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话题 2 家庭、朋友与周围的人

话题 2 家庭、朋友与周围的人 Family, friends and people around

第一篇 Some people bring out the best in you in a way that you might never have fully realized on your own. My mom was one of those people. My father died when I was nine months old, making my mom a single mother at the age of eighteen. While I was growing up, we lived a very hard life. We had little money, but my mom gave me a lot of love. Each night, she sat me on her lap and spoke the words that would change my life, “Kemmons, you are certain to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it.” At fourteen, I was hit by a car and doctors said I would never walk again. Every day, my mother spoke to me in her gentle, loving voice, telling me that no matter what those doctors said, I could walk again if I wanted to badly enough. She drove that message so deep into my heart that I finally believed her. A year later, I returned to school — walking on my own! When the Great Depression (大萧条) hit, my mom lost her job. Then I left school to support the both of us. At that moment, I was determined never to be poor again. Over the years, I experienced various levels of business success. But the real turning point occurred on a vacation I took with my wife and five kids in 1951. I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was angry that they charged an extra $2 for each child. That was too expensive for the average American family. I told my wife that I was going to open a motel (汽车旅馆) for families that would never charge extra for children. There were plenty of doubters at that time. Not surprisingly, mom was one of my strongest supporters. She worked behind the desk and even designed the room style. As in any business, we experienced a lot of challenges. But with my mother?s words deeply rooted in my soul, I never doubted we would succeed. Fifteen years later, we had the largest hotel system in the world — Holiday Inn. In 1979 my company had 1,759 inns in more than fifty countries with an income of $ 1 billion a year. You may not have started out life in the best situation. But if you can find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you. (NMET 2007 江苏) 71. What Kemmons? mom often told him during his childhood was ______. A. caring B. moving C. encouraging D. interesting 72. According to the author, who played the most important role in making him walk back to school again? A. Doctors. B. Nurses. C. Friends. D. Mom. 73. What caused Kemmons to start a motel by himself? A. His terrible experience in the hotel. B. His previous business success of various levels. C. His mom?s support. D. His wife?s suggestion. 74. Which of the following best describes Kemmons? mother? A. Modest, helpful, and hard-working. B. Loving, supportive and strong-willed. C. Careful, helpful and beautiful. D. Strict, sensitive and supportive.

75. Which of the following led to Kemmons? success according to the passage? A. Self-confidence, hard work, higher education and a poor family. B. Mom?s encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. C. Clear goals, mom?s encouragement, a poor family and higher education. D. Mom?s encouragement, a poor family, higher education and opportunities. 第二篇 When it comes to friends, I desire those who will share my happiness, who possess wings of their own and who will fly with me. I seek friends whose qualities illuminate(照亮)me and train me up for love. It is for these people that I reserve the glowing hours, too good not to share. When I was in the eighth grade, I had a friend. We were shy and “too serious” about our studies when it was becoming fashionable with our classmates to learn acceptable social behaviors. We said little at school, but she would come to my house and we would sit down with pencils and paper, and one of us would say: “Let?s start with a train whistle today.” We would sit quietly together and write separate poems or stories that grew out of a train whistle. Then we would read them aloud. At the end of that school year, we, too, were changing into social creatures and the stories and poems stopped. When I lived for a time in London, I had a friend, He was in despair(失望)and I was in despair. But our friendship was based on the idea in each of us that we would be sorry later if we did not explore this great city because we had felt bad at the time. We met every Sunday for five weeks and found many excellent things. We walked until our despairs disappeared and then we parted. We gave London to each other. For almost four years I have had remarkable friend whose imagination illuminates mine. We write long letters in which we often discover our strangest selves. Each of us appears, sometimes in a funny way, in the other?s dreams. She and I agree that, at certain times, we seem to be parts of the same mind. In my most interesting moments, I often think: “Yes, I must tell….”We have never met. It is such comforting companions I wish to keep. One bright hour with their kind is worth more to me than the lifetime services of a psychologist(心理学家) ,who will only fill up the healing(愈合的)silence necessary to those darkest moments in which I would rather be my own best friend. (NMET 2008 北京) 66. In the eighth grade, what the author did before developing proper social behavior was to ______. A. become serious about her study B. go to her friend?s house regularly C. learn from her classmates at school D. share poems and stories with her friend 67. In Paragraph 3, “We gave London to each other” probably means ______. A. our exploration of London was a memorable gift to both of us B. we were unwilling to tear ourselves away from London C. our unpleasant feeling about London disappeared D. we parted with each other in London 68. According to Paragraph 4, the author and her friend _______. A. call each other regularly B. have similar personalities

C. enjoy writing to each other D. dream of meeting each other 69. In the darkest moments, the author would prefer to ______. A. seek professional help B. be left alone C. stay with her best friend D. break the silence 70. What is the best title for the passage? A. Unforgettable Experiences B. Remarkable Imagination C. Lifelong Friendship D. Noble Companions 第三篇 Having a husband means an extra seven hours of housework each week for women, according to a new study. For men, getting married saves an hour of housework a week. “It?s a well-known pattern,” said lead researcher Frank Stafford at University of Michigan?s Institute for Social Research. “Men usually work more outside the home, while women take on more of the housework.” He points out that differences among households(家庭)exist. But in general, marriage means more housework for women and less for men. “And the situation gets worse for women when they have children,” Stafford said. Overall, times are changing in the American home. In 1976, women busied themselves with 26 weekly hours of sweeping-and-dusting work, compared with 17 hours in 2005. Men are taking on more housework, more than doubling their housework hours from six in 1976 to 13 in 2005. Single women in their 20s and 30s did the least housework, about 12 weekly hours, while married women in their 60s and 70s did the most - about 21 hours a week. Men showed a somewhat different pattern, with older men picking up the broom more often than younger men. Single men worked the hardest around the house, more than that of all other age groups of married men. Having children increases housework even further. With more than three children, for example, wives took on more of the extra work, clocking about 28 hours a week compared with husbands? 10 hours. (NMET 2009 全国 II B 篇) 45. According to the “well-known pattern” in Paragraph 1, a married man _________. A. takes on heavier work B. does more housework C. is the main breadwinner D. is the master of the house 46. How many hours of housework did men do every week in the 1970s? A. About 23. B. About 26. C. About 13. D. About 6. 47. What kind of man is doing most housework according to the text? A. An unmarried man. B. An older married man. C. A younger married man. D. A married man with children. 48. What can we conclude from Stafford?s research? A. Marriage gives men more freedom. B. Marriage has effects on job choices.

