whose title (= the title of which或of which the title) is Red and Black is very interesting.

⑤whose的先行词指人时,可用of whom代替, 但语序不同,即whose+名词 = the+名词+of whom,或= of whom + the + 名词。如: The boy whose mother (= the mother of whom 或of whom the mother) is a doctor is my friend.

(4) 关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词 的人称和数必须与先行词保持一致。如: Those who are against the plan put up your hands. Tom is one of the students who were praised by the teacher yesterday. Tom is the only one of the students who was praised by the teacher yesterday.

巩固练习:1. 用定语从句合并句子

(1) The scientist is very famous in the world. We met her yesterday.
The scientist who we met yesterday is very famous whom in the world. that ? (2) The dress is new. She is wearing it. The dress which she is wearing is new. that ?

(3) He is the kind person. I have ever worked with him.
He is the kind person who I have ever worked with. whom that ? (4) This is the best film. I have ever seen this film. This is the best film that I have ever seen. ?

巩固练习:2. 用适当的关系词填空 who/that 1.The girl __________is standing next to our teacher is her daughter. (who/whom/that) 2. The girl _________________our teacher is talking with is a famous singer. whose mother is a teacher can speak 3. The girl________ English very well. which/that 4. I can’t find the book ____________is borrowed from the library.

(that/which) 5. I can’t find the book ________________you lent to me.

四. 介词+which/ whom引导的定语从句
1. 介词的选用原则: (1) 根据定语从句谓语动词的习惯搭配来决定。 This is the book on which I spent 8 dollars.

This is the book for which I paid 8 dollars.

(2) 根据先行词的习惯搭配来决定。
I remember the day on which I joined the Party. I remember the days during which I lived there.

2. 当介词放在关系代词前面时,关系代词只能用 whom(指人)或which(指物),且关系代词不能 省略。

The man with whom you talked just now is my neighbor.
I can’t find the pen with which I was writing .

3. 当介词位于定语从句末尾时,可用 which/that(指物), who/whom/that(指人)作从句 中介词的宾语.而且作介词宾语的关系代词可以 省略。 (whom/who/that) Dad is a person________________ I can easily talk to.
(which/that) you were Is this the play ___________ talking about just now?

4. 在一些固定搭配的动词短语中,由于动词 和介词不可分割,因此不能把介词置于关系代 词之前。如: This is the watch (that/ which) I am looking for.

The babies (who/ whom/ that) the nurse is looking after are very healthy.

5. 先行词是the way,意为“方式,方法”时,引 导定语从句的关系词用that/ in which或省略。 (that/in which) I didn't like the way _______________ she talked to me. (that/in which) The way _________________he teaches English is interesting.

五. 关系副词when, where和why的用法 关系副词 when where why 指代的先行词 表时间的名词/ 名词词组 表地点的名词/ 名词词组 表原因的名词 充当从句的成分 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

1. when
用关系副词when时,先行词指时间,when在定 语从句中作时间状语,when可换成“介词+关系 代词”。如: I still remember the day when (= on which) I first came to Nanjing.
My father was born in the year when (= in which) World War Ⅱ broke out.

2. where
用关系副词where时,先行词指地点,where在定 语从句中作地点状语,where可换成“介词+关系 代词”。如: This is the farm where (= on which) we worked when we were young.
The school where (= in which) his mother teaches is in the west of the city.

3. why
用关系副词why时,先行词指原因,why在定语 从句中作原因状语,why可换成“介词+关系代 词”。如: There are several reasons why (= for which) the boys should be punished.
Tom couldn’t give the teacher the reason why (= for which) he was late for school.

4. 关系副词的用法注意点 (1)当先行词为time,表示“次数”时,应用 关系词that 或省略。如:
This is the first time (that) the president has visited the country. (2)当point, situation, case等词作先行词表示 “情况,境地,场合”等意思时,其后常由 where引导定语从句,where在句中作状语。如: Can you think of a situation where this phrase can be used?

巩固练习:用适当的关系词填空
when 1) October 1, 1949 was the day______ on ______) which China was founded. (__ where 2) Beijing is the place ______ from______) which I came. (____ why (___ for which 3) Is this the reason ____ _____) he didn’t want to see me?

where in ______) which 4) Is this the room ______(__ we were living last winter? when 5) The days are gone _____ during which (______ ______) we used “foreign oil”. where 6) Yesterday, we had a meeting ______ at ______) which we discussed many problems. (__

对比练习:用适当的关系词填空 where/in which 1. The room ___________________ he once lived is still there.
(that/which) The room ___________________ I have to clean every day belongs to my mother.

when/on which 2. I will never forget the day_______________ I met you.
(that/which) I will never forget the day ______________ we spent together.

why/for which I don’t 3. The reason ________________ know the thing is that I was not there at that time. (that/which) I don’t The reason _____________ know is known to him.

六. 非限制性定语从句
1. 非限制性定语从句的定义 非限制性定语从句是对被修饰部分进行附加说 明,如果去掉,主句的意思仍然完整或清楚。 它和主句之间的关系比较松散,因此常用逗号 隔开。 My watch, which is very old, stopped again.

2.限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别

(1)限制性定语从句和主句的关系十分密切, 若省去,主句的意思就不明确。主从句之间 不用逗号隔开。而非限制性定语从句则不然。 试比较:
This is the best book that I have read. This is a good book, which is easy to understand.

