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全新版大学英语综合教程3 Unit5


Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

English Song — There’s No Place like Home for the Holidays Thanksgiving Day
Detailed Reading

Voyage on the Mayflower Native Americans The United States Coast Guard

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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English Song — There’s No Place like Home for the Holidays
Detailed Reading

Perry Como

Listen to the Song
Questions about the Song and the Text

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Thanksgiving Day
A General Introduction to Thanksgiving Day Detailed Reading President Obama’s Address Pardon Turkey as a Tradition Thanksgiving Celebration

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Perry Como

Detailed Reading

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Perry Como Perry Como has a very fine, silky voice, just the sort of voice one needs for a sentimental song full of familiar phrases such as “there’s no place like home” and “home Detailed Reading sweet home”. It sounds as if he is singing about Thanksgiving, as he sings of “homemade pumpkin pie”, a traditional dish for the Thanksgiving holiday. Thanksgiving for Americans is much like Spring Festival for us, a time when families try to get back together. In America people often travel many miles to get back to their hometown, whether it’s from north to south, “Pennsylvania … down to Dixie” (Dixie is a traditional name for the American South) or from east to west, “the Atlantic to Pacific”.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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There’s No Place like Home for the Holidays

Detailed Reading

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Questions about the Song and the Text 1. According to the singer, why are people busy coming Detailed Reading and going on holidays? They want to go back to their hometown. 2. In what way is Thanksgiving similar to our Spring Festival? Both are occasions for families to get together.

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3. Whom will you thank in a holiday like Thanksgiving Day? Detailed Reading Parents, grandparents, teachers, friends, etc. 4. Are holidays a good time to express gratitude? Which holidays are the most appropriate to show gratitude? Yes. Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Spring Festival, Midautumn Festival, Teacher’s Day, etc.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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5. Do people always show their appreciation to others who have helped or supported them? What did the author of Text A do? Quite often we take for granted other people’s effort to help, support and encourage us. In most cases, when we realize that we should express our appreciation, it becomes too late. At other times, when we are away from the holiday rush, we tend to recall the true significance of a holiday — a time to say how much we value others. The author took the opportunity to show his gratitude through three thank-you letters.
Detailed Reading

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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6. Have you ever expressed your gratitude to any person? If yes, what have you done? If no, what do you plan to do?
Detailed Reading

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A General Introduction to Thanksgiving Day pilgrim n. 朝圣者 Detailed Reading tremendously adv. 非常地 tribe n. 部落 fertilizer n. 肥料 proclamation n. 宣布 squash n.南瓜

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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1. What does Thanksgiving mean to the Americans? Thanksgiving is usually a family day, celebrated with big dinners and Detailed happy reunions. Reading 2. What did the pilgrims suffer during their first winter? They suffered greatly, poor food, hard work, infectious diseases and bitter cold weather. 3. What did the Indian chief teach the pilgrims to do? The Indian chief taught the pilgrims to use fish for fertilizer in planting corn, pumpkins and beans.

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4. Why did Governor William Bradford establish Thanksgiving Day? Firstly, the Governor wanted to establish a day of Detailed Reading thanksgiving to God, and used this occasion to strengthen the friendship between the pilgrims and Indians. 5. What did the Indian send to the Thanksgiving feast?

The Indian sent five deer.

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The History of Thanksgiving Day In the United States, the fourth Thursday in November is called Thanksgiving Day. On this day, Americans give Detailed Reading thanks for the blessings they have enjoyed during the year. Thanksgiving is usually a family day, celebrated with big dinners and happy reunions. The first American Thanksgiving was held in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621. In 17th century, a group of pilgrims left England to explore the New World. It was in September of 1620 when their ship called the “Mayflower” left port with 102 men, women, and children on board. They landed in Provincetown Harbor after 65 days at sea.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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The pilgrims were poorly equipped to cope with life in the wilderness. During their first winter in the new land, they suffered tremendously. Poor food, hard work, infectious diseases, and bitter cold weather killed about half of Detailed Reading them. By the end of this terrible first winter, only about 50 remained alive. One spring morning in 1621, an Indian walked into the little village of Plymouth and introduced himself in a friendly way. Later, he brought the Indian chief, Massasoit, who gave gifts to the people and offered assistance. The Indians of Massasoit’s tribe taught the Pilgrims how to hunt, fish and grow food. They taught the pilgrims to use fish for fertilizer in planting corn, pumpkins, and beans.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Because of this help from the Indians, the Pilgrims had a good harvest. Following an ancient tradition, Governor William Bradford, in the fall of 1621, issued a proclamation establishing a day of thanksgiving to God. Detailed Reading The governor also decided to use this religious occasion to strengthen the bond of friendship between the pilgrims and their Indian neighbors. So he invited Chief Massasoit and his brave Indians to share the Thanksgiving feast. The Indians gladly accepted the invitation and sent five deer ahead. The pilgrim men went hunting and returned with turkey and other wild game. The women prepared delicious dishes from corn, cranberries, squash and pumpkins.

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President Obama’s Address Watch a video clip and fill in the blanks. prosperity and For centuries, in peace and in war, in _________ Detailed Reading in adversity, Americans have paused at this time of year to gather with loved ones and give thanks for life’s blessings. This week, we carry on this American distinctly tradition. ________ All across our country, folks are coming together to spend time with family, to catch up with old friends, to cook and enjoy a big dinner — and maybe to watch a little football in between.

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As always, we give thanks for the kindness of loved ones, previous year, and for the pride we feel for the joys of the _______ in our communities and country. Detailed Reading We keep in our thoughts and prayers the many families marking _______ this Thanksgiving with an empty seat — saved for a son or daughter, or husband or wife, stationed ________ in harm’s way. We say a special thanks for the sacrifices ________ those men and women in uniform are making for our safety and freedom, and for all those Americans who ______ enrich the lives of our communities through acts of kindness, generosity ________ and service.

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But as much as we have to be thankful for, we also ____________________________________________ know that this year millions of Americans are facing very ________________________________________________ difficult economic times . Many have lost jobs in this ____________________ recession — the worst in generations. Many more are Reading struggling to afford Detailed health care premiums and house payments, let alone to save for an education or retirement. Too many are wondering if the dream of a middle class life — that American Dream — is slipping away. _________________________________________ It’s the worry I hear from folks across the country; good, hard-working people doing the best they can for their _________________________________________________ families — but fearing that their best just isn’t good enough _________________________________________________ . . These are not strangers. They are our family, our friends, and our neighbors. Their struggles must be our concern.

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Detailed Reading

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Pardon Turkey as a Tradition

Detailed Reading

thrill vt. 使激动 fault vt. 挑剔 presidential adj. 总统的 intervention n. 干涉 brethren n. 同胞

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Questions and Answers 1. What is the name of this year’s turkey? This year’s turkey is called “Courage”.
Detailed Reading

2. Who brings this turkey to the White House? The National Turkey Federation has been bringing its finest turkeys to the White House for more than 50 years. 3. Who issued the first official presidential pardon for a turkey? The first President Bush issued the pardon 20 years ago.