C. Housework sharing changes over time. D. Having children means doubled housework. 第四篇 In the kitchen of my mother?s houses there has always been a wooden stand(木架)with a small notepad(记事本)and a hole for a pencil. I?m looking for paper on which to note down the name of a book I am recommending to my mother. Over forty years since my earliest memories of the kitchen pad and pencil, five houses later, the current paper and pencil look the same as they always did. Surely it can?t be the same pencil? The pad is more modern, but the wooden stand is definitely the original one. “I?m just amazed you still have the same stand for holding the pad and pencil after all these years.” I say to her, walking back into the living-room with a sheet of paper and the pencil. “You still use a pencil. Can?t you afford a pen?” My mother replies a little sharply. “It works perfectly well. I?ve always kept the stand in the kitchen. I never knew when I might want to note down an idea, and I was always in the kitchen in those days.” Immediately I can picture her, hair wild, blue housecoat covered in flour, a wooden spoon in one hand, the pencil in the other, her mouth moving silently. My mother smiles and says, “One day I was cooking and watching baby Pauline, and I had a brilliant thought, but the stand was empty. One of the children must have taken the paper. So I just picked up the breadboard and wrote it all down on the back. It turned out to be a real breakthrough for solving the mathematical problem I was working on.” This story—which happened before I was born—reminds me how extraordinary my mother was, and is, as a gifted mathematician. I feel embarrassed that I complain about not having enough child-free time to work. Later, when my mother is in the bathroom, I go into her kitchen and turn over the breadboards. Sure enough, on the back of the smallest one, are some pencilled marks I recognize as mathematics. Those symbols have travelled unaffected through fifty years, rooted in the soil of a cheap wooden breadboard, invisible(看不到的)exhibits at every meal. (NMET 2010 天津) 46. Why has the author?s mother always kept the notepad and pencil in the kitchen? A. To leave messages. B. To list her everyday tasks. C. To note down maths problems. D. To write down a flash of inspiration. 47. What is the author?s original opinion about the wooden stand? A. It has great value for the family. B. It needs to be replaced by a better one. C. It brings her back to her lonely childhood. D. It should be passed on to the next generation. 48. The author feels embarrassed for . A. blaming her mother wrongly B. giving her mother a lot of trouble C. not making good use of time as her mother did D. not making any breakthrough in her field 49. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A .The mother is successful in her career. B. The family members like traveling. C. The author had little time to play when young. D. The marks on the breadboard have disappeared. 50. In the author?s mind, her mother is . A. strange in behavior B. keen on her research C. fond of collecting old things D. careless about her appearance 第五篇 My father was 44 and knew he wasn?t going to make it to 45. He wrote me a letter and hoped that something in it would help me for the rest of my life. Since the day I was 12 and first read his letter, some of his words have lived in my heart. One part always stands out. “Right now, you are pretending to be a time killer. But I know that one day, you will do something great that will set you among the very best.” Knowing that my dad believed in me gave me permission to believe in myself. “You will do something great.” He didn?t know what would be, and neither did I, but at times in my life when I?ve felt proud of myself, I remember his words and wish he were here so I could ask, “Is this what you were talking about, Dad? Should I keep going?” A long way from 12 now, I realize he would have been proud when I made any progress. Lately, though, I?ve come to believe he?d want me to move on to what comes next: to be proud of, and believe in, somebody else. It?s time to start writing my own letters to my children. Our children look to us with the same unanswered question we had. Our kids don?t hold back because they?re afraid to fail. They?re only afraid of failing us. They don?t worry about being disappointed. Their fear—as mine was until my father?s letter—is of being a disappointment. Give your children permission to succeed. They?re waiting for you to believe in them. I always knew my parents loved me. But trust me: That belief will be more complete, that love will be more real, and their belief in themselves will be greater if you write the words on their hearts: “Don?t worry; you?ll do something great.” Not having that blessing from their parents may be the only thing holding them back. (NMET 2010 安徽) 68. We learn from the text that the author ________. A. lost his father when he was young B. worked hard before he read his father?s letter C. asked his father?s permission to believe in himself D. knew exactly what great thing his father wanted him to do 69. What does the author tell us in the 3rd paragraph? A. Children need their parents? letters. B. Children are afraid to be disappointed. C. His children?s fear of failure held them back. D. His father?s letter removed his fear of failing his parents. 70. Which of the following is true of the author? A. He got no access to success. B. He wrote back to his father at 12. C. He was sure his parents loved him.

D. He once asked his father about the letter. 71. The main purpose of the text is to ________. A. describe children?s thinking B. answer some questions children have C. stress the importance of communication D. advise parents to encourage their children 第六篇 When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother?s Chinese English. Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her. My mother has long realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she used to have me call people on phone to pretend I was she. I was forced to ask for information or even to yell at people who had been rude to her. One time I had to call her stockbroker ( 股票经纪 人). I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing, “This is Mrs. Tan.” And my mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, “Why he don?t send me check already two week late.” And then, in perfect English I said: “I?m getting rather concerned .You agreed to send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn?t arrived.” Then she talked more loudly. “What he want? I come to New York tell him front of his boss.” And so I turned to the stockbroker again, “I can?t tolerate any more excuse. If I don?t receive the check immediately, I am going to have to speak to your manager when I am in New York next week.” The next week we ended up in New York. While I was sitting there red-faced, my mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English. When I was a teenager, my mother?s broken English embarrassed me. But now, I see it differently. To me, my mother?s English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, and full of observation and wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way I saw things, expressed ideas, and made sense of the world. (NMET 2010 广东) 41. Why was the author?s mother poorly served? A. She was unable to speak good English. B. She was often misunderstood. C. She was not clearly heard. D. She was not very polite. 42. From Paragraph 2, we know that the author was A. good at pretending B. rude to the stockbroker C. ready to help her mother D. unwilling to phone for her mother 43. After the author made the phone call, A. they forgave the stockbroker B. they failed to get the check C. they went to New York immediately



D. they spoke to their boss at once 44. What does the author think of her mother?s English now? A. It confuses her. B. It embarrasses her. C. It helps her understand the world. D. It helps her tolerate rude people. 45. We can infer from the passage that Chinese English A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers C. has a very bad reputation in America D. may bring inconvenience in America


第七篇 Andy rode slowly on his way to school, day-dreaming about the fishing trip that his father had promised him. He was so busy dreaming about all the fish he would catch that he was unaware of everything else around him. He rode along until a strange around drew him to the present. He came to a stop and looked curiously up to the heavens. What he saw shocked him. A huge swarm of bees filled the sky like clack cloud and the buzzing mass towards him. With no time to waste, Andy sped off in the opposite direction, riding furiously without knowing how to escape the swarm. With a rapidly beating heart and his legs pumping furiously, he sped down the rough road. As the bees came closer, his panic increased. Andy knew that he was sensitive to bee stings(蜇). The last sting had landed him in hospital—and that was only one bee sting! He had been forced to stay in bead for two whole days. Suddenly, his father?s words came to him. “When you are in a tight situation, don?t panic. Use your brain and think your ways out of it. ” On a nearby hill, he could see smoke waving slowly skywards form the chimney of the Nelson family home. “Bees don?t like smoke,” he thought. “They couldn?t get into the house.” Andy raced towards the Nelson house, but the bees were gaining ground. Andy knew be could not reach the house in time. He estimated that the bees would catch up with him soon. Suddenly, out of the corner of his eyes, he spotted a small dam used by Mr. Nelson to irrigate his vegetable garden. Off his bike and into the cool water he dived, disappearing below the surface and away from the savage insects. After holding his breath for as long as he could, Andy came up for air and noticed the bees have gone. Dragging himself out of the date, he struggled up the hilly slope and rang the doorbell. Mr. Nelson took his inside and rang his mother. “You?ll really need that fishing break to help you recover,” laughed his mother with relief. “Thank goodness you didn?t panic! But Andy did not hear her. He was dreaming onc e again of the fish he would catch tomorrow. ” (NMET 2010 江西) 56. Why did Andy fail to notice the swarm of bees earlier? A. He was riding to school. B. He was listening to a strange sound. C. He was going fishing with his father. D. He was lost in the thought of the fishing trip. 57. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the swarm of bees in the passage? A. They crowded like a black cloud. B. They shocked and terrified Andy.