(2)限制性定语从句的先行词总是一个名词或一个 代词,而非限制性定语从句的先行词可以是一个 词,也可以是部分或整个主句的意思。此时,一 般用关系代词as或which引导。 (3)限制性定语从句可以用关系代词that引导,而非 限制性定语从句则不能。 (4)在非限制性定语从句中,不能省略关系代 词,而在限制性定语从句中则可以。

(5)关系代词在非限制性定语从句中作介词的宾语 时,介词前可以有被介词短语所修饰的词。如: He has two daughters, the elder of whom is married. (6)在非限制性定语从句中,关系代词还可以 作介词的宾语。 He is ill, in spite of which he keeps on studying.

3. 关系代词as, which引导非限制定语从句时的区别
(1)as和which都可指主句的整个意思,而不是主 句中的某一个词。as引导的非限制性定语从句, 既可在主句前,又可在主句后,有时还可插入主 句中;而which引导的非限制性定语从句一般置于 主句之后。如: The weather turned out to be very good, which was more than we could expect. As is known to all, the moon travels round the earth.

(2) as多用于下列习惯用语中 as anybody can see 正如人人都能看到的那样 as is well known = as is known to all 众所周知 as we had expected 正如我们所预料的那样 as often happens 正如经常发生的那样 as has been said before 如上所述 as is mentioned above 正如上面提到的

4. “介词+关系代词”结构引导非限制性定语从句, 一般有以下几种结构: (1)名词+介词+关系代词: They live in a house, the door of which faces south. (2)代词+介词+关系代词:

There are four students in the classroom, all of whom are working hard.

(3)数词+介词+关系代词: Last Sunday I bought a book from the bookstore, three of which were English novels. (4)形容词比较级/最高级+介词+关系代词:

China has thousands of islands, the largest of which is Taiwan.

—定语从句

概念

that与which who、that与whom 各种连接词的具体用法 Whose 介词+关系代词 when as 、where与why
定语从句的特殊用法

定义 分类 连接词

先行名词为way that替代when

定语从句的常见错误 在定语从句中加了多余的宾语。 把定语从句的谓语动词的单复数形式弄错 省略了定语从句中主语的关系代词。 定语从句中加了多余的介词。

Thank you


相关文章:
高中定语从句课件一_图文.ppt
高中定语从句课件一 - 一个美丽的女孩 a beautiful girl (形容
高中定语从句课件一_图文.ppt
高中定语从句课件一 - 高中定语从句课件一,高中定语从句ppt课件6,高中定语从
高中英语定语从句课件.ppt.(1)_图文.ppt
高中英语定语从句课件.ppt.(1) - 定语从句 the Attributiv
高一英语定语从句课件1_图文.ppt
高一英语定语从句课件1 - 观察判断 观察下列句子,判断划线部分的句子成分。 1
高中定语从句课件一_图文.ppt
高中定语从句课件一 - 一. 定语从句的基本定义 放在名词或代词后面,由关系代词
高一英语定语从句课件_图文.ppt
高一英语定语从句课件 - Grammar The Relative Clause
定语从句课件一 高中好_图文.ppt
定语从句课件一 高中好 - 一. 定语从句的基本定义 放在名词或代词后面,由关系
高中定语从句课件PPT(条理清晰)_图文.ppt
高中定语从句课件PPT(条理清晰) - 定语从句 定语从句的定义 ? 首先我们先
人教版高中英语必修二定语从句课件一_图文.ppt
人教版高中英语必修二定语从句课件一 - 一. 定语从句的基本定义 放在名词或代词
高中英语定语从句公开课课件_图文.ppt
高中英语定语从句公开课课件 - Unit 4 The Attributive C
高中英语定语从句课件_图文.ppt
高中英语定语从句课件 - 一. 定语从句的基本定义 放在名词或代词后面,由关系代
高一英语定语从句课件_图文.ppt
高一英语定语从句课件 - 超级好的资料,保证是精品文档... 高一英语定语从句课件_教学案例/设计_教学研究_教育...被定语从句所 修饰的词叫先行词,定语从句一 般紧跟...
高中英语定语从句课件.ppt._图文.ppt
高中英语定语从句课件.ppt. - 定语从句 the Attributive C
英语定语从句课件.ppt.(1)_图文.ppt
英语定语从句课件.ppt.(1) - 定语从句 the Attributive
高一英语定语从句精品课件_图文.ppt
高一英语定语从句精品课件 - Grammar Attributive clause (限制性定语从句) 定语从句 先行词和关系词 关系代词如何引导定语从句 关系代词的使用方法 定语从句中...
定语从句精美课件(共22张PPT)_图文.ppt
定语从句精美课件(共22张PPT) - The Attributive Clause 定语从句 定语可以由形容词、代词、数词、名词、 分词、不定式、介词短语等来担任,修饰名 词。(以介词...
高一新教材定语从句复习PPT课件_图文.ppt
高一新教材定语从句复习PPT课件 - 概念:1.在句子中修饰名词或代词, 定语从句在句中充 当定语. 2.定语从句必须有先行词, 并尽量靠近先行词. 3.在定语从句中,...
定稿高中英语定语从句详解(绝对经典课件)_图文.ppt
定稿高中英语定语从句详解(绝对经典课件) - The Attributive C
高中英语定语从句详解(绝对经典课件)1_图文.ppt
高中英语定语从句详解(绝对经典课件)1 - Which one is Harry
高中定语从句课件_图文.ppt
高中定语从句课件 - 定语从句 定义 ? 定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