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4. What would be the fate for this year’s Courage?
The turkey would head for Disneyland, where he’ll be grand marshalDetailed of Thanksgiving Parade. Reading

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Pardon Turkey as a Tradition Happy Thanksgiving, everybody. Welcome to the White House. On behalf of Sasha and Malia and myself, we’re thrilled to see you. I want to thank Walter Pelletier, Detailed Reading chairman of the National Turkey Federation, and Joel Brandenberger, its president, for donating this year’s turkey. His name is “Courage,” and he traveled here from Goldsboro, North Carolina, where he was raised under Walter’s own precious care. There you go. Now, the National Turkey Federation has been bringing its finest turkeys to the White House for more than 50 years. I’m told Presidents Eisenhower and Johnson actually ate their turkeys.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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You can’t fault them for that; that’s a good-looking bird. President Kennedy was even given a turkey with a sign around its neck that said, “Good Eatin’, Mr. President.” But he showed mercy and he Detailed said,Reading “Let’s keep him going.” And 20 years ago this Thanksgiving, the first President Bush issued the first official presidential pardon for a turkey. Today, I am pleased to announce that thanks to the interventions of Malia and Sasha — because I was planning to eat this sucker — “Courage” will also be spared this terrible and delicious fate. Later today, he’ll head to Disneyland, where he’ll be grand marshal of tomorrow’s parade. And just in case “Courage” can’t fulfill his responsibilities, Walter

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brought along another turkey, “Carolina,” as an alternate, the stand-in. Now, later this afternoon, Michelle, Malia, Sasha and I will take two of their less fortunate brethren to Martha’s Detailed Reading table, an organization that does extraordinary work to help folks here in D.C. who need it the most. And I want to thank Jaindl’s Turkey Farm in Orefield, Pennsylvania, for donating those dressed birds for dinner. So today, all told, I believe it’s fair to say that we have saved or created four turkeys.

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Thanksgiving Celebration

1. Whom did the American president express his thanks to?
The American president delivered his speech to Detailed Reading express his thanks to troops serving abroad. 2. Why did thousands of New Yorkers gather on the streets? They took part in the annual Macy’s thanksgiving-day parade. 3. What was the change happening this year for the celebration? The parade took a slightly longer route this year, passing Broadway for the first time.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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4. What did the troops in Iran have on Thanksgiving Day?
The soldiers enjoyed a full Thanksgiving meal.
Detailed Reading

5. Who paid a visit to an airbase in Afghanistan? The US. ambassador and his wife paid a visit.

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Detailed Reading

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September, 6, 1620. The Mayflower leaves England for North America. The ship’s master, Christopher Jones, is an experienced skipper. But the twoDetailed Reading month journey would not be a smooth one.

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The crew stops in Newfoundland for fresh water and supplies before sailing south again for Virginia, but the perilous waters around New England force a change of plans. Detailed Reading

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They land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts on November 11, after 65 days at sea. By December they will make their way to Plimoth, their new home, as winter sets in.
Detailed Reading

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Pilgrim houses were modeled after the English cottage — timber frames with a steeply pitched roof that allowed for a small storage or sleeping area above the main room.
Detailed Reading

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Waterfowl such as duck was plentiful in the Massachusetts Bay area. The pilgrims hunted them with their “fowling” rifles.
Detailed Reading

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Native Americans Native Americans were living in North America for many hundreds of years before Detailed Reading Europeans reached the continent. For a long time white people called them Indians. Today many people do not like this name since it is based on a mistake: it was given to the people living in the America by Christopher Columbus who, when he arrived there, thought he had landed in India. Instead, people prefer to use the term Native Americans.

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The United States Coast Guard The United States Coast Guard is the US military service that is Reading controlled by the Detailed US Department of Transportation but becomes part of the US Navy during a war. It was established in 1915. The Coast Guard stops ships suspected of carrying drugs and other illegal goods, and can make arrests. It also keeps watch to see that other laws of the sea are obeyed, rescues ships in danger and has a weather service.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Part Division of the Text

Further Understanding

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Further Understanding For Part 1 Questions and Answers For Part 2 & 3 Table Completion

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Part Division of the Text Parts Para(s) Main Ideas On Thanksgiving Day 1943, as a young coastguardsman at sea, the writer came up with the idea of expressing his gratitude to people who had helped him before. The writer wrote three thank-you letters to his father, the Rev. Nelson and his grandmother respectively.

1

1~9

2

10~16

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Parts Para(s) 3 17~23

Main Ideas The writer received three letters in reply. The writer wishes everyone to find the good and praise it.

4

24~26

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Word Web Think of as many words and phrases as possible about a ship.
hooter 汽笛 cabin 船舱 radar 雷达 anchor 锚 life buoy (jacket) 救生圈(衣) harbor 港口 dock 码头 crew 船员 captain 船长 chief officer 大副 second (third) officer 二(三)副

boiler room 锅炉房 wheelhouse 操舵室 engine room 轮机舱 deck 甲板
propeller 螺旋桨 rudder 舵 mast 桅杆

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

航空母舰

aircraft carrier Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

独木舟

canoe Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

(大型)游艇

yacht Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

快速大帆船

clipper Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

集装箱船

container ship Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

油轮

oil tanker Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

巡洋舰

cruiser
Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

驱逐舰

destroyer Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

破冰舰

icebreaker Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

摩托艇

motorboat Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

舢板

sampan Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

潜水艇

submarine Click the Chinese

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

Click the picture

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Word Web Think of the English equivalents for the following different types of “船”.

气垫船

hovercraft
Click the Chinese

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Questions and Answers 1. Where did the writer spend that Thanksgiving? Where was he going? He spent that Thanksgiving on a ship. He was going to a big base on the island of Tulagi in the South Pacific. 2. Why do you think they were sailing there? They were sending thousands of cartons of canned or dried foods and five-hundred-pound bombs there.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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3. What made the writer as a cook extremely busy on that Thanksgiving Day? As a cook, he was preparing a traditional dinner featuring roast turkey. It was a lot of hard work to cook and serve a big meal, and clean up and put everything away. 4. What was the writer thinking about on the deck after the day’s hard work? He got to thinking about Thanksgiving, of the Pilgrims, Indians, wild turkeys, pumpkins, corn on the cob, and the rest.

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Fill in the table with the main contents of the letters. Correspondents Father Letters Sent Thanks him for teaching the writer from boyhood to love books and reading. Letters Received Tells the writer how he, as a teacher and a father as well, felt content with his own son.

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Correspondents The Rev. Nelson

Letters Sent Thanks him for his morning school prayers.

Letters Received Tells the writer about his retirement coupled with self-doubt, and the reassurance brought to him by the writer’s letter.

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Fill in the table with the main contents of the letters.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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Fill in the table with the main contents of the letters.

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Fill in the table with the main contents of the letters. Correspondents Letters Sent Letters Received

Grandmother

Thanks her for Expresses her teaching the writer loving gratefulness how to tell the for her grandson. truth, to share and to be forgiving, and for her good cooking and her sprinkling the writer’s life with stardust.

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Fill in the table with the main contents of the letters.

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WRITING THREE THANK-YOU LETTERS Alex Haley It was 1943, during World War II, and I was a young U.S. coastguardsman. My ship, the USS Murzim, had been under way for several days. Most of her holds contained thousands of cartons of canned or dried foods. The other holds were loaded with five-hundred-pound bombs packed delicately in padded racks. Our destination was a big base on the island of Tulagi in the South Pacific. I was one of the Murzim’s several cooks and, quite the same as for folk ashore, this Thanksgiving morning had seen us busily preparing a traditional dinner featuring roast turkey.