C. They tried to attack Andy in a mass. D. They made Andy stay in hospital for two days. 58. How did Andy avoid the bees in the end? A. He asked Mr. Nelson in help. B. He hid himself under the water. C. He rushed into the Nelson house. D. He rode off in the opposite direction. 59. Which of he following can best describe Andy?s escape from the bees? A. No pain, no gains. B. Once bitten, twice shy C. Where there is a will, there is a way. D. In time of danger, one?s mind works fast. 第八篇 They are the sort of friends who are so close they trust each other with their lives. If one fails, the other is there to catch him. They are Wellman, whose legs were permanently injured nine years ago in a rock-climbing accident and Corbett, an experienced rock climber. Together, they climbed up Half Dome, the famous 2000-foot rock in the Yosemite National Park, through one of the most different routes (路 线). During the climb, Corbett took the lead, hit in the metal spikes(尖状物)that guided the ropes and climbed up. Then, after Wellman pulled himself up the rope, Corbett went down to remove the spikes and climbed up again. This process was repeated time and again, inch by inch, for 13 days. Wellman?s job was not easy either. He got himself up the rope through upper body strength alone. In all, Wellman figured that he had done 5,000 pull-ups up the rope on the climb. However, when the two men first met, they never talked about climbing. “He knew that was how I got injured.” Wellman said. Until one day Wellman decided that he wanted to climb again and they started training. Their climb of half dome was not all smooth. At one point, pieces of rock gave way, and Corbett dropped down quickly. Wellman locked their rope in place, stopping the fall at 20 feet. His quick action probably saved his friend?s life. “Your partner can save your life -- you can save your partner?s life,” Wellman said as the pair received congratulations from friends. “There are real close ties.” (NMET 2011 安徽) 64. Which of the following was a challenge for Corbett in climbing Half Dome? A. To climb up to remove the spikes. B. To climb it twice C. To do 5,000 pull-ups up the rope. D. To lock the rope in place. 65. Why did the two men never talk about climbing when they first met? A. Corbett was poorly trained. B. Wellman had lost interest in climbing. C. Corbett didn?t want to hurt Wellman. D. Wellman hadn?t decided whether to climb again. 66. What do we know about Wellman? A. He climbed Half Dome by himself. B. He was disabled in a traffic accident. C. He stopped rock-climbing for some time.

D. He was saved by Corbett during the climb. 67. The main idea of the text is that ________. A. two beads are better than one B. friendship is precious in life C. the disabled should never give up D. a man can be destroyed but cannot be defeated 第九篇 My father was Chief Engineer of a merchant ship, which was sunk in World War II. The book Night of the U-boats told the story. Memories In September,1940,my mother, sister and I went to Swansea, where my father ?s ship was getting ready to sail. We brought him a family photograph to be kept with him at all times and keep him safe. Then I remember my mother lying face down, sobbing. She had heard from a friend that the ship had been sunk by a torpedo (鱼雷). I can remember the arrival of the telegram(电报) ,which in those days always brought bad news. My grandmother opened it. It read, “Safe. Love Ted.” My most vivid memory is being woken and brought down to sit on my father?s knee, his arm in a bandage. He was judged unfit to return to sea and took a shore job in Glasgow for the rest of the war. For as long as I can remember, he had a weak heart. Mother said it was caused by the torpedoes. He said it was because of t he cigarettes. Whichever, he died suddenly in his early 50s. Ten years later I read Night of the U-boats and was able to complete the story. Torpedo One torpedo struck the ship. Father was in the engine room, where the third engineer was killed. He shut down the engines to slow the ship making it easier for it to be abandoned. By the time he got on deck(甲板) he was alone. Every lifeboat was gone except one which had stuck fast. When he tried to cut it free, it swung against the ship, injuring his hand and arm. He had no choice but to jump—still with the photograph in his pocket. Three days later, he and other survivors were safe in Glasgow. All 23 with him signed the back of the photograph. A toast In my room are the book and the photograph. Often, glass in hand, I have wondered how I would have dealt with an explosion, a sinking ship, a jump into a vast ocean and a wait for rescue? Lest (以免) we forget, I have some more whisky and toast the heroes of the war. (NMET 2011 湖 南) 61. We can infer that the mother and children went to Swansea ______. A. to meet a friend B. to see the father off C. to take a family photo D. to enjoy the sailing of the ship 62. What did the author learn about the father from the telegram? A. He was still alive. B. His knee was broken.

C. His ship had been sunk. D. He had arrived in Glasgow. 63. The underlined word “it” in paragraph 6 refers to the father ?s _____. A. weak heart B. taking a shore job C. failure to return D. injury caused by a torpedo 64. What can we know about the author?s father after his ship was attacked? A. He lost his arm. B. He repaired the engines. C. He managed to take a lifeboat. D. He was the last to leave the ship. 65. What is the passage mainly about? A. A group of forgotten heroes. B. A book describing a terrifying battle. C. A ship engineer?s wartime experience. D. A merchant?s memories of a sea rescue. 第十篇 Shay and his father had walked past a park where some boys Shay knew were playing baseball. Shay asked, “Do you think they?ll let me play?” Shay?s father knew that most of the boys would not want someone like Shay on their team, but the father also understood that if his son, mentally and physically disabled, were allowed to play, it would give him a much-needed sense of belonging and some confidence. Shay?s father approached one of the boys on the field and asked if Shay could play, not expecting much. The boy looked around and said, “We?re losing by six runs (分) and the game is in the eighth inning (局).I guess he can be on our team and we?ll try to put him in to bat in the final inning. Shay struggled over to the team?s bench and put on a team shirt with a broad smile and his father had a small tear in his eye and warmth in heart. The boys saw the father?s joy at his son being accepted. In the bottom of the eighth inning, Shay?s team scored a few runs but was still behind by three. In the top of the final inning, Shay put on a glove and played in the field. Even though no hits came his way, he was obviously joyful just to be in the game and on the field. In the bottom of the final inning, Shay?s team scored again. Now, Shay was scheduled to be next at bat. Would they let Shay bat and give away their chance to win the game? Surprisingly, Shay was given the bat. Everyone knew that a hit was almost impossible. The first pitch (投) came and Shay missed. The pitcher again took a few steps forward to throw the ball softly towards Shay. As the pitch came in, Shay swung at the ball and hit a slow ground ball right back to the pitcher. The pitcher could have easily thrown he ball to the first baseman and Shay would have been out and that would have been the end of the game .Instead, the pitcher threw the ball right over the head of first baseman, beyond the reach of all teammates. The audience and the players from both teams started screaming, “Shay, run to first! “ Never in his life had Shay ever run that far but made it to first base, wide-eyed and shocked. Everyone shouted, “Run to second!” Catching his breath, Shay awkwardly ran towards second.

By the time Shay rounded towards second base, the smallest guy on their team, who had a chance to be the hero for his team for the first time, could have thrown the ball to the second baseman, but he understood the pitcher?s intentions and he too intentionally threw the ball high and far over the third baseman?s head. All were screaming, “Shay, Shay, Shay, all the way Shay.” Shay reached third base when one opposing player ran to help him and shouted, “Shay, run to third.” As Shay rounded third, all were on their feet, crying, “Shay, run home!”Shay ran to home, stepped on the home base and was cheered as the hero who won the game for his team. That day, the boys from both teams helped bring a piece of true love and humanity into this world. Shay didn?t make it to another summer and died that winter, having never forgotten being the hero and making his father so happy and coming home and seeing his mother tearfully hug her little hero of the day! (NMET 2011 江苏) 66. Not expecting much, Shay?s father still asked the boy if Shay could play, mainly because the father _________. A. noticed some of the boys on the field were hesitating B. guessed his presence would affect the boy?s decision C. learned some of the boys on the field knew Shay well D. understood Shay did need a feeling of being accepted 67. In the bottom of the final inning Shay was given the bat because the boys _________. A. believed they were sure to win the game B. would like to help Shay enjoy the game C. found Shay was so eager to be a winner D. felt forced to give Shay another chance 68. The smallest boy threw the ball high and far over the third baseman?s head, probably because that boy ________. A. was obviously aware of the pitcher?s purpose B. looked forward to winning the game for his team C. failed to throw the ball to the second baseman D. saw that Shay already reached second base 69. Which of the following has nothing to do with Shay?s becoming the hero for his team? A. The pitcher did not throw the ball to the first baseman. B. The audience and the players from both teams cheered for him. C. The opposing players failed to stop his running to home. D. One of the opposing players ran to help him. 70. What to you think is the theme of the story? A. True human nature could be realized in the way we treat each other. B. Everyone has his own strength even if mentally or physically disabled. C. Everyone can develop his team spirit in sports and please his parents. D. The results of the game should not be the only concern of the players.


