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高三任务型阅读专项复习


任 务 型 阅 读
Task—based Reading

Learning aims:
1.To learn the skills of doing task---based reading. 2.To do some exercises to strengthen it.

Instructions

《2015年江苏高考说明》
第四部分的任务型阅读提供了两 种示例——表格式和树状式。考 试说明中要求考生根据所读,用恰当 的词语补全文章提纲、概括关键内容 或作要词词语转换。

Table-shaped Title: Change in Today’s Children
Main comparison Different(1)_______ Contexts Children in the past just did what they wre(2)____to. Children today(3)______as if they were adults. Different(2)_______ Different(7)_______to get knowledge Children in the past never experienced(5)_______.

Sometimes sadness(6)______to children nowadays.
Children in the past: in a (8)_______and guided process Children nowadays:by(9)______TV without control

A phenomenon worth noting
The author’s (10)______to children’s change He prefers communication through print for children, which can control what children are to learn.

Tree-shaped
The Internet offers information to us

The Internet

The Internet enables us to (1)_____ in a new way.

Wecan(2)__ __Informati on throughout the World, because the Internet can Connect millions of computers.

The Internet is often called the “information superhighway”, because vast of information travel over it.

Thanks to(3)_____, we can keep in touch with others wherever we are.

It has changed the (4)______Of talking. Through it, we can talk with our students in London About the weather experiment.

It has also enabled us to exchange information at (5)_____speed than traditional communicative methods. Within a short time, it lets us(6)______anoth er person who has interest in(7)____.Besides, it helps us to send information

(8)____the advantages, we should be (9)_____when using it, because it May not be(10)_______if someone has access to our receivers’ computer.

Skills

The steps we often take:
1.Read the passage quickly and have an overall understanding of the passage
2.Look through the form and the contents 3.Locate the information and process the given information 4.Check your answer carefully

What characteristics do task— based reading passages usually share?
☆Clear structure ☆Obvious topic sentence

Read for general idea The introduction of computerized information systems has greatly affected management control in many companies. Even a neighborhood shopkeeper may now use computers to control sales, billing, and other activities. In large companies, electronic data processing systems monitor entire projects and sets of operations. Before the widespread use of computers, managers could not make full use of a large amount of valuable information about a company’s activities. The information either reached

managers too late or was too late to be used. Today, managers are facing plenty of data processing and information instruments. In place of a few financial controls, managers can depend on computer-based information systems to control activities in every area of their company. On any kinds of performance measures, the information provided by these systems helps managers compare standards with actual results, find out problems, and take corrective action before it is too late to make changes. Now, there are about 220 million microcomputers in use in the United States - 9

for every 10 citizens. It is estimated that by 2016, 90 percent of American managers will be using some sort of electronic work station. In order for managers to be sure that the computer-based information they are receiving is accurate, they need to understand how computers work. Although in most cases they do not need to learn how to program computers, managers should understand how computerized information systems work; how they are developed; their limitations and costs; and the manner in which information systems may be used. Such an understanding is not difficult to achieve.

One research has found that business firms are more successful in teaching basic information about computers to business graduates than they are in teaching business subjects to computer science graduates.

Read the passage and summarize the main idea of each paragraph Para1 A great effect/influence/impact on management control. changes Great resulting from the introduction of computerized information system. Requirements for managers An interesting

Para2

Para3
Para4

finding

表格
分析表格结构和内容 准确定位填空的要求

直接信息题

转换信息题

综合信息题

直接信息题→查读,抓住关键词
1. In the arrival statement, Wen said he is looking forward to the meeting with Singapore on ways to deepen East Asia cooperation between two nations so as to contribute to the building of a peaceful, harmonious relationship.
The Deepening East Asia cooperation significance between two nations of the visit Contributing ___________ to the establishment of a peaceful , harmonious relationship

Tip 1 agreement 注意格式一致

转换信息题
1. The League for the Hard of Hearing urges parents to encourage participation in quiet activities, liking reading, drawing and painting.
Solutions ★Monitor the volume of toys to the ★Limit children’s time spent in video arcades problem ★Encourage children to (10) participate in quiet activities.

n.

v.

participation

participate

一、词形转换(word formation)

2. The survey, conducted last week, showed about 70 percent of 3.990 interviewees believe the rich are immoral and not worthy of respect.
The result of the survey

About 70 percent of 3,990 interviewees believe the rich are not (2) moral and not worthy of respect.

前缀/反义

immoral

moral

二、句子结构转换(structure change) First, they need to have a sense of social responsibility. Second, they need to be self-disciplined, and third, they need to have a caring heart.
★They need to be (2) responsible for Things that the society. rich are short of ★They need to be self disciplined. ★They need to have a caring heart.

三、语法结构(grammar)
At night, you should also avoid things that contain caffeine, such as chocolate, coffee, tea and many soft drinks.
Measures to take to improve sleep quality ★Have regular sleep habits. ★Make your bedroom cool, dark and quiet. ★Avoid things (10) containing caffeine.