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Well, as any cook knows, it’s a lot of hard work to cook

and serve a big meal, and clean up and put everything away.
But finally, around sundown, we finished at last.

I decided first to go out on the Murzim’s afterdeck for a breath of open air. I made my way out there, breathing in great, deep draughts while walking slowly about, still wearing my white cook’s hat.

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I got to thinking about Thanksgiving, of the Pilgrims, Indians, wild turkeys, pumpkins, corn on the cob, and the rest. Yet my mind seemed to be in quest of something else — some way that I could personally apply to the close of Thanksgiving. It must have taken me a half hour to sense that maybe some key to an answer could result from reversing the word “Thanksgiving” — at least that suggested a verbal direction, “Giving thanks.”

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Giving thanks — as in praying, thanking God, I thought. Yes, of course. Certainly. Yet my mind continued turning the idea over. After a while, like a dawn’s brightening, a further answer did come — that there were people to thank, people who had done so much for me that I could never possibly repay them. The embarrassing truth was I’d always just accepted what they’d done, taken all of it for

granted. Not one time had I ever bothered to express to any of them so much as a simple, sincere “Thank you”.

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At least seven people had been particularly and lastingly helpful to me. I realized, swallowing hard, that about half of them had since died — so they were forever beyond any possible expression of gratitude from me. The more I thought about it, the more ashamed I became. Then I pictured the three who were still alive and, within minutes, I was down in my cabin.

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Sitting at a table with writing paper and memories of things each had done, I tried composing genuine statements of heartfelt appreciation and gratitude to my dad, Simon A. Haley, a professor at the old Agricultural Mechanical Normal College in Pine Bluff, Arkansas; to my grandma, Cynthia Palmer, back in our little hometown of Henning, Tennessee; and to the Rev. Lonual Nelson, my grammar school principal, retired and living in Ripley, six miles north of Henning.

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The texts of my letters began something like, “Here, this Thanksgiving at sea, I find my thoughts upon how much you have done for me, but I have never stopped and said to you how much I feel the need to thank you —” And briefly I recalled for each of them specific acts performed on my behalf.

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For instance, something uppermost about my father was how he had impressed upon me from boyhood to love books and reading. In fact, this graduated into a family habit of after-dinner quizzes at the table about books read most recently and new words learned. My love of books never diminished and later led me toward writing books myself. So many times I have felt a sadness when exposed to modern children so immersed in the electronic media that they have little or no awareness of the marvelous world to be discovered in books.

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I reminded the Reverend Nelson how each morning he would open our little country town’s grammar school with a prayer over his assembled students. I told him that whatever positive things I had done since had been influenced at least in part by his morning school prayers.

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In the letter to my grandmother, I reminded her of a dozen ways she used to teach me how to tell the truth, to share, and to be forgiving and considerate of others. I thanked her for the years of eating her good cooking, the equal of which I had not found since. Finally, I thanked her simply for having sprinkled my life with stardust.

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Before I slept, my three letters went into our ship’s office mail sack. They got mailed when we reached Tulagi Island. We unloaded cargo, reloaded with something else, then again we put to sea in the routine familiar to us, and as the days became weeks, my little personal experience receded. Sometimes, when we were at sea, a mail ship would rendezvous and bring us mail from home, which, of course, we accorded topmost priority.

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Every time the ship’s loudspeaker rasped, “Attention! Mail call!” two hundred-odd shipmates came pounding up on deck and clustered about the two seamen, standing by those precious bulging gray sacks. They were alternately pulling out fistfuls of letters and barking successive names of sailors who were, in turn, shouting back “Here! Here!” amid the pushing.

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One “mail call” brought me responses from Grandma,
Dad, and the Reverend Nelson — and my reading of

their letters left me not only astonished but more humbled than before.

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Rather than saying they would forgive that I hadn’t previously thanked them, instead, for Pete’s sake, they were thanking me — for having remembered, for having considered they had done anything so exceptional. Always the college professor, my dad had carefully avoided anything he considered too sentimental, so I knew how moved he was to write me that, after having helped educate many young people, he now felt that his best results included his own son.

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The Reverend Nelson wrote that his decades as a “simple, old-fashioned principal” had ended with schools undergoing such swift changes that he had retired in self-doubt. “I heard more of what I had done wrong than what I did right,” he said, adding that my letter had brought him welcome reassurance that his career had been appreciated.

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A glance at Grandma’s familiar handwriting brought back in a flash memories of standing alongside her white rocking chair, watching her “setting down ” some letter to relatives. Character by character, Grandma would slowly accomplish one word, then the next, so that a finished page would consume hours. I wept over the page representing my Grandma’s recent hours invested in expressing her loving gratefulness to me — whom she used to diaper! Much later, retired from the Coast Guard and trying to make a living as a writer, I never forgot how those three “thank you” letters gave me an insight into how most human beings go about longing in secret for more of their fellows to express appreciation for their efforts.

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Now, approaching another Thanksgiving, I have asked myself what will I wish for all who are reading this, for our nation, indeed for our whole world — since, quoting a good and wise friend of mine, “In the end we are mightily and merely people, each with similar needs.” First, I wish for us, of course, the simple common sense to achieve world peace, that being paramount for the very survival of our kind. And there is something else I wish — so strongly that I have had this line printed across the bottom of all my stationery: “Find the good — and praise it.”

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Most of her holds contained thousands of cartons of canned or dried foods. The other holds were loaded with five-hundred-pound bombs packed delicately in padded racks. Our destination was a big base on the island of Tulagi in the South Pacific. Why was it necessary for the writer to offer so many details of his voyage? The details indicate that this Thanksgiving was unusual, explaining why the writer felt the need to celebrate it in an unusual way.

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... this Thanksgiving morning had seen us busily preparing a traditional dinner featuring roast turkey.
Paraphrase this part. … on this Thanksgiving morning we were busy preparing a traditional dinner which included mainly roast turkey. “Feature” here means “to include as a special part”.

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I made my way out there, breathing in great, deep draughts while walking slowly about, still wearing my white cook’s hat. Analyze the structure of the sentence. 在这个长句中有三个 -ing 分词:breathing、walking 和 wearing。breathing 为 made my way out 的伴随状语, walking 与 while 连用表示与 breathing 这一动作同时 发生,wearing 为 walking 的伴随状语。 Translate the sentence into Chinese. 我信步走去,一边深深呼吸着空气,一边慢慢地踱 着步,头上仍戴着那顶白色的厨师帽。

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It must have taken me a half hour to sense that maybe some key to an answer could result from reversing the word “Thanksgiving” — at least that suggested a verbal direction, “Giving thanks.”

Translate this sentence into Chinese.
大概过了半个小时我才意识到,问题的关键也许在于把 Thanksgiving 这个词前后颠倒一下,那样一来至少文字 好懂了:Giving thanks。

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Not one time had I ever bothered to express to any of them so much as a simple, sincere “Thank you”.
What can we infer from this sentence? The author took all for granted and never expressed any appreciation. The sentence is in inverted order.