第十一篇 When milk arrived on the doorstep When I was a boy growing up in New Jersey in the 1960s, we had a milkman delivering milk to our doorstep. His name was Mr. Basille. He wore a white cap and drove a white truck. As a 5-year-old boy, I couldn?t take my eyes off the coin changer fixed to his belt. He noticed this one day during a delivery and gave me a quarter out of his coin changer. Of course, he delivered more than milk. There was cheese, eggs and so on. If we needed to change our order, my mother would pen a note -- “Please add a bottle of buttermilk next delivery” -and place it in the box along with the empty bottles. And then, the buttermilk would magically(魔 术般)appear. All of this was about more than convenience. There existed a close relationship between families and their milkmen. Mr. Basille even had a key to out house, for those times when it was so cold outside that we put the box indoors, so that the milk wouldn?t freeze. And I remember Mr. Basille from time to time taking a break at our kitchen table, having a cup of tea and telling stories about his delivery. There is sadly no home milk delivery today. Big companies allowed the production of cheaper milk, thus making it difficult for milkmen to compete. Besides, milk is for sale everywhere, and it may just not have been practical to have a delivery service. Recently, an old milk box in the countryside I saw brought back my childhood memories. I took it home and planted it on the back porch (门廊). Every so often my son?s friends will ask what it is. So I start telling stories of my boyhood, and of the milkman who brought us friendship along with his milk. (NMET 2011 全国卷 I) 56. Mr. Basille gave the boy a quarter out of his coin changer____. A. to show his magical power B. to pay for the delivery C. to satisfy his curiosity D. to please his mother 57. What can be inferred from the fact that the milkman had the key to the boy?s house? A. He wanted to have tea there. B. He was a respectable person. C. He was treated as a family member. D. He was fully trusted by the family. 58. Why does home milk delivery no longer exist? A. Nobody wants to be a milkman now. B. It has been driven out of the market. C. Its service is getting poor. D. It is forbidden by law. 59. Why did the author bring back home an old milk box? A. He missed the good old days. B. He wanted to tell interesting stories. C. He missed it for his milk bottles. D. He planted flowers in it. 第十二篇 Tim Richter and his wife, Linda, had taught for over 30 years near Buffalo, New York -- he in computers, she in special education. “Teaching means everything to us,” Tim would say. In April1998, he learned he would need a heart operation. It was the kind of news that leads to some

serious thinking about life?s purpose. Not long after the surgery, Tim saw a brochure describing Imagination Library, a program started by Dolly Parton?s foundation (基金会) that mailed a book every month to children from birth to age five in the singer?s home town of Sevier, Tennessee. “I thought, maybe Linda and I could do something like this when we retire,” Tim recalls. He placed the brochure on his desk, “as a reminder.” Five years later, now retired and with that brochure still on the desk, Tim clicked on imaginationlibrary.com. The program had been opened up to partners who could take advantage of book and postage discounts. The quality of the books was of great concern to the Richters. Rather than sign up online, they went to Dollywood for a look-see. “We didn?t want to give the children rubbish, “says Linda. The books -- received each year by teachers, literacy specialists, and Dollywood board members -included classics such as Ezra Jack Keats's The Snowy Day and newer books like Anna Dewdney's Llama Llama series. Satisfied, the couple set up the Richter Family Foundation and got to work. Since 2004, they have shipped more than 12,200 books to preschoolers in their area. Megan Williams, a mother of four, is more than appreciative:"This program introduces us to books I've never heard of." The Richters spend about $400 a month sending books to 200 children."Some people sit there and wait to die." says Tim."Others get as busy as they can in the time they have left."(NMET 2011 山东) 61. What led Tim to think seriously about the meaning of life? A. His health problem. B. His love for teaching. C. The influence of his wife. D. The news from the Web. 62. What did Tim want to do after learning about Imagination Library? A. Give out brochures. B. Do something similar. C. Write books for children D. Retire from being a teacher. 63. According to the text, Dollly Parton is ________. A. a well-known surgeon B. a mother of a four-year-old C. a singer born in Tennessee D .a computer programmer 64. Why did the Richters go to Dollywood? A. To avoid signing up online. B. To meet Dollywood board members. C. To make sure the books were the newest. D. To see if the books were of good quality. 65. What can we learn from Tim?s words in the last paragraph? A. He needs more money to help the children. B. He wonders why some people are so busy. C. He tries to save those waiting to die. D. He considers his efforts worthwhile. 第十三篇 In early autumn I applied for admission to college. I wanted to go nowhere but to Cornell University,but my mother fought strongly against it. When she saw me studying a photograph of my father on the sports ground of Cornell,she tore it up. “You can't say it's not a great university, just because Papa went there.”

“That?s not it at all. And it is a top university.” She was still holding the pieces in her hand.” But we can?t afford to send you to college.” “I wouldn?t dream of asking you for money. Do you want me to get a job to help support you and Papa? Things aren?t that bad,are they?” “No,” she said. ”I don?t expect you to help support us.” Father borrowed money from his rich cousins to start a small jewellery shop. His chief customers were his old college friends. To get new customers,my mother had to help. She picked up a long-forgotten membership in the local league of women,so that she could get to know more people. Whether those people would turn into customers was another question. I knew that my parents had to wait for quite a long time before their small investment(投资)could show returns. What?s more,they had not wanted enough to be rich and successful; otherwise they could not possibly have managed their lives so badly. I was torn between the desire to help them and change their lives, and the determination not to repeat their mistakes. I had a strong belief in my power to get what I wanted. After months of hard study l won a full college scholarship(奖学金). My father could hardly contain his pride in me,and my mother eventually gave in before my success.(NMET 2011 陕西) 53. The author was not allowed to go to Cornell University mainly because ________. A. his father graduated from the university B. his mother did not think it a great university C. his parents needed him to help support the family D. his parents did not have enough money for him 54. The father started his small shop with the money from ________. A. a local league B. his university C. his relatives D. his college friends 55. Why did the mother renew her membership in the league? A. To help with her husband?s business B. To raise money for her son C. To meet her long-forgotten friends D. To better manage her life 56. According to the text, what was the author determined to do in that autumn? A. To get a well-paid job for himself B. To improve relations with his mother C. To go to his dream university D. To carry on with his father?s business 第十四篇 Homestay provides English language students with the opportunity to speak English outside the classroom and the experience of being part of a British home. What to Expect The host will provide accommodation and meals. Rooms will be cleaned and bedcovers changed at least once a week. You will be given the house key and the host is there to offer help and advice as well as to take an interest in your physical and mental health. Accommodation Zones Homestays are located in London mainly in Zones2, 3 and 4 of the transport system. Most hosts do not live in the town centre as much of central London is commercial and not residential(居 住的). Zones 3 and 4 often offer larger accommodation in a less crowded area. It is very convenient to travel in London by Underground.

Meal Plans Available ? Continental Breakfast ? Breakfast and Dinner ? Breakfast, Packed Lunch and Dinner It?s important to note that few English families still provide a traditional cooked breakfast. Your accommodation includes Continental Breakfast which normally consists of fruit juice, cereal (谷物类食品) ,bread and tea or coffee. Cheese, fruit and cold meat are not normally part of a Continental Breakfast in England. Dinners usually consist of meat or fish with vegetables followed by desert, fruit and coffee. Friends If you wish to invite a friend over to visit, you must first ask your host?s permission. You have no right to entertain friends in a family home as some families feel it is an invasion of their privacy. Self-Catering Accommodation in Private Homes Accommodation on a room-only basis includes shared kitchen and bathroom facilities and often a main living room. This kind of accommodation offers an independent lifestyle and is more suitable for the long-stay student. However, it does not provide the same family atmosphere as an ordinary homestay and may not benefit those who need to practise English at home quite as much. (NMET 2011 天津) 36. The passage is probably written for________. A. hosts willing to receive foreign students B. foreigners hoping to build British culture C. travellers planning to visit families in London D. English learners applying to live in English homes 37. Which of the following will the host provide? A. Room cleaning. B. Medical care. C. Free transport. D. Physical training. 38. What can be inferred from Paragraph 3? A. Zone 4 is more crowded than Zone 2. B. The business centre of London is in Zone 1. C. Hosts dislike travelling to the city centre. D. Accommodation in the city centre is not provided. 39. According to the passage. What does Continental Breakfast include? A. Dessert and coffee B. Fruit and vegetables. C. bread and fruit juice D. Cereal and cold meat. 40. Why do some people choose self-catering accommodation? A. To experience a warmer family atmosphere. B. To enrich their knowledge of English. C. To entertain friends as they like. D. To enjoy much more freedom.