四、 用其它词释义(paraphrase)
The ministry warned that thefts and robberies inside or near banks rose rapidly, with the victims mostly women and elderly people. It advised people not to take large amounts of cash while traveling, especially during the approaching Spring Festival season, which always witnesses a large number of crimes.
… …

main types of Theft and robbery accounted for 80%; women crimes and elderly people were mostly(7) targeted at; people were advised to(8)_________taking a large avoid amount of cash.

转换信息题→转换信息,正确表述
常 见 的 转 换 方 式 一、词形转换 二、句子结构转换

三、语法结构
四、用其它词释义

word formation structure change grammar paraphrase

Let’s do some exercises!

即时训练:
用同义词替换,仅限一词 1. Most workers were in favor of the decision. supported 2. Her dress doesn’t go with her hair. match 3. I can’t put up with his behavior. tolerate/bear/stand 5. He left for a variety of reasons.
various 4. The meeting has been put off. delayed/postponed

综合信息题→归纳、概括
概括性 归纳词 的特征 针对性 醒目性
在最大限度上覆盖栏内信息 量体裁衣,大小适度 注意措辞

常 见 概 括 性 词

reason (for) cause (of) 结果 result effect consequence 目的 aim purpose goal measure solution (to) method (of) 方法 approach (to doing ) way (to do) 观点 opinion view( of ) attitude (towards) 异同 优劣 difference similarity advantage disadvantage strength weakness benefit drawback suggestion advice theme introduction aspect feeling conclusion behavior characteristic feature besides/apart from/in addition to

原因

建议 其它

综合信息题
Correct attitudes 7 towards one’s failure Don’t focus on your failure too much or measure your imperfect performance in an unrealistic 7 way or beat yourself up emotionally for your failure. Learn from the mistakes 8 you make and then forget them. Work hard to be perfect while at the same time forgiving yourself for your imperfection
Tip 2 根据已填的内容来推断

2.It’s about designing things. It’s about changing the world for people. It’s about making a difference. In addition, you can make a good living, you can be independent economically by becoming an engineer.
★It can be fun and exciting. ★It can change the world for Benefits/Advantages (7)___________ people. of being ★You can make a good living. engineers ★You can gain economic independence . Tip 3 根据句意推理, 概括段落大意, 注意大小写、单复数

Check carefully and correct the mistakes
? tense ? spelling ? handwriting ? singular or plural noun ? capital letter

Practice

Homework help
Do math problem 15 through 25. Conjugate(列举词形变化) the verbs on page 50 of your English workbook. Read pages 12 through 20 of the reading material for Chinese. When you are finished with that, don’t forget to fill in the missing chemical symbols on the Periodic Table worksheet(化学元素周期表). Sound like a lot of homework? As you know, homework is a major part of going to school. Luckily, there are several things you can do to make homework less work. Create a homework plan Most high school students have two to three hours of homework a night. If it is a heavy homework day, you may need to devote even more time. It is a good idea to come up with some kind of homework schedule, especially if you are going to do sports or other activities after school. Watch where you work A bedroom, study or any room where you can get away from

noise and interruption is a good place to get your homework done. But don’t study on your comfortable bed, or you might fall asleep there. Get to work When your start your homework, do the hardest assignments first. It is tempting to start with the easiest to get it out of the way. But you have the most energy when you begin working. It is the perfect time for you to use your mental power on the subjects that are the most challenging. Later, when you’re more tired, you can focus on the simpler things. Take a break Most people’s attention spans don’t last very long, so take some breaks while doing your homework. Sitting for too long without relaxing will make you less productive than if you stop to take a break regularly. Taking a 15-minute break every hour is a good idea for most people. Get help when you need it Sometimes even though you are paying attention in class, certain

subjects seem too hard. The first person to turn to for help is your teacher. He or she may be able to work with you before or after school and explain things more clearly. You may also be able to get some help from your classmates, However, keep in mind that this might not give you the results you want. Lots of people understand something perfectly but are not able to explain it. Another option is a tutor. The advantage of having a tutor is that it gives you the opportunity to ask questions directly and work at your own pace.

Theme (1) Create a homework plan Watch where you work Get to work

Homework can be quite hard, but there is something you can do to make homework easier. Details Heavy homework means (2) more time to your study, so it is a good idea to have a homework plan, which may enable you to (3) in various after-school activities. It is necessary for you to study in a quiet place without being (4) So a bedroom or a study is a good choice. When you begin doing your homework, you should do the most (5) assignments first because you have the most (6) beginning. .

in the

Take a break

If you sit too long without relaxing, your mind may wander. To remain (7) , it is a good idea for most people to have a rest for a (8) every hour. ★The first one you can turn to is your teacher. ★ You may also get help from your classmates but this may not (9) your needs. ★ A tutor is also a good option, who can (10) your questions directly and help you work at your own pace.

Get help

Theme

Homework can be quite hard, but there is something you can do to make homework easier. Details

(1) Suggestions/Advice/Tips Create a homework plan Watch where you work

Heavy homework means (2) devoting more time to your study, so it is a good idea to have a homework plan, which may enable you to (3) in various after-school activities. participate/join It is necessary for you to study in a quiet place without being (4) interrupted . So a bedroom or a study is a good choice.