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I told him that whatever positive things I had done since had been influenced at least in part by his morning school prayers. Analyze the structure of the sentence. whatever positive … morning school prayer 是宾语从句。 I had done since 是定语从句,修饰 whatever positive things; since 为副词,修饰 had done; in part 在这里意 为 partly。

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and my reading of their letters left me not only astonished but more humbled than before.
Analyze the structure of this part. leave 常用于结构:leave sb. + adj./past participle, adj./past participle(此处为 not only astonished but more humbled than before)为宾语补足语。 Translate this sentence into Chinese. 我读了信,既觉得震惊,又深感卑微。

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Rather than saying they would forgive that I hadn’t previously thanked them, instead, for Pete’s sake, they were thanking me — for having remembered, for having considered they had done anything so exceptional. Paraphrase the sentence.

They didn’t say they would forgive me for not thanking them, but instead, for God’s sake, they thanked me for having remembered what they had done and for having thought they had done something special to me.

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A glance at Grandma’s familiar handwriting brought back in a flash memories of standing alongside her white rocking chair, watching her “setting down” some letter to relatives.

What does the sentence mean?

His grandma’s handwriting reminded the writer of many sweet memories of his childhood with her. “Setting down” here means “writing”.

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I wept over the page representing my Grandma’s recent hours invested in expressing her loving gratefulness to me. Paraphrase the sentence. I was moved to tears that my grandma had spent hours recently in expressing her loving gratefulness to me.

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under way: in position or operation, having started and making progress

It’s been under way for fifty years and it still has a long way to go. A battle to conquer nature is under way.
Collocation: all the way any way by the way by way of 自始自终 无论如何 顺便说 经由;通过?的方法

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put away: remove (sth.) to a place where it is usually stored
Put the books away neatly on the shelf. He has a habit of putting away his tools after work.

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get to sth./doing sth.: begin to give serious attention to or deal with Recently I’ve got to wondering why I am doing the part-time job. I’ll get to the accounts as soon as I can.

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reverse: vt. turn around to the opposite direction; exchange the position of The rise, the first in 10 months, reversed the downward trend in the country’s jobless rate. Why don’t you reverse the order so that I perform first and he performs second?

Collocation: in reverse 向相反方向;倒(退);逆(行、转等) just the reverse 正好相反,恰恰相反 suffer/sustain a reverse 遭受挫折(或失败);吃败仗 the reverse of ?的反面;绝不是?,远非?

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turn over: think about; consider 他在心里反复考虑这件事情。 He turned the matter over in his mind. She sat there quietly, turning over the problem. Collocation: turn aside turn (away) from turn down turn up 避开,撇开 对?感到厌恶 关小;拒绝

开大;出现

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repay: vt. pay back; reward She repaid me the money. How can I ever repay you for your kindness?

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gratitude: n. being thankful; thankfulness (followed by to sb. / for sth.)
He showed me his gratitude by inviting me to dinner. She expressed her gratitude for our help. Collocation: feel gratitude

心怀感激 表露感激之情 永远的感谢 诚挚的谢意

show gratitude
everlasting gratitude

deep/profound gratitude 深切的谢意

sincere gratitude

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specific: adj. relating to one thing and not others; particular He uses a specific tool for each job. 试卷回答要明确具体。 Be specific in your examination answers. CF: specific, special, especial & particular 均有“特殊的、特别的”的意思。 specific 意思是具体的、特定的、明确的。例如: He gave us a specific statement of the case. 关于这个案子他向我们作了详尽的陈述。

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special 意思是特殊的、专门的,强调某事物的特殊性 或特殊用途。例如: This is a special case, deserving special treatment. 这是一个特别案例,值得特殊处理。 particular 意思是特殊的、特别的。强调事物的独特性、突 出性。例如: This particular case is an exception to the rule. 这个特殊个案是个例外。 especial 是 special 的旧式的正式用语,用于强调。例如: We have an especial need of help at this time. 我们这个时候需要特别帮助。

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specific, special, especial & particular Translate the following sentences into English, using the above words. 我需要一个明确的回答。 I want a specific answer. Nothing special. The story happened on that particular day. He has an especial dislike for pop music.

没有什么特别的。 故事就发生在那一天。
他特别不喜欢流行音乐。

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on one’s behalf / on behalf of sb.: for sb.; in the interests of sb.; as the representative of sb.
My husband can’t be here today, so I’m going to speak on his behalf. 律师代表当事人说话。 The lawyer spoke on behalf of his client.

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impress: vt. 1. fix in sb.’s mind; make the importance of (sth.) very clear to sb. Pattern: impress upon/on sb. + that-clause impress upon/on sb. sth. My father impressed on me the value of hard work. 2. cause (sb.) to feel admiration or respect I am impressed by/with his performance.

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diminish: v. make or become smaller or less His illness diminished his strength. 我们的友谊决不会因时间的流逝而减弱。 Time will never cause our friendship to diminish. CF: decrease, diminish & reduce 这三个动词都有“减少”,“使减少”之意。 decrease 特指数量的减少。例如:

The population of the village has decreased to 400.
该村的人口已减到400.

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diminish 表示“带走或分离出去,而使物体的数量受损”。 有时指某事物的价值突然降低。例如: An occasional outburst did not diminish my respect for her. 一次偶然发火并没有减少我对她的尊重。

reduce 特别强调人为地减少或降低。例如:
The workers reduced their wage demands. 工人们降低了他们的工资要求。

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expose: vt. leave uncovered or unprotected

He enjoys exposing his skin to the sun.
作为战时摄影记者,她遇到了很多危险。 As a photographer in the war, she was exposed to many dangers. Pattern: be exposed to

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immerse: vt. cover completely in a liquid; absorb deeply He lay immersed in a hot bath. 她专心致志地工作,因而没有注意到我。 She was so immersed in her work that she didn’t notice me. CF: immerse, dunk & dip 这几个词均有“浸(入)”的意思。 immerse 是正式用语,指把某物完全浸入液体中,也可 以指陷入或专心于某事。例如: I immersed myself in work so as to stop thinking about her. 为了不再想她,我使自己完全沉浸在工作之中。

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dunk 是非正式用语,指将某物部分置于液体中,动作慢且 轻。例如: She used to dunk her biscuits in her tea. 以前她总是把饼干在茶里泡了吃。

dip 是常用词,亦指将某物部分置于液体中,但马上便从液 体中提出,其特点是小心谨慎或带有试探性。例如:
She dipped a toe in the water to see how cold it was.

她把脚尖浸入水中,以探知水有多凉。

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CF: immerse, dunk & dip
Put into each gap one of the above words. Change the form where necessary. 1. The whole town was ________ immersed in a festival atmosphere. dunk oneself in a pool on a hot day. 2. It’s nice to _____ 3. He dipped ______ the penpoint into the ink and then went on writing.

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marvelous: adj. causing wonder; excellent It’s marvelous that we could see each other again. It is a marvelous creation by the workers.

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sprinkle: vt. scatter (drops or particles of sth.) on (sth.); scatter in small drops Pattern: sprinkle sth. on/over sth. The gardener is sprinkling water on the grass.

Pattern: sprinkle sth. with sth.
Sprinkle the top with cheese. He likes to eat fish sprinkled with pepper.

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accord: vt. 1) grant 我们给予他一个英雄凯旋式的欢迎。 We accorded a hero’s welcome to him. 2) be in agreement (followed by with) What you have just said does not accord with what you told us earlier. Collocation: bring into accord 使符合,使一致 come/reach an accord 达成一致 in accord with 与?一致;与?相符合;与?调和 out of accord with 与?不一致,与?不相符合, 与?不调和

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successive: adj. following one after the other

This is his fifth successive victory.
He made two visits on successive days.