第十五篇 It was Saturday. As always, it was a busy one, for “Six days shall you labor and do all your work” was taken seriously back then. Outside, Father and Mr. Patrick next door were busy chopping firewood. Inside their own houses, Mother and Mrs. Patrick were engaged in spring cleaning. Somehow the boys had slipped away to the back lot with their kites. Now, even at the risk of having Brother caught to beat carpets, they had sent him to the kitchen for more string (线). It seemed there was no limit to the heights to which kites would fly today. My mother looked at the sitting room, its furniture disordered for a thorough sweeping. Again she cast a look toward the window. “Come on, girls! Let's take string to the boys and watch them fly the kites a minute.” On the way we met Mrs. Patric, laughing guiltily as if she were doing something wrong, together with her girls. There never was such a day for flying kites! We played all our fresh string into the boys' kites and they went up higher and higher. We could hardly distinguish the orange-colored spots of the kites. Now and then we slowly pulled one kite back, watching it dancing up and down in the wind, and finally bringing it down to earth, just for the joy of sending it up again. Even our fathers dropped their tools and joined us. Our mothers took their turn, laughing like schoolgirls. I think we were all beside ourselves. Parents forgot their duty and their dignity; children forgot their everyday fights and little jealousies. “Perhaps it's like this in the kingdom of heaven.” I thought confusedly. It was growing dark before we all walked sleepily back to the houses. I suppose we had some sort of supper. I suppose there must have been surface tidying-up, for the house on Sunday looked clean and orderly enough. The strange thing was, we didn't mention that day afterward. I felt a little embarrassed. Surely none of the others had been as excited as I. I locked the memory up in that deepest part of me where we keep “the things that cannot be and yet they are.” The years went on, then one day I was hurrying about my kitchen in a city apartment, trying to get some work out of the way while my three-year-old insistently cried her desire to “go park, see duck.” “I can't go!” I said. “I have this and this to do, and when I'm through I'll be too tired to walk that far.” My mother, who was visiting us, looked up from the peas she was shelling. “It's a wonderful day,” she offered, “really warm, yet there's a fine breeze. Do you remember that day we flew kites?” I stopped in my dash between stove and sink. The locked door flew open and with it a rush of memories. “Come on,” I told my little girl. “You're right. It's too good a day to miss.” Another decade passed. We were in the aftermath (余波) of a great war. All evening we had been asking our returned soldier, the youngest Patrick Boy, about his experiences as a prisoner of war. He had talked freely, but now for a long time he had been silent. What was he thinking of -what dark and horrible things? “Say!” A smile slipped out from his lips. “Do you remember -- no, of course you wouldn't. It probably didn't make the impression on you as it did on me.” I hardly dared speak. “Remember what?” “I used to think of that day a lot in POW camp (战俘营), when things weren't too good. Do you remember the day we flew the kites?”(NMET 2011 浙江)

56. Mrs. Patrick was laughing guiltily because she thought ________. A. she was too old to fly kites B. her husband would make fun of her C. she should have been doing her housework then D. her girls weren?t supposed to play the boy?s game 57. By “we were all beside ourselves”, the writer means that they all ________. A. felt confused B. went wild with joy C. looked on D. forgot their fights 58. What did the writer think after the kite-flying? A. The boys must have had more fun than the girls. B. They should have finished their work before playing. C. Her parents should spend more time with them. D. All the others must have forgotten that day. 59. Why did the writer finally agree to take her little girl for an outing? A. She suddenly remembered her duty as a mother. B. She was reminded of the day they flew kites. C. She had finished her work in the kitchen. D. She thought it was a great day to play outside. 60. The youngest Patrick Boy is mentioned to show that ________. A. the writer was not alone in treasuring her fond memories B. his experience in POW camp threw a shadow over his life C. childhood friendship means so much to the writer D. people like him really changed a lot after the war 第十六篇 At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered, with anxiety and worry in every line of his face. This meeting would decide his future life, and he obviously knew it. “You may wonder, Sir Percival," said Laura calmly, "if I am going to ask to be released ( 免除) from my promise to marry you. I am not going to ask this. I respect my father's wishes too much. ” His face relaxed a little, but one of his feet kept beating the carpet. “No, if we are going to withdraw(退出) from our planned marriage, it will be because of your wish, not mine. ” "Mine?" he said in great surprise. "What reason could I have for withdrawing?" "A reason that is very hard to tell you,” she answered. "There is a change in me.” His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color. He turned his head to one side. “What change?" he asked, trying to appear calm. "When the promise was made two years ago", she said, “my love did not belong to anyone. Will you forgive me, Sir Percival, if I tell you that it now belongs to another person?" “I wish you to understand", Laura continued, “that I will never see this person again, and that if you leave me, you only allow me to remain a single woman for the rest of my life. All I ask is that you forgive me and keep my secret.” “I will do both those things, " he said. Then he looked at Laura, as if he was wait ing to hear more. "I think I have said enough to give you reason to withdraw from our marriage,” she added quietly. "No. You have said enough to make it the dearest wish of my life to marry you,” he said.

(NMET 2012 福建) 60. How did Percival feel during his meeting with Laura? A. Angry. B. Calm. C. Nervous. 61. We can learn from the passage that ________. A. Laura had once promised to marry Percival B. Laura's father wished to end her marriage C. Percival had been married to Laura for two years D. Percival asked to be released from the marriage 62. The passage is probably taken out of ________. A. a novel B. a report C. a diary D. an essay

D. Excited.

第十七篇 How is it that siblings(兄弟姐妹) can turn out so differently? One answer is that in fact each sibling grows up in a different family. The firstborn is, for a while, an only child, and therefore has a completely different experience of the parents than those born later. The next child is, for a while, the youngest, until the situation is changed by a new arrival. The mother and father themselves are changing and growing up too. One sibling might live in a stable and close family in the first few years; another might be raised in a family crisis, with a disappointed mother or an angry father. Sibling competition was identified as an important shaping force as early as in 1918. But more recently, researchers have found many ways in which brothers and sisters are a lasting force in each others' lives. Dr. Annette Henderson says firstborn children pick up vocabulary more quickly than their siblings. The reason for this might be that the later children aren't getting the same one-on-one time with parents. But that doesn't mean that the younger children have problems with language development. Later-boors don't enjoy that much talking time with parents, but instead they harvest lessons from bigger brothers and sisters, learning entire phrases and getting an understanding of social concepts such as the difference between "I" and "me”. A Cambridge University study of 140 children found that siblings created a rich world of play that helped them grow socially. Love-hate relationships were common among the children. Even those siblings who fought the most had just as much positive communication as the other sibling pairs. One way children seek more attention from parents is by making themselves different from their siblings, particularly if they are close in age. Researchers have found that the first two children in a family are typically more different from each other than the second and third. Girls with brothers show their differences to a maximum degree by being more feminine than girls with sisters. A 2003 research paper studied adolescents from 185 families over two years, finding that those who changed to make themselves different from their siblings were successful in increasing the amount of warmth they gained from their parents.(NMET 2012 湖北) 63. The underlined part "in a different family" (in Para. 1) means " ________". A. in a different family environment B. in a different family tradition C. in different family crises D. in different families

