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中国画(英文)


Chinese Painting

Chinese painting has a long history.All the people around the world must be attracted by its beauty if they see it. It is rooted deeply in the soil of Chinese culture after thousand of years and has become one of the unique cultural treasures.

It is another art peak and its position in the world of art can never be replaced.

Chinese Painting (Xuan paper painting): refers to paintings painted on Xuan paper or silk by ink and color, it is the main form of Chinese art. From the perspective of art history, paintings dated before the Republic of China are collectively referred as ancient paintings. Without determinative name in the ancient time, Chinese painting was commonly called as Danqing, mainly refers to the paintings on silk and Xuan paper which mounted on scroll. As opposed to Western styles of art, works painted in traditional style is called as Chinese painting, meaning “national painting." 中国画(宣画):即用颜料在宣纸、宣绢上的绘画,是中华民族 艺术的主要形式。从美术史的角度讲,民国前的都统称为古画。 国画在古代无确定名称,一般称之为丹青,主要指的是画在绢、 宣纸、帛上并加以装裱的卷轴画。近现代以来为区别于西方的油 画(又称西洋画)等外国绘画而称之为中国画,简称“国画”。

Types of Chinese Painting

◇figures ◇landscape ◇birds and flowers

The body of figure painting is character image, it requires the characters vivid, lively and unity of form and spirit .

Chinese landscape painting is the most heavy precipitation in Chinese emotion. It mainly describes mountains and nature landscapes. The typical painters include Gu Kaizhi(顾 恺之)、Zhu Da(朱耷)、Shi Tao(石涛)、Liu Songnian(刘松 年)· · · · · ·

The flower and bird painting mainly depicts flowers, birds, fish insects etc. It includes three techniques: fine brushwork, freehand brushwork, and the concurrently form.

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Four treasures of calligraphy and painting: Brush is a traditional Chinese writing instrument, made of animal hair.
毛笔,是一种源于中国的传 统书写工具,由禽、兽的毛 制成的笔。为书画文房四宝 之一。

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Four treasures of calligraphy and painting: Chinese ink , black pigment used for writing and painting, is made of materials including pine soot, lacquer and herbal medicine, etc.

墨,是书写、绘画的黑色颜料,其主要原料是烟料、胶以及中
药等,为书画文房四宝之一。

Four treasures of calligraphy and painting: Xuan paper,including unprocessed, processed and half processed, suitable for conveying the artistic expression of both calligraphy and painting. 宣纸,是中国古代用于书写和绘画的纸,宣纸主要分 为生宣、半熟宣、熟宣 ,是书画文房四宝之一。

Four treasures of calligraphy and painting: Ink stone is made of special and rare stone used for grinding ink. 砚,磨墨用的文具 , 为特殊、稀有的石料 制成,亦为书画文房 四宝之一。

Four Gentleman of Chinese Painting 国画四君子

Plum blossom

Orchid

Bamboo

梅花

竹子

Chrysanthemum

Thank you !


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