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undergo: vt. go through; experience
She is undergoing a surgical operation at the hospital. 解放前这位老工人遭受了许多苦难。 The old worker underwent much suffering before liberation.

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appreciate: vt. recognize the quality or significance of; value Professor Li’s lecture may help students to appreciate the works of art. We greatly appreciate your timely help. 我认为小孩对现代画往往比任何人都更有鉴赏力。 I think that young children often appreciate modern pictures better than anyone else.

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swift: adj. rapid; prompt He was swift to take offense. The river is too swift to swim in. CF: swift, prompt, rapid & quick 这几个词均有“快的、迅速的”的意思。 swift 是指速度很快,运动平稳或轻捷灵巧而毫不费力。 例如: Eagles are swift in flight. 鹰飞得很快。 prompt 指迅速及时,常含快得令人愉悦的意味。例如: Thanks for your prompt payment. 谢谢您迅速付款。

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CF: swift, prompt, rapid & quick rapid 用以描绘运动本身的速度,表示速度惊人。例如: The youth is making rapid progress. 这位青年进步很快。 quick 指即刻发生,常用来表示反应敏捷,也可指速度的 快。例如: Quick thinking saved him from the trap. 机警使他免入圈套。

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CF: swift, prompt, rapid & quick

Put into each gap one of the above words. Change the form where necessary.
1. What you need to do is just give your suit a quick ______ brush. 2. This mechanic is always _________ prompt in his duties. 3. He jumped high and swift ______ , like a swallow.
______ current. 4. The boat overturned in the rapid

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in a flash: instantly
The answer to the math question came to him in a flash. 仪式很快结束了。 The ceremony was all over in a flash. Collocation: an electronic flash a news flash a flash of lightning a flash of hope

电子闪光灯 电讯

一道闪电 一线希望

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go about: move around; behave in society; keep busy doing (sth.); set about 我们该怎样着手干这件工作? How shall we go about the job? Some people go about telling untrue stories.

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in secret: secretly The meeting was held in secret. They found she had been meeting her boyfriend in secret. Collocation: a dead secret 还未泄露的秘密 keep a/the secret 保守秘密 keep sth. a secret from sb. 不把某事告诉某人

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quote: vt. repeat or copy the words of (another) He quotes the Bible to support his beliefs.

To close, I would like to quote Benjamin Franklin, “One should eat to live, not live to eat.”
CF: quote, cite & repeat 这几个词均有“援引、转述”的意思。 quote 指(尽量)忠实地引用原文或他人说 过的话。例如:

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Reuters quotes a Chinese diplomat as saying, “Only the people can decide the fate of their country, not super powers.” 路透社引用中国一位外交官的话说:“只有人民才能决 定本国的命运,而不是超级大国。” cite 指列举事例、事实,以此证明自己的观点,不强调引 用的是否是原文或原话,往往只是提及某一出处或作 者的名字。例如: To support his argument he cited Article 68, Chapter 10, of the Charter of the United Nations.

为了证明自己的观点,他引据了《联合国宪章》第十章 第68条。

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repeat 指口头或书面上援引他人说过的话,但一般不提及出 处、来源,强调重复说出或写出别人的话,不在意是 否精确。例如: Don’t repeat the word of others like a parrot. 别鹦鹉学舌。

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CF: quote, cite & repeat Put into each gap one of the above words. Change the form where necessary. 1. I promised not to repeat ______ the secret. 2. The judicial minister _____ cited the latest crime figures as proof of the need for strengthening the comprehensive administration of social public order. 3. You may _____ quote a passage from the book. 4. Be careful or somebody will overhear what you say and may ______ repeat it afterwards.

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Useful Expressions Sentence Translation Listening Discussion Writing Practice Talk about the Pictures Proverbs and Quotations

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Writing Practice How to Write Thank-You Letters Examples Homework

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Useful Expressions 1. 认真思考 2. 真挚的文字 3. 由衷的感激 4. 渐渐变成一种?的习惯 5. 电子媒体 6. 很少了解

give serious thought to
genuine statements heartfelt appreciation graduate into a habit of … electronic media have little awareness of

7. 给?撒下美妙的遐想

sprinkle … with stardust

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8. 按常规 9. 个人经历 10. 最重要的事

in the routine personal experience topmost priority

11. 冲上甲板
12. 围聚在?周围 13. 一把把

pound up on deck cluster about … fistfuls of undergo swift changes in self-doubt

14. 发生迅猛的变化 15. 自我怀疑地

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16. 摇椅

a rocking chair

17. 一个字母一个字母地 character by character 18. 向?表达充满慈爱的 express one’s loving gratefulness to … 谢意 19. 靠当?为生 20. 使某人意识到 make a living as a … give sb. an insight into

21. 有着相似的需求
22. 简单的常识 23. 实现世界和平 24. 对?至关重要

with similar needs
simple common sense achieve world peace be paramount for …

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Listening Listen to the two dialogues “Thanksgiving Prayers” from the movie What’s Cooking (感恩节盛宴) and fill in the blanks. Woman 1: Dear God, thank You for bringing us all together ________ day, and for allowing our on this very special choose children to be happy in whatever way they ________ to be. We ask that others be as understanding and as as you are. tolerant _________ receive . We Woman 2: And for the food we are about to ________ thank you for allowing us to come together today and for our happiness ___________ . Woman 3: I am thankful that the ______ spirit of my late husband could be here with us today to celebrate your goodness.

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Woman 3: No, no, please. Woman 1: It’s the same at our house. Grace, go ahead. Woman 3: I’m thankful for our happiness, I’m thankful for the food we are about to receive. Child: And we pray for hope, future progress, for __________ harmony and so that we can all get along. And please what … and please help the Raiders win the game so they can make the playoffs _________ and please give me some Christmas presents like a telescope and please ____________ watch over my brother Jimmy in college. Amen. All: Amen.

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Turkey. Girl: Woman 1: And now it’s your turn. Woman 2: Well, I guess I’m most thankful that we’re all _______. healthy Here. Girl: Woman 2: That nothing terrible has happened to any of us and that we have good friends who invited us over so I didn’t have to spend the last three days cooking _______. Woman 1: Ronnie? Well, I’m thankful for having the best mother Ronnie: and wife and children in the world. Woman 1: Michael.

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Michael: I’m just glad to be home _____ . Woman 1: And … Monica. You’re last. Monica: I’d like to thank our fellow Native Americans who gave us this land _____________ in exchange for measles, reservations and _______ casinos so that we can have all this food to celebrate ________ with. Woman 2: Monica, please … Monica: More like _____________ Thanks-taking , don’t you think? Woman 1: OK, very good.

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Discussion 1. We all know China has many traditional festivals. Can you name some? What about western ones? Tips: Chinese Festivals: The Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, the Dragonboat Festival, the Mid-autumn Festival, the Double Ninth Festival.

Western Festivals: St. Valentine’s Day, Easter,Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Halloween, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas.