64. In terms of language development, later-borns __________. A. get their parents' individual guidance B. learn a lot from their eider siblings C. experience a lot of difficulties D. pick up words more quickly 65. What was found about fights among siblings? A. Siblings hated fighting and loved playing. B. Siblings in some families fought frequently. C. Sibling fights led to bad sibling relationships. D. Siblings learned to get on together from fights. 66. The word “feminine" (in Para. 4) means “_____________”. A. having qualities of parents B. having qualities of women C. having defensive qualities D. having extraordinary qualities 第十八篇 Three Boys and a Dad Brad closed the door slowly as Sue left home to visit her mother. Expecting a whole day to relax, he was thinking whether to read the newspaper or watch his favourite TV talk show on his first day off in months. “This will be like a walk in the park,” he?d told his wife. “I?ll look after the kids, and you can go visit your mom.” Things started well, but just after eight o?clock, his three little “good kids”—Mike, Randy, and Alex—came down the stairs in their night clothes and shouted “breakfast, daddy.” When food had not appeared within thirty seconds, Randy began using his spoon on Alex?s head as if it were a drum. Alex started to shout loudly in time to the beat(节拍). Mike chanted “Where?s my toast, where?s my toast” in the background. Brad realized his newspaper would have to wait for a few seconds. Life became worse after breakfast. Mike wore Randy?s underwear on his head. Randy locked himself in the bathroom, while Alex shouted again because he was going to wet his pants. Nobody could find clean socks, although they were before their very eyes. Someone named “Not Me” had spilled a whole glass of orange juice into the basket of clean clothes. Brad knew the talk show had already started. By ten o?clock, things were out of control. Alex was wondering why the fish in the jar refused his bread and butter. Mike was trying to show off his talent by decorating the kitchen wall with his color pencils. Randy, thankfully, appeared to be reading quietly in the family room,but closer examination showed that he was eating apple jam straight from the bottle with his hands. Brad realized that the talk show was over and reading would be impossible. At exactly 11:17, Brad called the daycare center (日托所) .“I suddenly have to go into work and my wife?s away. Can I bring the boys over in a few minutes?” The answer was obviously “yes” because Brad was smiling.(NMET 2012 陕西) 49. When his wife left home. Brad expected to _______. A. go out for a walk in the park B. watch TV talk show with his children


C. enjoy his first day off work D. read the newspaper to his children 50. Which of the following did Randy do? A. Drawing on the wall B. Eating apple jam C. Feeding the fish. D. Reading in a room 51. Why did Brad ask the daycare center for help? A. Because he wanted to clean up his house. B. Because he suddenly had to go to his office. C. Because he found it hard to manage his boys home. D. Because he had to take his wife back. 52. This text is developed _______. . A. by space B. by comparison C. by process D. by time 第十九篇 Barditch High School decided to have an All-School Reunion. Over 450 people came to the event. There were tours of the old school building and a picnic at Confederate Park. Several former teachers were on hands to tell stories about the old days. Ms. Mabel Yates, the English teacher for over fifty years, was wheeled to the Park. Some eyes rolled and there were a few low groans (嘟囔声) when Ms. Yates was about to speak. Many started looking at their watches and coming up with excuses to be anywhere instead of preparing to listen to a lecture from and old woman who had few kind words for her students and made them work harder than all the other teachers combined. Then Ms. Yates started to speak: “I can?t tell you how pleased I am to be here. I haven?t seen many of you since your graduation, but I have followed your careers and enjoyed your victories as well as crying for your tragedies. I have a large collection of newspaper photographs of my students. Although I haven?t appeared in person, I have attended your college graduations, weddings and even the birth of your children, in my imagination.” Ms. Yates paused and started crying a bit. Then she continued: “It was my belief that if I pushed you as hard as I could, some of you would succeed to please me and others would succeed to annoy me. Regardless of our motives, I can see that you have all been successful in your chosen path.” “There is no greater comfort for an educator than to see the end result of his or her years of work. You have all been a great source of pleasure and pride for me and I want you to know I love you all from the bottom of my heart.” There was a silence over the crowd for a few seconds and then someone started clapping. The clapping turned into cheering, then into a deafening roar (呼喊). Lawyers, truck drivers, bankers and models were rubbing their eyes or crying openly with no shame all because of the words from a long forgotten English teacher from their hometown. (NMET 2012 天津) 41. What activity was organized for the school reunion? A. Sightseeing in the park. B. A picnic on the school playground. C. Telling stories about past events. D. Graduates? reports in the old building. 42. What can be inferred from Paragraph 2?

A. Some graduates were too busy to listen to Ms. Yates? speech. B. Many graduates disliked Ms. Yates? ways of teaching. C. Some people got tired from the reunion activities. D. Most people had little interest in the reunion. 43. We can learn from Ms. Yates? speech that she _____________. A. kept track of her students? progress B. gave her students advice on their careers C. attended her students? college graduations D. went to her students? wedding ceremonies 44. What was Ms.Yates? belief in teaching teenagers? A. Teachers? knowledge is the key to students? achievements. B. Pressure on students from teachers should be reduced. C. Hard-pushed students are more likely to succeed. D. Students? respect is the best reward for teachers. 45. Which of the following can best describe Ms. Yates? A. Reliable and devoted. B. Tough and generous. C. Proud but patient. D. Strict but caring. 第二十篇 Two friends have an argument that bleaks up their friendship forever, even though neither one can remember how the whole thing got started. Such sad events happen over and over in high schools across the country. In fact, according to an official report on youth violence, "In our country today, the greatest threat to the lives of children and adolescents is not disease or starvation or abandonment, but the terrible reality of violence". Given that this is the case, why aren't students taught to manage conflict the way they are taught to solve math problems, drive cars, or stay physically fit? First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students begin with a relatively minor insult (侮辱). For example, a fight could start over the fact that one student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn't in the sandwich, but in the way students deal with the conflict. Once students recognize that conflict is unavoidable, they can practice the golden rule of conflict resolution (解决): stay calm. Once the student feels calmer, he or she should choose words that will calm the other person down as well. Rude words, name-calling, and accusation only add fuel to the emotional fir. On the other hand, soft words spoken at a normal sound level can put out the fire before it explodes out of control. After both sides have calmed down, they can use another key strategy(策略)for conflict resolution: listening. Listening allows the two sides to understand each other. One person should describe his or her side, and the other person should listen without interrupting. Afterward, the listener can ask non-threatening questions to clarify the speaker's position. Then the two people should change roles. Finally, students need to consider what they are hearing. This doesn't mean trying to figure out what's wrong with the other person. It means understanding what the real issue is and what both sides are trying to accomplish. For example, a shouting match over a peanut butter sandwich might happen because one person thinks the other person is unwilling to try new things. Students need to

ask themselves questions such as these: How did this start? What do I really want? What am I afraid off? As the issue becomes clearer, the conflict often simply becomes smaller. Even if it doesn't, careful thought helps both sides figure out a mutual solution. There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn't mean there needs to be violence. After students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social Responsibility, "64 percent of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75 percent of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92 percent of the students felt better about themselves". Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with friends, teachers, parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life skill that should be taught in schools across the country. (NMET 2012 浙江) 50. This article is mainly about________. A. the lives of school children B. the cause of arguments in schools C. how to analyze youth violence D. how to deal with school conflicts 51. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that________ . A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime B. a small conflict can lead to violence C. students tend to lose their temper easily D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight 52. Why do students need to ask themselves the questions stated in Paragraph 5? A. To find out who to blame. B. To get ready to buy new things. C. To make clear what the real issue is. D. To figure out how to stop the shouting match. 53. After the conflict resolution program was started in Atlanta, it was found that______. A. there was a decrease in classroom violence B. there was less student cooperation in the classroom C. more teachers felt better about themselves in schools D. the teacher-student relationship greatly improved 54. The writer?s purpose for writing this article is to_______. A. complain about problems in school education B. teach students different strategies for school life C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence 第二十一篇 As a young boy, I sometimes traveled the country roads with my dad. He was a rural mail carrier, and on Saturdays he would ask me to go with him. Driving through the countryside was always an adventure: There were animals to see, people to visit, and chocolate cookies if you knew where to stop, and Dad did. In the spring, Dad delivered boxes full of baby chickens, and when 1 was a boy it was such a fun to stick your finger through one of the holes of the boxes and let the baby birds peck on your fingers. On Dad's final day of work, it took him well into the evening to complete his rounds because at least one member from each family was waiting at their mailbox to thank him for his friendship and his years of service. "Two hundred and nineteen mailboxes on my route," he used to say, "and a