Get to work When you begin doing your homework, you should do the most challenging/difficult energy (5) assignments first because you have the most (6) beginning. Take a break

in the

If you sit too long without relaxing, your mind may wander. To remain (7) , it is a good idea for most people to have a rest for productive quarter every hour. a (8) ★The first one you can turn to is your teacher. ★ You may also get help from your classmates but this may not (9) your needs. satisfy/meet ★ A tutor is also a good option, who can (10) answer your questions directly and help you work at your own pace.

Get help

summary
1.The steps we should take 2.Some skills to process given information

3.Some summary words

Homework
1. Review what we have learned
2. Finish Task-based reading on

your study plan

句子改写:后缀(suffix) 1. He was popular among people. He enjoyed popularity among people. 2.The car accident has caused permanent damage to her eyesight. The car accident has permanently caused damage to her eyesight.

3. He made an apology to me for losing my book.
He apologized to me for losing my book.

4. As people ignore the importance of sleep problems, World Sleep Day, observed on 21March, is created . Due to ignorance of sleep problems, people observe Mar.21, World Sleep Day. 5. Bob Geldof organized a charity concert call Live Aid, aiming at making people aware of the famine. Bob Geldof organized a charity concert called Live Aid in order to raise public awareness of the famine.

5. There are three main reasons why people move. According to CPS, family-related reasons accounts for 26.3%; work-related reasons 16.2%; housing-related reasons 51.6%. According to CPS, the majority of people move to other places for reasons related to housing.

6. Another great way to keep yourself motivated over the holiday is to find a friend who’s interested in reading the same book. You are advised to find a friend who’s interested in reading the same book to keep up your motivation . 7. Male nurses work in harmony with female nurses. Male and female nurses working together contributes to a harmonious working atmosphere.

Fill in the adjectives of the given words and try to find the hidden word.
1 benefit 2 health 3 hero 4 attract 5 help 6 excite 7 origin 8 danger b e n e h h t r f e e a Hidden word i c i a l a l t h y r o i c 3 c t i v e h e l p 1 2 4 f u

a t

l 5

o r

e x c i t i n g 6 i g i n a l 7 d a n g e r o u s 8

________ Clothing is quite important to our human beings.

句子结构转换
1. It took him two hours to finish the task. before It was two hours __________he finished the task. 2. Some of us don’t know what we want. Not _______ all of us know what we want. 3. Tom is not just a teacher ; he is a writer , too. Tom is more than a teacher ; he is a writer , too. 4. The museum is worth visiting. It is worthwhile to visit the museum. 5.Hosting the Olympics successfully is the greatest glory for a city. hosted The Olympics are the greatest glory if __________ successfully.

改错:每句话中均有一处错误,请找出改正
1. He found himself seating next to the professor. seated/sitting 2. The teacher got the students involving in the task. involved 3. I could see that he was wearing a discouraging look on his face. discouraged 4. People may feel excited and thrilled at that they see and hear. what 5. Apply skin care products to all areas which aging may appear. where

Theme
Suggestions/Advice

(1) /Tips/Ways Create a homework plan Watch where you work Get to work Take a break
Get help

Para2:Sound like a lot of homework? As you know, homework is a major part of going to school. Luckily, there are several things you can do to make homework less work.

Create a homework plan

Heavy homework means (2) devoting more time to your study, so it is a good idea to have a homework plan, which may enable participate/join in various afteryou to (3) school activities.

Create a homework plan: If it is a heavy homework day, you may need to devote even more time. …it is a good idea…, especially if you are going to do sports or other activities after school

Watch where you work

It is necessary for you to study in a quiet place without being (4) interrupted . So a bedroom or a study is a good choice.

Watch where you work: A bedroom, study or any room where you can get away from noise and interruption is a good place to get your homework done.

difficult Get to When you begin doing your homework, you work should do the most (5)/challenging assignments first because you have the most (6) energy in the beginning.

Get to work: When you start your homework, do the hardest assignments first.…But if you have the most energy when you begin working.

Take a break

If you sit too long without relaxing, your mind may wander. To remain (7) productive , it is a good idea for most people to have a rest for a (8) quarter every hour.

or achieving a Take producing a break: Most people’s attention spans 多产的 don’tlot last very long, so take some breaks while doing your homework. Sitting for too long without relaxing will make you less productive than if you stop to take a break regularly. Taking a 15-minute break every hour is a good idea for most people.

Get help

★The first one you can turn to is your teacher. ★ You may also get help from your classmates but meet/satisfy this may not (9) your needs. ★ A tutor is also a good option, who can (10)answer your questions directly and help you work at your own pace.

Get help: You may also be able to get some help from
your classmates, However, keep in mind that this might not give you the results you want. Lots of people understand something perfectly but are not able to explain it. …The advantage of having a tutor is that it gives you the opportunity to ask questions directly and work at your own pace.


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