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2. Compare the Spring Festival with Christmas and Midautumn Festival with Thanksgiving. Which would you like to celebrate? Why? Tips: Spring Festival: January 1 according to lunar calendar, year-end household cleaning and family reunion dinner on New Year’s Eve, make dumplings, Spring festival couplets, fire crackers, enjoy lion dance / dragon lantern dance, watch CCTV’s Spring Festival Special, give children red envelops with lucky money

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Christmas: December 25, used to be a religious holiday to celebrate the birth of Christ, Christmas carols, Christmas trees with decoration, stockings, Santa Claus with his reindeers and sledges, turkeys, puddings, pumpkin pie, a family reunion

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Mid-autumn Festival: August 15th according to lunar calendar, family reunion, moon cake, sit in the open air and enjoy the full moon and stars Thanksgiving Day: last (fourth) Thursday in November, feast, watching American football game, Friday — biggest shopping day, shop till you drop, best price, shop for Christmas gifts

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3. What kind of roles do festivals play in people’s life? Tips: Give people a chance to take some days off from their normal duties and relax, offer an opportunity for people to socialize with their family members and friends, a family reunion with parents and siblings, strengthen family bonds, people can take advantage of festivals to travel home and abroad, stimulate the economy …

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How to Write Thank-You Letters 1. In relatively formal acknowledgements, a two- or threeline note is perfectly acceptable. In relatively informal acknowledgements, the type sent to people with whom you are more familiar, a longer note or letter is always appreciated, but one or two paragraphs will be enough. 2. In a formal thank-you letter, thanks should be expressed in the first line. In an informal thank-you letter, it’s fine to start more indirectly, but your thanks should be mentioned within the opening paragraph.

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3. Assuming you are writing a letter that communicates other information besides thanks, be sure to express your thanks first, then proceed with the rest of the letter. 4. A thank-you letter that properly reflects the tone of the occasion is always in good taste. For instance, in response to a formal gathering, a formal tone is appropriate for thanking someone with whom you were not previously acquainted. (You can retain a properly formal tone by using the surnames of the hosts in the greeting, by specifying the date of the event, etc.)

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Dear Lisa,

Example 1

I want to thank you again for the nice time at your home last Wednesday evening. It was very kind of you to invite my friend and me for dinner. Everything was delicious, especially the lemon pie. You certainly are a good cook! We also enjoyed meeting with your two daughters and chatting with them. As you know, I am going to return to China next week. If you are ever in Nanjing, please look me up. I’m looking forward to seeing you in my hometown sometime. Love, Liu Ming

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Example 2

Dear God, Now that I am no longer young, I have friends whose mothers have passed away. I have heard these sons and daughters say they never fully appreciated their mothers until it was too late to tell them. I am blessed with the dear mother who is still alive. I appreciate her more each day. My mother does not change, but I do. As I grow older and wiser, I realize what an extraordinary person she is. How sad that I am unable to speak these words in her presence, but they flow easily from my pen.

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How does a daughter begin to thank her mother for life itself? For the love, patience and just plain hard work that go into raising a child? For running after a toddler, for understanding a moody teenager, for tolerating a college student who knows everything? For waiting for the day when a daughter realizes how wise her mother really is? How does a grown woman thank a mother for continuing to be a mother? For being ready with advice (when asked) or remaining silent when it is most appreciated? For not saying, “I told you so,” when she could have uttered these words dozens of times? For being essentially herself — loving, thoughtful, patient, and forgiving?

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I don’t know how I, dear God, expect to ask you to bless her as richly as she deserves and to help me live up to the example she has set. I pray that I will look as good in the eyes of my children as my mother looks in mine. A daughter

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Homework Write three thank-you letters respectively to his father, his grammar school principal and his grandmother in the name of Alex Haley. Sample Letters: Letter to father Letter to grandmother

Letter to grammar school principal

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Dear Dad, It’s Thanksgiving and of course my thoughts are turning home to you. Looking out over the ocean I find myself thinking how much I owe to you. Yet I have never got round to telling you just how thankful I feel towards you for all you have done for me. There are so many things, I don’t know where to start and would never get to the end once I began. But if I had to pick just one thing it would perhaps be the love of books and reading I learnt from you. Those after-dinner quizzes at the table about the books we had just read and the new words we had

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picked up, I can see them in my mind’s eye as if they were yesterday. Not many are as lucky in their father as I am. So, simply, thank you. Your loving son, Alex

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Dear Grandma, Here I am, on board ship, and a thousand miles away from your wonderful cooking on Thanksgiving! Standing here at the rail, looking out at the sunset, I’ve been turning the meaning of Thanksgiving around in my mind and came up with the idea that it is just the time to be giving thanks to those we owe them to. And who better to start with than you? How could I have grown up without your help? You always found just the right way of showing me with those wonderful stories of yours the importance

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of telling the truth, of sharing and forgiving, of being considerate to others. Quite simply, you sprinkled my life with stardust. Thank you. Love, Alex

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Dear Rev. Nelson, I am writing this on board ship. It is Thanksgiving. My thoughts have been turning to all those who have done so much for me in the past and how I have never taken the time to thank them properly. Naturally, you were among the first to come to mind. You were, quite simply, the very best teacher a child could wish for. You gave us so many different gifts, but, if I were forced to choose one, then it would be your morning prayers at assembly at the start of each day. Whatever positive things I have done since can often be traced to the

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impression left by those prayers. For that guidance and all the other things I was lucky enough to learn from you, I shall always be in your debt. Your affectionate student, Alex Haley

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Talk about the Pictures

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Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Sentence Translation 1. Yet my mind seemed to be in quest of something else — some way that I could personally apply to the close of Thanksgiving. It must have taken me a half hour to sense that maybe some key to an answer could result from reversing the word “Thanksgiving” — at least that suggested a verbal direction, “Giving thanks.” 可我脑子里似乎还在搜索着别的什么——某种我能够赋予 整个节日以个人意义的方式。大概过了半个小时左右我才 意识到,问题的关键也许在于把 Thanksgiving 这个词前后 颠倒一下——那样一来至少字面意义好懂了:Giving thanks。

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

2. Yet my mind continued turning the idea over. After a while, like a dawn’s brightening, a further answer did come — that there were people to thank, people who had done so much for me that I could never possibly repay them.

可我脑子里仍一直翻腾着这事。过了片刻,如同晨曦 初现,一个更清晰的念头终于涌现脑际——要感谢他 人,那些赐我以诸多恩惠,我根本无以回报的人们。

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

3. At least seven people had been particularly and lastingly helpful to me. I realized, swallowing hard, that about half of them had since died — so they were forever beyond any possible expression of gratitude from me. 至少有七个人对我有过不同寻常、影响深远的帮助。 令人万分难受的是,我意识到,他们中有一半已经谢 世了——因此他们永远也无法接受我的谢意了。

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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4. A glance at Grandma’s familiar handwriting brought back in a flash memories of standing alongside her white rocking chair, watching her “settin’ down” some letter to relatives. 一看到外祖母那熟悉的笔迹,我顿时回想起往日站在 她的白色摇椅旁看她给亲戚写信的情景。

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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5. 那些注意力集中于感恩的人明显感觉更加幸福。他们积极 乐观地看待生活。他们鲜有诉说有头疼感冒之类的身体不 适症状,他们还积极参加健康有益的活动。
The people who focused on gratitude were just flatout happier. They saw their lives in favorable terms. They reported fewer negative physical symptoms such as headaches or colds, and they were active in ways that were good for them.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