story at every one." One lady had no mailbox, so Dad took the mail in to her every day because she was nearly blind. Once inside, he read her mail and helped her pay her bills. Mailboxes were sometimes used for things other than mail. One note left in a mailbox read. "Nat, take these eggs to Marian; she's baking a cake and doesn't have any eggs .” Mailboxes might be buried in the snow, or broken, or lying on the ground, but the mail was always delivered. On cold days Dad might find one of his customers waiting for him with a cup of hot chocolate. A young wrote letters but had no stamps, so she left a few button on the envelope in the mailbox; Dad paid for the stamps. One businessman used to leave large amounts of cash in his mailbox for Dad to take to the bank. Once, the amount came to $ 32,000. A dozen years ago, when I traveled back to my hometown on the sad occasion of Dad?s death , the mailboxes along the way reminded me of some of his stories. I thought I knew them all, but that wasn't the case. As I drove home, I noticed two lamp poles, one on each side of the street. When my dad was around, those poles supported wooden boxes about four feet off the ground. One box was painted green and the other was red, and each had a long narrow hole at the top with white lettering: SANTA CLAUS, NORTH POLE. For years children had dropped letters to Santa through those holes. I made a turn at the comer and drove past the post office and across the railroad tracks to our house. Mom and I were sitting at the kitchen table when I heard footsteps. There, at the door, stood Frank Townsend, Dad's postmaster and great friend for many years. So we all sat down at the table and began to tell stories. At one point Frank looked at me with tears in his eyes. “What are we going to do about the letters this Christmas?" he asked. "The letters?" "I guess you never knew.” "Knew what?" “Remember, when you were a kid and you used to put your letters to Santa in those green and red boxes on Main Street? It was your dad who answered all those letters every year. " I just sat there with tears in my eyes. It wasn?t hard for me to imagine Dad sitting at the old table in our basement reading those letters and answering each one. I have since spoken with several of the people who received Christmas letters during their childhood, and they told me how amazed they were that Santa had known so much about their homes and families. For me, just knowing that story about my father was the gift of a lifetime. (NMET 2012 浙 江) 55.It can be inferred from the passage that the writer regarded his travels with Dad as_____. A. great chances to help other people B. happy occasions to play with baby chickens C. exciting experience with a lot of fun D. good opportunities to enjoy chocolate cookies 56.The writer provides the detail about the businessman to show that_____. A. Dad had a strong sense of duty B. Dad was an honest and reliable man C. Dad had a strong sense of honor D. Dad was a kind and generous man 57. According to the passage, which of the following impressed the writer most?

A. Dad read letters for a blind lady for years. B. Dad paid for the stamps for a young girl. C. Dad delivered some eggs to Marian. D. Dad answered children's Christmas letters every year. 58. The method the writer uses to develop Paragraph 4 is______. A. offering analyses B. providing explanations C. giving examples D. making comparisons 59. What surprised the children most when they received letters in reply from Santa Claus every year? A. Santa Claus lived alone in the cold North Pole. B. Santa Claus answered all their letters every year. C. Santa Claus had unique mailboxes for the children. D. Santa Claus had so much information about their families. 60. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. The Mail B. Christmas Letters C Special Mailboxes D. Memorable Travels 第二十二篇 One day, when I was working as a psychologist in England,an adolescent boy showed up in my office. It was David. He kept walking up and down restlessly, his face pale, and his hands shaking slightly. His head teacher had referred him to me. “This boy has lost his family,” he wrote. “He is understandably very sad and refuses to talk to others, and I'm very worried about him. Can you help?” I looked at David and showed him to a chair. How could I help him? There are problems psychology doesn?t have the answer to, and which no words can describe. Sometimes the best thing one can do is to listen openly and sympathetically. The first two times we met, David didn't say a word. He sat there, only looking up to look at the children's drawings on the wall behind me. I suggested we play a game of chess. He nodded. After that he played chess with me every Wednesday afternoon—in complete silence and without looking at me. It's not easy to cheat in chess, but I admit I made sure David won once or twice. Usually, he arrived earlier than agreed, took the chess board and pieces from the shelf and began setting them up before I even got a chance to sit down. It seemed as if he enjoyed my company. But why did he never look at me? “Perhaps he simply needs someone to share his pain with,” I thought. “Perhaps he senses that I respect his suffering.” Some months later, when we were playing chess, he looked up at me suddenly. “It?s your turn,” he said. After that day, David started talking. He got friends in school and joined a bicycle club. He wrote to me a few times, about his biking with some friends, and about his plan to get into university. Now he had really started to live his own life. Maybe I gave David something. But I also learned that one—without any words—can reach out to another person. All it takes is a hug, a shoulder to cry on, a friendly touch, and an ear that

listens. (NMET 2013 广东) 36. When he first met the author, David ________. A. felt a little excited B. walked energetically C. looked a little nervous D. showed up with his teacher 37. As a psychologist, the author ________. A. was ready to listen to David B. was skeptical about psychology C. was able to describe David's problem D. was sure of handling David's problem 38. David enjoyed being with the author because he________. A. wanted to ask the author for advice B. needed to share sorrow with the author C. liked the children?s drawings in the office D. beat the author many times in the chess game 39. What can be inferred about David? A. He recovered after months of treatment. B. He liked biking before he lost his family. C. He went into university soon after starting to talk. D. He got friends in school before he met the author. 40. What made David change? A. His teacher?s help. B. The author?s friendship. C. His exchange of letters with the author. D. The author?s silent communication with him. 第二十三篇 The technology is great. Without it we wouldn?t have been able to put a man on the moon, explore the ocean?s depths or eat microwave sausages. Computers have revolutionized our lives and they have the power to educate and pass on knowledge. But sometimes this power can create more problems than it solves. Every doctor has had to try their best to calm down patients who?ve come into their surgery waving an Internet print-out, convinced that they have some rare incurable disease, say, throat cancer. The truth is usually far more ordinary, though: they don?t have throat cancer, and it?s just that their throats are swollen. Being a graduate of the Internet “school” of medicine does not guarantee accurate self-health-checks. One day Mrs. Almond came to my hospital after feeling faint at work. While I took her blood sample and tried to find out what was wrong, she said calmly, “I know what?s wrong; I?ve got throat cancer. I know there?s nothing you doctors can do about it and I’ve just got to wait until the day

comes.” As a matter of routine I ordered a chest X-ray. I looked at it and the blood results an hour later. Something wasn?t right. “Did your local doctor do an X-ray?” I asked. “Oh, I haven?t been to the doctor for years,” she replied. “I read about it on a website and the symptoms fitted, so I knew that?s what I had.” However, some of her symptoms, like the severe cough and weight loss, didn?t fit with it—but she?d just ignored this. I looked at the X-ray again, and more tests confirmed it wasn’t the cancer but tuberculosis (肺 结核)—something that most certainly did need treating, and could be deadly. She was lucky we caught it when we did. Mrs. Almond went pale when I explained she would have to be on treatment for the next six months to ensure that she was fully recovered. It was certainly a lesson for her. “I?m so embarrassed,” she said, shaking her head, as I explained that all the people she had come into close contact with would have to be found out and tested. She listed up to about 20, and then I went to my office to type up my notes. Unexpectedly, the computer was not working, so I had to wait until someone from the IT department came to fix it. Typical. Maybe I should have a microwave sausage while I waited? (NMET 2013 湖北) 63. Mrs. Almond talked about her illness calmly because ______. A. she thought she knew it well B. she had purchased medicine online C. she graduated from a medical school D. she had been treated by local doctors 64. It was lucky for Mrs. Almond ______. A. to have contacted many friends B. to have recovered in a short time C. to have her assumption confirmed D. to have her disease identified in time 65. Mrs. Almond said “I?m so embarrassed” (Para. 7) because ______. A. she had distrusted her close friends B. she had caused unnecessary trouble C. she had to refuse the doctor?s advice D. she had to tell the truth to the doctor 66. By mentioning the breakdown of the computer, the author probably wants to prove ______. A. it?s a must to take a break at work B. it?s vital to believe in IT professionals C. it?s unwise to simply rely on technology D. it?s a danger to work long hours on computers 第二十四篇 In my living room, there is a plaque (匾) that advises me to “Bloom (开花) where you are planted.” It reminds me of Dorothy. I got to know Dorothy in the early 1980s, when I was teaching Early Childhood Development through a program with Union College in Barbourville, Kentucky. The job responsibilities required occasional visits to the classroom of each teacher in the program. Dorothy stands out in my memory as one who “bloomed” in her remote area. Dorothy taught in a school In Harlan County, Kentucky, Appalachian Mountain area. To get to

