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Earnest Hemingway新


Ernest Miller Hemingway

The main works
? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1926 : The Sun Also Rises 1929 : A Farewell to Arms 1936 : The Snows of Kilimanjaro 1940 : For Whom the Bell Tolls 1952 : The Old Man and the Sea 1953 : Pulitzer Prize 1954 : Nobel Prize

? 1961, in his home in Ketchum, Idaho, Hemingway died of a self-inflicted shotgun wound to the head.

Lost Generation
? The 'Lost Generation' is a phrase made popular by Ernest Hemingway in his first published novel The Sun Also Rises. Often it is used to refer to a group of American literary notables who lived in Paris and other parts of Europe, some after military service in the First World War. Figures identified with the "Lost Generation" include authors and poets Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ezra Pound, Sherwood Anderson, Waldo Peirce, and John Dos Passos.

Iceberg Principle
? How is the "iceberg principle" used in Hemingway's works? ? Hemingway's theory of omission is widely referred to as the "iceberg principle." By omitting certain parts of a story, he actually strengthens that story. The writer must be conscious of these omissions and be writing true enough in order for the reader to sense the omitted parts. When the reader senses the omitted parts, a greater perception and understanding for the story can be achieved.

Symbolism
? Hemingway disliked discussions regarding the symbolism in his works. The "iceberg principle," however, by its very nature, invites symbolic interpretations and Hemingway acknowledged this in his own subtle way. ? No good writer ever prepared his symbols ahead of time and wrote his book about them, but out of a good book which is true to life symbols may arise and be profitably explored if not over-emphasized.

Writing Style
? What are a few characteristics of Hemingway's writing style? ? Stark (朴实的)minimalist(极简的) nature ? Grade school-like grammar ? Austere(简朴的,严格的) word choice ? Unvarnished descriptions ? Short, declarative sentences ? Uses language accessible to the common reader

A Clean Well-Lighted Place
? 1. In what ways do the two waiters differ? ? 2. What does the title mean? ? 3. What’s is the significance of the gabled Lord’s Prayer?

Discussion
? What is the meaning of nada? ? What is the writer’s intention of replacing many words in the prayer with nada? ? Why does the writer not give names of the characters? ? How can you distinguish the two waiters? ? Why does this place has to be clean and welllighted? ? What is the historical background of the story?

His Quotes
? Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut. ? Happiness in intelligent people is the rarest thing I know. ? I still need more healthy rest in order to work at my best. My health is the main capital I have and I want to administer it intelligently.

? Never confuse movement with action.
? When people talk, listen completely. Most people never listen. ? Certainly there is no hunting like the hunting of man and those who have hunted armed men long enough and liked it, never really care for anything else thereafter. ? Ernest Hemingway, "On the Blue Water," Esquire, April 1936

? The world breaks everyone and afterward many are strong in the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry. ? Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell to Arms, 1929

? For a true writer each book should be a new beginning where he tries again for something that is beyond attainment. He should always try for something that has never been done or that others have tried and failed. Then sometimes, with great luck, he will succeed. ? Ernest Hemingway, in his Nobel Prize acceptance speech

? Let him think I am more man than I am and I will be so. ? Ernest Hemingway, The Old Man and the Sea

Presentation Requirement
? Find in the The Old Man and the Sea styles and themes mentioned in class, try to find detailed citations for supporting your ideas and illustrate them in full potential.


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