6. 每天花上片刻——一般最好是临睡之前——扼要记下三件 当日发生的让你心存感激的事情。任何使你精神振奋的事, 使你绽露笑容、心情愉悦的事,或为你的将来带来幸福感 的事,都行。 Take a moment during the day — right before bedtime is usually best — to jot down three things that happened that day for which you are grateful. Anything that made you feel uplifted, that brought a smile to your face or your heart, or will contribute toward your future happiness, works.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

7. 过一段时间,你会发现在令你感激的条目列表中有着某种 一致性。许多条目显示他人在你生活中所起的重要作用。 其它条目突出一些有意义的经历。还有一些则涉及由你引 发的事情,你能满怀豪情地指着说,“我促成了此事。”

Over time, you’ll notice a consistency within the list of items you’re grateful for. Many entries will underscore the importance of people in your life. Others will highlight meaningful experiences. Still other items will be things that began with you, things you created that you can point to with pride and say, I made that happen.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

8. 感激之情,在向别人表示之后,几乎总能辗转返回。被感 激的人更加愿意为那些使他们觉得自己有价值的人作出回 报。

Gratitude, when expressed to others, almost always comes back around. People who feel appreciated are more willing to make an effort for those who make them feel valued.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Proverbs and Quotations 1. One should not live for oneself alone. 一个人不应仅仅为自己而活。 2. We never know the love of the parents until we become parents ourselves. — Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and orator 不养儿不知父母爱。 ——美国牧师、演说家 H. W. 比彻

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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3. Be it ever so humble, there is no place like home. — John Howard Payne, American dramatist and actor 金窝,银窝,不如自家的草窝。 ——美国剧作家、演员 J. H. 佩恩
4. Home is the place where, when you have to go there, it has to take you in. — Robert Frost, American poet 无论何时何地,家永远是向游子敞开大门的地方。 ——美国诗人 F. 弗罗斯特

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Culture Notes Reading Comprehension Task

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Culture Notes 1. About the Author Deborah Norville (born August 8, 1958) is an American television broadcaster and journalist. Since 1995 she has been host of the syndicated American television program Inside Edition. She earlier hosted Today on NBC, substitute anchored both the NBC Nightly News and the weekend CBS Evening News, and was a host and correspondent for two CBS News magazine programs. Born in Dalton, Georgia, she graduated from the University of Georgia in Athens with a degree in journalism.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

She has received two Emmy Awards for her television work, the first while at NBC News for coverage of a democratic uprising in Romania, and the second for work on CBS’s 48 Hours covering floods on the Mississippi River.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

2. Eudaemonia “Eudaemonia” is a classical Greek word commonly translated as “happiness”. Although popular usage of the term happiness refers to a state of mind, related to joy or pleasure, “eudaemonia” rarely has such connotations, and the less subjective “human flourishing” is often preferred as a translation. “Eudaemonia” is a central concept in ancient Greek ethics, along with the term “arete”, most often translated as “virtue”, and “phronesis”, often translated as “practical or moral wisdom.”

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

The Power of Gratitude Deborah Norville Robert Emmons, PhD, a professor of psychology at the University of California, has long been interested in the role gratitude plays in physical and emotional wellbeing. Along with psychology professor Michael McCullough of the University of Miami, Emmons took three groups of volunteers and randomly assigned them to focus on one of three things each week: hassles, things for which they were grateful, and ordinary life events.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

The first group concentrated on everything that went wrong or was irritating to them, such as “the jerk who cut me off on the highway.” The second group homed in on situations they felt enhanced their lives, as in “My boyfriend is so kind and caring — I’m lucky to have him.” And the third group recalled recent everyday events, as in “I went shoe shopping.”

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

The results: The people who focused on gratitude were just flat-out happier. They saw their lives in favorable terms. They reported fewer negative physical symptoms such as headaches or colds, and they were active in ways that were good for them. They spent almost an hour and a half more per week exercising than those who focused on hassles. Plain and simple, those who were grateful had a higher quality of life.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Others around them recognized that too. “They noticed that these people had more joy, more energy. They could see that they were becoming more optimistic,” says Emmons. The grateful group “even seemed to be perceived as more helpful toward others, going out on a limb to help people.” Emmons was surprised by this result. “This is not just something that makes people happy, like a positive-thinking / optimism kind of thing. A feeling of gratitude really gets people to do something, to become more pro-social, more compassionate.” This did not happen in either of the other two groups.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Emmons and McCullough took their study, published in 2003, one step further. Rather than focus on hassles or blessings on just a weekly basis, they rounded up college students to do it every day. Right off the bat, Emmons and his team recognized that there was something powerful about a regular gratitude check. And in a follow-up study, those who found something to appreciate every day were less materialistic — less apt to see a connection between life satisfaction and material things. They were more willing to part with their possessions. The bumper sticker that reads “The one with the most toys wins” was unlikely to be found on any of their cars.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

So how do we use all this science of gratitude in our lives? The power of gratitude takes just a few minutes a day. But it requires consistency and an open mind — and dedication. Says Emmons, “I think gratitude is a demanding quality, a rigorous quality. It’s a discipline, an exercise.” It may not come easily, but it can be developed. Here’s how: Record your thanks. Take a moment during the day — right before bedtime is usually best — to jot down three things that happened that day for which you are grateful. Anything that made you feel uplifted, that brought a smile to your face or your heart, or will contribute toward your future happiness, works.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

After each situation or event for which you feel thankful, write down why this was good for you. Perhaps you received an e-mail from an old school friend who hadn’t been in touch for years, and this reminded you of the good times you had together. It forced you to realize that people think of you even though you’ve had no contact with them, which must mean you’re a pretty special person. Also, make a note of who, if anyone, played a role in what you’ve recalled for the day and how that person had an impact on your life.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

None of this sounds hard, right? Given the choice between this exercise and 50 sit-ups plus 25 push-ups, you’re much more inclined to pick up a pen, aren’t you? The gratitude journal makes you look at life in a positive, concrete way, reminding you of its interconnectedness in a fast-paced, impersonal world and how much others add to the quality of your life. It forces you to focus on what went right instead of the inevitable things that went wrong. And it enhances your self-esteem.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

See the patterns. Over time, you’ll notice a consistency within the list of items you’re grateful for. Many entries will underscore the importance of people in your life. Others will highlight meaningful experiences. Still other items will be things that began with you, things you created that you can point to with pride and say, I made that happen. It’s called eudaemonia, the happiness or fulfillment that comes from the action itself, not the result of it. Any other benefits that come along — someone is grateful, your project is a success — are icing on the cake.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Catch the boomerang. Gratitude, when expressed to others, almost always comes back around. People who feel appreciated are more willing to make an effort for those who make them feel valued. In one study, waitresses who simply wrote “thank you” on the check before handing it to their customers received, on average, 11 percent more in tips than those who didn’t. Waitresses who wrote a message about an upcoming dinner special on the checks also received higher tips — on average, 17 to 20 percent higher. In a world where personal connections seem increasingly limited, and sometimes stressful when they do occur, gratitude resonates.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Seize the moment. Look around you: What’s right with your world? If you have a hobby, practice it. If you don’t, find one. Reach out to others; share something. A small gesture toward another individual costs you little but can bring many benefits. All these actions increase your opportunities to feel grateful. Says Barbara Fredrickson, a psychologist at the University of North Carolina, “Gratitude has the potential to change everything from its ordinary state to being a gift.”