her school from the town of Harlan, I followed a road winding around the mountain. In the eight-mile journey, I crossed the same railroad track five times, giving the possibility of getting caught by the same train five times. Rather than feeling excited by this drive through the mountains, I found it depressing. The poverty level was shocking and the small shabby houses gave me the greatest feeling of hopelessness. From the moment of my arrival at the little school, all gloom (忧郁) disappeared. Upon arriving at Dorothy’s classroom. I was greeted with smiling faces and treated like a queen. The children had been prepared to show me their latest projects. Dorothy told me with a big smile that they were serving poke greens salad and cornbread for “dinner” (lunch). In case you don?t know, poke greens are a weed-type plant that grows wild, especially on poor ground. Dorothy never ran out of reports of exciting activities of her students. Her enthusiasm never cooled down. When it came time to sit for the testing and interviewing required to receive her Child Development Associate Certification, Dorothy was ready. She came to the assessment and passed in all areas. Afterward, she invited me to the one-and-only steak house in the area to celebrate her victory, as if she had received her Ph. D. degree. After the meal, she placed a little box containing an old pen in my hand. She said it was a family heirloom (传家宝), but to me it is a treasured symbol of appreciation and pride that cannot be matched with things. (NMET 2013 湖南) 61. “Early Childhood Development” in Paragraph 1 refers to __________. A. a program directed by Dorothy B. a course given by the author C. an activity held by the students D. an organization sponsored by Union college 62. In the journey, the author was most disappointed at seeing __________. A. the long track B. the poor houses C. the same train D. the winding road 63. Upon arriving at the classroom, the author was cheered up by __________. A. a warm welcome B. the sight of poke greens C. Dorothy?s latest projects D. a big dinner made for her 64. What can we know about Dorothy from the last paragraph? A. She was invited to a celebration at a restaurant. B. She got a pen as a gift from the author. C. She passed the required assessment. D. She received her Ph. D. degree. 65. What does the author mainly intend to tell us? A. Whatever you do, you must do it carefully. B. Whoever you are, you deserve equal treatment. C. However poor you are, you have the right to education, D. Wherever you are, you can accomplish your achievement. 第二十五篇 The light from the campfire brightened the darkness, but it could not prevent the damp cold of

Dennis?s Swamp (沼泽地) creeping into their bones. It was a strange place. Martin and Tom wished that they had not accepted Jack?s dare. They liked camping, but not near this swamp. “So,” Martin asked as they sat watching the hot coals. “How did this place get its name? ” “Are you sure you want to hear it? It?s a scary story,” warned Jack. “Of course!” cried out Tom. “If there were anything to be scared of, you wouldn?t have chosen this place!” “Ok, but don?t say I didn?t warn you,” said Jack, and he began this tale. “Way back in time, a man called Dennis tried to start a farm here. He built that cottage over there to live in. In those days, the area looked quite different—it was covered with tall trees and the swamp was a crystal-clear river. After three hard years, Dennis had cleared several fields and planted crops. He was so proud of his success that he refused to listen to advice. “?You are clearing too much land,? warned one old man. ?The land is a living thing. It will hit back at you if you abuse it.? “?Silly fool,? said Dennis to himself. ?If I clear more land, I can grow more crops. I?ll become wealthier. He?s just jealous!?” “Dennis continued to chop down trees. Small animals that relied on them for food and shelter were destroyed. He was so eager to expand his farm that he did not notice the river flowing slowly towards his door. He did not notice salt seeping to the surface of the land. He did not notice swamp plants choking all the native plants.” “What happened?” Martin asked. It was growing colder. He trembled, twisting his body closer to the fire. “The land hit back—just as the old man warned,” Jack shrugged. “Dennis disappeared. Old folks around here believe that swamp plants moved up from the river and dragged him underwater. His body was never found.” “What a stupid story,” laughed Tom. “Plants can?t …” Before he had finished speaking, he screamed and fainted(晕倒). The other two boys jumped up with fright, staring at Tom. Suddenly, they burst out laughing. Some green swamp ivy (常春藤) had covered Tom?s face. It was a while before Tom could appreciate the joke. (NMET 2013 江西) 56. The underlined word “dare” in Paragraph 1 is closed in meaning to ________. A. courage B. assistance C. instruction D. challenge 57. Why did Jack tell Tom and Martin the story? A. To frighten them. B. To satisfy their curiosity. C. To warn them of the danger of the place. D. To persuade them to camp in the swamp. 58. Why did Dennis ignore the warning of the old man? A. The old man envied him. B. The old man was foolish. C. He was too busy to listen to others. D. He was greedy for more crops. 59. Why did Tom scream and faint? A. He saw Dennis?s shadow. B. He was scared by a plant. C. His friends played a joke on him.

D. The weather became extremely cold. 60. What lesson can we learn from the story of Dennis? A. Grasp all, lose all. B. No sweat, no sweet. C. It is no use crying over spilt milk. D. He who makes no mistakes makes nothing. 第二十六篇 In 1978, I was 18 and was working as a nurse in a small town about 270 km away from Sydney, Australia. I was looking forward to having five fays off from duty. Unfortunately, the only one train a day back to my home in Sydney had already left. So I thought I’d hitch a ride (搭便车). I waited by the side of the highway for three hours but no one stopped for me. Finally, a man walked over and introduced himself as Gordon. He said that although he couldn?t give me a lift, I should come back to his house for lunch. He noticed me standing for hours in the November heat and thought I must be hungry. I was doubtful as a young girl but he assured (使?放心)me I was safe, and he also offered to help me find a lift home afterwards. When we arrived at his house, he made us sandwiches. After lunch, he helped me find a lift home. Twenty-five years later, in 2003, while I was driving to a nearby town one day, I saw an elderly man standing in the glaring heat, trying to hitch a ride. I thought it was another chance to repay someone for the favour I?d been given decades earlier. I pulled over and picked him up. I made him comfortable on the back seat and offered him some water. After a few moments of small talk, the man said to me, “You haven?t changed a bit, even your red hair is still the same.” I couldn?t remember where I?d met him. He then told me he was the man who had given me lunch and helped me find a lift all those years ago. It was Gordon. (NMET 2013 陕西) 50. The author had to hitch a ride one day in 1978 because ________. A. her work delayed her trip to Sydney B. she was going home for her holidays C. the town was far away from Sydney D. she missed the only train back home 51. Which of the following did Gordon do according to Paragraph 2? A. He helped the girl find a ride. B. He gave the girl a ride back home. C. He bought sandwiches for the girl. D. He watched the girl for three hours. 52. The reason why the author offered a lift to the elderly man was that ________. A. she realized he was Gordon B. she had known him for decades C. she was going to the nearby town D. she wanted to repay the favour she once got 53. What does the author want to tell the readers through the story? A. Giving sometimes produces nice results. B. Those who give rides will be rapid. C. Good manners bring about happiness. D. People should offer free rides to others.

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