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

hassle: n. an angry disturbance 节假日出行往往是很麻烦的。 Holiday travel can be a hassle. I didn’t think it was worth the hassle to go home again to get our lunch.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

home in (on sth.): move towards or be directed towards (sth.)
Two missiles homed in on the enemy’s aircraft carrier. 有意思的是,在寻找理想伴侣的过程中,男人和女人关注 的面部区域并不相同。 Interestingly, men and women focus on different parts of the face when they home in on a potential mate they want most.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

enhance: vt. increase the value or quality of; improve The computer can enhance the quality of photographs transmitted from space. 他们还将加强在食品安全与质量方面的合作.

They will also enhance cooperation on food safety and quality.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

perceive: vt. become aware of 我发觉他的行为有些变化. I perceived a change in his behavior. We had already perceived how the temperature fluctuated.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

out on a limb: in a position where one is not joined or supported by anyone else
这位候选人在预算问题上陷入困境。 The candidate went out on a limb on the budget issue. I don’t mind asking the director in person, but I’m not going out on a limb to get a rise in pay.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

compassionate: adj. showing or feeling sympathy and concern for others A compassionate and caring soul possesses deep and genuine concern for others. 她是个富有同情心且慷慨大方的人,她给我们的生活增 添了如此多的兴奋和灵感。 She was such a compassionate and generous soul who added so much excitement and inspiration to our lives.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

round up: cause to gather in one place They are trying to round up those robbers.

他们试图把分散的牲口赶在一起。
They try to round up a scattered herd of cattle.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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right off the bat: at the very beginning; straight away 我已预备和他大打一场,但是他马上就投降了。 I was all prepared to put up a fight, but he gave in right off the bat. They responded right off the bat.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

apt: adj. likely or having a tendency 我是一个热爱生活敢于挑战的女孩,也能够积极应对生活 中遇到的突发状况。 I am a girl apt to enjoy and challenge the life, and can deal with emergencies actively. Young men are apt to think themselves wise enough, as drunken men are apt to think themselves sober enough.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

part with: give up possession of The little girl refused to part with her old doll. 为了筹集基金,简不得不卖掉她所有的财产。 In order to raise funds, Jane had to part with all her property.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

The one with the most toys wins. Paraphrase the sentence.

The person who owns the most material possessions wins.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

And in a follow-up study, those who found something to appreciate every day were less materialistic — less apt to see a connection between life satisfaction and material things. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 后续的研究发现,那些每天都能找到感激之事的人较 少追求物质享受——他们不大会把生活的满意度与物 质财富联系起来。

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

consistency: n. a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts of a complex thing People talk about the importance of consistency in forming good habits. 这样做,我们必须在连贯性和公正性之间达到适度的平 衡。 In doing so, we need to strike an appropriate balance with consistency and equitability.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

The power of gratitude takes just a few minutes a day. But it requires consistency and an open mind — and dedication.
Translate the sentence into Chinese. 每天只需花几分钟工夫,感恩就会产生力量。但是 它需要始终不渝、心胸开阔以及奉献精神。

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

uplifted: adj. exalted emotionally, especially with pride We are supposed to be uplifted by these stories but they depress me. uplift: vt. raise (sb./sth.), esp. spiritually, morally or emotionally 有时,我们需要那么点东西来振奋精神,让我们更好受 些。 We need a little something to help sometimes, to uplift us and make us feel better.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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concrete: adj. definite; existing as sth. real or solid

针对教学设计中的每一步,文中均给出了具体可行的方法。
For every step in the teaching design, it all gives the concrete practicable methods. The achievements of science are more concrete and, therefore, easier to be understood than those of art.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

inevitable: adj. that cannot be avoided; that is sure to happen One has to accept the inevitable course of history. 看来他们的败局是不可避免的了。 It seems inevitable that they’ll lose.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

The gratitude journal makes you look at life in a positive, concrete way, reminding you of its interconnectedness in a fast-paced, impersonal world and how much others add to the quality of your life.
Translate the sentence into Chinese. 感恩日记使你以积极而又具体的方式看待生活,提醒 你关注在这个快节奏的、冷漠的世界里生活的相互联 系,以及他人在多大程度上提升了你的生活质量。

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

underscore: vt. give extra weight to, emphasize Let me underscore that you should focus on an important problem. 对于已经肥胖的年轻成人, 研究结果强调改变生活方式 很重要。 For young adults who are already obese, the findings underscore the importance of lifestyle changes.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

highlight: vt. give special attention to

我想着重强调文化传统在发展的过程中所面对的三个挑 战。 I would like to highlight three challenges in the process of development of cultural traditions.
The results highlight the need for better enforcement of existing laws.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

entry: n. item written in a list, a diary, an account book, etc. 他的日记上没有那一天的记录。 There’s no entry in his diary for that day.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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upcoming: adj. of the relatively near future

All upcoming conferences and exhibitions are listed in a calendar available in print and on the internet.
我们将在即将到来的比赛中再接再厉。 We will continue on like this in the upcoming encounters.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

In a world where personal connections seem increasingly limited, and sometimes stressful when they do occur, gratitude resonates. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

在一个人际联系显得越来越少而有时有了联系又非常 紧张的世界里,感恩之情会激起回响。

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

resonate: vi. resound The valley resonated with their laughter.

是否有些情形与你产生共鸣?
Is there anything that resonates with you?

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

reach out to (sth.): stretch out (one’s hand) in order to touch, grasp or take sth. We must reach out to the earthquake victims. 现代的政客们企图在广播演讲中与普通民众进行沟通。 Modern politicians try to reach out to ordinary people in their broadcast speeches.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

potential: n. power or quality that exists but has not been developed 在压力下工作能帮助员工发挥潜力。 Working under pressure can help employees fulfill their potential. Your market still has great potential.

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Supplementary Reading

Listen and Discuss Listen to the passage and discuss the following questions. 1. What does the author thank for? Why does the author consider himself a fortunate man? 2. What are the author’s attitudes towards life? What about you? 3. Is there anything or anybody you want to express gratitude to?

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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This day is all I have and these hours are now my eternity. I greet this sunrise with cries of joy as a prisoner who is reprieved from death. I lift my arms with thanks for this priceless gift of a new day. So too, I will beat upon my heart with gratitude as I consider all who greeted yesterday’s sunrise who are no longer with the living today. I am indeed a fortunate man and today’s hours are but a bonus, undeserved. Why have I been allowed to live this extra day when others, far better than I, have departed? Is it that they have accomplished

Unit 5 Giving Thanks
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their purpose while mine is yet to be achieved? Is this another opportunity for me to become the man I know I can be? Is there a purpose in nature? Is this my day to excel? I have but one life and life is naught but a measurement of time. When I waste one I destroy the other. If I waste today I destroy the last page of my life. Therefore, each hour of this day will I cherish for it can never return. It cannot be banked today to be withdrawn on the morrow, for who can trap the wind? Each minute of this day will I grasp with both hands and fondle with love for its value is beyond price. What dying man can purchase another breath though he willingly gives all his gold? What price dare I place on the hours ahead? I will make them priceless!


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